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/ r 

H A I ^ 

. >- 






W O R K S 

Of Monsieur 


Made EvgUfi from the Frtich Oiiginal. 


Printed for J. Churehillia Pater-Hojlrr-R^jp, J. D.wly 
in Bdrthatonutp-Gofcy J. Raund ia Exchange- A'Utt 
E- CurU and ^ Gofliti^ agaiaft St. Dunfian^s Church 
in Ftettfirtn, and"?*. Sjkir in Lud^att'Svttt. 
M.DCC.XiV. _ 

^. ; 

•9 -n^^ 
.■' t 



: \ 



L« * 


§ ^ . ^ 


■ : ) 

I, J J E 

M/ />*■ I*f .'ziirx 

• «' A n yv, 



Of M O N S I E U R De 


T O 

Monfieiir BAYLE. 



THE obliging manner with which you 
were pleas'd to receive the Life of Mon* 
fieur dt St% Evrcmond, which I had the 
Honour to tranfmit to you a Year ago^ 
has engaged me to revife it, in order to render it 
fomewbat more worthy your Approbation, How- 
ever, SIR, do not exped: to find in the follow- 
ing Sheets an un-interrupted and compleat Hiftory 
^of Mn Jtf St. Evremond's Life : For I muft here re- 
peat, what I told you formerly. That no Body in 
'^ngland can pretend to any fuch Thing ; nor will 
•you be furpriz'd at it, when you confidcr, that, ^ 
^rhaps^ of all Men that evct \\v' A^Vl^x. Ae^^x-^wt- i 
^mondlovcii Jcaft to fpcak oi Vvmfe\^4 Ks^^^^^ 



The LIFE of 

:o lead hil^* 


he perceived, that People had a mind to 

to fome remarkable Paffages of his Life, he either 
turn'd off the Difcourfe, or excufed himfelf on the 
difianceofTtmc when thofeTliiags hup^en'J, which had 
effae'd them out of his Mctmry. However, you do 
me Juitice to beltevej that 1 omitted no occafion 
to be better inform'd : And I may adventure to 
fay, that the Rtvifing of his Works, which he was 
pleas'd to do with me, afforded me an Opportuni- 
ty of being acquainted with more Circumftances 
of his Life, than many other Perions, who have 
convers'd with him longer than my felf. I care- 
fully coUeflcd the Particulars he told me, that I 
might preferve them clear and entire: So that you 
will find here the moft curious l^aiVages I was able 
to learn of Mr. ^c St. Evremond'i, Life; to which ~ 
ffiall add the Hiftoiy of his principal Works j 
which I fhatl endeavour to eive you an Accoui 
as far as the Compafs of thefe Memoirs will alloi 
You will foon take notice, that few People are 
well acquainfed with Mr. 4c St. Evnmond: The 
Generality, indeed, look '.ipDii him as a Man of 
RooJ Judgment, exciuifiteTafte, ;i[(d nice Difceri 
merit; but They are unacquainted with his havii 
had conlidcrahte Emplr^ynicnts in the Army, x 
merited chc I\ftccm of the grcatclt Commanders 
his Age. We mull therefore fori the SOLDI E 
to (he W IT; and lottk upon Mr. Ae St. Evremi 
as an Officer of Diftinftion, who ever loved L\ 
rjiure j and as a refined Cmrim; who never wi 
btit either to amufe himlelf, or to entertain 
Friends: Under which double Notion 1 (hall oi 
dcavour to reprcfcut him- 

Mr. tie St. EviM^fl was defccnded of one 4 
the btjt I'limiiiei ill Norm^aiiji, and the brfi rtlattk 
both by the Women that married out of, aq 
Jato if. GiinS DC MARGUETEt" 
f . . . Ciftclan, 

Monfieur de St. Evremond. iii 

Cafielan^ or Baron, of Su Denis k GtMJt^ mar- 
ried Magdekn Martel, Siftcr to Stephen Martely Bi- 
fhop of Coutances, of the Family of BafqueviSe* 
Martel JOHN his Son, who took the Name 
and Goat of Arms of St. * Denis^ married Cathe^ 
tine Martely of the Family of Fanteine-Mttrtel;- by 

whom he had Six f Dau^ters, and Two Sons^ 
viz,, Henry, who died a Batchelor, and Charles. 
CHARLES Je St, DENIS married Charlotte 
de R&uville, of the Family of the Gounts deRouville^ 
Je-la-Cour. She was Sifter to the Count de Rowville, 
who had been named to be || Superintendant of . 
the Finances of France, but died before he could 
take Poifeflion of that Office. Charlottes Mother 
was of the Family of du Veneur, Count de TiUiere, 
the eldeft Son of that Family ,- and her Sifter was 
the Hcirefs of the faid Gount, who became Coun* 
tefi of VaUdemont, from whom Mejpeurs de i(?r- 
rtfi»earedefcended. CHARLES de St. DENIS 
had Seven Children, vizi. a Daughter who died 
young, and Six Sons, Francis, called- de Hellande ; 
John, de la Belo^jere, Abbot j Charles, de St. Evre- 
mond ^ Peter, de Grifmenil ; Henry, de laNeuville} 

and Philip, le Tanus. Befides thefe Diftiadions» 
taken from the Names of Mannbrs, belonging 
to the Gaftelany, or Barony, of St. Denis, a fort 
of Surname was given in the Family, to the Six 
Brothers, expreffing their particular Charaders • 
For the eldeft was called St. Denis, the HO- 


* The Lordfhip oF St. Denht le Gnafi, within ttiree Ltagtiei 
of CoutanceSf in Lower- Vormaniy^ was brought into the Ft* 
jniiy by hii Mother, the Heirefs of «t. 

f The five eldefi Daughter j tnatried Meflieurs ie ViprnilUi 
ieSavigny Qambieresy de TawoMle^ du Mefnil Poijfon^ and di 
FonteMOy'Haulfert. VterviUe^iu Mefnil Boiffon^ «Xk4 P^iitt- 
MMp were Fiotefbatf* 

gAn OfEce Uu Lord Higb-TteHiuxtx \9^ £nct<m2. 

I iv The LI FE of 

NEST MAN J the Abbot, the SUBTLE; 

St. Evremmdy the W I T j Griftnenily the SOL- 
DIER; LaNeuville, the BEAU j ^ndLeTanMSy 
the HUNTER. 

Lord) of* 57: EVREMONDyWa^ hornet St. Denis 

161 5. le Guafty on the Firft Day of Afril i6i%. ^ Being 
one of the younger t Sons, he was deftin'd for 
the Gown ; and as foon as he had reach'd Nine, 

1622. was fent to P^r/jj to be bred a Scholar. He was 

* admitted in the fecond Form in the College of 

Clerm»%t j and in the Four Years time he continued 

there, went through Grammar- Learning and 

Rhetorick, under Father Can^iye. • He went next 

1626. ^^ ^'^^ Univerfity of O/ew, in- o^rdcr tbff udy Phi- 
lofophy : But cdnrinued there but one Year j and 

1627. ^^h^" returned to Paris ^ where he pfirfu'd the fame 
Study one Year longer in the College of H^rcowr^- 
Hc diftinguifli'd himfelf no lefs by the Liberal 
Exerc/fesy than by his Studies : And excell'd parti- 
cularly in Ftncing ; infomuch that 5a E'vremmXs 
F.:/i was talk'd of among the Matters of the Sci- 

1628. ence. As foon as he had gone through Philofo- 
phy, and learned liis Exercifes, he began to ftudy 
the Law : But whether his Relations had then 
other ViewSj or his Inclination bent him to Arms, 
he left that Study after he had followed it fome- 

1629. wh'Jt more thrui a Twelve-Month; and was made 
an Enfign before he was full fixteen Years of 


^ 5/. Evremo72d is a Loidftiip within a League of St» Lo, 
lis WAiY.Q comes originally from St, Evremond ( SanBut Ever- 
vioiuhis ) who lived in the Vlllih Cemiiry, and was Abbot of 
EontenAy-fur-Otme in the Be Jin. His Relicks are kept at 
CVt'i/, within Ten Leagues of Paris, 

j I lis Share was loooo Livres in Money, and a Penfion of 
Tii\j Ilundisd Crowns a- Year, which is a ureat deal, for a 

Monfieur de St, Evremond. , v 

Age. After he had ferv'd two or three Cam- 1632. 
paigns^ he Vas advanc d to a Lieutenant's Com- 
miffion^* and had, a Company of Foot beftow'd 
on him, after the Siege of Landrecy. i^i7' 

A Military Life did not hinder Mr. Je St. Evre^ 
mond from ftudying. Religion , and cultivating 
Philofophy and Literature : And it fgon fared 
with him, with regard to Philofpphy, as it com- 
monly does with Perfons, who, in a riper Age, 
bethink themfclves of making ufs of their own 
Reafon. He, at firft, examined whethpr his Ma- 
tters had given him a true Infighc inro.rhe Nature 
of Things J but the farther he purfued his laqui- 
ries, the more he was fenfible of the Vanity of 
their Pretences : What they had laid down for 
moft evident trutby fcarce appearing to him wirh- 
iri the Verge of Probability. ^ When 1 had reached, 
fays be .hifnfelfy ^ that Period cf a Man's Age, that 
fits his Underftanding foj:. the purfliit of Know- 
ledge, I had a curious Defire^o comprehend the 
Nature of ^.Things; and ' my Prefumpcion foon 
perfuaded; me, that I wa^ acquainted with ic. 
The lead Proof feem'd to me" a Demonftration, 
and a Probability palTcd for a Truth : Nor cm\ 
I exprefs with what Concempc I look'd down 
upon thofe whom 1 thought to be J^-^norant of 
thofe Things, which 1 fancied my felt to know 
perfedly well. At length, coiuinna he, when 
Age, and Experiejice, whi.h unhappily never 
comes before the other, had fuggened to me 
ferious Refledions, 1 began to hiy afide the 
Study of a Scienv*e always conrclled^ rmd about 
which the greateft Men ever had diiTcrcr»t "Sen- 
timents. I knew from the Uiiivcrfal Confent . 
of Nations, that PA^rc, /,>///.//•, Zrfj-^^ :ind Zpi^ 
curus. had been the Lioyiln-^rks of rl^eir Al^c : 
And yet there was nothing lo contrary as riieir 
Opinions;. Three Thoufand Years eUcci: 1\owtv^\. 

B 3 ^ x.\\a^ 


▼i TboLIFEcf 

^ them equally difputed : Sticklefs on all Stiei, 
^ but nothing of Ceitainc)c on any. fn the midft 

* of thefe Medications^ which infen(ibly unde* 
.^ ceived me, I had the Curiofity to fee GaffimJm, 
^ the moft knowing, and the leaft prefuming of 

* all Philofophers. After feveral long Converfa- 
> ' tions, wherein he communicated to me all. that 

^ can be attained by Reafon, he lamented, Thar 

Nature bad given Jo large a Scope to wr Curiofity^ 
^ and fuch narrow Bounds to our Knowledge ; adding^ 
^ He did not fat this to mortify the Frefumftim of 
. * ofbersy or to make an Ofientation of bis dum Humi'^ 
^ /i(7, wbicA is little better than downright Hjfocrify j 
^ Tbaty perhaps, he was not ignorant ^ what Jttdgm. 

* ment nsight be made of ffoeral Things j but that bt 

* durfi not be fofttive^ he was ihorougSly acquainted 
^ with the moft inconfiderable. Upon this, adds 
' A4r. de St. Evremond, a Science' which I already 
' fufpe<fted, appeared too vain for me to fabjeft 

' \ my felf to it any longer ; I broke off all Com- 
^ merce with it ; 'and began to admire, how it 

* was poffibte for a wife Man to Tpend his Life 
^ in unprofitable Inquiries. Thefe were Mr. de 
St. Evrewond*s Thoughts about the empty, barren 
Speculations of Philofophy : But he entertained a 
far difFerent Opinion of the Study of the Law j 
which he judged to be not only ufeful, but even 
neceffary for a Gentleman j and erer delighted in 
cultivating it. 

The advantageous Mianner with which he made 
himfelf known in the Army, gained him the 
Efteeni of feveral Officers of Diftinftion, fuch 'as 
the Marefchals JtEftrees and Grammont^ Vifcount 
Turennc^ &c. But particularly of Count de Miof 
fens, fince known by the Name of Marefchal 
d'Abreti of Count P^///^i^, afterwards Marefchal 
de Cknmbaut j and of the Marquis de Crequi^ who 
became alfo a Marefchal of France. He had a 

Monfiiur de St. Evremond. vii 

SIuHre ki their Confidence^ and as long as they 
lived, they gave him Marks of a fincere Friend- 
flup, which no Turns of Fortune were eVer able 
to alter. 

Air. Je St. E'vremond affifted at the Siege of ^r- 
ras in 1640 i and the enfuing Year he got a Poft 1640. 
in the Horfe, which gave him frefli Occafions of J^4i. 
fignaliztDg himfelf. The Duke of Enguien ( af- 
terwards PSmce of Cow</ej was fo taken with the 
Agreeablenefs of his Converfation, that he be- 1642, 
ftowed on him the Lieutenancy of his Guards, 
that he might have him conftantly near him. 
Thar young Prince had a great Penetratioa and 
ExaAnefs of Judgment ; was a great Lover of Li- ^ 

terature; and you know^ 5/r, that upon the Death 
of Cardinal Ricbelhuy feveral Members of the 
Royal Academy defigned to have chofen him for 
their Protedor. The Reading cf good Books 
was oae of his moil agreeable Amufements ; and 
as he daily beftow'd feme fpare Hours on* Study, 
in Company with Monfieur de St. Evrewcxid j fo 
the latter made it his Bufinefs to. inftrud and de- 
light him at the fame titYie. Being fenfible that 
Princes, whofe Time is precious, ought not to ♦ 
Study after the common Method of other Men, 
when he read any PaiTa^,es oi:t of Ancient Hifto- 
rians, he left to GrammHrians the fcrupujous Ex- 
planation of Words and Phrafes, and bent his 
whole Application to the unfolding and clearing 
the Meaning of the Authors,- making Refle<ftiops 
ofl thejufinefs and Beauty of their Thoughts ^ 

B 4 obfer- 

* See Hiftoin du Prince de Cond •, \\ 8. of the Second 
Edilion. Mr. de Sf. Evremoni h^viag pernfcd that Work, 
told mti That except the Account cf the Battle o/Lens, which 
was fgmimhat defcBwc^ the Author ( Mr. Cofte ) feewcd t9 
hktio have been well hiformed of th§ PnJIages he tcLua^ and 
tUu bfs Sfih and Narration were clear oni elej^nt* 



• •• 


The LIFE ef 

obfenrifig the Skill with which they rqsrdent 
Great Men^ and ttie nice Differences they mark 
in their CharaAers. In (hort^ he laboured to give 
a true Notion of the Pofture of Affairs in the 
Times in Queftion ; to penetrate into the diffe- 
rent Views of Princes j and to difcover the Springs 
of their Adions. 

And^ indeed^ SIR^ this is the Method, which 
pot only Princes^ but al! Perfons of Quality, who 
are arrived at the Age of Difcernment and Refle- 
xion^ ought to follow in the Reading of Ancient 
Authors : Tho' 1 muft copfefs^ at the fame time, 
that 'tis no eafie Matter for them to find Men 
capable to give them thofe ufeful Inftrudions. 
Commentators would, in fomc Meafure^ make^ 
up that Defe<9:, had they turned their Views and 
Obfcrvations that way: But whether they thought 
themfelves unequal to fuch a Task,' or imagined 
it to he foreign to their Purpofe, the Books they 
have hitherto publifhed, feem very improper to 
improve thar Study. Mr. de St. Evremond has fo 
well obfervcd the;r Imperfedions, that I cannot 
forbear tranfcribing his very Words in this Place. 
1 have feen within a few Years, fays he, (in a 
Difcourfe addrefTed to the Marefchal de Cre- 
^ui ) abundance of Cricicks, and *but few good 
Judges. Now I do not affe6t that fort of 
Learned Men, that rack their Brains to re- 
ftore a Pallage, which is not mended by 
the Rcftitution. The whole Myftery of 
their Learning lies in what we might as well 
be ignorant of, and they are abfolute Strangers 
to what's really worth knowing. As they are 
incapable of having nice Sentiments and 
Thoughts, fo 'tis impoffible for them to enter 
iijto the Delicacy of a Sentiment, or the Fine- 
nefs of a Thought. They may fucceed well 
enough in expounding Grammarians, who ap- 

Monfieur de St. Evrerriond. ix 

plied themfelves to the' fame Study, and whofe 
Genius was the fame : But they can never hie 
that of a police well-bred • Man among the An- 
cients, becaufe theirs is diametrically oppofice 
to it. In Hiftory, they neither mind Men, 
nor Affairs : They lay the whole Strcfs on 
Chronology J and for the Date of a ConfuUs 
Death, will ncgleA the Knowledge of his Cha- 
rafter, and of the Tranfadions during his Con- 
fulfliip. Ti/Zy, with them, will never be any more 
than a Declaimer of O R AT I O N S j ovCafar. 
than aWriter of COMMENTARIES: The 
Conful, and' the Genhal^ efcape their notice ; 
the Spirit that animates their Works is unper- 
ceived ; and the principal Matters, they treat of, 

Mr. Je St. Evfemond had too refined a Tafte to 
be guilty of fuch Faults : And one may judge of * 
what he was able to perform in thofe Matters, 
by fome of his Compofures; particularly his R E- 

F LECTIONS on the different Genius of the Ro- 

man Veofle^ his JUDGMENT on Petroriius, 
Saluft, and Tacitus ^ his D I S C O U R S E w/^wi 
the French Hlfioriansi his REFLECTIONS o» 
the Poems of the Ancients y &c. 

After the Campaign of Rocroy^ Mr. de St. Evrc^ 164; 
mond msidQ a kind of Satyr againft the French Aca- 
demy, intitled, THE COMEDY OF THE 
ACADEMICIANS. This Piece was a long 
while handed about in Manufcript; ;ind, as ic 
generally happens on the like occafions, every 
Body affumed the Liberty either of adding to it, 
or ftriking out of it what he thought fit : Info- 
much that when ic appeared in Print, in the Year 
i6yo, Mr. de St. K'uremond was himfelf a perfect 
Stranger to it. Neverthelefs, Monfieur rdiffcn, 
in his Hiftory of the French Academy, gives a to- 

rhc LIFE of 

lerable CharaAer of ic : For having * taken no- 
tice^ That the Abbot of St. Germains was the iirft 
Perion who openly attacked (he Academy j he 
adds^ ^ That ot all the other Pieces that were 
wdtten againft that. Learned AiTembly^ he ne- 
ver fayi^ but Three that deferve mentioning. The 

firft, eontinuts he^ is that Comedy of the Academy^ 
which having long been handed about in Ma^ 
nufcript, was at laft printed in the Year i6jo, 
with abundance of Faults^ and without the 
Name either of the Author or Printer. Some 
would have father'd it upon one of the Acade- 
micians themfelves^ becaufe that Piece does not 
ill agree with his Stile, Wit, and Humour; and 
becaufe he is mentioned there, as t one who 
does not much value thofe Conferences : But 
fonio others have affured me, that it was writ- 
ten by a Gentleman of Normandy^ named Mon- 
fieur de St. JSwr;:^f)w//.— — This Piece, tho* writ- 
ten without either Art or Rule, and which ra- 
ther deferves the Name of a Farce, than a Co- 
medy, is not altogether without Wit, and there 
are lome very humourous PalTages in it. This 
Piece had not yet been pninted with the other 
Works of Monfieur de St. Evremond; and 'twas 
become fo very fcarce, that I fliould, perhaps, 
have never light upon it, had not you been fo 
kind as to communicate it to me. Monfieur de 
St:Evretnmd would not own that printed Copy: 
And when 1 ask'd it of him, he told me, he had, 
at the Dutchefs of Mazarine's defire, revifed that 
Piece, and endeavoured to make it fomewhat 
more corred ; bat that he had loft his Manufcript. 
I had the good Fortune to find it out j and there- 

* Hiftoire de VAcaiemU Francoife. p. m. 47,48. 

Monpeur de St. Evremond^ xi 

upon engaged him to revife it once more with 
me j but tho' that Play be now lefs irregular than 
it was when you faw it firft^ it is impcffibie it 
Ihould meet with the fame Approbation it might 
have had Threcfcore Years ago ; Moft of the Per- 
fbns who are ridiculed in it being dead j and 
fcarce any that knew thepi yet alive ^ fo that the 
knowledge of the Humour that rum through it is^ 
in a manner^ ^ entirely loft. And this is the 
Fate of all Works of this Nature, whofe SubjeA- • 
matter is either too minute Circumftances, or 
Pailages in which none but the ver/ Perfons 
hinted at are concerned. 

Mr. da St. Evremond mzdc the Campaign of Bi^ 
turg in 1644; and the next Year received a 1644. 
dangerous Wound at the Battle of Nmlingm ; 1645'. 
where being ordered to Head a Squadron, and 
poft hlmfelf below an Eminence, which was po(l 
fefled by the Enemy, he was there expofed for 
three Hours together to the Fire of their fmall 
Shot, and of a Battery of four Field-Pieces j infoi* 
much that he loft there moft of his Men, and 
was himfelf Wounded in the left Knee by a Shoe 
from a Falcon. His Wound was thought fo dan- 
gerous, that for fix Weeks he was believed to be 
paft Recovery : However^ the great Skill of his 
Surgeons, and his good Confticucion, got him off: 
But 'twas a long while before he could go. Thirty 
Years after that, his Wound opened a-freih here 
in London ^ but it was (b well looked afrir, that 
he felt no Incdnveniency ever after, fave only, 
that his left Leg was fomewhat weaker than the 


* For thh R€afim wt have- timrbt ft HWi^mm thox H*i 





xii The LIFE of 

Not long after his Recovery, the Duke of En- 
guien fell dangeroufly III : And as foon as he grew 
better, Mr. de St. Evrentoni endeavoured' to divert 
hitti by the reading to him fomething gay and 
agreeable. He firft pitched upon Rabelais ; but 
foon finding his Highnefs had no great Relifh for 
that Author, he then took up Vfitronius ^yNxih wiiich 
the Duke of Enguien was extremely delighted. I 
only mention this Circumftance, to give you an 
Inftance, that the mott beautiful Strokes of' Rabe- 
lais do not equally afFed all Men of Wit The 
Rcafon 6i this may he, either that thofe excellent 
Strokes being fcacccic'ci up and down, and as it 
were confounded, through the whole Work, we 

' are (hocked at the Bad, before we come at the 

Good ; or becaufe a particular Tafte, or Turn of 
Wit, is required to relifli them. Another Reafon 
may be afligned, which is the being ignorant of 
feveral particular Circumftances, to which that 
Author continually alludes : But this is foreign to 
my Purpofc. 

Mr. Ae St. Evremdnd was fo happy in gaining 
thg I'llcem and Friendfhi'p of the Duke of Enguien^ 
that his IJighncfs did often communicate to. him 
his moll lecret Projects, and entrufted him with 
Atliiirs of the gteiitcft Moment. After the taking 

if^.|^. o\ lutrms^ lie pitched upon him to carry the News 
of it to t the Court ; and having, at the fame 
tiuic, opened to him his Defign of belie,ging 
Diiukhky charged liim to propofe it to the Car- 
dinal, and to Icttlc with him all that was ne- 
celfary for the Execution of fo great. an Under* 
taking. Mr* :k St. Evrcmond was fo dextrous in 
tJie Management of this Affair, that the Prime 


f See JUemoires iu Comte de Bujfi Rahutin^ Tom. I, ]>. m. 

Monfeur de St. Evremond- xiii 

Minifter cohfented to all the Duke of Enguien de- 

Some time after this, Mr. de St. Evremend wrote 1647. 
two or'three • little Pieces, upon occaiion of feme 
Difcourfe that pdiTed between him and hisFriends : 
Suchi were^ his Rfeifei^ons. upoa the- following 

Ma3um^;72tf/ weoi^ht'tp dejfife Fortune^ and not 
care for the Court : T%at Man^ who is defirous to know 
all Things y knows not him/elf :, That, a Man, ought »e- 
ver to be wanting to his Friends: Which thre.e. Pieces 
were printed at Taris in 1668. but ftrangely al- 
tered. Mr. de St. Evrewohd has reftored the two 
firft, which you will find at the beginning of the 
Firft Volume of his W'ORKS j but becaufe he 
did not revife the laft, We did not "think fit to in- • 
fere it, becaufe he would not own it, as it is. He 
obferves in the Second of thefe Picces,that the Au- 
thor of Natdre would not allow Man to be well 
acquainted with himfelf ,* and-th^t amidft the De- 
fires of knowing every Thing, 'we are left in a 
fatal Neceffity.;of being- ignorant of our Selves. 
He maintains. Thai' no 'Man is ever convinced by 
Reafon^'-eifher^^hat tj^e - SCukJs. certainly Immortal ^ or 
that it is really annihilated with, the Bffdy. He fhews 

aftierwar^iiT*hatvtftd molt knowing; Philofdphers, 

2s' Soirates'^TUtOf' Kpicurujy Ariftotle^ Seneca ^ and 
even Solomon^' t^e' greatefilof all Kings ^ and the wifefi 
of aU Men^ could never fatiify themfelvcs as to that 
Queftion : And from the contrariety of their 
Opinions, concludes. That unlefs. Faith fubjects our 
Reafony we fafs our Lives between Belief and Unbeliefs 
in^effdei^oufihg to perfuade, while we are unable to con^ 

vincf* our :filvis : .It belongs^ fays he a little lower, 

to Cod * alone to make Martyrs j and engage us by his 
Promife t^ leave the Life we enjoj, for Another which 
we know nothing of For a Man to pretend to convince 
bimfelfof the Immortality of the Soul by Reafon^ is a 
kind if Dijirufi of the Promife God has gii/en tt$ aVout 

The H FB of 

itii ani, in fomt mtafure, reneuncitig the Only Ti&nH 
that may fecun it to mi. In ihe other Piece, Mr. dc 
St. EvrimotiJ makes feveral Reflcd-ions on che Ge- 
nius of Courtiers, how a Man ought to behavs 
himfelf with refped to Favourites, and order his 
ConduA at Court. An Honejl Mju, fays he, ma/ 
is aUbtved to have I»> jimhitim and iHttrcfi^ hut hs 
mght ■aot So furfut them Ifji any ether than lawful 
Meant. Ht way bav« AMrejj avd Skilly without Sub~ 
tilty ; Dfxterity, vitb^'iu Deceit \ end Comflaifanct, 
witheiit Flattery. 

Not long nhcT, . n Accident happen'd, which 
obliged Mr. d( .?(. hvrtmend to quit the Poll he 
had near the Prince oiCmdr, ( for thii was the 
Duke d'Etiguien's Title, after his Father's Death, 
which liappencd ahout the end of 1646. ) That 
Prince took ^reat delight in findiog out the Ri- 
ditnle of Mankind ; and Ite often Hiut himfclf up 
with the Count dt Miejfmt and Mr. (/f St. Evre- 
m&nJ, to apply himfelf to that new fort of Study. 
One Day, as thefe two Gentlemen returned from 
a ConverfadoQ of this Nature,. Mr. <k St. Evrt- 
mend chanced unawares to ask Moaficur >/; Mof- 
frns, whether he thought his Higlinefs, who 
was fo exceedingly pleafcd with fpying out 
the Kidinilt of others, had no* RidiatU him- 
felf? After ihey had, for h while, difcours'd 
about it, they agreed that that very Affeda- 
tion of Icarching out the RidicaU of others, 
was a kind oi Ridicutt of a peculiar Stamp. They 
mads themfclves merry for a confiderable while 
with this Thought amo^gft their Fiiends : But 
thefe Oirulging the Matter, it came at laH to the 

J Mr. Locke hat laid gnat Si'tfi en thii Thurkt, 
/^jfm/»tr to Dr. Slilltngfleet, lat tf. 9f Wottclfer, 

Mmfiem de 6t. Evremond. vr 

Princess Ears. One may eafiTy judge^ how far his 
natural Impetuoficy carried hu Refencmeot He 
took from Mr. dt St. Evremmd the Lieutenancy of 
bis Guards^ and would have no further Conir 
merce with the .Count de MUJfens. However^ 'tis 
likdy^ he would have reflored them both to his 
Favoor, ^ad he not been wholly taken up with 
more important A&irs. The War of Paris being 
already kindled ; and the Imprifbnment of the 
Princes ibon following upon it ; the Prince took 
op Arms againft die Courts and at laft withdrew 
iiito<the Lm/^CMtntriis ; where he was declared (?^ 
neraliffimo of the King of Sfain% Armies. When 
he returned kito Franccy after the Tjrenean Treaty^ 
he ihewed Mr. de St. Ei/rem^nd much Kindnels^ 
and that he had not the leaft Kefentment of what 
jiad fiaft He even offered him his Piote&ion^ and 
gave 4iim afterwards^ on feveral Occafions^ many 
Affuraaoes of the Efteem and Kindnefs he had for 

In the Year 1649. Mr. de St? Evremond went 1649- 
into Xformandj to fee his Relations. The Parlia- 
iBentjof Taris hsAy by this time^ declared them- 
fidves againft the Cardinal; and the Duke of Bc^^itf- 
forty the Prince of Cmty^ and the Duke of Lm- 
jun/iii^ (bon following their Example^ the latter 
retired immediately to his Government of Nor- 
mtmdjy -where he was almoft abfolute. He affem* 
bled all the Nobility^ and ufed all Endeavours to 
engage Mr. de St. Ewetnmd in his Party ; offer- 
ing him^ among other things, the Command of 
the Artillery, which he refufed : As he tplls us 
lumfelf in the Satyxical Piece encituled; The Duke 
4^LonguevilleV RETREAT to his Government 
ef Normandy. They had a mindy fays he pleafanc- 

ly enough^ to.hefiow the Command If the Ordnance 
on St. Evremond ^ and to [peak the Truths as he ^ood 

The Li FE of 

effeStd for t St. Germains, ht could have wtfb'd tt ' 
femje the Court, by accenting a etmlidembU F.mfloymmtf 
in whifh be had m m.innrr of Skill. But ha-ving pre- 
miffd C'lunt d'Harcourc not to fcrve at all, he hps hit 
fVord with him ; hoth out of a FrincipU of Honour, and 
not to he like the Normans, mojl of whom had broke 
their Protnife. Ufian ibcfi Confiderafiont, continues 
he, he gcneroufly rcfufed the Money that was offered, but i 
vhieh would nr-vcr hazie been given hint. Cardinal 
M-izarin was extremely pleafed with that Satyr j 
and thought tiie Char.iders of the Perfons men* ' 
tioned in it (o well drawn, ;ind their Ridicule ex* | 
pofed with fb much Art and Delicacy, that he 
perufed it fcveral times : And even in his laft 
Sicknefs, defired Mr. de St. Kvremond to read it to 
him, when lie could not rell. 

Mr. de St. Evrtmond having (laid fome time at 
St. Denys, returned to Roan, and his Journey pre- 
vented the Duke of /^«^»ruftf^'s fmall Army from 
beinj; lorglly defeated by Count d'H.incmt, who 
commanded the King's Forces : For having met 
that Duke within three Leagues of Ronn, he ac- 
quainted him, that Coiant d'Harcourt was advan- 
cing with all poffihie Diligetice, in order to at- j 
tack him, and would come up with him in lefs 
than three Hours. Tlie Duke of LonguevHk lacing 
ienlibic, that he was not able to keep the Field, 
took prcfently the Alarm, nnd caufed his Troops 
to make (b expeditious a March, that they reach- 
ed Roan almofl as (oon as Mr. dt St. Evtmond. 
j6^o. The enfuing Year, the Princes of Conde and 
^ C'tity, and the Duke of Ltmgurviiie were arrefted, 
and carried Prifoners to the Caftlc of Fincennei by 
the Count </f;i/;'^i'rnf, Lieutenant of the Gmfdarmn, 
As roou Z', the Dutchefsof Z.«))j;KM,-(j7e was infurm'd 


/ 73e Xii^ W3I then at thi\ Kace. 

Jidmfifur de St. Evremond. xvii 


of iti (bidPwenC into Nor man Jjy to endeavour* 
to engage the Parliament of Roan^ and the ^hoie 
Vrovhfce, CO Xide with the Princ^s^ ,and to fecure 
the Places belonging to her Husband's Govern-? 
inenc ; particularly Ha'Ore-de-Grace. This obliged 
the Court to detach fome Troops to drive that 
Dutchefs froih thence, and to take from the Crea- 
tures of her Family fuch Towns as were in their 

Mr. dt St. Evrem$9td made that Journey with 
the DukQ de CMndaUy during, which he had wichf 
that Lord that long CONVERSATION^ 
which he afterwards fet down in Writing ; and in 
which he joiti'd to the Judicious Counfels he gave 
his Friend^ the CharaAers of the Courtiers with 
whom he had the greateft Intimacy ; fucii a^ the 
Dukes of B^ermn and oila Rocbefoucaut ; the Counts 
ide Valuau dnd Adidfens } and. the Marguifles of Cre-; 
jui and Ruvigny ; to which he alfo added that dt 
the Duke deCandak. This Piece alone (hews how 
well Mr. dt St. Evremmd was acquainted with the 
Courts and the Genius of Courtiers j his Skill in 
drawing Charadecs j and his wonderful Addrefs 
in infinudtiiig himfelf into the Intimacy and Fa« 
Tout bf Great Men. 

You know, SIR, that the Duke of Beaufort ^ i6^i. 
tho' a Man of no great Parts, had gaind the Love 
of the Parifians j not fo much by his Dexterity 
and Cunning, as by his vulgar Way of Speaking 
and popular Behaviour. And tho' he was after- 
wards reconcird with the Court, yet the Courtiers 
were ilill endeavouring to turn him into Ridicule. 
The Duke de Candale, Count Paluau, Count Mo^ 
rety Mr. de St. Evretnondy and five or fix more, 
being one Day merry after they had fupp'd to^ 
gether, they made the Scheme of ai S^tyr againft 
uiat Duke, which they call'd The Duke of Beau- 
fort'/ APOLOGY ^^/ai5^r6cCoMn,NoWui,aa 

xviii The LIFE rf 

People : Every one of the Company cliAbifig what 
he chbughc moft ptoper to expofe him ; and 
Mr. GirarJ, who has given US the LIFE pf the 
Duke of Efemtmy was pitched upon to fet it down 
in Writing. This ironical APOLOGY is not 
in Mr.^ St. Bvremm^% Works^ becaufe he had but 
a fmall Share in ic ; but you will find it with the 
beft Pieces that are fathered upon him, which I have 
publifh'd in French, with the Title of MEL AN G E 

i6f2. Not long after^ the Civil War broke out; and 
the King being acquainted with Mr. de St. E%n^ 
fMtmd's Merit and Bravery, and knowing, befides, 
he had conflantly refufed to fide with thofe that 
were againft che Court, made him a Marefchal ie 
Camp, or Major-General, as appears by his Com- 
mimon, dated the i6th of September iff^z. and the 
next Day gave him a Warrant for a Penflon of 
tjooo Livres a- Year ; the Originals of both which 
I have in my Hands. 

Mr. de St. Evremond ferv'J afterwards under the 
Duke of Candale, in the War of Guienne ; and if 
Bergtrac had been befieg'd before Bourdeaux^ ac« 
cording to the Opinion of feveral Officers, he 
was to have been made Governour of that Place^ 
in the room of the Marquis de Bougi. 

i6y ;. After the Rcdudion of Gjiienne, Mr. de St. Evre* 
mond was committed to the BafiilUy where he 
remained a Prifoner for two or three Months. 
Some Jells that were pafs'd upon Cardinal Maz^^ 
rin, in a Company of which Mr. de St. Evremmd 
was one, and in which he had no greater Share 
than the. reft, were the Pretence of his Confine- 
ment ; but the true Reafon of it was this ; When 
they began to calk of an Accommodation with 
Guienne, the Cardinal defired that all the Appli- 
' cation (hould be made to the Creatures he had in 
ihe Party of the Princes ; But the Duke of Cm- 

Monfiemr dc St. Evrcmond. xut 

i/iU thought that he ought to treat with the Bi« 
fhop of Ageny and the reft who turned out the 
t>uke d'Epermn : Rightly forefeeing, that as they 
Were the ftrongeft^ tneir Opinions would prevail^ 
which happened accordingly. This wan): of De« 
ference touched the Cardinal to the quick ; an4 
concluding that Mr. de St. Evremmtd had fuggefled 
this Counfel to the Duke of Cmdale^ he was re-^ 
folded to punifh bimi for it. Neverthelefs* whet| 
Mr.^ St. Evrefhmd went to return him Thankst 
after his Enlargement^ the Cardinal told him ve- 
ry obligingly^ That be vfos ferfuaded of bis InnQcence^ 
but that a Man in bis Station lifas obliged to hearken 
to fo many Report ij tbat it was very difficult for bim to 
dij^ingtiiflt Truth from Falfbood, and mi to deal bard^ 
fimetimesy nifith an boitefi Man. 

Mr. de St. Evremond ferV'd in JFlanderi the nttt t6J4i 
Year ; during which Campaign^ being one Day 
stt Dinner with the Marefchal iHoqulncourtj he 
was an E^r-Witnefs to the Converfation that Gene- 
ra) had with Father Cmajej 2, Jefuit^ then Dire- 
(Stor of the Hofpital of the King's Army : Which 
he found fo entertaining^ that he fet it down in 
Writing fdme time after; and this is certainly one 
of his bed Pieces. 

The Court w^s theh extreme Gay and Polite ; 
and Love and Good-Cheer had an equal S^ay in 
it. Mr. de St, Evremond had no eitraordinary In- 
clination for the fair Sex ; but yet he loved with 
all poffible Tendernfefs fome Ladies of diftin« 
guidi'd Merit ; and his Affed^on for them htd ad 
equal Period with bis Life. You fee^ S I R j t 
have particularly in View Mademoifelle de V Enclose 
whom you (hall be better acquainted with by the 
J^comiums Mr; de Si. iLvremmd beftows upon her 
in his Works, than by any Thing of mine. 1 (hall 
only fay. That (he Was ever lopk'di /upon as at 
j^atccrn of PoUtehci^^ T^at (he had tuVmitc^d. Vw^t 

ri Th LIFE of 

Mhid, by the Reading of good Books ; That fhi 
diftingtiifli'd her felf by a conftanc^ inviolable 
Frifsnufhip y -srnd that her Houfe was the ufuai 
Rendezvous of the moft IVitty and Galant among 
the Courtiers. You will fee by the Letters flie 
wrote to Mr. Je St. EvremonJ, that fiie really de« 
ferv'd the Title he gave her of AdoJim Leontium^ 
by the good Ufe (he made of the famous Eficwrm's 

Mr. de Su Evremoni was much mote tailed of 
by his Refining in GooJ^Cbeer, than by his Paflion 
for the Ladies ; Tho' ffood-Cbeer, then among the 
Courtiers^ confided lefs in Magnificence than in 
Nicenefs and Cleanlinefs. Such were the Meals of 
the Commandeur de Souvre, Count dOhnnCy and 
fome other Lords who kept open Table; and 
among whom there was a kind of Emulation and 
Contention about the Excellency and Delicacy 

of Tafie. Monfieur de La'vardin^ Bifhop of Mans^ 

and Knight of the Order of the Holy-Ghoft, en- 
deavoured likewife to imitate them : And Mr. ^ 
St. Evrernond being one Day at Dinner with him^ 
that Prelate began to make merry with his Nice- 
nefs^ as well as Count dohnnes and the Marquis 

of Bois'Dauphins. Thofe Gentlemen^ faid he, refine in 
e'veryThingi Tbey can eat none but Kiy^v-Yczl} Thdr 
Partridges mufi come from Auvergne j and tbeir 
Rabbits from Roche-Guyon or Verfine. Tbey are 
no lefs Nice in Fruit : And as for Wine, they can 
drink none but what grows on the Three Hilk ( in 
Frerith, Trois Coteaux ) of ky^ Haut- VilKers, and 
Avenay. Mr. de St. Evrernond did not fail com* 
municating this Difcourfe to his Friends, who 
were glad of having fb fair an Opportunity to ri- 
dicule the Kfliop, of whofe Way of Eating they 
had no great Opinion. They repeated fo often 
what he had faid about the Hills (les Coteaux ) and 
/27ade themkU^s merry with the Fancy on fi> 

Monjieur de St, Evr&iondJ xxi 

mtxxy Occafions, that they were nick-riam*d L E S 

This3 SIR, is the true Origin of COTEAUX, 
which ^ has dfcap'd the Knowledge of abundance 
of People. The Abbot of Bois-^Robert took the 
BiAop's Part, and wrote a kind of Satyr, intitul'd. 
Lis Coteaux : But you'll give me leave to add in 
thi« Place, that the ill Charader that Prelate got, 
did not proceed from his loving GopJ-Cbeer^ and 
Good Company ; for as People live now 4-days, 
that would have been a fmall Fault, if not ac* 
counted a good Quality. The Reafon why he 
he had fo ill a Reputation, was his having frankly 
own'd, that he was not thoroughly convinci'd of 
the Truth of the Chriftian Religion : However, 
he had fo great an Intereft, that he was not call'd 
to an Account for it during his Life } but foon 
after his Peath, which happened in 1671. upoti 
the Teftimony of fevecai Perfons who had heard 
him vent his Heretical Tenets, fome Priefts to 
whom he had given Orders were re*ordaan'd ; 
and among the reft, that famous Preacher, Father 
t Mtfcaron, There was a Defign to carry this 
Affair yet farther, and the famous Monfieur P^- 
viBofty Bifiiop of Alft, being confulted about it, 
he faid. That a Provincial Synod ought in the 
firft Place to be convened, and that upon the De- 
pofition of the fame iPerfons \yho had^ infprm'd 
againft him, a Procefs fhoiild be made againil his 
Memory j after vjrhich, Application Ihould be 
made to the Pope for his Approbation of fuch a 
Procefi : But h^c^ufe the fame would have made 
too great Noife, and given Offence to fome Per- 

C } fons 

« Father Bouhours, Mr. Menage, and Mr. Boileau De- 
rpreax, have been miftaken about it. See the NoMveUes d« 
k RepuMiqyc des Lettres, far Augult, ino^, !?• i6-\^ 16%* 

fJSTir died Bifiof of Ag^n in i&Ji. 

jan VfeLIFBpf 

ions of cminenc Merit and DifHnftiott^ who 
were related to the Bifhop^ that DeHgn was ^ 
%6k6. When Queen Cbrifilna was at Taris^ there waf 
no other Talk than about her Abdication^ Learmngy 
and genteel Carriage; which fomecimes product 
very comical and entertaining PaiTages. Such^ 
for Inftance fake^ was the Difpute that arofe one 
Day between Count de Bautruj the Commandeirr de 
Jars^ ixiii the Bi(hop of Mansy three great Talkers^ 
and all Three very Singular in their KSnd ; an4 
Mn de St. Evremmd^ who was Witnefs to their 
Converfation^ found they had drawn their own 
Chara^er fo well in it^ that it deferv'd to be fee 
down in Writing ; which he did accordingly^ an4 
fenr it to his Friend Count J^knne. You will 
find that little Piece in the firft Volume of his 

About that time, when Taris was pefter'd with 
Vrudesy he wrote a Satyr, entitled the CIRCLE,' 
wherein he gives the Charader of a Vrude^ a ?rf- 

cife Ladj/y &C. 

^^J7- ^^^ ^P"S z^^ty as I take it, Mr. de St. Evrmond 
fought a Duel with the Marquis de Fore ; but I 
have not yet learnt the Detail of this Affair. I 
fliaM therefore content my fclf with faying, thac 
notwithftanding all poffible Care was taken to 
keep it fcjpret, the Court had, neverthelefs, no- 
tice of it. which obliged Mr. de St. Evremond to 
abfcond in the Country, till his Friends had ob- 
tained his Pardon. I fuppofe 'twas during thi$ 
Retirement he wrote the Difcpurfe akout Pleafnresy, 
which he fent to Count d'OlmtK. lie tells him 
9C firft. That if a Man intends to live haffjy be muft 


^ *I learnt thefe PaftkuUn of a Leamei Gentleman whet 

Monjieur de St. Evremond. xxm 

fffah hut fiw RefieSiom ufon Lifcy. hut mufi often de- 
fart y as it werey from hlrnftlf \ and amidji the Divert 
fions which txterin Objeiis furnifh htm withy fiealfrom 
the Kn&wUdgt of his own Miftries. He adds^ Thac 
lit out Stock ofJVifdom be never fo great y we fliaU find 
it fiands us in fmall fieady when we are alarmed with 
the Approaches of Death ; That there is nothing that 
cam effeUuaUy conquer the. Horror of this^ Diffolutiony but 
a firm ferfuafion of another Life ; That V/j next to im/- 
fojjible not to make fome Refleiiions ufon a Thing fo na^ 
tural j and that it would be a kind of Effeminacy not 

to think of it : But he would not have a Man make 
it his particular Study y becaufe it muft appal the * 
Enjoyment of Life. After this he confiders^ how a 
Man muft enjoy and manage Pleafures^ in order 
CO render them more quick and lading ^ and con- 
cludes^ with obferving the Advantages which true 
Chrifiians have over the Followers of Epicurus and 
Arifiippus. In a LETTER which he wrote 
then to a Lady^ who was enclin'd to take up «- 

with Devotiony he difcovers the Motives upon 
which Women do generally turn Bimsy and the 
fecret Springs that exalt their Devotion ; and af- 
terwards gives Advice to his Friend, to direct her 
Condud in the new kind of Life fhe is ready to 
enter upon. 

The Death of the Duke of Candaky which hap- 1658. 
pen'd in 1658. prov'd a great Lofs to Mr. de St. 
Evremond^ Thac young Lord was entirely in the 
Cardinal's Favour j had very confiderable Em- 
ployments; and would^ undoubtedly^ have been 
advanced to the mod eminent Stations^ had he not 
been fnatch'd away in his Prime : For he was but 
Seven and Twenty Years Old when he died ^ and 
yet he was General of the French Infantry, Go- 
vernour of Auvergne, &c. An Amour he had at 
Avignon with Madam de Cafielaney flnce Marchi- 

- C 4 ow^^s 

xxir The LI F E^f 

onefs of Gangesy fo famous by her t tragical Death^ 
threw him into a Fever, of which he died at Lions. 
Mr, de St, Evretnond Wrote an Elegy on the Duke^s 
Dcach, wherein he introduces tne Countefs of 
Olonne, lamenting her felf on the Lofs of her 
i6f 9. Mr. Je St. EyremDnd continued in the Service 
in Flandtrs\ t\\\ the Sufpenfion of Arms that was 
Agreed on between frame and Sfdin^ whilft the 
Peace was negotiating. Cardinal Maz/irln fet out 
afterwards from Parlsy with a magnificent Equi- 
page, in order to go and conclude it with Dm 
Luis de Haro, the Xing of Spain s Minifter and 
Plenipotentiary J and Was accompanied by a great 
many Courtiers, particularly by Mr. de St. Etne^ 
fnond. Before the latter left the Court, the Mar- 
quis de Crequi made him promife to give him 9 
particular Account of what pafs'd at the Confe* 
i'ences, and of the fecret Managery of that im- 
portant TranfacJKonj and the Peace was no fooncr 
iign'd, than Mr. de St. Evremond wrote him a Let- 
ter, wherein the Craft and Subtilty of the Car- 
dinal were admirably well difclofedi and his iii- 
terefted Views fet in their true Light. This Let- 
ter, which was written in an ironical Stile, with 
many iharp, cutting Turns on the Cardinal's Conr 
3ud, had fo great an Influence oyer the remain- 
• ing Part of Mr. de St. lEvremond's Ufe^ that I can^ 
not forbear inferting it here at length. 

f T Wifli I were able to gratify your Curiofity, 

I X f^P Monfieur de St. Evremond to the Mare^ 

fchal de" Crequi, '* both as to the true Motives of 

? the Peace, and about what paf$*d it the Con- 

^ ferences : 

t . 

f^e Les Hii^oires Tragiques de nrltra Terns, compilies 

Mottjieur de Scl BvremondJ 

ferences : Bac to deal frankly with ycu^ ycm 
ought CO have made Application totneCardi* 
nal's particular Confidents^ who by their long 
and ramiliar converflng with him^ are Ailly in<* 
flruAed in all his Secrets. As for me, who was 
only a Spedrator of what pafs'd^ and no more^ 
I can entertain you with nothing but my own 
Conjedures^ and lay fome few uncertain Hints 
before you^ for which I am wholly indebted to 
my Penetration. Such as they are^ I freely 
offer them to you ; and the only Favour I asK 
of you^ in return^ is that whenever you find 
me prailing the Cardinal^ you do not impute it 
to Adulation. The Good I fay of him^ is fin- 
cere and re^l ; as not refulting either from the 
Hopes of his Favour^ or Gratitude for Kind- 
neiles receiv'd, 

^ AsN^tis the greateft Merit of a Chriflian to 
pardon his Enemies, and the Chafiifement of 
thofe we love, is only the BfftA of our Ten- 
demefs and Concern for them ; fo 'twas for tb7s 
reafon that the Cardinal was induced to forgive 
'the Spaniards y and to chaftife the French. And 
indeed, the Spaniards, that were humbled by 
fo many Misfortunes, and deprefs'd by fo many 
LoiTes, were the proper ObjeAs of his chari- 
table Gompaffion j and the French, grown no 
lefs infiknt than powerful, by their great Succeffes 
in the War, did they not deferve to be morti- 
fied with the wholfom Rigours of a Peace ? 
His Eminence, without quefiion, pall'd to mind 
the merry Saying of the Cafiillan,. who coming 
to ftrangle Dot! C^r/w, by order of Philip 11. 

cry -d out to him, CaiUa, CaiUa, Senor Don Carlos, 
todo lo ^uefe haze es porfu bien j that is. Be quiet, 
Signior Don Carlos, be quiet, aU this is far jour 
Good : And pleased with fo loving a fort 6f 
Puniihmeot^ after he had fciz d u^oi^ xWCk^^<^ 

m The LIFE of 

of Private Men, and exhaufted the Publick 
Treafure^ be ftifles our Groans^ and fuppreffes 
our Murmurs^ «by faying to us with a Paternal 
Afiedion^ CaiBa, CmBa, Senar Frances^ fodo U qm 
/# kaa es fw fit bieni Ceme^ he quiet Gintkmm tf 
France^ be quiet ^ all this is finypur Good. 

^ I am inclined to believe^ that fome polidck 
Coniiderations might mix with the Cardinal^ 
Cbrifiianity : I mean as to the Gentlenefi ^d 
Oiarity he ihew'd to the Sfamardu Au^ufius^ 
who tlK>ught it conrenient to affi^n Limits to 
the Rnnm Empire^ and leave it a juft and pro- 
portioned Grandeur at his Death, might very 
well furnifh him with an Example to ihew his 
Moderation in this Place# 

* He was of Opinion, that Jr^r^ would better 
preferve it felf, united as it is, and compaft, as 
it were, within it felf, than in a vafl £3(tent j 
and he ihew'd a Prudence, which few of oar 
Minifters would have dreamt of, in thinking to 
cover our Frontiers, when it lay in his Power 
to have made vx abfolute Conqueft of the Lra^ 


^ Who does not know that the Deftrudion of 
Carthage drew after it that of R[^me ? While Rome 
had a Rival to contend with. Virtue, Difcipline 
and Obedience flouriih'd within her Walls : But 
no fooner was fiie freed from an Enemy with- 
out, but file made one at home, and had juft 
reafon to apprehend Danger from her felf, when 
there was no occafion for her to fear any thing 
from Abroad. 

* His Eminence, who is Wifer than the Scif%o\ 
took care that we ihould not fall into any fuch 
Inconvenience, apd taking wholfom Admoni- 
tion from the Faults of his Fore-fathers, pre- 
ferv'd Sfaiu on purpofe to exercife the Valour 

* of France^ and to maintain its Empire fior even 

Monjieur de St« Evrembnd; xz?ii 

^ Now pray. Sir, obferve what a vaft difference 
^ there is between this profound Prudence, and 
^ that of Cardinal Richelieu / Methinks I fee that 
^ immoderate Genius, not content with Flanders 
^ or the Milapefe^ but laying hold of a Conjun* 
' dure, which had not - happen'd fince the Days 
^ of Charles V. remit Seven or Eight Millions to 
^ Frankfarty &c. fend a mighty Army to the Banks 
^ of th$ 2L&/Viry to revenge our Nation in the Per- 
^ fon oif Levfis XIV. for the Affront fhe formerly 
^ reip^ived in that pf Francis I. Methinks I fee 
^ him enter into a new Alliance with Tmugal^ 
^ after the Defeat of Don Luisy and joyn our For- 
^ ces with thofe of that Kingdom, with defign to 
' drive the Catholick ]Sang trom Madrid^ without 
f regard to a Sacred and Inviolable Perfon. 

^ Neverthelefs, it was the Part of a good Cbrl- 
\fiian to forgive his Enemies j it was generous in 
^ him not to puih on his Viftori^s fo far, as to 
^ ruin one of the fineft Monarchies in the World ; 
^ it was done like a good Pelitician, not to extend 
^ Frontiers too far, left whilft our Foreign Acquis 
^ fitions took us wholly up, we ihould negleift the 
f ipain Bufmefs at Home. 

^ I hesir fotne of his Eminence's Enemies, who 
^ not daring openly exclaim againft the Peace, 
^ condemn the manner wherein it was concluded ; 
^ find fault with the Sufpenfion^ and his too great 
^Eafinefs in condefcending to come to Confe- 
^ rences, wherein every Article of the Peace 
f was alter d, tho' it had been ratified before. 

^ I own, indeed, that Monfieur de Turenne did 
^ all that lay in his Power to difTuade this Sufpcn- 
^ (ion ; but he did not thoroughly confider the 
^ true Motive of fo glorious an Interview : And 
' while this Great General projjeded in his Head 
^ the Conqueft of Flanders^ he knew not what the 
I C^dinal pronofed tg himfelf^ by a C^v^xiuotv 

Tin Tin LIFE of 

* of Wifdom and Reafon. And, indeed, he la- 

* bour'd ac nothing (6 much, as to let all Europe 

* fee the Superiority of his Genius, nor was he 
' miftakcn in his Defign ; for he always got the 
' better of Don Z,«m's Underftanding, who frankly 
' own'd the Afccndent of his Genius, and his 

* Maflery in Politiclts : But ic unluckly fo fell 

* out, that the indexible StifFncfs of the Utter 

* proved, at taft, too hard for the Refolucions of 
' the former. Thus the Sp^viarJ, witli his grofs, 
' blunt >vay, carried thofe Points, which the 7m- 

* Hart contended for with Acutenefs and Juftice. 

* Not that Don Lh'us Obftinacy was always fuc- 

* cesful ; for when he boafis that we abandon'd 

* Ptrtugal, and confented to the Reftoration of 
' the Prince of Coniie, we may jullly charge him 

* with an O'er-frght in the Ammunition he left 

* us J and his Ignorance in Arithmetick in the 

■ Valuation of the Five Hundred Thoufand 
' Crowns that were afligned for the Queen's 
' Portion. 

* Let Matters go as they will, his Eminence 
' may fecretly hug himfelf with the Thoughts, 

■ that he has made no unprofitable Steps; Alfatia, 

* the Territories in ha!f, the Abby of 5f. Vafi, may 

* well comfort him for the Pains he has taken ,■ 

* whereas the Chimerical Don Luis, who minded 
' nothing but the publick Intereit of his Coun- 

* try, maintain'd himfelf all along at his own 
' Expence. 

* It was to no purpofe for him to ftand upon 
' fuch haughty Terms, in the general Declenfion 
'of their Affairs, fincc he fufficiently own'd their 
' Weaknefs. fo foon as the Peace was Signed. 

* Ctfwi', Gentiemm^ faid he, Ltt m go imA rtturn God 

* Mmiibiy Thanh : IVe wirt undone^ but now Spain 

* it fa-atd. His Eminence does not much value 
'thac noble Saying, which would have fitted the 

Monfew de Sr. Evremoni. 3 

* Klouth of an old Citizsn of Lta£i'mi% j lad 

* looks upon thefe Excltanons for ±a i^iszy <£ 
" one's Conner}', to procsed bom a R£r-:±iicsa 

* Principle. He judgts aright, thac a Pcacf. 'iCC 

* it be huddled tp how i: will, ii a'wayi gooi, 

* when it gires a Man an Oppoic;:ni:y to hoxri 

* up Millions that were nece^arily expeofs^i 13 

* the Profecucion of the War. Ls: the wtll- 

* meaning Don Luit hare no ochfr Eci, wan 
■ the Sernce of his Matter, ani rf-.e P=Hi=t 
' Good j it is the Cardinal's Idling Muira, Jms 

* a Minifttr cught Iffs to rerari :he Stm^ si« » 

* State tbe A^nl^er \ and for this reafon, if Gal 

* grant him to Utc but a few Vean, he vi21 

* make the whole Kingdom his own pnra:e 

* Fortune. 

' I cannot but pity thofe forr>- Ibrangzet^ 
' who reproach him for making a Peace, when 
' we were in a fair way to cany all before zs. I 
' tfiink I have fuflicient'lv ju{Ut\ 'd his Modencioa \ 
' but if chat won't do, I can alledge other Rea- 

* Tons in his Defencs, and fuch as he has obea 
' f^Tcn himfelf. 

* Tbt French, fays he, tlwajs hu^ tbtmfilcn 
' Ahoai, witbctit eaifJtrhg knv tli^f^i /«*^ ^ 
[f Home J i^U luinle tbsy art wboUj uktv »» jpjri tht 
^ jiffdirs ef their Ntiibecurs, negU3 tbor imra, Socue 
' will alledge, perhaps, Thu aficr (be BmU oi 
;• Dmkirk, and the Defeat of the Pnntt I- ' f** 5 
'■ that after tbe Surrender of fomc of jf ' 

* and the Confternation of 1 

* pofliblc for FlaaMrt 
-' that the Affain of t 

* ter Condition in 1 
' throw of Don I 
j,' ror, which « 
:' Money ; 
.:f ficians, t 

J$e LiFBuf 


^:<filiti Itt bdwr Metriben : But tfae)r will notliijr 
*1R Word of Ctfdtml ir Rah's liiyfterioiis Joor- 
fley into Am J^^ which. fa« taft fi> fecidly^ tfaC 
we don't as yet k^M»w the Place of hh Reomt. 
They will iwdidoslly pafi bttt in Sikoce, that 
iAmufj^ the Riog-kader of iiatiodus Aflin- 
Uies^ had been tetely taft^^riog with cite <3«tt- 
ttemen of Vmfin \ chat Crf^jBrnma/b had tKod- 
feeta near ffeJSe; that <;;riira#, theiMwfyif/ir crfihQ 
Country^ had l^tety made verV PoKdek fib^ 
rangnes at Cmim§ee, ibftnt thi PttUtek Wdfiite. 
Nor will. they take «otice^ that Bmt^hid 
armed the Moob of Sthpu^ and eoilbunig'd diat 
dan^ous Paurty that wak formiiig agaloft dri 

^ There was fomeching yet more preffiog^wiad^ 
itoclnog bat the Cardinal's own Conlcience can 
tefttfy. What a cmel Mortification nraft It be 
to a gricat M tnifter^ who govem'd sdl the Cottft^ 
to fee^ neverchelds^ three Governours of hi$ 
own maiking^ get prodi^oos Sums of Money 
Ottt of iPtmJkrs J without going fiiacks wttH I 
them ? If we conftder the generous Tempef I 
of his Ettiirjence^ we may eafily believe that h^ ; 
could fooner chafe a thoufand Times to givtf ^ \ 

up Cwiiey Teronniy and Sc. J^intin^ to the £n&-* J 

my^ than fufFer others to enrich themfelve^ 
by the Contributions of Arras, Betbme, and U 

* A Man muft dire into his very Soul, to know 
what a Vexation it muft needs be to him, to be 
difappotnted in his Defighs upon 5^* VenmtyVihtn \ 
his Projeft of raifing ai MitUon froni thence 
came to nothing, by the ill l^anagement of La 
Huy€. . OmdenarJ,^ T^'y ^^ Mmin, did, in truths- 
maintain a great Body of Men,* but when that 
was done, there was fcarce enough to fill the 
Purfe of Monffeur Lan9&: I »> far tber jond not the 

Monfieur de St. Evremond 

Cafe that all Flanders had heen furrenderM to 
us, yet alas ! we muft have preferv'd their Pri- 
viledgeSj and contented our felres with zwMebU 
Hmdrukh Pmny, which would fcarce have beca 
worth our while; 

^ No^ no^ Sir, you are miftaken» if you (hink 
fo folid a Minifter is to be fatisfied with Tidies 
and Lordfiiips; with him nothing pai&s for a true 
Conqueft, but a real Acquifition of new Tre:^ 
fure : And, in his Opinion, the reducing die 
Number of Governours, the breaking cheir 
Troops, the retrenching all Ekpences^ yet idf- 
fening none of our Taxes, is Gonqueft in a li* 
teral Senfe, and as good as gaining a new King* 
dom. If this be allow'd him^ I dare engage he 
will freely leave Sfain in Pbifeffion of their Pro- 
vinces, and religioufly promi(e not to diftuib 
them in the War againft PortM^al. The InMew 
are the only Spot of Ground wiiich he envies 
Spain i but 'tis fome Confolatioa to him, how- 
ever, that the Sfaniards are at all die Dnidgieiy 
in getting of Silver, while he has the greateft 
Share of their Flota. 

* Thus, Sir, I have laid before you the My* 
(lery of our .Conferences, and the moft: iecrat 
Thoughts of the Cardinal. If you would have 
me tell you the fame Truth lerioufly, and ia 
another manner, you are to know that the Sf^ 
nijh Monarchy had been ruin'd, in cale the War 
had continued ; nay, we had fufiiciently hum- 
bled Her by the Peace, if the Cardinal had not 
manag'd it by himfelf, without adviling with any 
Body. 'Tis a plain Cafe, that he knew nothing 
of the Enemy's WeakneB^ and the Extremities 
they lay under ; and what Monfieur Je Tmrmne 
talk'd to him, upon this SubjeA, he look'd upon 
CO be nothing etfe bnt the Difcourfe of a Gene- 

^ ral, that only confulted hb own Iatercit> and 
^ ■• - <^ ^had 

neli-F-E of 

'lidd a nund' to keecrofF the Peace, in order to 
' maintaift his Xnterelt by the War. 

* The Andeot Repotatuu of the Spaniardt kept 
' their prefent Mifei^ ftoai hh Sight ; not being 

* able to comprehend how a Nation fo formidable 
' her^coforey acould now be fo near its Ruin. 
'Amto, iPtfyf Cfmun/f die NaierlanJs, Which io 
.' ^ft Were* iittle beoer than psmpous Names, 
' nre him always a great IJ^ of their Ancient 
' Power : He did not lufficiently conftder what a 
' Condidon we were in , wmle his Thought; 
' were wholly ulfen up with the former Condicioa 
5 of our Enemies. 

'The Heroick Valour of die Prince of ConJi, 

* tho' incapacitated to ad ; die Remembrance of 

* CaMinal Jt fittK, dio' mueiabty lurking for the 
' Security of his own UfCj reviv'd in his Mind 
' the LUs of late Commotions, and made him ap- 
' prehenfive of new Revohitions; 

' He fancied Three Ntrmat Gentlemen, wan- 

* dring from Place to Place^ and a few poor Pea- 
.'fantsof5o/apw, who had got together, to beaii 

' Infurredion of all the Nobility, and a Revolt 
'of the whole Kingdom^ He imagin'd that all 

* the World attack'd him, becaufe he knew him- 
''felf to be obnoxious to all the World. 

* As there was in him a mixture of differertf 

* Thoughts, we ought to confider how the Mo- 

* tive of Intereft worked upon him, after the Mo- 

* tive of Fear. Nothing lat fo near his Heart, a^ 

* the unavoidable Expences of the War ; and it 
' was his chief Ambition to make himfelf Mafter 

* of the Publick Revenue, without being necelH- 

* rated to employ it in the Publick Service. In 

* fech a Cafe, he concluded that all tlie Treafurft 
-'*and Finances were endrely his own ; and this 

* wai* one of the principal Motives that induced 

* him to the Peaces The Independance of the 

Monfieur dc St. Evremond. xxxiii 

Governours appeared like wife to be pne of his 
flrong^ft ReaiOQs for ic; and he always rec- 
koned, chofe Towns, which the Spaniards left us, 
as Plpces that were reftor'd to the King^ but of 
no Benefit to himfelf. ^ut to fpeak foberly, 
the vaft Contribution^ that were raifed, pro- 
vok'd his Avarice ; dnd fince he could not have 
his Share of them:, it was no lictle Pleafure to 
him, to hinder others from reaping thofe Ad- 
vantages, for which he wa^ liot the better, . 
^. 'Tis probable that the lad Campaign of Mr. de 
Twrenne might give him fome fecret Jealoufy ; 
particularly thofe SuccefTes wherein his Vanity 
could not Intereft it felf, as it had ridiculoufly 
done in the Battle of Dunkirk. S^ch extraordi- 
nary Advantages, ^ without doubt, fet him lipon 
Negrtiating, having always entertained thofe 
Thoughts, after the moft profperous Events; 
in order to let the Generals know the uticer- 
tainty of their Condition, and keep them in 
Dependance, even in the midft of their Coii- 
quefls, Belides, he was afraid, that being in- 
commoded with the Gout and Stone, and con- 
fequently not in fo good a Condition to follow 
the King, they might eafily do without him in 
the Field. The remembrance of the late Ex- 
plbitsi made him apprehenfive of new ones j and 
to rid himfelf of this Uneafinefs, he was defi- 
rous to conclude the War, by a Peace of his 
own making, rather than behold Conquefts after 
Conquefts, wherein he had no Share. 
* Moreover^ he began to repent of his ill-ufage 
of the Prince q( CorJe; and as his Indijgniuipn 
had exhaufted it felf at long run, he enceitain d 
fomc Thoughts of his return: nay, fometimes 
ht flatter'd' himfelf with the Pfeafure he fhould ' 
have to fee him abandoned by the Spaniard^ and 
humbled before him. He expeded to find a 

D * general 

Monfieur de St; Evremond.' 

' as if he had a Min(i to re<aify with Foreigners, 
' the Reputation he had with us; and calt off the 
' Vices of his Conftitution upon our Nation. As 
' for Don LmsJj he was Affable and Civil with 
' private Men ; Frank and Free with his Friends, 
' and Kind to his own Creatures; but inPublick 
■ Negotiations, he cover'd a deep Defign to 
T^heat, under an Appearance of Simplicity ; and 
lad indeed but little Honefty, tho" he pafs'd 
liveifally for a Man of Probity. 

need not make it out to you, SIR, that 
Je St. Evremond made a right Judgtncnt of 
mis Peace ; For your felf has obferv'd. That 
■he Cardinal * concluded it fo ad'vantegtoupy far 
.bain, and fo difadvantageoujly for Fran^-e, that ths 
■noji penetrating btlitv'd he did it at the Dejire, or hjr 
:or Command of the ^een- Motbtr, -whom the King, 
•:c' Confort, had ever ebjerv'd to ht ajfeiied and 
:■ Spain. However, this Letter being fallen into 
'uc Hands of the Cardinal's Creatures, fometiaie 
'Iter his Deatb, the fame was reprefented as a 
iligh Crime and Mifdemeanour, which oblig'd 
Mr. .Jc Si. Evremnnd CO fly his Native- Country. 
That Afl^ir happen'd in this manner.-.— You 
rnow, SIR, that the King fet out for Britany 
f-LJine Days before Monfieur Fcuquct was put 
jnder Confinement ; and Mr. de St. Evremi^nd be- 
ng one of thofc whom his Majefly himfelf nam'd 
■.'J accompany him in his Progrefs, he left in the 
Hands of Madam du Vleffu-Bdliert, Mother to rhe 
Marchionefs de Crtqi*}, a ftrong Box, with Mo- 
ney, Notes, and feveral Letters. As foon as 
Monfieur Foujm was arrefted, the King's Of- 
O 2 ficers' 


frr Sail*'/ DiUhnary, Art. 0/ Lewi} XIW. RcmilYV.^. 

Xpog. if tie umti 

i Th LIFB of 

ficen were not contented with feizing his PapeT^ ' 
but Ukewife fearcb'd the Houfcs of all fuch u 
.were thought to be his .ConBJetiEs ; and did not^ 
fiiii making ■ Vifitto the Lady Jh PUffu-HeUim,-, 
who wu too great a Friend to rhe Superintendanr 
to be forgotten. "There they feiz'd, among oihei 
.Things, .Mr. d$ St. Etiremeni'i flrong Box, in 
which they found a Copy of the Letter before- 
mention'd, relating to the PjrreneaM Treaty, which 
had been communicated to none but the Mare- 
Scbzl dt ClinmkMfit, and two or three other Per- 
fbns : And Meffieurs J« Ticib'cr and Colbert, who 
were the Cardinal's Creatures, thought this a 
proper Oppommity to teftify to the King the 
great ^fteqn they retain'd for the Memory of 
.'their Benefador. They read the faid Letter to 
his MajeAy, and, at the fame time, reprefented 
to him the great 2Scal his Eminence had ever 
fliewn for his Intereft, and the fignal Services he 
had done the StatCj in the mofl difficult Times. 
They added. That Letter was the more Crimi- 
nal, in that alt rhe Invedtves Contain'd in it a- 
gainft thePrimeMinifter,reflei^ed on the Regency , 
of the Queen- Mother, and even on the King s \ 
Reign, fince his Majcfty had thought fit to puiv -\ 
fue the Scheme and Maxims (he Cardinal had ! 
left behind him. And, in fhort, that if private 
Men were allow'd to judge of State-Affairs, ac- 
cording to their Caprice^ and, with Impunity, to 
cenfure the Condu^ of Miniflers, no one could 
be fecure againft Slander and Detra&ion, tho' 
never fo well affeded, and zealouDy devoted to 
his MaJeAy's Intereit. And^ undoubtedly, they 
fail'd not taking Advantage of the friendly Cor- 
rcfpondence which Mr. de St. Evnmend had ever 
entertain'd with the Superifltendant, whofe Ruin 
had been refotv'd iipon. 

Alonjieur de St. Evremond. zxxvii 

Th^fe lofinuations made the greater Impreflioti* 
on die King, by reafon that Prince retained a 
lively, grateful Senfe of the Services the Cardinal 
had done him, and had a real Value for his Me- 
mory. Mr. Je St.' Evtemond being inform'd of 
what was hatching againft him, abfented himfelf 
from Court, and went firft to the Marefchal Je 
Qfertmk^ufSy where he continued one Month ^ af- 
ter which he retired intb J^ormanAy^ where he ab- 
fconded for fomc time. He ^ was in Hopes that 
the impehdinig §torm wouli bedifpell'd : But his 
Friends having acquainted him, that the Mini- 
fters ftill endeavoured to render him obnoxious, 
and even that there was a Talk of conmiittinj; 
him to the Baftilky he privately conveyed himfelf 
CO the Frontiers of the Kingdom j and, at laft, 
rcfolv'd to go to HoUandy where he arrived about 
the latter end of the Year 1661. 

This, SIR, is the true Caufe of Mr. //^ St. 
E'unmond's Difgrace, of which you tell me you 
never had a righjt Information. Methinks he was 
too hardly dealt with : Tho' I muft confcfs the 
invidious Turns and Reflexions cf that Letter 
ought to have been more fofccn'd, and more ten- 
derly exprefs'd : Burthen, again, it is to be ob- 
ferv'd, that Mr. de St. Evrmond fpoke to his Friend 
with the fame Freedom and Openncls, as he 
would have done in a private Converfation : Nor 
could it ever enter his Thoughts, that his Letter 
fliould becorncjpublick. On the other hand, he 
preferv'd a Relentment againft the Cardinal, ever 
fince his Eminence had caus'd him to be impri- 
fon'cj in the BaftilU ; fo that it is not to be won- 
der'd, that he did not fpare hini on this Occafion, 
Jf to thefe Cpnfiderations you add what I laid 
down before, ^uiz^. That the Ground- Work of the 
Letter in Queftion was folid and judicious, you 
will, I hope, agree with me, that they ought 

D 3 not 

Kxvin Tie LIP B^ 

not to have treated (o fevcRly a Gentleinva ip^ 
Diftinftion, who had erer well fenr*dhis Prince, 
and whofe only Cri'ine waik his bdiig Ofcr-Zen-^ : 
lous for the Honour of lus Country, and too well 
acquainted with itr tnie Intereft. lis cettup,' 
. ^t Mr. Je St. EvrmumJ wot^Id never own h^ 
had committed a Fault, or that he had a wroiq| 
Notion of that Treaty, at you will fee by the 
Sequel of thele Memoirs. 
i66;. ^r. Je St. Evremead had too mJunr Friends iQ .. 
EMgUndj to make a long ftay in HeiMi. H« ,. 
therefore crofs'd the' Sea, and was no lefi w^ : 
come at the King of Great Britain i Coart, than h« 
'^ had been a Year before : For 1 fcvgot to mention, - 
that as foon as King Cbarla II. had afcended th^ 
Throne of hb Anceftors, the. Frenci King fen( 
the Count de Saiffoiu over into EngUmiy to con- 
gratulate his Majefty's Rtfigrntloii. Several Perfons 
of Qualiry, who had the Honour to be kaowtt 
tp King Cbarkj, during his Abode in Fi-amcef made 
.ijife of that Opportunity lo fee EnglanJ^ whereby 
that Embaffy became one of the moft magnifjl 
cent that ever was feen. Mr. Je St. EvremenJwa^ 
one of that Number ; and during the fix Months 
he flay'd at London, he renew'd che Acquaintance 
he had in Franct with fevcral Engll^ Lords, and 
c^nrraded Friemifhip with others : Infomuch that 
when he came hither the fecond time, he was no 
Stranger to our Court. The Dukes of Buckingham 
and OrmonA ; che Earls of St. Albam and Arlington ; 
My Lord ^Aubignji, Uncle to the late Duke oiRich- 
mmi and Z.«»ox, and my Lord Crofit were his bell 
FrtendG ; but he was moft intimate with the Cuke 
of Buckingham and My Lord d'Aubignj : The firft was 
a refin'd Courtier, who loy'd Literature, and the 
liberal Arts, and divided his Time between Read- 
. ifjg,ine;enious Converration, and good Fellowfhip. 

He publifh'd fome Writings which were univerfaMy 

Monjieur de &• Eirremond. xxxix 

admired; and among the reft^ his Play call'd 
THE REHEARSAL is an excellent Criticifni 
upon fome of Mr. Dry Jens Plays, and other Dra- 
matick Writers of thofe.Days. All Men of po- 
lite Parts were always welcome to his Houfe ^ and 
as he was for fome time the. King's Favourite, he 
did not want Means to indulge his generous In- 
clinations of rewarding them. He obtained for 
Martin Clifford the^ Place of Mafter of the Charter^ 
fioufe, Lmd$ny and engaged him to pubiifii his 
Trtatifty concerning Buman ^ RSifm. Clifford dedi« 
cated that Piece to his Bene&dor, who fent him 
a Letter, in which, after he had foretold him, 
what Succefs his Book (hould meet with, he mad^F^ 
feveral excellent and curious Refledions upon xM 
Spirit of PrepolfefSon and Perfecution, with 
which mod Chriilians are, now a-days, anima- 
ted. His Grace knew fo well what Misfortunes 
generally attend Perfecution^ that when the Par*- * 
liament had addrefs'd King Charles IL for re-cal- 
ling the Proclamation, whereby he had granted 
Liberty of Confcicnce to all hjs Subjeds, he ad- 
vifed his Majefty, rather to venture all, than re- 
cede from what he had done j and fometime after 
publi(h'd a fmall Treatife, entitled, y4jfc^r^ Difcourfe 

upon the Reafonahlenefs of Mens having a Religion, or 
JVorfijip of God; the principal Drift whereof vps, 
to affert Toleration. To fum up the Duke of "r- 
kinghams Charader, in a few Words, Tli only 
add, that he was extreme Polite, Affable, Gene- 
rous, and Liberal : But that he fuffer'd his eafy 
Temper and Supinencfs to have coo great an 
Afcendant over him : For thofe that manag d his 
Pomeftick Affairs, abufing his Eafmefs, ran hiui ' 

D 4 cue 

*Tbis Piece was fuhlijb\d in 1^74. and tie Author dud 
in 16-J7. 


ou^ of his Eftate co fuch a degree/chat bemmio 
of che iiche^ Peen in Englmd^ he became 6tit of 

the poorc{>. 

My Lord iTjuUgMf haTiag beenfent into Awm 
at I . vc YtuTb of hgo, Viras educated at die CoXkg^ 
of tort Knyali went youtig into Holy Ordm,' «fli 
was made a Prebendary of Nttre-Dame itt Tmfu 
After the Reftoracion^ he retum*d into Sii^/fiiJ^ 
and the King having married the hfams of F$rm^ 
t'^h My Lord JtAmlnpy was made Lord*Alnioner to 
the Queen. He was a Man of great AbilitieiL; 
and frank eafy Nature^ which made the Dafce of 
Buckingham and Mr. ik St. Evremmi extreme £»£ 
of his ConTerfation.^^Being often together, th^ ' 
difcoun*d about all niahner of SubjeAs, bnt chkfr' 
ly about the Dramatick Fiebes of feveral Nadom^ j 
Mr. ilt St. Evrnmmd not. under Handing the Em^ \ 
lijh Tongue, thofe Gentleknen acquainted h& ' 
wiih che bed Strokes in our moft celebrated Pla3rs| 
of which he retained a clear Idea to the very laftj 
^nd from thefe ingenious Converfacions refulted 
his Refleitii m on tie Engttfli Stsigey which are ex« 
tant in his Works. To the fame fTttty Triumvir^e 
we owe alfo the Play call'd SIR POLITICS 
WOULD-BE, towards whith each of thcqfi * 
clM'd part ^f the CharaAers, which Mr. de Si.E'vre^ 
nwgd rcdnc'd into Form. Thofe who (hall find that 
play a little too long,muft confider^ that 'twas writ- 
ten after the EngU\h Way j and befides, it is to be 
obfei V d, that as it never was defign'd to be pre- 
feiited on the Stage, they made it rather their 
Bufujcfs to draw full Chamcaers, than to animate 
the AAioh by a variety of furprizing Intrigues^ 
and an unexpe<aed unravelling of the Plot: 
Which thofe who perufe that Play ought to 
confidcr, before they pafs tlieir Judgment up- 
on it. 

Monfieur de St* Evrciliond. xU: 

Sometime before^ one of his Friends having 

Ssk'd hitHj What Sciences a Gentleman My affly him* 

ftlf to ? He fent him a (horc DifcoinR, wherein 
he reduces them to Morals ^ Politicks^ and Litera^ 
ture. He wrote afterwards his JUDGMENT 
mpm Csfar and Alexander^ wherein he makes a 
Comparifon of thofe two Heroes^ with refpe^ 
to their Birth^ Manners^ natural Barts^ A^ftions^ 
and Condud. -^ 

The Difpute between the Jefuits and Janfenifi^^ 166%. 
making ^hen a great Noife in the Worlds and 
Mr. de St. Evremond having one Day related to 
My Lord J^Aubigny the Converfation he had with 
Father Canaye, about the Animofity with which 
both Parties profecuted their Quarrel, My Lord 
^Auhigny was very much taken with the Jefm\ 
Franknefs; and to (hew that there was no lefs 
Candor among the Janfenifisy difclos'd to him the 
whole Secret of their Cabal. The Converfation 
Mr. de St. Evremond had with -My Lord iAuhigny 
upon that Subjed, is alfo to be fecn in his Works; 
and I don't doubt, SIR, but the perufal of it will 
afford you a great deal of Plgafure. 

Not long af:er, lie wrote his JUDGMENT 
u'fon Seneea, Plutarch, and Petronius : Wherein, 
in the firll Place, he takes notice, That Seneca^ 
Latin comes far fliort of that of the jiuguflean Age ; 
That- there is nothing eafie or natural ; but all made 
up of pointed^ and firaind Witicifms. What he 

like? ^ft ip the Works of thaf Philofophpr, are the 

Examples and Rotations which he intermioges through- 
out his Works. He owns he had 9 great deal of 
Wif, and a competent Stock of Knowledge ; but 

that bis Stile did not at ai afful him j and he 
thought it very ridiculous that one, like Seneca, v^'ha 
livd' in Plenty^ and was fo tenderly careful of his own 
Perfeny jhould preach up nothing hut Poverty and Death. 

Hp afterwards compares him vyith Plutarch, and 



m The L IFE tf 

oMenres^ that the qpMMw <rf t^ laflttr 
pJMsUij M^ titter cwZmAumI fir SuiM^ diaa 
or^ior^s j tm he fmtAf mfitmM VKfmt^ mt4 
J$09f§$trs t§ nemeib Vmm to VUrfmm^- Ho 

•hann'dwidithe LIVES rfUh/hhdsMm 
Author^ which he looks upon n hh " 
Vkfit. Mr. de St. E wtm t md proceeds a1 
to Pftrmwi, and flievs^ Thtt be wdt me j 
kf Sk VUrfureSy as to team Ememf to ptUici 
emmts; Xb0 he h^dtbe Merit ef Gefuermem^^ m 
Cevermmm ef Klhynia^ smd the Virtm ef'm 
in his (^Mip. He does not forget Fm 
Death, whidi he cakes to be die moft Glori 
of all Antiquity; and iliews, that it has ibatf 
thing more Gr^at and more Noblft in it, that 
.cither that of Cote or Socrates* Petremus, ftjvhp^ 
leaves ms netbifig at his Death, hat am Jtmsgs ef\hu 
Life i no ABien, no Word, no, Cirenm^anee, fheiws llr 
fiffkxitj of a dying Verfm, : ^Tis with hm fnferfju 
that to dye is to cea^ to live. He fpeaks afterwam 
of Fetromuss "^ &ityr^ of which we have foms 
Fragments left^ and of which he difcoTers t)ie ; 
principal Beauties. He admires the Purity of Us 
Stile i the Delicacy of bis Sentiments } hit ahofue ai, -i 

• •• to' 

* Mr. ie St. Eyremond thinks , thet thet Piece wos 
written hj the fame Petronius mentiQnd hy Tacitus, wherem 
he follows the general Opinion ; which^ however^ I de not 
think to he extremely well grounded. For *tis plain hy the 
Mtnufeript of Traw, which is now in the Mofi Chfifiims 
King's Lihrafy^ that whatU now cxant of that Work^ are 
only Fragments of the i$th and i6th Books ; whereas^ in my 
Opinion^ it appears hy the Pajfage of Tacitus, on which the 
common Opinio^ is grounded^ that Petronius did not hegin to 
deferihe the Dehaueoeries of Nero, till he had eaus*d his Vms 
to be opened y that is to fay^ a very little while before bis 
Death. A curious Defcription of that Manufeript is to ^^ 
found in a Memoire of Mr., CIetient» Keeper of thet 
JCng^s Library^ infer ted in the Journal des SavanS| of thevT[. 

Mmfieur de St. EvremondJ xliii 

^ Ins gndt Ea^jfs itf^ giving uf ingenioufiy all forts of 
^ Cbaralfers. Hc does not doubt but twas his dc- 
: fign CO <?xpofe the Debaucheries at^ero ; but he 
I does not chink that he wrote th^it batyr with the 
' fame Intention th^t Horace writ his. He rather 

looks upon him as a nice Courtier^ that turns everj 

Thing intoRidicule^ shaft as a piblick Cenfor, who spakes 

: it his Bufinefs to expofe Immorality : He feemS to be 

• perfuaded^ That i/ Petronius had Jejignd to giv4 

us an ingenious Moral in the Defcriftton of T^afures^ 

- be would have endeavour d to create in us fome tbjlafie 

for them ; Nor would he have reprefented Vice 
' with (b much Agreeablenefs ; and he {hould> at 
leaft, have given us fome Inftance or other, either 
of Divine or Human Juftice on the perfons of his 

The REFLECTIONS ufon the difirent Ge^ 
nius 'of the l^oman People, which Mr. de St. Evre^ 
mond wrote afterwards, have met wi(h univerfal 
Applaufe, and obtained a fort of JDiftincftion over 
all his other Works. He begins the fame with 
Remarks on the fabulous Original of the Romans, 
and the Genius of that People, under the firft 
Kings. He fpeaks afterwards of the Genius of 

the Ancient Romans, in the Ftrfi Times of the Re- 
fublick, and in their firft \Vars. He afterwards 
confutes L?i;^, who thought that the Romans would 
have vanquifh'd Akxanda the Gretft, if he had 
made War againft them j and fliews, that the Con- 
fuls, at that time, had neithef fo good Troops, 
nor fo gregt Skill in the Military Art, as that 
Conqueror. After this, he defcribes the Genius 
of the Romans, when Tyrrhus Vf2i^6, War againft 
them J be fpeaks of the firft, and fecond Punick 
( or Cartbagtnian ) War j confiders the Genius of 
the Romans towards the End of the latter ; and 
laftof 2^11, the Government of Augufius^zndTil^erius, 


)^y peJ,IFEcf " 

their fjc^iu, ^nd fbjVE of che Remant, who liv'd 
under the ^eign of ]^ofe two Princes. There 
ipm fucji a Va0 of found Judgment, Fenctrarion, 
ud folid Rearo^g, throqghout this whole Work, 
that I may.eafily adventure ro lay, U is the belt 
Perfprmance yet extant about (he RoMtn Hi>lory. 
'iAr.Je St. Evrenumd has Vo well hit the Genius of 
tholjs ^cient Kmhst; fo artfully unravell'd the 
di^erent Motives and Concerns that adicd thccu; 
and To well penetrated ynto the private Views of 
t^M Generals, and, Deigns of the Confols, that 
whoever reads his Re^ectionsj is apt to think that 
hf; liv'd amongft them, and had a Share in the Ma- 
nagement of thpir Affairs. But alnioft one half of 
this e:(cellent Work was unfoitun^.cely loil, as 
you have undoubtedly obferv'd b* the fliorc Ac- 
count I have given of it. The imc ^lediate fpacc 
between the End of the fecond C ^Tth.^giniaa War^ 
and the Government of Augufius^ was hll'd up by 
the .Conieft of (?rtf«A«j with the Senate; by Re- 
fleiiions on the Genius of the Row.i» People, when 
Jugurtha poffefs'd himfelf of the Kingdom of Nh- 
midia J on the fordid Inteipft which was then 
predominant i on che infamous Charader of chofs 
who were firft employ'd in that Affair ; And on] 
the Temper of Scaurtu. Then follow'd the War' 
nianag'd by MettSus ; His Charader, and that of 
Jugurtha ; a%l fome Strolses of ttit Pride and 
Haughtinefs of the Nobility. Then came on- the 
CharaiSer of Marius^ with fome Rcfleftions on the 
Arrogance of that Conful ; the Genius of the 
People, who had aflumed a tyrannical Superiority 
over the Senate, which went near to prove fatal 
- to the Commonwealth. Mr.deSt.Evremondgave'f 
after that, the Charader of SylUy who freed the 
Senate, and opprefs'd the People; and then fpoiie 
of Pompej and Strtorm. He afterwards confidcr'd 

Mmjieur de St. Evtemond. xW 

• . ' ' * 

£ the State of Romey and the Genius of the Kotiianiy 
at the time of Catiline s Confpiracy j whofe Cha(- 
g' raAer he defcrib'd^.with that •fChdius^ and C/c^^^ 
and mentioned the Banifiiment of the latter. Nexc 
to this he reprefented the State of Rome, when 
?. ' the Government was divided between Pomfey^ 
* Cafaty and Cr/T^j j And, in the laft Place, un- 
'i • folded the ^Motives of the Civil War between 
^ Tomfey and Cafsr j Drew the Charaders of thofe 
|. great Men; Shew'd how the Senate was afTedfced 
I to P-cmftyy and the People to Cafar j Difcover'd 
'the Sentiments of the former, concerning the 
I Republick, and how his Power was eftabliih'd ac 
; the Expence of the publick liberty j and repre* 
I fented Cafars politick and gradual Steps towards 
; abfolute Sway. Mr,^ de St. Ei/remond had handled 
all thefe great Subje<afs :- But this Part of his 
Labours is loft 5 and he would never take the 
Trouble to write it over again, as I fiiall more 
particularly relate in the Sequel of thefe Me- 

. Mr. de St. Evremond was too great a Lover of 16^ 
Literature, to negled holding a Correfpondence 
with the Learned Men and Wits of England. He 
had frequent Converfations with Sit KenelmeDighy^ 
the famous Mr. Hobbes^ and more particulary with 
Mr. Cowlm and Mr. WaUtr^ who had an infinite 
deal of Wit, and a moil delicate Tafte^ as ap- 
pears by the Poemi they haVe left behind them. 
Mr. de St. Evremond and Sir Kenelme Digby being 
one Day difcouriing about Philofophy, the latter 
faid. That having formerly perus'd Mr. Des-Cartesh 
Writings, he relolv'd to go over into Hottand to 
fee him j and haying repair'd to his Retirement 
at Egmondy and difcours'd a long while with him, 
without difcovering himfelf, Mr. Des-Cartes^ who 
had read fome of his Works, told him, He was 


rin yiUtl^k of 

W be wai the * celebrated Sir Kmelmi Di^ 
WkS, reply'd Vig^, ^ J** *"'v *">^ ^^' famous A 
fimr Des-Car^es, / ffumU wet hew come on fursoft 
fftm England, » iwi tti tlufure to fee yon. He 
Cold him anetwards. That ' our Speculative 
' Knowledge w^, iadeedj iioble and entertaining, 
' but that, after all, k was too uncertain and 
' uoprofiuUe to take ap : A Man's Thoughts ; 
' That Life was fb flioct, that we had fcarce time 
-. * enou^ to be well-acquiliited with necelHiry 
' ' Thiogi ; and that ic 'was much more worthy of 
' him, who knew fo well the Frame of the Hu- 
' man Body, to apply himTdf to the Means of 
' prolonging its Dnration, than to give himfelf 

* up to the b>K Speculadoos of Philofophy. 
Mr. Utt-Csntt aflur'd him. That be had already 
mtditMtei tm thst Matter : Aiid tU hi could mt promife 
Hmfilf t» muUr » Mm Lmmtrtsl, yet he w»s fun Si 
m^it p fi fin at to m.iki him as Img-Uvd as the 
FttriMrcii. When Mr. de St. EvremUvd acquainted 
me with this Palfage, he added, That this Opir 

■ nion of Des-Cartes was very well known in HolUndi 
and chat he had been cold of it by feveral Perfons, 
who had had an Interview with that Philofopher. 
He acquainted me likewife, ' That Dei-Cartet's 
' Friends in Frsmee were not ignorant of this his 
' Sentiment ; and that the Abbot Picot^ both his 
' Difciple and Martyr, was fo ftrongly^perruaded 

* of his Mafter't great Skill in that Particular, that 
' 'twas a long time before he could believe him 
' to be dead ; and when he was convinc'd of it, 

' he 

*Mr. MailUt wai mifiatten in Ur. Dtt-Cariei'i Lift; 
whvn he fajs, ( T^m. II. p. i^^ ) That Sir Kinelme DictT 
was an Ear! and Knight, of ti$ Oarttr. Ifuffoft ht bti eon'. 
fnmlei I'm with the Lord Digbjr, Earl o/Brillot, wio ikd 
n 1677- Hi mat alff vmeqmaintei with the Jomhiey wiifK 

Monfieurde St. BvremondJ xlvii 

^ he cry'd out^ m are all unJcney tie World mU footi 
* ie at an End. 

There was^ at that time^ a great Talk in Eng-^ i66%. 
landy about an Iri^ Mui^ Greatrak's by Name^ who 
pertorm'd wonderful^and almoft miraculous Things. 
He was of a g^^od Family ; had been a Lieutenant 
daring the Iriffli War j had born fome Offices ia 
the County of Ccrk ^ and the apparent Simplicity 
0f his Manners^ was attended with a great fhew 
of Piety and Religion. He has himfelf acauainted 
ns. That in the Year 1662. an inward Inlpiration 
inade him believe^ that he had the Gift of curing 
^hcKingi-Evili which Perfuafion grew foftrong 
itt iam, that he touch'd feveral People^ and cur'd 
mcyftoftbem. Three Years after^ a feverifli Di- 
Aemper being become Epidemical in his County^ 
a new inward Suggeflion perfuaded him^ that he 
tnight cure it ; whereupon he try'd the Experi- 
mentj and he afTures us^ that he cur'd as many 
as were prefented to him. In the lad PJace^ he 
had in the Month oijiprll i66$y another fort of 
Infpiration^ which inclin'd him to think, that he 
bad likewife the Power to cure Wounds and VU 
cers j which, he fays, was ftill confirmed by Ex- 
'perience ; and he even found. That he cur'd Con- 
vulfions, Dropfy, and feveral other Diftempers« 
People flpck'd to him from all Parts, and his Re- 
putation encreas'd to that degree, that a Lady of 
great Quality in England^ having been Sick a long 
while, engag'd him to come over to attend her. 
As he advanced towards that Lady's Country-Seat, 
the Magiftrates of feveral Cities and Towns invited 
him to pafs thro' (he fame, to cure their Sick ; and 
the King being inform'd of it, commanded the Earl 
of Arlington y Secretary of State, to order his im« 
mediate Repair to Whitehall. The Court gave no 
great Credit to his pretended Power of working 
Miracles : However, not being forbidden to go 


Tie LIFE tf * 

' UeCiiBe Impoctoindes. To apply due Wfm^ 

* Maxim to mjr own puliciilar Cue, I will,a&< 

* ooaiiic yoa, chat I fiqipofe I harp alnady bwd 

* fioinaUdiofetluitimereftdieiBlelTaiian^B*' 
' balf ; aad it woa*d be to no poipcrfe to CfopUe 
' tfao^ with mjr Letten, who have not .jwt 
< thooghe fit to let ne haite sgrfrDii d^pL 
' Amooe th(& Friendi, whom I bare ndfyicnni 
' tobeloinmy iUFortnoBffiiAicIoMcrf'aiVaM 
' fiiU of Warm^ and.TendeEAds ; othcn did ope 

* want Friendfliip, but had a lively Seiile of f^i^ 
' Incapacity of urving me; andn dwyin^Jli*^ 
' tie concem'il to find themfetrei witliott C|fj||t 
' opon this OccafiDD, diey Mriy IcA toe to Mir 
' all my Misfbrtnnei tnr my felL HowevCT^Iam 
' oblig d to them for tdb good O^uen they.lwA 
' of my Patience, 'tis a Virtue oi n^ndi wa pe^ 

' concile our fclves as well as we can i but mnkt : 

' willingly leave the Prance of it to oar 1 

* In the mean timc^ we ou^t to be contem with 
' the Senriccis that are done ut, without complain- 
' ing of thofe that are left unperform'd j and di- 

* veft our felves as much as polCUe, « the Sug- 
' geftions of Stlf-Love, which make us think Peo- 

* pie more obliged to ferVe us than really they uh. 
' 111 Fortune is not content with bringing us into 
' cataniitous Circumftances, but makes us mose 
' tender, and more apt to receive the ImprelHons 
' of svery thing that offends us ; aqd Nature^ 

* which ought to refift her, is in Confederacy 
' with her, and gives us a more exquifite Senfe of 
' ouf Misfortunes. In my prefcnt Condition, 'tis 

* my greateft Care to fortify my felf agaioft fuch 

* Impreflions. Altho' 1 fhew Concern enough, I 

* have, indeed, brought my felf to a kind of In- 

* fenfibility J and my. Soul, which beholds the 

* moft doleful Accidents with Indif&rence, is af-' 
' feded with nothing but the good Offices, aniJ 

Mmfeur de St* ^vremoridJ 

cbnftanc Kindnefs of fome of my Friends. For 
chefe four Years^ fince I came out of Fnmcey 
I ha?e from fix Months to (it Months^ un« 
deigpne new Hardfiiips^ which I alleviate as 
as much ds t can, by bearing them. I don'c 
love to make an unprofitable Refiftance, which 
inftead of preferving us from Mifery, does only 
retard that Familiarity, which^ fooner or later^ 
we muft contraft with it. 
^ BeHdes,, thofe Ih whofe Power it is to do all 
they pleafe, are not fo fevere Upon us, as other* 
wife they might be, when they fee us patiently 
fubmit to their Orders. Oppofition does buc 
inflame their Anger, without leflening their Pow- 
er. This SubmiflHon' to my real Superiours dif- 
poiei me infenfibly to bear with thofe who are 
lioc (b. i hear my felf frequently ceiifured 
without Reafon^ and after a flight Juftification^ 
biecaufe I would not iivcenfe the World by too 
fidl a Vindication of nly felf, I patiently expe<3: 
chat People will at laft undeceive them(elves ; 
and, in truths While oiir Difgrace is recent^ 
'tis much better to wait for a favourable time, 
than trouble the World with our Apology. 
Some think it a Trouble to make it, and others; 
to hear it j but upon any Change either of 
Intereft or Huniour, a Man is fometimes 
extolled to the Skies for that very thing, 
which occafioh'd his Misfortune. There are few 
Perfons ait Court whofe Reputation I have not 
obferv'd to valry twice a Year, either through 
the Levity of our Judgments, or the Diverfity 
of their ConducS. I am fo vain as to hope that 
the fame thing may befal me j but rather by the 
Refleiftipn$ of others, thain any Alteration in my 
felf. One Day or other, perhaps, I Ihall be 
accounted a good Frenchman, for the very fame 
Writing which has drawn an Odium upon me j 

£ i ^^4 

m UeJ^IFEof 

and if the CarJ$f$al were ftill aliVe^ I fiiould have 
the SatisfiUUon to know that he juftiBed me in his 
Confcience : For I have not laid one Syllable 
of him, which he has not faid inwardly to him- 
felf a Thoafand times. As I was jealous of the 
King's Honour, and of the Glory of his Reign^ 
I had a mind to defaibe the Cdndicion we were 
in before the Peace^ that all other Nations 
might be fenfible how much we were fuperibt 
to them ; and imputing the ill Succefs of the 
Negotiation to a Foreigner, might refieft on no- 
thing but our Advantages in the Wan 
' I (hall conclude this melancholy Letter : Tis a 
common, but ridiculous Pra&ice of People in 
Difgrace, to infed all Difcourfes with the Re- 
cital of their Adisfortunes ; and as they are 
wholly uken up with thefe Thoughts, to endea- 
vour to poflefs every Body elfe with thenu 
The Company of My Lord JtAubirny^ which I 
am going to enjoy, faves me this Impertinence^ 
and you the Fatigue, which you muft btherwife 
have expe<%ed. With him Joy is of all Coun- 
tries and Conditions ; infomuch, that by the In- 
fluence of his Converfacion, an unfortunate 
Man becomes too gay, and lofes that ferious 
Air, which we oughc^ in good Manners at leait^ 
to preferve in our Misfortunes. 

166^. Mr. de St. Evremond was thus alleviating the Sor- 
rows of his Difgrace, when he was feiz d with 
Vapours that caft him into a fort of Melancholy 
which weakned him very much. Ther Phyficians 
told him, that nothing but the changing of Air 
was like to do him any Good ; and that if he 
could not go to Montpdlievy he would do well, 
however, to crofs the bea, and Hay fome time at 
the Hague. He clofed the more eafily with this 
' lad Advice, becaufe thev be&an to be fenfible at 

^A/mfmr de Str Eviremond liii 

Lmdm of that infedtous Air^ which foon alter 
occafion'd the moft furious Plagne that ever raged 
in EngUmJ. 

As foon as he was arrived at the Hagmey he wrote 
a Letter to the Marquis Je Crequi^ wherein in the 
iirft Place, he tells him. That after having lived 

in the Camftraint of Court s^ be takes up with the Comfort of 
endmf bis Days in the Freedom of a Commonwealth ^ where ~ 
if Moiling is to he hoped for, there's at kajf^ nothing to be 

fund. He afterwaids fpeaks in Praife of the Go* 
Fcmment of Hollandy and of the PenHonary de 
jyit} gives the Chara^er of the Dutch Ladies^ and 
makes a fhort Defcripcion of the fine Things and 
agreeable Placesx at the Hague. Nor does he for- 
get the Prince of Orange^ who, at the Age of Fifteen^ 
gave early Indications of chat Greatnefs or Soul 
and heroick Virtue, of which he gave fuch noble 
aj^d fignal Proofs, in the Remainder of his glori- 
ous Life : IVe go now and then, fays Mr. de St. 
E'vremondy to make our Court to the Thung Prince^ who 
will have Reafon to complain ofme^ for telling you only^ 
that a F erf on of his Age and ^alitjy was never Mafier 
affo food a Turn of Wit. 

Nly Lord iAubigny was fome time before gone 

to Parisy 9nd had written to Mr. de St. Evremondy 
that before he went back to Englandy he would 
take a Turn to Hollandy from whence they Two 
would go to fee the principal Courts of Germany : 
But in the mean time, as he had no lefs Incereft 
in Fratsce than in England, fuch earneft Sollicicati- 
ons were made in his Favour at the Court of Rome, 
that he was advanc'd to the Cardinalfliip, prefer- 
ably to the Abbot Montague, who was alfo power- 
fully recommended. 'Tis true, he had not the Sa* 
tisfadion to enjoy long his new Dignity : For he 
died in the Month of November 1669, not many 
Hours after the Arrival of the Courier, who 
brought him the Cardinal's Cap. Mr. de St. Evre-- 

tmiii.yas fen&bly afieAed. i»itfa< mt Loitt^.^; 
iiprf'tDeadi i ^nd to gurejUi'Qnei (bmeSAics*' 
fion, he fet down in Writing the CoarecGitioa- 
he fonneriy bti with die Dak^ Jt OmJsby u y^u 
"* befbce mencionU ' lAmt fntmi^ iays be is ibe 
Beg^mng of that Piece, r« twtmaim ths fiMA 
witk nrf frivMtt Cemcirm, St tiuUitMmi ^hirxf 
i»e» mj A§Ai ami Difgmu } h»t tifmiU h iO 
Natmn n$t M tS*tv mm 10 refitS m »iy f^fi LifiymtJ 
to divtrt my IiOmiJhm mnAmcb^ T^i^s^ to lAm/ 
mtalfwthtrfo Mp^nuik.. Hnvtvirf m it it. liAi 
eMUmfir a fiiam,tvirto/fMi ^.buK^^j akbo Uvfe» 
to bmftlfy fiviral Ferfini vul he pitroiiied in ibui . 
Difcotfr/t, Tvbleh wiU M§^i wfi mon SstitfaatoH tkm' 
I etn fatJ m^fufCewVafatimf Mv I b^fve kfi tktt^ _ 

^666. Mr: i" St* Evmumd . wu not long in UilwA 
before be made himfelf known to the Peifom 0^ 
the higeil DiftqiAton in that Coumiy, He a]fi> 
was intimately acquainted with Foreign Mtn»- 
flers refiding ae the Hague^ fuch as the Baron 4t 
LifiUf the Emperor's Ambaffadorj Count /E- 
firaJes, whom he had known in the War of Gtd- 
tnntj and who was then Amb^adpr of FrMrei ; 
the Conde 4e Melos, Ambaifador of fert»ali 
and, in particular, with Count ^ LimtUy Firft 
Gentleman of the Horfe of the Great Stable, and 
Nephew to the Marquis Je Uotme, Secretary of 
State for Foreign Affairs. This Lord was fb ta- 
ken with Mr. Je St. EvremonJ's Wit and engaging 
Ways, that he alTur'd him. That as foon as he 
ihould be in France, he would ufe his beil Endea- 
vours to procure htoi leave to return thither. 

Mr. Jt St. Evnmmd took likewife a great deal 
pf Pleafure in converfmg with ibme Lramed 
iWen, and celebrated Philofophcrs, who were 
then at *he Hagut, particularly Meffieurs Hthtfiut, 
f^o^0S, and Sfheza, I The latter (faiJ be to mt 

Monjtevr de St. Evremond. i 

im Dey ) ' was of a middle Stature, and pleafing 

* Countenance : His Learning, Modefty, and 

* * Difintereftednefs gain'd him the Efteem and 

* Affe<aion of all the ingenious Perfons then at 

* ihe ffogirejWho were fond of hisConvcrfation,by 
' which it did not appear that he had thofe Senti- 
' ments that were afterwards found in his POST- 
•HUMOUS WORKS. He admitted a Being 

* diftind from Matter, who had wrought Miracles 

* by natural Means, and ordain'd Religion for the 
' better praftice of Juftice and Charity, and for 

* the enforcing Obedience : Which, added Mr. de 
' St. E-wtmond, he afterwards endeavour'd to prove 

s, indeed, to be the plain Drift of that Book: 
., upon a ftri<:i Examination, it will foon ap- 
ir, that he ftrikes at Religion it felf. 'TiJ true, 
K.« was not prefently found out: For he iiiU 
fome Caution, in common Converfation, 
Mr. tli Si. Evremond was in Holland : But, 
may credit Monfieur Stou^, not many Years 
r, be faid cfmly, in Difeourfe, That Cod is not an 
ttiretu tfi"ȣ) &c. And 1 don't doubt, SIR, 
; you have obferv'd the fame Thing in his 
pcains the Seeds of his jithiflical Tinns, tho' in 
! naearure wrapt up and conceal'd ; and 'ils 
taybefaid to have caft off the Mask. 
X. *heihcr you will be of my Opinion -, 

^leius, a Lutheran Mini/!er 

Muitr III. p. rty. & fe^f. 
miUm ihi) fyak, with litjiin 

^ftr'itii Lit ly in Jtti«Mi sf &.e\\- 
* ,lfr. Le Bnin, fcetur kwj-wiv ^'l 
.rittm to thit Ltlicl. 

Ivi The LIFE tf 

but methinfcs dm hft. Work of his caiBtfM tie eoo^ 
foied, wichouc orer-chrowing :lu$ Gnmd-PrfaK 
« cipie^ wz. Thit ^m is km Om Sulfflmti:: Foti 
this is the main Ullage his whde Syftem tmti 
UFon; *tis therefore oh th«t fide he nuift beiM- 
cack'd ; Md witoerer ihaU go about it vidcher 
way, will nevp- do him im^ Hart But vhfet 
t^nk ^00, SIR, of thofe Philofoph^ v^be 
maiqcain^ Tb^t we iitw ma iJm rf S^l^mKi^im 

. 0$fytfu$MUii Mwd RiUiimu^ Jm. you believe 
them • as proper to encouiDier Sfrntu^ as ot*' 
thers i But M^caphyficks are fomg^ to pwr Sub- 

9667. 'f ^ return to Mr. ie St. Ememoud: Mr. JSr IAm»^ 
was no foon^r arriv'd at R^h^ than he aoguaiii964 
htniy by {^ettei:, that he had mentioned his ASfy^ 
tofev'eral PerfoHs of DiftinAioii^ who^ieem'^^' 
fpos'd to dp him all manner of good Offices $ nir 
ming^ in particular^ the Marquis d% lJmn$, and 
Count Je L^uxAtn^ who was then in Favbor 
with the King. Some time after^ Count ^Ati- 
fvergne and Count lEfirade^ having aflfur'd Mr. Je 
St. Evremond^ from the Prince de Jwrenm^ that hi$ 
Highnefs would be glad of an Opportunity to 
ferve him : Mr^. de St. flvrfmmd did not fail to 
return him Thanks ; and to befeech hrm to con* 
tinue him the Honour of his good Graces. 

In the mean while Mr. d^ St. Evremond fpent 
bis Leffure^ partly in conreriing with his Friends^ 
partly in f:ompo(ing fome little Work or other* 
He diverted himfelf with writing the Pifture ol* 
an Mccompli(h*d Perfon j and cho(e rather a W Or 
]^ AN3 than a Aian, becaufe^ as he himffslf fays, 
: ^ There's ftill wanting in the Converfation qf 
^ A^i fomething- <^ that Sweetnefs' which wcf 
^ mee^ with in that of Wofmn ; and becauie it 
^ feems lefs impoffible to find in a Woman the 
^ l^rpngeft and ibitfideft Reafpn of Men j than in 

Monfieur de Su Errtmbnd; Ivii 

^ a Man thde Charms and Endearments that aro 
^ fo natural to Women. Which Piece is encided^ 
Tie CHARACTER of a TVoman which is w-t t» 
he fotmd. The Converfacions he had with Mon-^ 
iiear VoJJmsj gave him the Thought of writing 
fome RtjUaims or OBSERVATIONS on 5.7- 
hft and tadtusy which he addrefl: to that great 
Man^ whom he call'd his Literary Friend. Count 
4e Limme, who had feen fome of thefe Pieces^ 
defir'd Mr. d^ Su E'vremond 10 communicate the 
iasie to him j but he fent him only at firft^ The 
CAinM&iT of the Woman that is not to be found. 

Mr. de St. Evrtmond fpent fome time at Breda, 
whilft the Peace between England and HoSand was 
negotiating at that Place. He went afterwards 
to the Spawy and from thence to BruJJilsy where 
he faw the Princefs of Ifenghieny and Don Antonio 
de Cerdua, Favourite to Don Juan, and Lieutenant- 
General of the Spanijk Horfe^ who had a great 
deal of Wit/ In his return to the Hagney he went 
through Uegey where be got acquainted with 
Mr. SlufutSy a Canon of St. Lambert y fp J^amous 
for his great Knowledge of the Civil Law^ and 
the Mathematicks. 

Some time after^ Count de Lionne informed him^ 
That he was charg'd^ by the Marquis of that 
Name^ to acquaint him^ 'Aat he was much concern d 
mt his DiJ^ace : Adding^ That Minifter advis'd 
Mr. de St. Evremond to write tQ him a Letter that 
might be fliewn to the King j promifing him^ at 
the fame rime, to back it with his Majefty. Here^ 
upon Mr. de St. Ewemond addrcls d to that Mini- 
fler the fdlowing Letter : 

5 Tr\0 ttot imagine^ SIR, that I am over-fond 

JL/ * of foreign Countries, becaufe you f«e 

^ vf» employ fo little Care and Induftry to pro- 

I cure my Return to my own. It proceeds not 

* from 

Inu ne LI^FE ef 

from Supiftene&t mStAm ii k oeaifioB!^ fijr 
a great AfFedton to the IHaoes I tm^ie^^ 
an Avcriiofrco that where you aie« SWlMh 
is^ I would not be;; of the King the lelrft AUb- 
▼iarion^ before I had fqfier^d what loi^^lb 
undergo^ for having heen ib nnfiDrtfuiate «rt0 
difpleue him. But^ after (6 many Yean lyfif- 
ficHtttnes and Inditpofitions^ I hope I tsms/^ 
^low'd to lay before you. In what maMokri;; 
have £urd ; or^ if I dare ipeafc it^ dear my IHf 
of an apparent Fault. ^^^ \^' 

^ As the blaming of thojR» diat aw opptotiM^Wi 
as, is the raoft met OMtunendatioh that ddMi 
given us^ I chonght I ^d aitfiilly contribMa«> 
thfr Glory of the Genlui that ^feigu at i»cd9Mt» 
by expofing the WeaKncfe eiC that whidi ""j^ 
▼ern'd hertorfbre. Not but that the Caid&A 
(MaMrm) had commendable Talents: BuCiSldfe 
^slities which would have been zfplinMi:^ 
Men, confider^d in themfelves^ are 1>ecoitie con- 
temptible by the Oppofitio<k of thofe of the 
King : From whence it comes to pa(s^ That to- 
lerably great Ai9ions are eclips'd by othimi 
more fhining ; That a lefs Merits when fet new . 
a greater^ looks like a DefbiS; j and confequently 
that the King's Glory ruins the Reputation of 
his Minifter : So that to find Fault with the de- 
fpifing what his Eminency has done, little dif- 
fers from being forry, that what his Majefiy 
performs, is admit'd^ 

* I own, that if the Maxirtis that were then 
followed, were iiow put in praftife, it would 
look as if an Approbation of them Ihould be 
required ,* and we ihould immediately give ours, 
cfut of refpe^ful Duty : But fince they are pur- 
pofely laid afide, and even the molt ojppdfite 
Schemes purfu*d, there's room for fome fcrupu* 
5 (ouihefs, fnhot approving what's avoided, an* 

Mtmfieur de Sc. EvrembndJ lix 

^ds a Piece of Prudence to rejeft what fo Jf^i 
n KINQ thinks not fit to da 
^ Don't oige to m^^ that 'tis a Crime to attaci; 
the Reputation of a dead Perfon : For if that 
be admitted^ he who niins it, would be the firft 
and the greateft Criminal himfelf. When he 
humbles the Haughtinefs of the Spaniards^ and 
the Pride of the Germans ; when he checks 
Rumi, and fubtnits himfelf to the Church j wh^a 
he fupports the Empire againft the Power of the 
Tmrk^ at the fame Time that the King of Spain 
abandons the Emperor^ and leaves the Domi* 
nicHis belonging to his Family exposed to the 
ItavaOon of the Infidels ; when he makes W^r 
with fo much Condud: and Valour^ and Peace 
irjdi (b much Spirit and Wifdom : What does 
he dOj I heftecb you^ but condemn by bis A3:ims^ 
what I have blam'd by Writing j and pafs a more 
fevere and more poficive Cenfure upon it before 
the whole World i 

• Never doubt it, SIR, 'tis the* KING him- 
felf who has done the Cardinal the Injury that 
is charg'd upon me : His Majefty's fliining and 
admirable Qualities ; His Anions ^ His Admi- 
niftratioQ; His Cpunfels ^ have fuggeiled to me 
the (mall Idea I have of his Eminence : So that 
in my prefent Condition, I muft ask Pardon 
for a Thing which 'tis not in my Power to re- 
pent of. But what Subjedr-Matter of Complaint 
has the Cardinal, which is not common with 
him and all our former Kings ? Have not their 
Reigns the fame Face with his Miniftry ? Are 
not their Atchievements drown'd, and cheir Re- 
putation eclips'd, like his ? 

* In former Times, we thought it fufficient to 
maintain our felves againft one Nation in War 
with us : But now a- days, all Europe y if one may 

\ fpeak it, in Confederacy, does not find it felf 

^ capable 

^CKpaHLtta itfift ;«.' He w tcfcre we accouottdT 
' that 8 glorioui Peace, ly wlydi fome Place or 
' other wai tefioi'd xoiak x nam ^ Spaniards (Uk 
'■ rbeir Safery in the yieUuic up of whole Pr&< 

' TinCU : Aod if yi^tUt Sdmai ever regulate car 

* frmtmRmu^ what thejr yield np would %e more 
' conHoerable, than whu they terain. FormeHy, 
' our AlUei muriDur'd . for bdag ill-fupported in 
'the War, or abandoa'd. in the Peace : But in 
'* our Day.t, thofe who were bllen through their 
' own Fauli^ have been raiiTd op again by out 

' Affiftancq ; and the influence of our Power hai.'- 
' made up tbp «4wle Greataefs of others : To' 
'adhere to 111, i> a certain Advancement j to be' 
' divided from us, almoft.a certain Fall. ^• 

* Ai lon^ as the KING (hall ad as he doei^' 

* he authorizel me to fbeak at I fpeak : If they \ 

* will have mc recant, tec him grow remifs ; a- ' 
' tiandon his Allies, and fuffer his Enemies to 

* retrieve their Forces. In fuch a Cafe, I fhall 
' become favourable to the Cardinal, and cry up 

* the fame Things I have run down : But at ^is 

* time, when the Nations who adhere to our 

* FriendQiip, behold with Fleafure our frtfent Ge^' 
' vtmmmti and, on die comrary, the Nations 

* oppoltte to our Intere^ regret, wich Grief, our 

* Ufi Maujhy ; all my Refleftiom confirm me .in 

* what 1 mve faid ; and my KUnd being Heady 

* in its firft Opinion, cannot be diverted to other 

* Thoughcs. 

* If the king's TendcmeTs cootiau'd to the ' 

* Memory of a Perfon who was dear lo him j tf 
' the Conftancy of hu Affi^dwn for a dead Kuo, 
' have endin'd him to take ill what I thought ib 

* much to his Advantage^ Xbeleech him to con- ' 
' iider, that my locencioos weie difappoioted. I 

* did not xhbk to ofiend die Ntcenefi of fais 
' Fiiendfliip, but lather bncy'd, that I Ind ex- 

Ixii tbettPEcf 

^669. About the Beginning of the Year i669i tliti 
Prince of Tufest^ came to HejEIW j and as he de- 
fign'd to make fome fhly at the tiague, he hir'd 
there a Hoafe, in which Mr. Jt St. Evnmmd bad 
an Apartment^ as well as fotiie other Pecfons of 
Quality, Who thereupon were obl^'d to look for , 
other LodgingSi Mr. de St, Evrtmmd was pteoa^ 
ring to remore like the reft, but that Prince (mi 
prefent Dutce of Tufcam) not only defir'd him to 
fiay, but likewife to ufe his Table, whilll he con- 
tinu'd at the Hsgrne ; and ever fince honour'd hiitt 
wich his Efteem and AiFe<%ion : Infomuch that he 
fent him a yeariy Prefent of the beft Wines in 


Count </e Lianu Us'd all his Endearours to cd- 
gage Mr. Jt Su Evretiund to communicate to hini 
all the Works he had compos'd in HoSmd j andj 
in particular, wrote to him a fecond time, to de- 
^re him to tranfmit to him his OBSERVA- 
TIONS o» Saluft tf»^. Tacitus; adding, that 
Mr. Je Liome, the Secretary of State, would be. 
^lad to perufe them. Mr. Je St. Evremonii Xfo- 
«lefty being offended at the Praifes with which 
. ;his Requell was accompany'd, expoftulated with 
'he Count in this manner : * I defire you, fsldbtj 
not to jeer me at this rate, by bellowing exce^ 
tr^^ five Commendation upon Trifles, which are the 
'-*j- ♦ .^-^efult of IdUnefs, and on which I fet no other 
^-^^IJ/'alue, than with relation to the Amufement 
■^ ^s- ^-iC^ey afford me, during fome very tedious and 
^i^^ gf -elancholy Hours. I wi(h they may prove lifce- 
^^^t:^%^ '^® 3" Amufement to you : And mch as they 
^^^^ 'e, I U not fail finding you by the next Pott, 
«-^^ ie Ohftrvatitmi en Salluft and Tacitus, which I 
'i::::^ ^ ;ention'd to you. The Firft afcribcs all to 
■■j.rJ'^^Tature : With him all Events are the Ef- 
-t *-* .^^ -<^s of Mens Tempers j wherefore 'tis his chiefeft, 
^ ;Cafe to give us a true Knovvletlge of Men, by 





Manfieur die St. Bvremond^ Iziii 

i - ' the admirable Charafters he has left us. The 

'Other^ turns all into Politicks^ and makes a 

^ ' Myfiery of every Things afcribing all to Graft 

* and Addrefs^ and little or nothing to a Man's 

* Conflitution. From thence I conflder how dif-- 
' ficulc it is to find in the fame Perfon a perfe<% 
^ Knowledge of Men^ and a profound Skill in Bur 
^ fioefs ; and in eight or ten Lines I ihe w^ that • 
' Mr. dt Litmne, the Minifter^ has reconciled two 
^Qualifications^ generally divided, which are 
^ finind in him in the higheft Perfe Aion. The 
0,B S £ R V AT I O N S (;ff Saluft and Tacitus 
do not come ihort of the bed Performances 
of Mr« Je St. E'vrem^nd : And if our ^ Gram- 

* mariatts. fajs a learned * Crifick^ knew how to 
^ difcourte and wrice^ after this manner^ on the 
^ ^dents, they would beget in every Body a 
' * Defire of ftudying them ; but their Science con« 
^ fi£Sog in the Knowledge of Words, Cuiloms, and, 
' at -moft^ of Chronology, with a blind Admira- 
^ of all they read, gives Gentlemen a Difguft for 
f Literature. 

Mr. de St. Evremond fent alfo to Mr. de Lionnt 

the D I S S £ RT AT I O N he had made feme time 
before on Mr. Rjci;ie's Tragedy, calVd Alexander 
the Creap ; defiring him to communicate it to none 
but his intimate Friends, and above all things^ 
not to fuffer it to be copied out ; buf 'twas not long 
before Mr. de Lionne acquainted him, that thac 
Piece had for fome time, been handed about in 
Manufcript ; and that the Sieur Bar kin y a famous 
Bookfel}er, was about printing it^ with fome other 
Works that were fathered upon him. Adding, that 
Mr* de Racine s Friends were excreamly diflatisfied 
with that critical Diifertation, being apprehenfive 




* JUr. le Clerc Bihliothejue cboijie, Vol. IX. $^ 32.8. 

kiv The L IP ^ of 

that it tirduld injure his Reputation Mr. ie St* 
Evremand wa^ very much furprized at this Piece of 
News : ^ Madatii Boumeauy (faid be in a Letter t9 

Mfk^ de Libnne) has ferv'd me a very fcunry 
Trick in (hewing a confafed Notion I had ient 
her about the Tragedy of Akxand&. This Wo- 
man^ whom I often convers'd with in En^snd, 
and who had a great deal of found Wit, fent me 
that Piece of Racine, with a Defire to ' give her 
my Judgment upon it ; which I did in hafte^ 
Without allowing my felf fufficient time to per- 
ufe that Play with Attention. 1 defired her^ as 
earneftly as poffible^ not to Ihew my Letter i 
But being lefs fcrupulous than your felf^ in fol- 
lowing the Ad^ce jo( Friends^ I find fhc has 
ihewn it to all the Worlds and has now brought 
me into the Perplexity you mention. I hate 
extreamly^ adds Mr. de St. Evremand ^ to fee my 
Name tofs*d about^ particularly with things of 
this Nature. I am unacquainted with Rodney 
but as he is a great Wit, I wifli it were in my 
Power to ferve him j and yet his greateft Ene- 
nemies could not have done worfe, than what I 
have done without Dcfign. However, Sir^ if, 
as you tell me, 'tis not poffible to hinder the 
printing of thofe colleded Pieces, 'tis better 
they fliould be printed by the Copy you have, and 
as corredly as poffible, than in fuch a Confufion 
as they have been handed about to the Printer : 
But pray take Gare that my Name be not put to 
them. 'Tis very probable, that Mr. de Lionne 
had no manner of Share in the Edition of fome 
of Mr. de St. Evremonis Works, that came out 
about that time ; for had he had a Hand in it, 
they would not hive beeh fo feulty j nor would 
he, undoubtedly, have fufFer'd them to be both 
mangled, and fluffed with hter^olations. 

Monpeur de St. Evrfemohd* 

To return to the DIS S ERTATION on the 
Tragedy «/ Alexander^ I (hall obferve in few Words, 
That Mn de St. Evremond owns^ that there are iti 
it lofty and bold Thoughts^ and Expreffions anr 
fiverable to the Lofrinefs of the Thoughts : Buc 
thinks that Kf r. Racwe has not hit well the Cha- 
rafters of Parm and Alexander. He finds that in- 
fiead of confuhing their Temper, arid niaking 
rtiem rpeak confoaantly to the Geniti^ of their 
Age and Nation, he has given them the Temper 
and Manners of French Meh ; charges him with, 
a Defign of giving a greater Idea of Form than of 
jtkxmder ; and of having enflav'd thofe two He- 
roes to Chimerical Princefles ; blames him for bu- 
fying Parus wholly with his Love, juft before a 
tiatde^ which was to decide his Deftiny ; ind for' 
making Alexander quit the Field, when the Ene« 
itaf begin to rally. In the fame Piece he exa- 
mines the Ufe that ought to be made of Love in 
.Tragedy, and fhews that ComeiUe has been no lefs 
faccefsful in chat Particular, than in the Charafter 
of all his Heroes : Wiftiiiig that Mr. Racine would 
imitate him, and learn of him the Art of repre- 
fenting Great Men. Mr. ComeiUe was fo fenfible 
of the Commendations Mr. de St. Evremond had 
Riven him on this Occafion, that he thought him* 
lelf oblig'd to return him his Thanks, which hq 
did in a Letter of a nice and delicate Turn ; and 
the Anfwer which Mr. de St. Evremond wrote to 
Urn, iliews yet better than the Diflertation be- 
fore* mentioned, what Efteem he had Ipr that ce- 
lebrated Poet. • •' 

About that time the Count de Lionne acquainted 
Mr, de St. Ewemond, that his Letter had been read 
to the King, but without the Succefs that Was ex- 
peAed from it ; that the Minifters who had de- 
dat^d againft him, could viot be prevailed upon; 

iiKl that having a great Influence over the King; 

F thcf 


' k,« 

The LI FB of 

hey flill oppose! his Return ; but iliat however, 
beie were fbme Hopes, his M^jefty having 
given no pofitive Anfwer. ' I knew nothing, (faid 
' Mr. tie Ss. EvniMCHfl in his Anfwer to the Count) of 
what you write lo me, none of my Friends h%|~ 
viiig been forwaal, any more than your felf, 
giving me a melancholy Piece of News : Bq 
this Difcretion, as obliging as it iSj gives tne CO^ 
underliand, that they have an ill Opinion of 
my Conllancy. Seven full Years of Misfor- 
tunes ought, at lead, to have inur'd me to Suf- 
ferings, if tiiey have not been able to form in 
me a Virtue fuperior to them. To end a moral 
Dilcourfc, impertinent in him that makes it, and 
too fcvere for him we entertain, I'll tell you 
in few Words, that I flioult! have been glad to 
lee again the pleafanceft Country 1 know ut, 
and in it (ome Fiiends, as dear to mc for tU^ 
Demonstrations of their Fciendlbip, asinCnn- 
fideration of their Merit. However , a M'tn 
muft not be driven to Dcfpair becaule he liv.'' 
in a Nation where Delights are fc^roe, I con- 
tent my felf With InJekncfi 
joy Vk4ura. \ had iiill five orj 
lifli Plays, Mulkk, and good C 
take up with Policy, OrJea 
and form to my fell 

from the Contem 
tues. He promil'cs 

mit to Mr. til LUnacJ 

made in Engund^ 

and foliJ fi/iiii 

who kitfi a M 

to rttttr tivU i 

gives liini 
Not loqi 

ed hitn, 


Monfieur de St. Evremond. livU 

lidy Madam -^- and Count Jt Ljutzjm, Mr. lU 
Sr. Kvremond rerum'd him Thanks for hij good 
Offices ; tiuc^ ac the fame time, dellr'd him not 
^'j be too importunate wUh his Friends, in his Bc- 
■.\\. ' I am infinitely oblig'd, /iji/ ie, to Ma- 

^am — for her Kindnefs, and to you foe 

.ctur 2«alous Endeavours : But I fliould be gtad, 
mm, for the future, no body would ftir up Count 
^.'. lUuxtm to ferve me j for I am fure he'll do, 
of his own accord, all that {hall lie in his Pow- 
er for me, without doing himfelf Hurt ; and I 
(houltl be forry to draw upon him the leaft 
Mom6cation. He ought to entertain his Ma- 
-Icr with nothing but what's agreeable ; and 
.^T nothing from him but what brings him fome 
inifjclicin : For when a Matter has once begun 
::afi!y gets a Habit of nor granting 
nf jiifii. I have heard a great 
! .1 Man oufsht very carefully 
- ; and f iliouid beextrearrl 
-d one to a Perfon I ho^ 
c^-. ii'. i- I .io Count //e />»»un». Not 

fort of Ncceffity of going 
■ s, unle& I will re(blv6 
LVe thcn^ and All that 
Gountr)'. There 
afand Lines flill 
nothing : How- 
Relief of Ni- 
> the ill Treat- 

10 other Tfioughts 167^ 
itnder of his Days 
TtmfU delivered to 
Arlinpm, by whicll 
lends, and K.ingC6.:r/« 
B Return to Eng^l^wd. 

■4 .' 





they ittU<oppbs'd bis Return ; bmchat hofvevt^ 
there were fome Hppes^ his Majefiy haviu 
giireQ no poficlyi; Apfwer. ^ I knew nothing^ (jmi 
^iAr. iU St.£vr^mmi4 in his Anfwer to 4)e Couni) qi 
what yc4i wrketo me, npae of my Friends h)h 
ving beqv forwaii^^ any more than your feljF^ ia 
giving naf a mqlancholy Piece of News ; But 
C^ Difcr^tion, as obliging as itis, give^ m<; CO 
.iui4erfta|Kl» chat they have an ill OpinjoQ ^ 
my Conftanqy. Seven full Years of Mfifep- 
tunes ought, at lead, to have inured me to Siif- 
fedngs, if thpy h^ve not been able to form ift 
me a Virtue fuperior to them. To end a siarsil. 
Difcourfe, iq^rtiiient in hinii that makes ii^ipad. 
rtoQ. fevere for him we ftmertain, I'll t^lTyiOH. 
in few Words, that I (hould have, bec^ g;I«c|.IO. 
.£b^ agtm the ^^afanteft Country I kn^wr .ffj 
' and in it iome^ Friends, as dear to me iof, tlw 
De.monftrat|pns of their Friendihip, as in C^ft- 
(ideration of their Merit. However, a Miwi 
mufi: not be driven to Defpair^ becaufe he lives 
in a Nation where Delights are fcarce. I con- 
tent my felf With Indolence^ where I cannot en- 
joy Pkafures. I had dill five or fix Years to re- 
lim Plays, Mufick, and good Cheer, and I muft 
take up with Policy, Order, and Oeconomyj 
and form to my felf a languifliing Amuiement 
from the Contemplation of the grave Duuk Vtr« 
tues. He promifes in the fame Letter to trans- 
mit to Mr. Je Lionne three little Difcourfes he hiad 
made in England^ on fordid and bafe Interefi y on jmre 
andfolid Virtue i with the Thoughts of a Gentleman^ 
who keeps a Medium, and drav^s from both^ wha$<mgbt 
to enter civil Intercom fe. Thefe are the Titles he 
gives himfelf to thefe three Pieces. 
1669. ^^ '^^"S ^£^er, Mr. de Uonne having acquaint- 
ed him, that, he continued powerfully to follicifi 
all tbofe who were concern'd for him^ particu^ 

I • ; • f 

Mmfeur de St. EvrerhohdJ liirii 

larly Madam •^•- and Count de Lauzun, Mr. Je 
St. Etmm^ul^xttvirtid him Thanks for his good 
Offices ; but, at the fame time, defir d him not 
io be loo importunate with his Friends^ in his Be^ 
half. ^ I am infinitely oblig'd^ faid he, to Ma^^ 
^ dam ■■ for her Kindneis^ and to jrbu for 

your zealous Endeavours : But t (hould be glad^ 
that, for the future, no body would ftir dp CounI 
Je Lauzm to ferve me ; for I am fure he'll do^ 
of his own accord, all that fliall lie in his P6w-. 
er for me, without doing himfclf Hurt ; atid t 
(hpnld. be forry to draw upoin him the leaft 
Mortificsicion. He ought to entertain his Ma^ 
fter with npthing but what's agreeable ; ind 
hear nothing from hitti but what brings him ibme 
Satis&ftion : For when a Mafter has once begun 
to rcfnfe, he eafiiy gets a Habit of not grandn^ 
whit's asked of tiim. I have heard a gre^t 
Courtier fay, thslt a Man ought very carefully 
to aVoid the firfi Repulfe ; and I fllould be excreatn 
forry to have occaftoned one to a Perfon I ho^ 
nbur fo highly as I do Count de LauzMn. Not 
bat that I lie under a fort of Necefficy of ^oihg 
CO France for two Months, Unlefs I will refolvd 
CO lofe the LittU I have thero^ and All thaf 
makes me fubflft in a foreign Country. There 
is, as I take it, about Forty Thdufand Livres ftill 
due to me, of which I can get nothing : How- 
«¥ery I fear more than Want, the Relief of Na^ 
tmre. Which might put an End to the ill Treat* 
. ments I receive from Fortune, 

Mr. de St. Evremond had no other 3i*iioughts i6j6l 
than miietly to pafs the Remainder of his Days 
in Sbilaikl, when Sir IVilliam Temfle delivered to 
him Letters from the Earl of Arlingtony by which 
he was informed, that his Friends, and King Cbarlet 
himfelf, earneftly deiir'd his Return to England: 
Hereupon be crofs-d the Sea once mor^ : But the/ 

- ■■ - i z thQ 

Ixviii The LIP B of 

the King was fo generous as to bellow upon hitn 
a Peniion of Three Hundred Pounds a Year^ yet 
Mr. de St. Evnmond flill preferv'd his Defire of 
feeing his Native Country. ' I am returned to a 
Court, [aid he to Couftt dc Lipnne^ after having 
lived four Years in a Republick^ without Plea- 
fure or Entertainment ; for, in my Opinion^ the 
Hague is the true Seat of Indolence. I know not 
how I put new Life into my Sentiments : But, 
however, the Fancy took me to feel fomething 
more quick and lively ; and a fond Imagination 
that I might seturn to France^ made me pitch 
upon London, as a Medium between the French 
Courtiers, and the Dutch Burgomafters« Hither- 
to I was contented to take up with the Heawnefs, 
or to fpeak more obligingly, the Gratuity of the 
Gentlemen of Holland j but as I do not find my 
felf much nearer France than I was ; fo I find that 
the Vtyaclty 1 have ftudied is very injurious to my 
Repofe,' fmce it draws me out oi IndoUnceyMvithout 
advancing me to Pkafure. That, I mean, which I 
fancied to my felf in feeing you at Paris : For, to 
fpeak the Truth, 1 find here a ereac deal of Di- 
5 verfion, amongft abundance of Men of Honour. 
Madam de ^uereualk being, about that time, 
come over into England , Mr. de St. Evremond fent 
her a Troblemy in Imitation of the Spaniardsy where- 
in he puts the Queftion, TVhicb of the Two is more 
Injurious to the Happinefs of the Fair SeXy either to «« 
bandon thentfelves wholly to their Inclinations , or tofol* 
low all the Dilates of Virtue i And whether their in^ 
dulging their Vajfions be attended with more Misfortunes^ 
than they are deprivd of Vleafuresy by the Confiraint 
they lay on tbemfehes. He adds. That as he has 
met with Amorous Ladies lamenting themfelves 
for the Contempt which Love had drawn upon 
them, fo he had found Prudesy who groan'd un- 
der the Severitiee of Ftrttie ; and wh endeavoured. 

Mn^etar de St, Eyrembnd. Ixix 

h S^i^9 to eafi their Heart of the fecret Tcrmm they 
ettJttrfd by nm daring to Love: He concludes, that 
fi^cb € Woman is hatfy^ as knows how to behave herfelf 
difcreetljy without laying any Confiraint "upon her Incli-» 
natimts : For if it be a Difgracefor one of her Sexfo a^ 
ban Jon herfelf to Lovfy without any Regard to her Fame ; 
tisy on the other fide^ a great Aiirtification to Pafs her 
Life without an Amour. Then addreffing nimfelf 
to Madam de ^eroualle^ he affures her. That to 

avoid this lafi Misfortune^ (he'il do well to follow an 
^dvicOy which he dffigns freely to give her. Do not, 
(ays he, too feverely rejeH Temptations, which in this ' 

Comntfy offer themfelves with fuch Modefiy, ttat a 
Maiden may hearken to them without a Blujh. Tou 
tnay^ ferhafs^ he fo vain as to be f leafed with no Body 
but your felfy but you II be foon weary of being pleafed 
^nd loved by no body elfe ; and whatefver Complacency 
there be in Self-Love, you will Jtand in need of ano^^ 
thers Lave for your real SatisfaBion and Entertainment. 
yield therefore to the Sweets of Temptations , inflead of 
confulting your Pride. The latter would foon perfwade 
you to return to France, and France would throw you 
into fome Nunnery y according to the Deftiny of many 
others. He afterwards lays before her the Incon- 
veniencies that attend a Convent, and the Dif- 
giifts ifae would be Aire to have in fuch a melan^ 
cboly Retirement : But there was little Reafon to 
fear that Madam de ,$ueroualle would difpofe of 
herfelf that way!. Thofe who direded her jour«i* 
ney hither, had it far enough from their Thoughts 
to make a Nun of her ; and it appeared afterwards 
that flic was not unworthy of the Part flie was 
to z&. The great PafTion King Charks II. had foe 
that Lady; the Title of Dutcbefs of PORTS- 
Jf O UTi/, which he beftow'd upon herj the Trea- 
fure he lavifh'd for her Entertainment ; and the 
Deference he fliew'd to her Counfels, even in his 
raoft important Af&irs of State, are ^ pregqant 
Froofpfit. F f In 

•• • : I r' 

i^ •' .. JUlJFBif » 

1671. lo d»^cv 1671^ Coom' ir Utfm iokrv»A^ 
Mr. J/St. EwtmmiUtm the Mai^Q^ ^ £<Pn^ 
was dead,' aqd thac Come Lmnum was "^ confined 
nuhe Citadel of PMrtrJ : Ac which Newsj he 
was the more conocmd^ in ||iat he liad a parcico^ 
. lar Eftccm £or thofe two ilkdkioiis Friends, and 
depended much on their Cfedi^ and the Ane&i- 
on chey bore Imn, The Marefchal Je Cnfui fmvingj 
about that time^ sshid him wha Tamfcr Us MM 

It turn a pretty ' "" ^ 

Reflexions oj 

ferent Periods of hisAg^; on the ReadiAg afv) 
Choice of Boob ; on Ptoetiy ; on the heft Sffk^ 

on s oh Literatiiit, and CiY^ law ; on Ingra^ 
fude; and in the hp PUKja, on the pamcular Sp^ 
rit that diftingoiftes the Rmmm CathoUcli BidUiffh^ 

• ta froiii the Relbnned. Of all the Works of Mr. 

Jt St. EvrffOi'nJy none better exprefles lus Turn of 
Wit and Genius^ than tnis excellent Piece. 

^^72. The next Year Mr. Je St. Evnmmd wrote fom^ 
RededioQSMi tbi amdmt Miwiodem TrsgeJj; where- 
kk he obferves/ That Ariftotle i Treati/e of Foetiy h 
in fxctScMt jyiork i but that there s nothing jo ferfeS in 
ity as to ke a Standard for all jiges^ and Nations j 
Tbi:t the Gods and Goddej/is brought about every thing 
^bat was great and extraordinary on the Theatre of the 
Ancients ^ but that all thofe Miracles being noyf a^iiaf^ 

looked upon as fabulous^ if an Author^ in Imitation 
of the Ancients^ would introduce Angels and SaintSi 
ufon our Stage, he would offend the Devout, as pro^ 
fhane, and be accounted weak by the Libertines. He 


• * Xb'vhofipenei on Account of_ his eudeavonring to many 

Monfieur de St. Evremond. kxi 

addsj that even fuppofing, that this fort of Sub- ♦ 
jed ihould be allow'd, yet they could not pro^ 
duce a good Dramatick Piece ; becaufe the Spi* 

rit rf RetigUm is tntirely oppofite to that of Tragedy ; 
and becaufe the HuinUity and Tattcnce of our Saints^ 
cannot conjift with thofe Virtues which the Theatre ire- 

He is of Opinion,. That the Hiftories of the 
OLD TESTAMENT would fait much better 
to our Stage ; but is apprehenfive that the Repre- 
fentation of them would make them lofe part of 
their Dignity, and diminiflx that Veneration they 
ought to infpirfe us with. He fays afterwards, 

that tho' he is not willing to cotnpare the PHAR- 
SAL I A to the e/£NEI5, 'tis certain, however, ^ 
that there is fomething greater and nobler in the 
Ideas Mfhich Lncan gives us of Great Men, than 
10 thofe which Virgil gives us of his Deities. The 
Istter^ fays he, has eloatUd his Gods with our Infir" 
nntiesy to adapt them to the Capacity of Men j the other 
bar raised his Heroes fo, as to bring them into Compel- 
tition with the Gods themftlves. 

ViSlrix caufa Diis placuity fed ViBa Catoni. 

In Virgil, continues he, the Gods are-not fo njalua- 
hie. as the Heroes; in Lucan, the Heroes ballance the 
Gods. Mr. de St. E'uremond ohkrvQS afterwards. 
That the Tragedy of the Ancients might ha'ue fuffered a 
bafpy Lofs in the Banishment of its Gods, Oracles, and 
Soothfayers j for it proceeded from thence that the Stage 
was fwayd by a Spirit of Superfiition and Terror capa^ 
hU of infeifing Mankind with a tboufand Errors, and 
overwhelming them with more numerous Mifchiefs. For 

as Tragedy confifted in exceffive Motions of Fear 
zndTity, the Theatre became a School of Terror and 
CompaJJton, where a Man learn d to be affrighted at all 
P.0tgersj and to abandon himfelf to Defpair upon every 

F 4 Jidif 

The LIFE of 



Misfurtune : Which foftned the Courage of th0 
^httiians, and even occafion'd fometimes che De- 
feat of their Armiis. 'Tis true, that Ariftoth being 
fenfible of the Prejudice which ihis Terror and 
Pity might do, endeayourd lo prevent it by efta- 
blifliing I know no: what Pargntion, whidi no boi^ 
dy has yet well explain'd : But Mr. Je St. Evrt^ 
tfiofid itiinks, that it was ridiculous to form a Sci- 
ence, which infallibly caufed the Dlftemper, only 
ro fet up another, which Aouktfully endeavour'd to 
cure it. He afterwards extols the Advantange oC 
our Reprefentations over thofe of the Ancients, 
and (hews that they are nor fubjeft to the fame 
Inconveniencies ; ihat the Motions of Pity and 
Fear are much better manag'd j and ihat even 
Love, which we minglein the new Tragedy, con- 
tributes ro its Pefeflion, provided we make not a 
ill u(e of this noble Paflion ; th^n which nothir 
excites us more to every thing that is generoui 
He adds. That our Stage has, at leaft, this / 
vantage, that the Gods do mt eiibtr favour, or a 
fitit Crimti ufcn it, and tbjt we are a^ow'd the 
her'ty to inffire Harrvr fvr Vict, and Love for Vir 
He concludes with what he cills a bold and n 
Thought of his own, which is, Thjt wi ought i\ 
gfdy, btfore all things whatever, to look afta a (^re 
nifi of Soul wtll ixprrfid, that excilei a ttndtr . 
nimtlon j hy which vur Minds are in a kind of Ra 
Kstni i cur Couragif cltv.7ted ^ .mj our Souii e§\ 

He wrote alio about that Time, fomc Rtfiectiti 
en the Char.dUts of Tr,igtditt, which he begins wii 
ft pretty remarkable Particular. J furmirly Jtfign, 
fays he, to write a Tngidy j h«t what J found n 
difficult M it, Wm to defend my felf from a ftcrtl S 
gefiion of Stlf-Lvt/e^ which will not eafily fuR'trt 
to lay njide bis own Temiitr, la tait uf thai 
{ rtmtmbtr that I drtw my C(Wn Cbsr-ider, 
Ver f^tfiptsr^ it \ and that lit Beret dw'mdi 


Monpeur de St. Evremond. Ixxiii 

inti the little Merit ef St. Evremond^ whereas St. £-• 
Tremond $$$git to ba*ue raifed himfelf to the great 
Fhtttes of bis Heroe. It feU out with my Tajjums, as 
it JiJ with mj CharaBer i for I exfrejfcd my own Afo- 
tUms^ while I eniea'voured to eocprefs his. If I was in 
an amorous Ftt^ I turned every Thing upon Love j if 
I found my felf inclined to Pity, 1 was not wanting to 
fromde Misfortunes for my Companion. In fhort, I 
tfia^ fkf Ji(lor fpeak whatever I found within my 
Breafi at Home ; and reprefented my felf under the 
Noma of andther. From this he concludes. That 
we mufi not (juarrel with fome Heroes of our Tragedies^ 
far keing too liberal of their Tears ^ which they JhoulJ 
only dhed upon proper Occafions i for they are only the 
Toet*s op;n Tearsy whofe natural Temper being too com^ 
faffionatCy he cannot refift the Tendernefs he has form' J 

?ithin bimfilf He afterwards oblerves^ that the 
oet ought to (hew an equal Management in the 
Afflidion of the Heroe, and the Tendernefs of 
the Spedators, and exprefs Paffion in fuch a 
manner, as that it be not too violent, nor too in- 

S^nibufly counterfeit. He wonders, that in our 
ge^ when all Dramaticjc Pieces turn upon Love, 
^e (hould be fo groHy ignorant of its Nature 
and Motions, which lait he reduces to Three 
principal Heads, viz. To love^ To burny and To 
Janguijh ; and, having critically explained them^ 
i)iews that our heft Tragick Poets employ fome- 
times one Paffion for another ; making it to be* 
Criefy where it ought only to be Tendirnefs j and 
Defpairy when it fliould be no more than Crief 

A certain Author having asked his Opinion of 
one of his Tragedies, Mr. de St. Evremond re- 
turned him an Anfwer, That he would like it pretty 
VoM^ if he had managed the Tears of his Hcroip v;iti^ 

mre frugality. He afterwards fhews how the 
Paffions of Urief and Defpair ought tp be ^ana- 
g^j and takes this OccafioQ (o beftow great 
. Com- 


iiiiM nil Hiirfr npnn rawilr ; ibmwb$^ }Mfkp^ 

itJ^mmfy, mMmJ k g n tk JifirmPeriUs rfUt 

opon the Inaoi HAoriiiB, cauotberttd with 
ma nKh Anemioo, hf chcrfe who Apply them- 
lUvcs to Aie WddDg of HBftocy. lie obfenres^ 
in thefirft Phoe, dntnoftof oar IGftorians ere 
Meo of foch indiflerene Merit^ dm be oHoft 
choG^ dus Defeft wis to be duuged upon out 
Ijui|;;paiSe j bur due he was of another Opmioi!^ 
when he oonfideted oor exoenenc Tranfltflpns 
of LftsB ani Gmk AndiorSy which make turn be* 

Itere^ 71m Ae Absmttfs ^ mr Gemms faisfim^^f 
tk€ AitrVy ifJBff^. He adds^ Tl^t JuM W 

^nmtAiihtief, jet dicy would want odier Thidgii 
that are no feb Necerary^ jin/ r«9 mm; to be 91m 

Tfith in cne offJ the fame Terfen. A pure and noUc 

Stile is not fufficient : For^ befides that^ an Hi- 
ilorian ought to be thoroughly acqu^ted with 
the Laws^ Cuftoms^ different Interefts^ State of 
Religion ; and^ in pardcular, all that belongs to 
the Military Art. All this he proves by a pretty 
long Detail ; and (hews, in relation to this laft 
Particular, That the celebrated Grotiusy after he 
had performed fo well in all the other Parts of 
. LANDS, had miferably mifcarried, as foon ax 

be hegan to open ibe Scene of JVary fpeak of the Atth- 
titms of Armiesy defcribe Sieges, and relate Battles. 

He fays afterwards. That the Latin Hiftorians 
knew how to mingle admirably well all the dif- 
ferent Parts of Knowledge, that are requifite in 
an Hiftorian; the Reaibn of which is. That 

whereas mw-a-days every Frofeffion takes up a Man 

entirely^ there were few great Men at Rome^ that 

Monfieur de St. EvrcmbncL bar 

fiidhOt fucceffively pafs through the Firft Digtii- 
ties of the Priefthood^ and the Senate^ and tho 
Command of Armies. He then (hews with hovir 
much Art and Finenefs the Latin Authors drew 
the Chara<%ers of Men; how agreeable their 
Narrations are ; and how much Vehemence and 
Fire there is in their Speeches. They do not 
content themfelves with defer ibing Virtues an4 
Vices^ in general j but mark a certain Difference 
between each Virtue^ or Vice. If, for Inftance* 
ftke^ they draw the Charaifter of fome ambitious 
^Bd daring, or moderate and prudent Man, they 
de^ib^ the particular Nature of the Ambition 
god Daringnefs, or of the Moderation and Pru- 
dence of f uch a Man. 

• In the REFLECTIONS upon the Frenek 
TRANSLATORS, Mr. Je 5^ Evremmd com- 
jsnefids^ in the firft Place, the Tranflations of 
Mr. £Ahlancourty not fo much on Account of their 
being faithful and exad, as by reafon of the ad- 
mirable Force, and Juftnefs of his Expreffions, 
However, he is of Opinion, That he is obliged 
for thefe Advantages to the Stile of the Ancients^ 
he tranflates j fpr he does not find the fame Beau** 
ties in his Prefaces and Letters, wherein he fol* 
lows his own Genius. He afterwards makes fome 
Refledions on the Ufefulnefs of Tranfiations } and 
adds. That the bare Talent of a Tranptar merits 
no great Efleem, unlefs it be attended by other 
Accompliftiments, that (hew a Man has a fiift- 
cient Stock and Capacity to make Compofures of 
kis own. Then Mr. de St. Ewemond examines, 
in particular, Mr* de Brehoeufs Tranflation of 
Lucans PHARSALIA, and that of Mr. Je 
Sepals of VtrgiFs iE N E I S : From whence he 
paiTes to the Charafter that Virgil gives of t/Eneat ; 
and fliews that it falls infinitely fhort of that of 
crqe Heroes, whQ are defcribed with great £leva* 
*^' tion 


klti na LIFE if 

thm ind Nobtenefs by Hmw; and cooebdef^ 
with refkdHiu;, iow imeb we nvri' *» tubmn ttt 
rM«y^ ViltSl. fiiM-mifitefih,rMferUth»ytli? 
imniftk* Htmi if Horner^ the bett Criricks are 
«f 6(Mm> tbtt the Latim Peer is not inftriobr , 

i»i^emi. - ■■;* 

««7^ > C»«M ^OfcMT, Mr. Jt Vimmh the Abbot IeMm, 
mA two or rikte more, having been baaifl^d the' 
Courl^ of Hmm, m 1674. for having calted too 
My vf the lUDg, aslboBasMr.A>ft.EvnMMW 
had iKKlc« of the JXSgimx of his CKd Frieulf 
Count Joiemu, he wrote to him, to acqndnr ' 
hina with his deepConcem at it; and b^tHj^y 
afterwards, informed, chat be was pemuited m ' 
leave OrUamty where ho was, at firft, cooiaa^ 
' and to retire to ' his Country-Seac of limmir^ 
near ViUtrt'Cttttrtts^ he lent him a fecood Letter^ 
wherein he advifes him to be carefully iqian hir 
Guard againft Sorrow, xnd.its melancholy At- 
tendants, at a time when it was not in his Power 
CO relilh Joy. As he was thorougtily acquainted 
with Mr. iOlome'i Humour and Genius, fo he 
adapts to them the Advice he gives him of En- 
tertaining himfelf with the Converfation of po- 
lice Gentlemen ; and if there were none in his 
Neighbourhood, to fupply that DefeA, by Good- 
Cheer, and the Reading of fuch Books as may 
divert his Mind from all fad and ferious Thoughts, 
and give him none but pleafant and agreeable 
IdMis : For which purpofe, he thinks that Vetrth- 
mmsy Lmcian^ and Don ^xt, are to be preferr'd 
before Setuea, Plutarch, and even MeMtmnu. Het 
afterwards obviates an Objedion which Mr. d'O- 
hmt might have made : ' You will tell me, per- 

• haps, (fayt Mr. de St. Evremond ) That I was 

• not of io gay a Humour in my own Misfor- 
' tunes, as I appear to be in yours ; and that 'tis 

Ml bleeding in a Man to bsflow all his Concern 

Monfeur de St. Evremond. Izxvii 

* upon his own Misfortunes^ and be indifixsrenc 
' co^ nay3 and even merry with the Calamities of 
^ his Friends. I fhould agree with you in that, if 
^ I behav'd my felf fo : But I can honeftiy a£firm 

* CO yoti^ that I am little lefs . concerned kt vour 
5 Ezile3 than your felf ; And the Minh which I 
^ advife you to, is in order to have a Share of k 
^ my felf, when I (hall find you capable of recei* 
^ ving any. As for what rdates to my own Misfor^ 

* tunes, if I have formerly appeared more afflided 
^ under them, than I feem to you a? prefent, 'tis 
^ not becaufe J was fo indeed. 1 was of Opinion^ 
^ That Difgraces exaded from us the Detorum of a 
' melancholy Air ; and that this apparent Mord-^ 
' fication was a RefpeA due to the Will of our 
^Snperiours, who feldom punifli us without a 
^ Di^gn to affli(% us. But then you are to know^ 

* chat under a fad Outfide, and a mortified Goun* 
^ tenance, I gave mv felf all the Satisfadion I 
^ could find in my ielf ^ and all the Plcafure I 
^ could take in the Converf^tion of my Friends. 
He afterwards advifqs him about Good- Cheer, 
and the Choice of the mofl excellent Wines, and 
of the wholefomefl and mod delicate Meats. 

When the Marquis de CroiJJy was Ambaflador at 
the Court of EngUndy Mr. de St. Evremond defir'd 
him to write in his Behalf to Monfleur Colbert his 
Brother, Prime Minifter of France, which h€ did 
accordingly j But Mr. Colbert returned him an An- 
swer, That having contributed to Mr. de St. Evre- 
mond-/ Dijgracey and ever opposed his Return, be could 
tf§t fpeak in bis Favour to the King j but, however, hi 
%fouId not be forry for his Return, nor oppofe the SoU 
licitations of others in order to it. Had Mr. le Tellier 
encertain'd the fame Thoughts, Mr. de St. Ewe^ 
noomts Difgrace would foon have been at an End; 
but that Minifter having no favourable Difpofition 
cowards him, he was oblig'd (o take up with Re« 
Auction and Patience. The 

167^ the Datchefi of ili^2^1iIN <:aaie;vibiii^ 
time afcer^ into EngUmi. You^ undoub^edlyy ^^ 
fpeA, S I R> that there was a Mvftery in her jbor-' 
ney, and that 'cwas not meetlj^ to. be neaci thd 
Dutchefs of Tigrl^ her Relation^ that my Xa^ 
JUistffjii came bubear. Since yopr Con jeftli|«i% 
% rights I will communicate co you what I ktm^ 
about it ; but I muft trace up Things fomewhafr 
higher^ and put you in mind of what I toid 
you bqforcj concerning the great Intereft i£df 
Dutchefs of « finfmfMb had at the Court of 
King CbarUs the Second. The natural Indo- 
lence of that Prince^ and the paffionate IncliU^f 
tion he Jiad foe the Fair Sex^ entirely eflflanul 
him to his Miftreflib ; but none had fo ^gMStMxk 
Afcendam over hini, as the Dutcheft oi tmetfi^ 
tmmtk, who was the fumuriu-Mfirtfs. Sbttjp^ 
verned hiin3 both in the Matagement of Afinrt 
of State^ and the Choice of hts Mimfters. T1m( 
firft Places and Offices of the Kingdom^ were 
given^ or taken away^ according to her Infmua- 
tions ; which thofe who were not of her Cabol^ 
and were thereby ihut out of Employments^ to 
which they had^ at leaft^ as good a Title as hei. 
Creatures^ could not obferve without Concern 
and Indignation ; nor were they lefs offended^ 
to fee that the Minifters of State aded rather ac- 
cording to the Inftrudions which a Foreign Court 
fent to the Dutchefs of Tonfmomby than confb- 

' nant to the true Intereft of their Native Country. 

After having try'd feveral Methods to remedy 
ihefe Diforders^ and found them inefieftiial^ they^ 
at laft^ concluded^ that there was no other Courfe 
to take^ than to work the Dutchefs of Portfmomb 
out of the King's Favour^ by fetting up againfl 
her^ a Rival who ihould be in their Intereft. The 
Dutchefs of Max^in was thought very fit for 
thdr Purpofe s for ihe out-lhined the othei*^ both 


Monfieur de St. Evremond; Ixxix 

in IX^it and Beauty ; and King CbarJes had more 
duui once demanded her in Marriage^ while he 
«^s in France. 

You know^ SIR^ that that exiled Monarch 
haying repaired Incognito to Fontarubla^ in the 
Year 16^9. when the Peace between France and 
Suin was treating there^ he could not engage 
Cardiiial Maz^rin to grant him an * Interview^ 
and that all he was able to obtain, was, that his 
Eminency iliould one Day meet, as by Chance> 
with the Marquis of Ormmdy and confer with him^ 
The Marquis made feveral Overtures to him, to 
incGoc him to efpoufe the Intereft of his Royal 
Mafterj and, among other Things, propofed a 
Match between that Prince and Hctrun^a Atancim, 
the Cardinal's Niece, afterwards Dutchefs of Ma^ 
%arm ; but that Mimfler, who thought the King 
of England's Reftoration defperate^ would not 
hearken to it* However, King ChM'ks II. was 
not difcouraged by this Denial ; and obferving 
that the Cardinal had concluded the Peace fo 
much to his own Satisfadion, he thought he 
would now be more tradable. The French Court 

was then returning to Farh ; but King Charles 

woidd not wait till they had reached that Place ; 
and as foon as they came to Thouloufe^ he difpatch'd 
« Mr. Berkley^ afterwards Earl of Falmouth^ to the 
Cardinal, to propofe the fore-meutioned Match 
a fecond time* Mr. Berkley applied himfelf to 
Monfieur de St. Evremondy who introduced him 


« See HISTOIRE duTraite clela Paix conclue fur la 
FioQtiere ffEfpagne^ eotte les deux Gouionnes, en Tan 1659. 
p. 6£. & Ceqq. of the Cologne Edition of the Tear 1665. &ge 
et^o Clartndon'i Hiitory of the Rebellion, Vol. III. p. 538. 
But 'tis to he jponder^i, that this Noile Hijlorian takes no 
Koiice of King Gharlei'i Advances^ to natrj the GardinaVs 

The LIFE of 

to the Cardinal : But that Minifter was To tfao' 
roughly perfuaded» that his BritannUk Maiefty 
would never be reftor'd to his Kingdoms, that he 
wav'd all Overtures of that kind. However, as 
fbon as he faw him feicled on the Throne of his 
Anceftors, he repented the having rejei^cd the 
OfTer of a Match To glorious to his Faitiily, and 
fo advantageous to his Niece ; and endeavour'd 
to renew the Negotiation about it. The better 
to fucceed in it, he engagd the Queen Mother 
of England to crofs the Sea, under Pretence of a 
congratulatory Vifit, upon the Reftoration of the 
King her Son J but, in reality, to acquaint him. 
That the Cardinal was entirely, difpos'd to grant 
him all he could delire. King charkt look'd up- 
on this Change in the Cardinal, as an additional 
Happinefs, which Fortune had in Store for him j 
and entertain'd with no lels Satisfa^ion, the 
Thoughts of a Portion of above Twenty Millions 
of Livers, than of enjoying one of the moft beau- 
tiful Perfons of the Age j when he faw all his 
Hopes dafh'd of a fudden. For a ffrong Oppofi- 
rion was form'd, on this fide, againft that Match, 
as below lb great a Potentate, and inconfiftent 
with his IntereO : So ihac, in fhort, to ufe Mr. tie 
Si. Evrtmmd'% f Expreffions, A King Reftor'd, 
Ttntcmbrcd tie litsk Regard that h44 been fiievm to a 
King Detiiron'd ; and tbtj rejected m London, the 
Offer that wai not accepted at St. John-de-Luz. 

Nevcrthelefs, 'twas well known that King 
Charles ftill preferv'd an Inclination for that Lady; 
and the Ducchcfs of Pcrtfmoutb not enjoying then 
a perfeift Health, his Majefty feem'd not to have 
for her the fame PaHion as before. All thefo 
Circumllanccs were induftriouQy improv'd, to 

t 'fiy Atadam de Jdizacin'i Puntial Qtuvtt. ^M 

i 't - ■ 

Mmfeur de St. EVremond. 

bef^eak from faim a kind Reception oF Madam 
MitXMin^ whom Ker Husband's Ill-ufage had forced 
to withdraw out of France^ and, at lalt^ to retire 
into the Duke of Savo/s Dominions. She picch'd 
upon Cbambery for the Place of her Refidence ; 
ind had^ for the fpace of three Years^ \W<± 
there in a kind of Solitude, when (he had aii 
Inyitation to come to England^ which fhe ac- 
cepted the More readily, by rcafon of the 
Death of the Duke of Savoy ^ that happened at 
that ycry time. We ire informed in Madam it 
MKCmns MEMOIRS, That that Prince had 
formerly defign'd to * marry her ,• and, indeed, he 
give her, during her Exile^ fo m^ny Marks of 
Ms Favour, that the Dutchefs of Savoy conceiv'd 
fome Jealoufy of it. That Prince, fays t Mr. Je Sn 
EvnmanJy had entertain d the fame Sentiments about 
fcr, as did All that beheld her. He bad admird her at 
Turin J and this Admiration^ with the Dutchefs of 
Savoy, fafsdfor downright Love. A jealous and mo-^ 
Tofe Imprefjion^ producd a difobliging XJfage of her who 

G caused 


* -I /ball q^ote the whole Vaffage the ritore willinzl,^ hecauft 
it confirms Part of what I [aid. Fortune, fays Madam de Ma- 
zarin, ivho lud a Mind to make me the mofl unfortunate 
^erfon of my Sex, began with a Shew of raifmg me to a 
Ifaoiie, aiid did all Sie could to naake me hate the Match 
kdefign'd for me, by the Comparifon of (hofe with which 
ik flatterM me at iirfl. However^ I may fay, I was not daz- 
zled hj thofe illuflrious Matches that were offer 'd me ; and 
Mr. Mazarin dares not fay, he ever obferv'd in Hie the leaft 
Vsadif above my Condition; All the World knowi the 
Overtures, Which^ at feveral Times^ were made to marry me 
with the King o( England'^ And as for the Duk^ o^ Savoj^ 
you kn6w il^hat was mention'd about it, in the Journey to 
lions ; mnd that the Bufinefs broke off, only Upon the fcota 
of the Cardinal's . obHinate ReiFufal to abandon Geneva^ in 
Confideration of this Marriaj^e* MEMOIK'E.S ^t VlsAiuV^ 
U DuchelTe M^znin, Pi ii, il. 

f ijb Jfa^am dc Ab^arin / Funeral Oration. 

hm TbetIFB4 

tmuiii ; mU Ml vmi afiffiskmt M^rfm fit UMJfm 
4c Mazarin h isrve a Cptmtry,. wter9.ikmi», ^^K^ 
»ss nhfilme. She arrived in Et^Umd^ wmuii. fSi 
Slid of the Yeaj: x6j$. and the King ao fistoou 
Ikw her^ but he was finck agaiti by mr Bcni^ 
iMid more in Lore with, her tbao ever* He ioh 
innately befiovfr^d upon her a Penficm ql 

Thoiifiind Pounds a Year ;^ and Ihe would^ 

h9jc gain'd the Aiceodanc jDYcr the Dixchd^ <^ 
Tmfyfcutby and her Cahal^ if» through # ^M^ ^ 

'^//^ wbieb is but m €9mmm yM berSex, €» J^ 

not been i>etray'd by hes . own aaiQJroi«|\IlKlip 
natioa .,,, 

x6j6. The Prince of Aftmct^oawe about this Time 
moEn^nd} And bdn^]Kning^ handfosi^ ^ep^ 
teely amorous^ and accoqiiplifii'd in alt the * '^^ 
J^.ns of plea0ng the Ladies^ he bctcaniQ 9 
nate Admirer ^ Madam Je JkfazarJm. Twas apt 

^ iong before Mr. Je St. EvnmM obfecv'd^ that&t 

was not indifferent to her } . and beings on the Op* 
ther Hand^ privy to the Myftery of the Dutche&'s 
Journey hither^ and eyen (omewhat concem'd in 
it^ he omitted nothing to prevent fo fatal an 
Amour ; and repreiented to Madam de Maz,arim^ 
in lively Colours^ the Perplexities into which fhe 
was going to plunge her (elf* But^ becaufe what 
we take in by Reading makes generally a deqper 
Impreifion^ than a tranfitory Converfation^ he 
a(Jdref$'d to her a Difcourfe on FRIENDSHIP, 
wherein he artfully infmuates himfelf into her 
Confidence^ and endeavours to (hew her what 
Gourfe (he ought to (leen He illuftrates^ in the 
iirftPlace3 the Power of Friend(hip, by the Ex- 
ample of AgeftUus^ King of the Lacedemonians ^ wlio 
recommending his Friend's Cafe to anotherj^ de* 
lir'd him^ by all means, to acquit him. He thinks 
this Pa(rage the more remarkable^ in that he be- 
lieves^ that tbe Difiance between a Sovereign, and a 

Mtmfieur de St. EvremondJ Ixxx 

iStAjeB^ Joes not ad^it that Union of AffeSions ^hicb 
is mce^arf to htgei true FrienJfiip ; Aftpr which he 
explains the Nature of the ordinary Intimacy be- 
tween Kings and their Courtiers ; takes notice o£ 
the Reafons which oblige Princes to have abQut 
them that fort of Biends slnd Confidents call'd F^. 
mnrites } and fhews how ticklifh and ddngerou^ 
it is to be a Favourite. From hence he proceeds 
to more particular Confiderations oii Fnendfliip^ 
And having enlarged on the Elcellence of that 
Virtue^ he declares how happy he was in the 
Confidence of his Friends* ^ As I have^ fays be^ 
f no diining Merit to boafi of^ I hope I may be 
^ dlow'd to mention one^ upon which Men do 
^ ieldom value themfelVes ; which is^ the having 

' tbe niore open with cbe. He conceal'd nothing; 
^ froni iiie, sis , long as we conversed together ; 
^ and he would, perhaps, have been glad of aa 

* Opportunity to tell me every Thing, when we 
^ were afunder. The remembrance of fuch aii 

'^ endearing Confidence is very fweet to me ; but 
' the Thoughts of the Condition he is in, is ftill 
^ more grievous* I have contradied a Familiarity 
^ with my own Misfortunes, but never ihali With 

* hb ; And fmce I can beftow nothing but Sorrow 
^on his Difgrace, no Day (hall pafs, but I fliall 
' grielFe, and lament it. . 

Mr. de St. Evremond fliews afterwards, that trtie 
Friendfliif blight to be free from all Diflimulation ; 
find that 'tis no lefs inconfifient with too rigorous 
Jtsfticsj than with over^cautious IVifdom. He does 

G 2 not 

^tftfiofe Mr; de Sr. Evieniond mMat J&. da Fouquei, 
ah* M i Frifoitsr in m Citddtl if Pignetol, in ifSSd, 

Ixxxiv The Lt FE of 

not find fault with Friends having different Opi- 
nions i But he would have Diffntes to be Cmfe^ 
fences to clear Donhts, and not exafperating Contentions. 
He thinks^ however, that Friends ought not to 
have very clafhing Opinions in Religion j and 
that a Man wbo fuhjeSis all to Reafon^ and one who 
defends wbollj upon Authority^ will hardly agree toge^ 
tber. Mr. de St. Evremond adds, that nothing 
cbulcL come in Competition with a friendl}r In* 
tercourfe with a beautiful, ingenious, and judi- 
cious Woman, if one could depend on its Dura- 
tion j and he is of Opinion, that the only Rea« 
fon why the Fair Sex arc excluded from the 
Management of publick Affairs, is becaufe they 
were thought to be too weak, too irrefolnte, and too 
much pwayd by tbeir natural Frailty. Wbat would 
not, continues he, have Madam de Chevreufe, the 
Countefs of Carlifle, and the Princefs Palatine, bave 
brought about, bad they not fpoitd, by tbeir Inclina- 
tion, all they might have done by their Wit ? He 

ihcws, that the Errors of AfFedion, are far more 
dangerous than the Extravagances of Imagina- 
tion ; he relates what Mademoifelle de TEnclos 

told him one Day, That fhe return d God Thanks, 

every Night, fcr her IVit, and prayd hi?n, every Mom- 
ifjgy to prefcrve her from the Follies of her Heart ; And. 

having commended Madam de Maz,arins Beauty, 
and elevated Mind, which made her defpife falfe 
Gallantry, and the infipid and tedious Tittle-Tattle 
of other Women, ^ Add, Madam, fys he, the 
^ Merit of the Heurt, to that of the Soul and 

* Mind : Defend that Heart of yours againft 
' cfficiotis Fops ,• thofe bufie Fellows, who are ever 
^ ready to fliat a Door or a Window, and to take 

* up a Glove or Fan. Love docs not hurt the 

* Reputation of Ladies j but the flender Merit 
^ of their Lovers difgraces them. You'd do me 

* wrong. Madam, continues he, if you thought me 

Monfieur de St. Evreinond. Ixx^V 

^ 30 Enemy to Tendernefs : For^ as Old as | aip^ 

* I jQiouId be forry to be free from it. We Love 
^ as long as we can draw Breath. What I defire 
^in Friendfbip^ is that Knowledge fhould go 

* before AfFedjon, and that an Efteem, juftly 
'forni'din the Mind, fhould animate it felf in 
^ the Hearty and receive there fuch Warmth as is 

* necen^ry For FrienJJhipy as well as Love. Love 
^ therefore^ Madam, jjut Love no Objeds but 

* what are worthy of you. If rpy Wiflies could 
^ take place, you f^^ould be ambitious, and gpvern 
' thofe that govern others. Either become Miftrefs 
' of the World, or remain Miftrefs of your felf: 
^not in order' to pafs tedious Days in that fad 
*ari4 melancholy Indolence, which fome would 
' tramp up for Virtue ; but to have an abfolutQ 

* Sway oyer youf JVflfe<*ions, and over-rule your 

* Pleafures. 

But all thefe InHnuations were ineffe^ual : The 
Prince of Monaco had the Preference j And Ma- 
dam ie Maz^rifty regardlefs of the great Part Ihe 
might have adcd in the Britiflj Court, did fo far 
engage with him, that the King's Patience was 
tir'd out J and that Monarch carried his Refent- 
ment fo far, as to cut off the Penfion he had gi- 
ven her. Mr. de St. Evremond jeer'd her very 
ingenioufly about the Ficklenefs and Indifcretion 
of her Condud, in the following Verfes, which 
you could not have underftood, without the fore- 
going Key: 

II ne vous refioit plus qud regner fur les Mers j 
Votre nowuel Empire embraJJ'e fUniverSy 

Ep de nos Ifles fortunees 
Vous ^ourriez, des Mortels regUr les Dcjlinees : 
Plus puijjante aujourd'hui que netoient les Romains, 
Vousfmez^ des Sujets de tfius les Souverains^ 

G y Si, 

xrri The LIFE of 

r.:iT v-J^: ZJs^rti asu rcwr Uur Servitude. 

Trc Firr::^ of the Sea alone retnain'd^ 
A.:- tiri: \ oc tc in your New Dominion gain'd. 
T^^-i Vrivi^de 15 your? j Our happy Ifles 
l>>:uyi:r i:Knd,or from your Frowns or Smiles. 
XC.'"^: Fw vVnit :han the Rcmats were of Old, 
A^ K::^jC>a*:si vcud in SubjeAion hold, 
?*.,: ::ic ycu ilriv^r, wiih greater Care and Pains, 
Ti.>ur f r;:t*iccn :o rrdcrve,than fix their Chains* 

Ilow^r-^r, f-^^ Sollidridons of her Friendb, toge- 
r?c.- w-:? :.-t- Afi?dion the King retaind for hcr^ 

r>c -/^-tl K?rA*jrv>^$ cf c^^ policcft Perfons of 
Kvi Sc.\^- v: yfc.,rfJ The greaceft Lords, the 
^*^^i^r. Vt '*;;t^">. -i:-c :hc Lacre? of the firftQua- 
l::\^ ^>c-: c,Nv*.{:r:^ :r?.-;r ; ini in chele Affcm- 
h^» ;V :\vr,'c c* F^iri.^n round an agreeable 
Ar":, u -v : . i T,' :Se ! cJir::^^, in excellent Par- 
tem v: ?. x-^c^ ^^ri oA. i Prccding. Madam 
35 : • .■ ' ul x' '."■. i i c^i: ^c.^I of Time upon 
•U:;.;:\:, ." * :: "cr AS^i; a: C'c^'^'r^m^ where 
flio h;>?. V. : ■ -c. .-^i' \rx"; o: >;. Ar:.\ who com- 
|U)n\1 lu\ N; : \' v^ I x >. f.v^i che P.irciculars fhe 
•«M \\\\\\ o: :^:; 1 ;. \ . .: * cho'jghr, SIR, 
•'>♦ Ihow.^s ':-.c, ;c.: :\: \L:>v'^rol them ; but I 
• • » »}*' H*. you. th.\- :>? c;:'\ :.:rri:tVv? the Subjcft- 
sJ.^v^*.* -^tlicm. <;c J:,: r.v*: \vri:e well enough 
.^ <-.j^;^ ^f*/\'imo Fo::v. ; i::d it thcv arc bet- 



" .'' -* •^-^'^VVfWfsF- anv O^w-fr^.^ni J^iin Prfivi'n- 

Monfieur dc St, Evremond. hxsy 

tcr tUrtfd than the other Works of Mr. de St. 
Real, 'tis becaufe he beftow'd more Pains and 
Study upon them ; For Love makes every Thing 

My Lady Maz^rin had a great and generous Soul, 
a juft Difcernment, a Memory well ftored, and 
fudh eafie and graceful Carriage^ that the moft 
infenfible were touched with the Charms of her 
Converfation. All manner of Subjeds were dif. 
cours'd upon at her Houfe : Philofophy^ Religion, 
Hifiory^ Poetry, Dramacick Pieces, other inge- 
nious Compofures, and the Niceties of the French 
Tongue, afforded Matter of Debate; And thefe 
witty Converfations gave Mr. de St. Evrtmoni 
occafion to write feveral Pieces ; fuch as, his 
DEFENCE of feveral Plays of Uv.Ccmeittei 
his REFLECTIONS on rh^ French, Spanifh, 
Italian^ and Englijh Tragedies and Comedies ; and on 
Operas; his COMEDY of the O;^^^; A DIS- 
SE RT AT ION on the Word V A S T j and feveral 
others, which I fhall mention hereafter. 

He begins his REFLECTIONS uponTra- 
gedies, with commending thofe- of Comeille^ and 
even prefers fome of them before all thofe of An- 
tiquity. He adds, That the Ancient Tragick 
Writers were far more fuccefsful in expreffing the 
Qualities and Accomplifliments of their Heroes, 
than in reprefenting the Majefty and Magnifi- 
cence of Great Kings j And more happy in the 
drawing of Charaders, than in difcovering the 
hidden Springs of the Motions of the l^eart, and 
the Principles of Men's Adions j which is one of 
CameiUei Excellencies. Howevei:,' he does not 
pretend, that none but bis Pieces defcrve Ap- 
plaufe on our (French^ Thea^p. ' He oWns, the 
Publick have been pleafed an4 inffeAed with the 
MARIANA of rr^i7» J the SOPHONIS- 
BA o(Maireti the ALCYONpA of D^Ry^s 

' G4 the 

i Th.LlFB ql ■ 

■ diflWE^CESLAUS of Rotfoui the &TI-; 

* tX<^0 of Mr. CemeiUe, Juniorj the ANDRO^ 
XJieim, atid fcvcr»l others. He fays afterwardi^ 
ThsLt the Tragedies of the ItalUms are fo very 
j&'ean, that 'its noc worth the while cd fpeak of. 
chisQi.i and obferves, that there arelbme old Eaf^ 
lifi Trage^ietj ( fuch «s the Cdti^ and S^dMU 
oi Btif.Jebnfm I whidi, by the Retrenchgig of a 
few Things, might be made admirable PlayL He 
difallowg the Con^fcenfion which the Eiiftifit 
Dramatick Writers hare for the Peojilcj in prfr- 
fehting th^m with bloody Obje^ j and condndes 
with this Obfervation, That if, on the one hat>d, 
the Frtnch objtB to t$e Eng^ifb, »^ veij gtod CrcmuL ■ 
that they aUow too much p> thtir Smfer t^am the StJ^ ; 
Tbry rnu/i alfoy on the other hand, bter vit$ fit 
Reproach the Englifh rttum «fM tht French, «/ f«/- 
Jing to the ether Extraim, wJku th^ admire tragedies 
fi(r the Utile Tatdertifjs of Pa/Jion, wkkll make not an 
Jm^rrJJisa firorg enough upon the Mind, 

In his O B S E R.VAT I ON S 'w/w our Cemtdiet, 
Mr. de St. Evremond takes care to advertife his 
Readers, in the very Title, That his Criticifms are 
not levell'd againft thofe of Moliere, ivbertin, fays 
he, the iiiiif Spiiix of CoTrxiy ii found. As for the 
other j>.».i Authors, he takes notice^ that altho' 
Centtdj cught to he the Repreftntation of Human Life ^ 
they m/idc it run aitogethrr upon Gallantry^ in' 
Imitaticn of the Spaniards. He. afterwards com- 
pares the French and Spanifb Comedies, and fhews, 
that our Poets having borrow'd nioft of their Plots 
from (he Spaniards^ havfi been oblig'd to fill them 
with paffionate and amorous Difcourfes, to adapt 
them to the Humour and Manners of our Na- 
tion. This gives him occafton to relate a witty 
Story, which he heard from the Princefs of Iftn- 
ilnen i A Spanifi Lady, fays he, tiot hug ago, ivas 

Monpeur 4e Ift. Evr^niond. Ixxxh 

teM^g tbiRmance of CLEOPATR^, and itfier 
a UdicHS Ifjecital of Adventures, falling upon a nice 
Comrieffafion between a Lover and bis AH/frefs^ who 
were alike fajfumate^ What a deal of Wic ill-em* 
ploy'd is here^ faidjhe ; and to what end To many- 
fine Speeches, when they are got together ? Tbisy 

€0|ltinues Mr. de St^ Evremond, was one of the pret'^ 
tUP RefieBions that ever I beard made in aU my Life j 

amd C^prenede, tbo* a French- A/^^, ought to bave 

remimhTedy tbat Lovers, born in a hotter Climate 
than that of Ffaqce^j need bat few Words on fuch Oc^ 
cafims. He afterwards affirms^ That there is more 
Regularity and Probability^ in the Gallantry of 
Emei Comedies^ than in that of the Spaniards : 
Which (till proceeds from the different Manners^ 
and Cuftoms^ of thofe two Nations; And, in 
the laft Place, he obferves. That as Comedy is 
munly calculated to pleafsy Poets ought not to be 
crampt by too exad and rigid Rules. 

Mr. de St. Evremond proceeds afterwards to the 
Italian Comedy, and having acquainted his Reader^ 
That he will not fpeak of the Amynta, Tafior-Ftdoy 
and other Comedies of that Nature, he adds^ 
That what was feen ^ in France upon the Italian 

* Stage, was not, properly. Comedy, fince there 

* was no true Plot j no Coherency in the Subjeftj 
' no Charader ftriftly obferv'd j nor any Compo- 
' fition wherein a happy Genius is, at leaft, gui- 

* ded by fome Rules of Art. In Jhort, fays he, 'tis 

nothing but a kind of iU-fomid Confort amongfl fevtral 
ASors, each of whom furnijhes, out of his o)vn Head, 
what be judges proper for the Part he aSls : To take 
it rightly, it is no more than a Medley of impertinent 
Concetti ( pointed- Witticifms) tn the Mouth of 
Lovers, and fiUy Buffoonries in that of their Zanies^ 
ir Harlequins. He grants tbat their Buffoons are in- 
imitable ; but is of Opinion, That, at long run^ 
they grow no lefs tirefom than all the other ha- 


The LJ FE of 

lian Farts, which are always forc'd, except that 
of Pantalott. Mr. 4e Si. Evremmdpvei afterwards, 
in few Words, the Hiftory of the Tragedy and 
Comedy of the ancient Romanti marks their Ori- 
gin, Progrefs, and Declenfion ; and, having ob- 
ierv'd how vaftly the Genius of the lialiant differs 
from that of their Anceftors, he commends the 
Adors of the Jm/«» Company of Players, that 
aded then in Paris. 

From the hallan, Mr. de St. EvrtMtond pafles on 
to the Englip* Comedy ; and, in the firft Place, takes 
notice. That there it none more conformsbU to that of 
the Ancients, in what rtlattt to the Manners, It 

fays he, a metr Piece of GoRantry^ fuU of Ad- 
\nd amorous Difcoarfes^ as in Spain and 

ts notf 


France ; it is the Reprefentation of the ordinary IVny 
of Livingy according to the various Humours, and dif- 
ferent Charafferi of Men. He fays afterwards, That 
in the Opinion of the Freneb^ thefe Characters 
are carried on too far, as thofe that are to be 
feen upon our Stage, are a little too faint to the 
Relifh of the Englip> ; and (hews, that the Rea- 
fon of that is, becauTe the Englifh think too much, 
and the Frtnch, commonly, not enough. The 
Truth iip adds he, / never faw Aim of better Unda- 
fianding, than tiller the French, ivbo confsder Things 
with Atlaition ^ or the Bnglini, that can difmgagt 
themfelves from their too dttf Mtditationt, and attain 
that Facility of Difcourfe, amd Freedom of H'is, ighich, 
if pofihle, a Mia pjould always be Ma^er of. Tie 
fnefi Gtntiemtn in the IVorld, continues he, are th<: 
French that think, and the Englith that fpeat. Aftei 
this, Mr. dt St. Evrtmmd proceeds to the DiHc 
rence that is to be found between the Engli^ ai: J 
the French Comedies ; and (hewi, that the firft are 
as agreeable and cnteruining, tho' not fo regular 
iud Msa^ as the latter. 

Mmfieitr de St. Evremond. 

Mr. Je Si. Evrtmond compos'd, about this timei 

■\ 1 D YL, which he fet himfelf to Mufick ; and 

li Piece was fung at Madam Maz^rin's, before 

great many Perions of DiftiniSion. This gai'c, 

^icrwards, the Company occafion to talk of 

lays with mufical Entercainments, and in parti- 

:alarof OPERAS, which made then fo much 

fe in France, Mr. de St. Evrtmond gave but an 

fferent Chara<fter of thofe Compofitions j but 

baring had time to fpeak fully his Thoughts 

chem, he wrote, a few Days after, a Dif- 

i upon that Subjed, which he addrefs'd lo 

Duke of Buckingham, who had his Share in 

Converfation. But before I give you che 

Subftance of that Piece, give me leave, Sir, to fcr 

town here a fhon Account of the Settlement of 

oar Operas. 

OPERAS, that k, Dramarick Pieces fet to 
Mufick, accompanied with Dances, Machines, 
and Decorations, or fine Scenes, are come from 
!ttl^. Cardinal A^x^r'm endeavour'd to introduce 
them into France, whither, in 1647. he fent for 
3 Company of Players from beyond the Alps, who 
aded an Opera in Italian Vcrfe, call'd OR- 
PHEO E EURYDICE. This Shew was 
no lefs furprizing by its Novelty, than by the 
Excellence of the Voices, che Variety of Airs, 
ihe Shifting of Scenes, the wonderful Turns of 
Machines, and the Magnificence of the Cloaths, 
The Succefs that attended this Piece, occafion'd 
die Prcfentation of another of the fame kind, at 
ihc King's Efpoufals in 1^60, .under the Title of 
ERCOLE AMANTE, which was primed 
with a Frtncb Tranilation, in favour of thofe that 
did not underftand UalUn. This rais'J a general 
Defire to fee Fnmb Operas ; but as they wanted 
good MuHctans, and fine Voices, To they wen 
^epoffcfs'd, tliat Fremb Words did not, a4m\t cS." 



the fame muGo^l Gracet and OrtuimeDts as the 
^iiinh However^ the Abbot Pmim, who had h^ 
Matter of the Ceremonies to Cajfdn of FtMa^ 
Duke oiOrl$0ns, undertook to furmount all thefe 
Old^cles ; and^ in order to that, conipos'd a Pa- 
ftbral^ which he caused to be fet to Muiick by 
Cfimkm^ Mafter of the Kf ulick to the Queen^lido*- 
ther^ and Ornnift of Su Hmms Church.. This 
Piece was ,firft fung at HJ)^ in the Year 16^9; but 
without either Machines or Dances; notwith- 
Handing which^ it met with (o univerfal an Ap- 
plaufe^ that Cardinal AUzArin caus'd it to he pre«> 
fci)ted feveral Times before the King at VimcefH, 
nu. Tiis vHri| iays^ Mr. Je Si. EvremonJ, as it 
9i/er#j an Effof rf sm Opera^ wbidk fleas' d by its JNih- 
why I But, adds he^ what was fiiU bitter , was tb$ 
Ccnfirti if Flutes^ which had n$$ been heard ufwamf 
Stage, JtHce the Greeks and Romans. Tlus Piece 
was foon follow'd by anodier^ entitled ARI« 
ADNE, the Verfcs whereof, composed by the 
Abbot FerrtHy were but indifferently well lik'd. 
Ic was rehearfed feveral times, but the Cardinal's 
Death hindred its being aded; and, for fome 
Years, fufpcnded the Progrefs of the New* born 
Operas. In the mean time, the Abbot Perrin left no 
Stone unturn'd, to bring to bear an Undertaking, 
which had been fo happy in its Beginning j And, 
in the Year 1669, obtained Letters Patent, for the 
Erefting of an Acedemj of Operas in the French Lan^ 
guage J But not being able to bear alone the Trou- 
ble andexceffive Expence of fuch a Settlement ; 
he ipolj: in Partners, viz.. Camberty for the Mu- 
iick ; the Marquis de Sourdeac, for the Machines ; 
atid one Champerorty for the neceffary Charges. 
As rpon as this Agreement was concluded, they 
fent for the moft celebrated Muficians from fome 
Cathedrals in Languedoc, with whom Cambert 

JQin d the belt Voices he could find in other Pla- 

Monfeur de St. E^remond.' zciii 

ces; and fo the Opera of POMONA was pre- 
iented ac Tmis on the Theatre of. Gucnezaud, in 
the Year 1671. The Verfes were alfo of the Ab- 
bot Ferrin*^ compofing, but were not better lik'd 
than thofe of Ariadne. However^ that Piece was 
prefented eight fucceflive Months^ with a general 
Applaufe : But^ during that Interval^ the Marquis 
ii Sourdeacy under Pretence of the Money he had 
advanc'd^ feiz'd upon the Theatre ; and to make 
fliift without the Sieur Perr/w, employed Mr. C;A 
ben^ who composed the Opera called LES 

M OUR^ (The Tains and Vleafufes of Lovs) which 

was afterwards aded on the faid Theatre of Gw- 
mgnud. In the mean time, Jobn-Baftifi-Lutty, a 
Native of Florence in Italy y Super- intendant of the 
King's Mufick, taking Advantage of the Mifun- 
derfunding that was crept among the Partners of 
the Opera, obtained, by the Intereft of the Mar- 

chionefs of Montefpan^ that the Abbot Perrin fliould 

make over his Patent to him, for a certain Sum 
of Money : Which Alteration oblig'd Cambert to 
;o over into England^ where he died in 1677, 
iupcr-intendant of King Charles the Second's 
Mufick. LuRy took into Partnerfliip the Sieur 
Vigarini, the King's Machinift, and fix'd his The- 
atre at the Tennis-Court of BtUAir ; where, in 
the Year 1672. he prefented the Publick with 

BACCHUS: {The Fefiivals of Love and Bac- 
chus J ) Which was a Pajftoral, made up of Frag- 
ments of fevcral Interludes j the Mufick whereof 
was composed by LuUy^ for the King, to Words 
made by Mr. ^inault. This Piece was foUow'd 
by the Operas of CADMUS, ALCESTE, 
THESEUS, ATIS, I S I S, and a great many 
bthers, that need not be mentioned here. Lets 
teturn to Mr. dc St* Evremond^ 


The LI FE of 

He begins his Obfervations on Optrar^ with 
faying. That though the Senfes be agreeably 
furpriz'd by the Pomp and Magnificence of thofe 
Spedacles, yer, as the Mind finds nothing in 
them, that can either affeift it, or fix its Atten- 
tion, it is impofGble not to be tir'd with fuch an 
Entertainment. But what offends Mr. de Si. £• 
•vremond moft, in Operai, is the finging of the whole 
Piece, from the Beginning to the End j ai if the Per- 
fqtt' rtprefetited, had ridiculoufly agreed t» treat in Mtt~ 
fckf ootb the tno0 commm, and the moji imtoriant 
jiffairi of thtir Uvei, Is it to he imagin'd, aods he. 
That a Majier calls his Servant f or fends him en an 
Errand ; That one Friend imparts a Secret to another j 
That Men debate in Council ; in fhort. That Orders are 
given in Battle, SINGING; And that Men are 
melodsoufij kilTd with Swords and Darts f Not tbat 
he pretends to banifh all manner of Hnging from 
the Stage : For he very judicioully obferves, that 
all that relates to the Service of the Gods, was 
ever fung ; and that the Paflion of a Lover ; the 
Irrefolution of a Soul tofs'd by diiferent Motions; 
and other Subjeds of this Nature, are proper 
enough forMulick ; But he is of Opinion, ' That 

* all that belongs to Conveifation and Confe- 
' fences ; all that relates to Intrigues and AiTairs j 

* all that concerns Counfel and Adion, is proper 
' for Adors to rehearfe, and ridiculous in the 

* Mouth of Muficians that fing it. The Grecians, 

* adds he, made admirable Tragedies, where they 

* had fome Singing j the Italians, and the French^ 
' make bad ones, where they fing all. This gives 
him occafion to dehne an Optra, an odd Medley of 
'Poetry and Mujick, wherein the Poet and Mufician, 
ttfuallji confin'd one by the other, take a world of Pains 
to tempefe a wrtlchd Performance. He fliews after- 
wards, how Comedies might be contriv'd, whert 

Z>jsfff/avtfA£M/eAmigiithi^ndncyt '*«£ 3¥*^»M 


Mtmpew de St. Evremond. xor 

in the Uafi bun the Refrefentatim : And then pro« 
oeeds to tome Reflexions on the different Genius 
of Lnlh and Camtert. He compares the Italian 
with the French Operas^ and maintains^ that as 
for the manner of Singings which we call in 

Fnmeip ExecutiWy (or Terformance) no Nation can 
jnjih vie mtb us. He afterwards examines the 
difierent Manner of Singing of the Italians^ the 
SfMuarJsy and the Engltfh, and concludes^ That 
S§lns GsBus cantat, none but the French-M^LU fmgs. 
He backs his c3pinion by the Authority of the 
famous Lmgi, who could not endure that the Ita- 
Ums fhoula pretend to fmg his Airs^ after he had 
heard them fung by the beft Voices of Varis ; and 
laid openly in Italy^ that to make fine Mufick^ Ita- 
lian Airs mufi come cut of a French Mouth* Mr. de 
Su Ewemond acknowledges^ at the fame time, 
Tlstf^ no People have a flower Cowprehenjion^ both for 
the true Senje of PVards^ and for humouring the Thought 
ef the Poetj than the I^rench ; and that there are 
bm few that lefs underjland the ^^uantity, and that 
with greater Difficulty find out the Pronunciation ; But 
n^ien, by long Study y they have furmounted all tbefe 
Difficulties^ and are Mafiers of what they fing, nothing 
takes like them. He then proceeds to the Machines 
of Operas, and fpares them no more than the 
other Irregularities he has obferv'd in thofe Mu- 
fical Reprefentations ; and concludes. That , the 
Confiitution of our Operas mufi appear ahomher extra^ 
'uagant to thofe who are true Judges of the Probable 
and the Wonderful. ^ Neverthelefs, adds he, one 
' runs a Rifque of having his Judgment call'd in 
^ Queftion, if he dares declare his Good*ta&e ; 
^ and I advife others, when they hear any, Dif- 
' courfe of Operas^ to keep their Knowledge a 
' Secret to themfelves* For my part, (continues 
* he) who am pad the Age and Time of figna* 
I lizing my felf by any new Mod^ or Fancies, I 

' " - Jam 

xcvi Tb^ LI PE of 

* atn rcfolv'd to ftrike in with Good-fcnfe, and to 
^ follow Reafod^ tho* in Difgrace, with as much 
' Zeal^ as if it were flill in as much Vogue as 

* formerly. 

Mr. de St. Everemmd was fo offended^ to fe6 
that every Thing, even the moft familiar Dif- 
courfes^ and the moft trivial Affairs, were fung iri 
Optras^ that the better to expofe the Ridicule of 
fuch a Pradice, he diverted himfelf with the 
Writing a Comedy, called the Ol^ ERA, where- 
in he introduces a young Woman, who by the 
Reading and Singing of Operas^ is arrived at that 
^fs, that (he will not condefcend to fpeak with 
any Body, but in Metre, and Singing. Iti a 
Scene of this Piece, he brings in a fhort Criticifiri 
on the Operas that had then been reprefented, 
fuch as the Paftoral of ISSY, POMONA, 
gives, at the fame time, the Charader of Cam^ 
ben, and does not omit giving Mr. ^inault the 
Praifcs he has fo well deferved. 

I fhall add in this Place, that feme great Italian 
Muficians being come into England not many 
Years after, fome of Mr. de St. Evremond*s Friends 
endeavoured to engage him to recant what he 
had faid in his Refleftions on Operas, in fa- 
vour of the French Singing : Whereupon he wrote 
afmallPiece, entitled, AN ECLAIRCIS- 
MENT J but with fuch an ironical Turn, 
that he does but confirm what he had before 
1677. I fliall now acquaint you ho\*^ he came to write 
his DISSERTATION en the Word VAST. 
Some B.dy having, amongft other Praifes, faid 
of Cardinal de Ricbtlicu, that he had a vaft A//W, 
or Genius, without adding anj other Epithet, Mr. de 

Monfeur de St. Evremond. xcvii 

Si. Evrtmimd maintain'd^ That that Exprcflioti 
wasnotjufti That a VAST GENIUS was 
taken either in a good or bad Senfe^ according 
to the. other Adjei%ives that attended it ; That a 

'vaft^ wmideffiily and penetrating Genius^ denoted an 

admirable Capacity ; and that^ on the contrary^ 

a vajl and immoderate Genius, was a Genius that 
loft it felf in rambling Thoughts ; in fine^ but 
airy Ideas ; in Defigns too great^ and not at all 
proportioned to the Means that may render "emi 
SuccefsfuL The Dutchefs of Mazarin oppos'd 
Mr. Je St. Evremonets Opinion j and after a long 
Dilpute^ they both agreed to refer the Jviatter to 
the DeciHon of the Gentlemen of the French 
ACADEMY. The Abbot de St. Real, who 
after he had accompanied that Lady into En* 
^mdy and (laid here a few Months^ was re« 
tum'd to Tarts, having been defired to confulc 
them^ they gave their Judgment in favour of My 

Lady Maz^rin : But alcho' Mr. de St. E'uremond 

had already pafs'd Condemnation, yet when h© 
ftw their Decifion, he declared. That his Recanta^ 
tion was notJincere,but a meer EffeSf ofComplaifance, 
and a voluntary Submiffion of his Thoughts to thofe of 
Madam Mazaria. Hereupon, he not only re- 
fum'd thfe Opinion he had at firft maintained, but 
abfolutely denied that the Word Vafi can ever 
be a Commendation, and afferced, Jhat nothing 

is Cdpable ofreHtfying that ^ality. He urged that, ^ 

Great // a P erf tit ion in Mind, Vaft, always a Re^ 
froach ; That a jufi and regulated Extent made the 
Great j and an immoderate Greatnefs the Vaft. All 

this he proves by Examples drawn out of the bell 
ancient Writers ; after which, he Examines the 
VASTGfiNIUS which is afcribM to Homer 
and Arijtotle J and the VAST SOUL which is 
attributed toPYRRHUS, CATILINE, 
CHARLES V. and Cardinal de RICHE- 


xcviii 7he LIFE of 

LIEU i and then Ihews, that the bed Works of 
thofe celebrated Authors^ and the mod fliining 
Atchidvmements of thofe great Captains^ought to 
be affign'd to the other Qualities of their Minds ; 
and their Errors and chinierical Defigns^ imputed 
to that of Fafi. Thus Mr. de Sp. Evremmd round 
an ingenious Way of inferting the Chara&ers of 
thofe Great Men^ in a Work which any but him- 
felf would have fiird up with bare Grammatical 
Enquiries and Remarks/ 
1678. The Duke of Never s ufed frequently to fend to 
the Dutchefs of Maz^rin^ his Sifter^ iome Copies 
of Verfes of his own making ; having a Genius 
for Poetry, tho' he gave too great a Ix)ofe to his 
rapturous Fancy^ and did not lufficiently corred 
his Compofures. Neverthelefs^ there being fome- 
thing New in his Thoughts^ and in the Turn he 
gave 'em^ his Works were agreeable and enter- 
taining. Madam Maz,arin having communicated 
to Monfieur de St. Evremond an Epiftle, which the 
Duke of Nevers had addrcfs'd to the Abbe Bourde- 
loty defiring him to give her his Judgment upon 
it J Mr. de St. Evrtmoud returned her an Anfwer, 

That there were in that little Piece ^ fome Verfes tf as 
high and fiohU Strain^ as he hadfeen a long while 
before in our Langtiage. I Value them the morty 
adds he, bccaufe there s Novelty and good Sence ; 
which are not eafily match di For our Novelties have 
often a Cafi of Extravagance ; and the good Sence which 
is found in our Writings ^ is generally borrow d from An- 
ticjuity^ rather than of our own Growth. I could wiflf 
JVe fljould be infpird by the Wit of the Ancients, but 
would not have us Jleal it, and fafs it for our own. I 
xwuldhavi \m teach utto think well, but hate to make 
tife of their Thoughts, What remains of their Works had 
the Advantage ofNovelt), when they wrote it j where- 
asy zrh.jt we borrow from them now, is grown Obfolete 
from Agi to Age i and :s fallen, as it were, dead and 

Monjiiur de St, Evrettiond. Xcije 

txtinguifiidinto the Brain of our Authors, JVhat bavt 
we to do with a New Author y who puts forth nothing 
hit Old FroduStons j who ftts bimfelf out with the Fan- 
cies of the Greeks, ^»^/ intpofes on tbeWorld tbairKmw- 
ledge for his awn ? A vaft number cf Rules, made 
Three Thoufand Tears ago, ^refct up to be the Standard 
ofwbat^s Writing now- a- days j without confidcring, that 
neither the SubjeBs to be treated, nor the Genius to be 
regulated, are the fame. If weficuld make Love, like 
Anacreon ^W Sappho, nothing would be more Ridi^ 
tulous i if like Terence, nothing more Plebeian, or 
Citizen-like j and if like Lueian, nothing mere Grofs 
and Lewd, AH Ages haz/e a peculiar CharaBer proper 
to themfelves : They Live their Politicks ; their In^ 
terefis j their Affairs ; and in fome meafure thir Mo-- 
ralsj having their particular Virtues and Vices. I own 
*tis al/ Humanity fiill ,' but Nature is various in Men ; 
4tnd Art, which is nothing but an imitation of Nature^ 
Mght to vary as that does. Our Impertinencies are 
not the fame which Horace ridiculed ; nor are our 
Vices the fame which Juvenal rebuked : fPe muji 
therefore, make ufe of other Banters and Reproofs. 

Afcer the Peace of Nimcguen, Mr. de St. Evre^ ^^li* 
mond wrote anEPISTLEin Verfe co the King, 
wherein he indiredly asks Leave to return to his 
Native Country. Count jD' Olonne having be- 
ftow'd great Praifes on that Piece j^ I know nor^ 
. * fays Mr. de St. E'vremond, in b'ls Anfwcr to him, 

* why you (hould admire my Verfes, fince I don'c 

* admire ^en) my felf ; For I muft inform you, 
' That in the Opinion of a celebrated Mailer * in 

* th# Art of Poetry, a Poet is always the mod 
' Affefted with his own Compofures. For my 
f part, I find a great many Faults in mine, which 

c The LIFE of - 

^ I might Gorrcft, if Exaftnefs were not cxiream- 

* ly Troublefome to my Humour, and did not 

* take up more Time tlian a Perfon of my Age 
^ can fpare^ Beddes, I have another Excufe to 
^ make, which, if I am not miftaken, you will ad> 
^ mit of. Ejfays are feldom Mafier-Pieces ; and the 
^ Praifes I beftow upon the King, being the firft 
^ true and fincere Commendations I ever gave, ic 
^ can be no Wonder I had no better Succefs. As 
' for thofe you beftow upon me, they are an in- 

* genious tronjy of which Rhetorical Figure, I was 
^ formerly fo great a Mailer^ that the Marefchal 

* of Ckrembaut thought no Body but my felf capa- 
^ blc to vye with you in it. Howi'ver^ You ought 
' not to have employed it againft a Man, who has 

* loft the Ufe of it, and who is fo entirely your 
^ Humble Servant as I am. 

i68o. ^^ afterwards composed a little Piece upon 
FRIENDSHIP, which Madam Mazarin cau- 
fed to be printed in London^ and malicioufly En- 
tiled it, FRIENDSHIP without Friendjhif, De- 
dicated to the Earl of St. Albans. Mr. de St. Evre^ 
mond enquires, in the firft Place, into the Reafon 
why the greateft Men of Antiquity, fuch as Alci^ 

hiadciy Agcfilaus, Alexander^ Scipio^ and yuHus defar^ 

were fo little addided to the Love of the Fair Sex ; 
whilft that Wife and Learned King, Solomon, made 
it the conjlant Amttfctnentof his Life, He afterwards ' 
endeavours to Juftify that Prince's Condud ^ and 
fupports his Arguments by the Examples of S^pi&^x, 
the Emperor Augufius, Mr. de SeneSerre, and the 
Marefchal d" Eftrecsy who, even in their Old Age, 
abanoon'd themfelves to the Love of Women. 

Hkwc'ver, adds he, notwithfiandlng thefe Abfurdities^ 
1 (hould highly Vjlue a Man^ who (hould have fuch 
ftrength of Judgment y as to prefcrve tie Relijlj of Liber* 
ty to the end of his Life, Not that an ab/olute Inde* 
pcndance is commendable neither : For it generally pro- 

Monfietir de St. Evremond.' ci 

'duees Indifference and Ingratitude. Let us tberefhre 
iquaUy avoid SLxveryy and entire Liberty^ and content 
our felves with a fii/eet and civil Affeiiion^ as agreea-- 
hie to our Friends ^ as to our felves. If one requires of 
me more than a warm Concern^ for the Intenfis ofthofe 
I Love I more than my Utile AJJijlaneey as inconfidera^ 
ile as it is^ in their NeceJJities ; more than Dijcretion in 
Converfation, and Secrecy in Confidence ; let him 
£Ourt other Mens Friendjhip j for mine can afford no^ 

^ thing more. He fhews afterwards^ what Diforders 
are ibmecimes produc'd by what is call'd Friend- 
(hip } and makes it appear^ that there are diffe- 
rent forts of Friendsj equally dangerous and trou- 
fclefome. He gives the true Character of Friend- 
fliip ; and obferves how much that Virtue has 
been recommended by the Philofophen and good 
Men of all Ages. In the laft Place^ he takes No- 
tice of the Inconveoiencies that arife from too 
great a Number of Friends ; both in relation to 
our felves, and with refped to thofe we profefs to 

Mr. de St. Evremand ufed to pafs the Summer 
Seafon with the Court at Windfor ; where he often 
conversed with Mr. Voffius^ who being come over 
into Englandy in the Year 1670, had received his 
Degrees of Dod:or at Law^ and whom the King 
made one of the Prebends of Windfor ^ in 167;. 
Madam Maz^rin was alfo very much pleas'd with 
the Gonverfacion of that Learned Man ; who of- 
ten eat at her Table^ and of whom She ufed to 
ask Queilions, on all manner of Subjeds. I fhall 
take this Opportunity to give you a Sketch of 
Ifaac Vofflus's Gharader, which you have defir'd of 
me. He Underftood moft European Languages ; 
and Spoke well none of them. He had an im- 
menfe Stock of Learning j a critical and profound 
Knowledge of the Genius and Cuftoms of ancient 
Nations ; But was entirely Ignorant of (he*Man« 

H ;- ncrs 

cii Tbe^LIFE of 

ners of his Cocemporaries. He was Pedatitick 
and Unpolite^ even in his ordinary way of Speak- 
ing ; cxpreffing himfelf in Converfation^ as he 
might have done in a Comment upon yuvenal^ or 
Petronius. At the very time he was Writing Books 
to prove that the Vcrfion of the Seftua^nt was of 
Divine Infpir.ition, his private Difcourfes intimated, 
that he believed no Revelation at all. The un- 
cdifying manner in which he * died, leaves no 
room to doubt his being of that impious Opinion : 
For nocvvithftanding all the Clre and Endeavours 
that were ufed, he could never be induced to ac- 
knowledge, tho' in general Terms, the Truth of 
Chriftianity j about which he obftinately prc- 
I'crv'd a profound Silence. And yet, which is 
hard to be comprehended. He had a chilJifli and 
fo^Iffh Credulity for any thing that ivas uficommonj fa- 

bulousy dnd ptji Belief Thele are the very Words of 
Mr. de St. Evren26n:l,-\ who had long enough 
conversed with Vcjfms^ to know him thoroughly. 
After this, how can any one pretend. That the 
Free- Thinkers, have refined Minds j wean'd from 
Prejudice ^ and which admit nothing but what is 
cxadrly True, and palpably Evident I 
i6Si. ^*'- .7^'A^ retir'd, with his Family, into E»- 
glj77dy towards the end of the Year 1681, in 
order to enjoy here the liberty of his Confcience j 
and was, fome Time after, made the King's Li- 
brary-Keeper ac St. James's. Neverthclefs, he 
flill regretted the Sweets of Life he had left be- 
hind him in France^ and often lamented himfelf 

• upon 

* 7Ar.Tr fojjh/s died at London^ the 20th of Telr. \6%^. 
T^'U. If'ood nmHlik^ I) in his Jt ben <z OxonienfeSy wherein he 
idyp, he died ai jrindfor. 

t /"» bis Dijcourf* to the Marefchal de Crequi. lefore- 
■'d. Pag, LXX. 

Monfieur de St. Bvremond. ciii 

upon that Sabjed ; which gave lAx.JiSuEvr^ 
mond occafion to write to him a pretty long Let- 
ter, wherein he defends the Romipn Church like a 
Gentleman, with a great deal of Wic and Polite- 
nefs ; and without engaging himfelf in the liti- 
gious Subtleties of the Divines. 

Not long after, Mr. Morinj a Man of obfcore 1 682^ 
Birth, and who had no other Merit, than his be- 
ing a great Gamefter, brought over Bajftt into £0- 
ghmi ; and generally kept a Bank at the Dutchefs 
of Jldaz>arin*s who loved that Game paflionately. 
Mr. Je St. Evremont wrote thereupon feveral Pie- 
ces, wherein he complains. That Bajftt fupprefs'd 
the Reading of Good Books, and fpoil'd agreeable 
Converfation. Here follow fome of thofe Verfes^ 
wherein you will And the Charaders of the Learn- 
ed Men, who then made up part of that Lady's 

JCJOiP P r the Time when Reafon rut d your H$ufe, 

• The kind Companion ofyourfafier Vows : 
Wifdom and F lea fur e, did jf our Hours emfl^^ 
To Learning thofe were gi'vn, and thefe to Joy. 
.0/*China, * Voffius a gravo Treatife brings^ 
Divine the Nation^ and her Thoufand Kings : 
JOld Rome, as in bis fpacious Chart defignd, 
Tou Forty Times as big as Paris find. 
Juftel crys up the Critieky Learn d and Char, 
Where the Dark Prophets in fitch Light appear ^ 
That the Old Law may Vindicate the New j 
Invited by your Fame^ applies to you. 

ri 4 litre • 

* Mr. Vojjius wa^cxtreamlf prepoffcft in favour otChtna\ 
jfrretending. That the Chinefe excell'd all the hurofeans in 
WJt, Arts, and Sciences. Nor was his Pre jnd ice Icfs extraor- 
dinarjr as to the Bigqefs and Nu n^xx of Inhil)>tant»of ancisnt 
Mome. ' 

The LI FE of 

Here fafe Perc Simotfs t Worh he m^ Hfflay, 
And give to Light y what Trznce farhaJ the Daj.^ 
Leti * the Life of the Fifth SixtttS hrings. 
For you th* Hifforian Writes^ and Poet Sings j. 
From Leti you may Hope another Name ; 
His narrow Talent will enlarge your Fame. 
What do thefe Scholars by their Learning gain ? 
JVffat by the Labours of their working Brain ? 
Of late a Nod they fiarce receive ^ and now 
*Tis mucby if they a Curtsy meet, or Bow : 
Negleiied now on Mazarin they look^ 
For now BalTet'Sj alas ! her only Book. 
She knows them not, and iffhe knows, regards ; 
Bafict'j her Study y and her Book's the Cards^ 
jifide are Plutarch^ and Don Quixot thrown , 
Racine difgufis, and Montaign'i Credit's gone, j 
Patru's Imftrtiventj and la Fontaine, 
Has the fame Fortune^ with hisfporting Vein. 

There happened in the Year i68;, an Accident, 
wich which the Dutchefs of Mazarin was ex- 
treamly affefted. Baron Banter, a Swedifi Gen- 
tleman, fell paffionately in Love wich that Lady, 
who was not Cruel to him : At which Prince 
Philip of Suvoy^ her Nephew, conceiv'd fo great 
Jealoufy, that he fought a Duel with the Swedifls 
Baron, and gave him a Mortal Wound, of which 
he died a few Days after. His Relations fail'd 
not Profecuthig Prince Tbilip, who was polTcfsd 


MENT vpjs in the Tear i6'^^^ prohibited at Paris ; and Ei the 
Simon defpairing to ohtnin a Pnviledge for bis CRITICK on 
the Ntw Teft anient^ deji^n'd to fend it to his good Friend Air. 
Jufi'A^to b:iveit Printed at London* 

" y-^jiior Gregorio Leti, Author of the life o/Sixtusthe 
\''in, ,iii.i nn inSnite Numher of other Hifiorical and PolHicai 
^eces^ was at that time in Loiidon» 

Mffi^iew de St. Evremond. cr 

of feveral great Benefices in France ; fo that as 
Madam Aitazarin was difconfolate for the Lofs of 
her Lover^ flie was no Jefs apprehenfive for her 
Nephew^ left he Ihould be condetnn'd^ and lofe 
all his Church Preferments. She caus'd hejr A- 
partmenc to be hung with Black : and hardly ad- 
mitted the Vifits of her beft Friends. In mort^ 
flie exprefs'd fuch a folemn Sorrow^ that Mr. de St. 
Evremond did make no doubt of her leaving; En- 
gUikd, in order to return into Spain^ and pals the 
remainder of her Life in the fame Convent with 
the Conftable Colimna's Lady, her Sifter. This 
appear'd the more likely, becaufe the Duke of 
Maz^rin had fent over into Englandy Mademoifelle 
Du Ruz,, formerly a Retainer to his Dutchels^ 
who ufed all her Endeavours to entertain And 
cheriih her Grief, and engage her to retreat into 
a Monaftery ; Whereupon, Mr. de St. Evremmd 
wrote Three or Four 'Letters to Madan||ili^^ii- 
fin^ wherein he omitted nothing that mignl afford 
her Comfort, and divert her Thoughts from a De- 
fign (o inconfiftenc with her Happinefs and Re- 
pofe. He made to her a lively Reprefentation of 
ail the Inconveniencies and Difguus of fuch a So- 
litude J and told her. That in the prefcnt Difpo- 
fition her Mind was in, it would be impoflible for 
her to bear with them. ^ Indeed, /^r^ be^ if you 
^ were touch'd and aded by a particular Grace, 
^ that fhould devote you to G O D's Service, the 
' Hardfliip of your Condition might be excused 
^ by the Ardour of your Zeal, which would make 
' every thing infupportable to you : But you 
^ are neither Convinced, nor AfTeded ; and you 
^ muft even learn to believe in him whomyou are 
' going to ferve fo aufterely .You will not only mee c 
^ with all the Hardships that attend Nuns, but 
' will mifs the Spoufe that comforts them. The 
' being one Day in Doubt about the Happinefs 

^ of 

cvi The LIFE of 

of another Li fe^ is fufficient cocaftintoDe- 
fpair the chafteft Maid in a Nunnery : For^ 
Faith alone ftrengthens her^ and makes her ca- 
pable to fupport the Mortifications (he under- 
goes. Who knows^ Madam, whether you will 
believe but one Quarter of an Hour, what (he 
mud ever believe to avoid being Unhappy ? 
Who knows whether the Idea of a promised Fe- 
licity, will ever be powerful enough to bear 
you up againft the Senfe of prefent Ills ? 'Tis 
in the mid ft of the Univene where the Con- 
templation of the Wonders of Nature will lead 
you to his Knowledge, on whom it depends. 
The Sight of the Siin wilt make you compre- 
prehend the Greatnefs and Magnificence of Him 
tbat form'd it ; That wonderful and juft Order 
which knits and entertains all Things, will 
bring you acquainted ^ith his Wifdom. In 
fhorfljiMadam, in this World which you deHgn 
to quit, GOD lies all open and ready explained 
to our Thoughts : Whereas He lies fo clofe in 
Montfleries, that He rather conceals, than dif- 
covers Hinifelf ; and is fo difguis'd by the mean 
and uuworthy Forms under which He is repre- 
fented, that the moft Inlighten'd, have much 
ado to Know Him. 

You will not Wonder, SIR, to find, that Mr. 
ile St. Evremond allows the Dutchefs fo fmall a 
Stock of Devotion, if you refleft that in her 
MEMOIRS we are affured. That Cardinal 
Aiiz,irin had early perceiv'd her Inclination to 
Irrcligion. One of the things ^ fays the Dutchefs, be 
was mofi dijfatisfied with us'*^ for^ was Demotion. Ton 


* Mrj.rning^the Dutchefs e/M^zirin, her fclf\ her Sijler^ 
vho^ft€}w.irdi married the Conftnhk ColoT\n<i'^ andher Bro- 

th^y *J*^ Tilths *if NJpv'»rc. 

Monfeur de St. Evremond. cvii 

cannot imagine bow much be was concern d at our baving 
fi little ant ; Nor Hid he omit any Argument be 
though froper to Infpire us with it. Among tbe refi, 
complaining once to usy becaufe we did not hear Mafs 
every Dajy he told usy we had neither Piety, nor Honour : 
At lesA/faidbe, if you don't hear it for GOD's 
fake, hear it for the t World's. But if thefe were 
theDutchefs of Mazar ins Sentiments, when (he 
was hardly paft a Child, there's no doubt to be 
made, but her Irreligion increased by the Duke 
her Husband's extream Bigotry and fantaftical 
Superfiition ; and afterwards gather'd Strength in 
her Travels, by her Converfation with Men of 
Wit and Learning, who entertain'd very free 
Thoughts about Religion. 'Twas, therefore, up- 
on good Ground, that Mr. de St. E'vremond repre- 
fented CO her. That (he had need of ipore Kiiow- 
ledge and Grace, before flie (hould think of turn- 
ing Nun. She followed the Advice that was gi- 
ven her J her Nephew was clear'd j and Time ha- 
ving moderated her Sorrow, flie had no further 

Thoughts of leaving Great- Britain. ^ 

The Dutchefs having recover'd a great Fit of ^684- 
Sicknefs in 1684, faid one Day, jefting. She 
ihould be glad to know, what People would fay 
of her, after her Death ? This was fuflicient to 
engage Mr. de St. Evr emend to write her Pane- 
gyrick, under the Title of FUNERAL ORA- 
TION on tbe Dutchefs of Mazarin : Wherein he 
takes aotice of her Birth •, of the lUuftrious Per- 
fons that demanded her in Marriage : Of the Mo- 
tives that induc'd the Cardinal, her Uncle, to 


t See Maim Mazarin'i Memoirs, pag. 1$, i^* 


beftow her on the Duke of U * Mtilkrgji, 
what Judgment the Court p^s'd upon it j of tj 
Duke's foolifh and ridiculous Devotion ; of the! 
Ufagc Madam rccciv'd hi his Hanq^ 
which at hft, forc'd her to go away from him, 
and to facrifice all her Riches to her Liberty and 
Reafon ; of the fereral Journeys fbe was oblig'd 
to take ; of her return to Cbamkcrry ; of lier co- 
ming into EngianA ; of her kind Reception, and 
of her noble and agreeable Way of Living here* 
' Madam ^fa7:.^rill, fays he, is no fooner arriT'd in 
one Place, than Hie fets up a Houfe tn it, which 
caufes :iU the others to be abandnn'd : One 6nds 
there the greateft Freedom in the World, and 
yet all obferve an equal Difcreiion : Every one 
hai there more Conveniencics tttan at Home, 
and more Refpcftpaid him than at Court, Tit 
true, Penple difpute there often ; but with more 
Knowledge than Warmth - Not fo much wiiti 
defign to contradid Perlons, as to clear Matters ; 
and rather to enliven Convetfation, than raile 
(he Spleen. What they play for is inconlidcrable ; 
and as they play only for Divedion, yoii 
J.eannotdlfcuverin the Faces of thofe that play 
!f there, cither the Fear of Lofing, or the Sorrow 
"f ifof having Loit. Nay, fome arc fo far liifinte- 
'ireftcd, that they are found Fault with for K'l- 
joycing at their Loflcs, and concern d at their 
innings. Gaming i» relieved by nioft dclici- 
^out Rcpafls ; in which one finds alt that cohk 
^Siom Frtmct, for the Nicc ; all that's brougi.: 
* from the tndia, for the Curious j and the moii 
' common 


Monfeur de St* Evremond; cijf 

' common Meats become Rarities, by the exqui* 
* fitc Way in which they arc drefs'd. 

He wrote afterwards Two little Difcourfes on 
R E LI G I O N : In the firft of which, he (hews 
the unhappy State of thofc who live in Doubt . 
theAd vantages of che finccrely Devout j andthcvari! 
ousjudgments that are pafs'don thofewho leave the 
World, for a retired or reclufe Life. He endea- 
vours to (hew in the other Piece, That Rdlgion is 
our lafi Love j and that a Converted Sinner, gene-» 
rally intermixes the Idea of his worn-out Paflions, 
with the moft tender Sentiments of his Devo- 

' St. Evremoyjd tn2Ldc about that Time feme 

OBSERVATIONS on ths Tajte and JuJgment 

cf the French. He obferves in the firft Place, 

That tho the Genius of the French feems general// to lie 
but mean, it is certain^ that thofe who Jifiinouifl) thim^ 
felves among tbew, are capable of the moft Noble FroJu^ 
Hums : Buty adds he, when they know bow to fer^ 
formy we know not how to admire them j and if we have 
done yuftice tofome excellent TVork, cur Levity does not 
ffffer it to enjoy long the Reputation we have given itm, 
He wonders, that in fo Polite a Court ss that of 
France, Good and ill Tafte, True and Falfe Wit, 
(hould, like Fa(hions in Cloaths, be in Vogue by 
turns. He gives fome Inftances of thefe odd and 
unaccountable Changes ; adding. That the Ig- 
norant or prejudiced Multitude, generally drowns 
the fmall Number of true Judges. There is no 
Cotmtry, continues he, where Rejfon ( or S^'ZCC ) is 
[career than in France j but wbtn 't:s found thtr?y none 
fuftr in the while Univerfe. He Ikys afcer^ards. 
That the Caprice of the French h^s lomething fo 
Noble in it, that Foreigners forego their gcr 
Sence, to follow that ; and takes notice of the 
confi3erable Advantages France draws from ^Vat. 
^pokdBRon la tbcir Favour. 

The LI FB of 

Mr. 4e St. Evremond fuftaio'd ■ great Lo5 \ 
the Death of King churttt II. ; and as he did a 
fo miich rely on the Affedion of King 7*"*'''> '. 
tho' this Prince had fhcwn bimfcif cxtream Kkt^^ 
to him, he dcfiicd his Fiicnds to renew their Ca- 
deavours to procure his Return co FnzHce. The 
Marcfchiil Je Cn^ui advifed him to write to the 
King, and promts d to deliver hit Letter, and to 
hack it to the tiimoH of hi^ Power j but ic had 
no more EWcSt than tlie former. Wc did not find 
that Letter in Mr. A S:. E-vumonii Papers j but 
here fallows that which he wrote, at the Cimc 
time to the Marefchal /!t Crrja-. 

' I fend you hercwiih, my lord, the Lctteryou 
' have advifed me to write to the King, xnd 

* which you have fo oblipinKly, promis'd me to 
' deliver to His MajcOy. Vou wilt find in it a 
"■peifet^SubmifUon, :ind a finccrc Repentance ^f 
^ a Fault, of which I have nf) otiier Knowledge, 

* than by the Punifiiment I undergo for it. This 

* alone, is to me a Cunviftion of my Crime : If 

* I did not know that ihc Kicu; pumfhcs no Body 

* that has not dcferv'd it, I fliould be ftill unfen- 

* fentible of my luviiij; ofTendcd. As the Aflc- 
' ^ions of the Heart caft a Cloud before the \Jn- 
' dcrnanding ; fo the ZchI 1 felc within me for 

* every thing that concern* the Kiagj did not 
' fuffer me to believe that 1 could difplcafc him, 
' A tittle Icfs Confidence in my Zc;il, and more 

* Precaution, would have made me lUy in Frutnf, 

* where I ihould have had the Honour to con- 

* Terfc with yoLt Lordfliip ; which would have 
' been the grcateft Happioefsof my Life. But a 

* Man muft adapt hlmfclf the bell he can to the 

* Slate he is in, witliout fcikict: a vLiia Comfort 

* in the Remembrance ' nJicion. 
' After all, J cannot u^l • sy Vti. 

* happy : If Fortune l>.: 

Monfeur de St. Erremond. cxi 

Eftate^ (he has afforded me a glorious Trial . 
I mean^ my Lord^ che Proofs I receive of your 
Friendfliip^ which I And as Warm and Hearty, 
after Five and Twenty Years Abfence^ as ic 
could have been if I had the Honour conflanc- 
ly to fee with your Lordfliip. 
^ As for the Advice you give me to Praife 
HIS MAJESTY, you will give me Leave 
not to follow ic. Your AfTedion for me, makes 
you fancy, that I could give an agreeable Turn 
CO his Praifes : But I know how dangerous it 
is ro comipend a Prince, who has more Tafte 
and Difcernmenr, than thcfe who commend 
him have either Wit or Genius. Moll Praifes 
arc Groft, and therefore Fulfcmej Afleded, 
and (b Difagreeable ; Far-Fetch'd, and confe^ 
quenely Ill-Suited with the Subje& : I muit 
have fallen into one or other of thefe Inconve- 
niencies ; and I chufe rather not to praife ac 
all, than not praife well. 'Tis a great Pre- 
fumption for a Man to think, he can fet off 
Things, that fufficiently fet off themfelves. 
They need but be named, to n\ake an Impref- 
fion on Men's Minds. When ever they aremen- 
tion'd, I am the firft that's affeded with them ^ 
Put I do not venture to launch out into Prai- 
fes, that might wrong them ; and I think I do 
more in their behalf, by carefully avoiding to 
daub them, than others by curioufly endeavour- 
ing to heighten them. 
Mr. J<? St. E'vrcmond wrote about this Time, his 

R E F L E C T 1 N S w the Poems of the Jncie:n<^ 
and on the Wonderful 'which is found in thcw. Ho 

ftews in that firft Piece, That how admirable 
iberer Homers Poems be, yet a Man would be ri- 
diculous if he fliould write one after that Model 
n our Age, wherein every thing is chang'd, as 
leli^ion^ Politicks, Manners, Taftc, w3l \N^ns 

cxii The LIFE of 

of LiTing. In the other Piece he (hews^ That 
the Wimdtrful in the Poems of the Ancients, ab- 
firaftedly confider'd in it felf/is little lefs ftrange 
and odd, than that of Knifht- Errantry ; and that the 
Poets have committed the mod infamous A^ons 
to the Management of their Gods and GoddefTes. 
This gives him occafion to examine Tvi^o Maxims, 
that (eem to contradiA one another : The one, 

Hat Tattrj is the Language of the Cods ; the Other, 
That there is not fucb a Fool in Nature^ at a Poetm 

Mr. Bemier came about this Time into FnglanJy 
and Converfing often with Mr.T^;^^. Etgren^J, 
the Efteem they had both for GafmJiy the Refto- 
rer of the Philofophy of Epicurus^ generally led 
their Difcourfe to the Doftrine of that ancient 
Philofopher. This gave Mr, de St. Evremond oc- 
cafion to write a little Piece, wherein after ha* 
ving acknowledged. That of all the Opinions of 
the Philofophers about the Summtim Bonuthy or the 
Supreme Goody none appears to him fo reafonable 
as that of Epicurus : He adds, that it is, howe- 
ver, no eafy matter to determine, what he meant 
by the Word Voluptuoufnefs : Such is the variety 
of Opinions among the Ancients, about the Mo^^ 
rals of that Philofopher. He afterwards relates the 
Judgments that liave been pafs'd upon him, both 
by his Enemies and Partifans j and without gi- 
ving ablblute Credit to either, examines himfelf 
what can be moft rationally afferted upon that 
Subjed. He does not believe that Epicurus de- 
fign'd to introduce an aultere and infenfible Vo^ 
luptuoufnefs, confifting in the Mortification of 
the Senfes : For he thinks that fuch a Voluptu- 
oufnefs is wore rigid than the Virtue of the Stoicks ; 
and he cannot apprehend. That a Philofopher, 

Ti^ho did not belie'ue the Imntortal'ty of the Soul, and 

knew no other Felicity than that of this World, 
Ihould be willing to mortify his Senfes, and chufe 

Monfieur de St. Evremond. exiii 

to Diet upon Bread and Water, in order to attain theSu- 
fream tiarpinefs of Life. I wondtr, adds he, they don't 
determine the Voluftuoufnefs of fuch an Epicurus in 
Death j For to conjidcr the Mifery of his Life^ one 
ivouid be apt to think that his Supream Goodmufl he the 
'Ending of it, Mr. de St- E'vremond is-of Opinion, 
that ^Epicurus was a very wife Philofopher^ who, 
^ according to different Times and Occafions, 
^ loved either Voluptucufnefs in ^iet, that is In- 
* dolence ,• or Voluptucufnefs in Motion : And 
^ that this difference of Voluptmufmfs, has occa/i- 
' on'd the various Reputation , that Philofbpher 
' has undergone. He afterwards takes notice 
of the great Changes which Age and Reflexion 
produce both in our Optnl0hs and Humours ; 
and adds 'tis no woader, that in fo great a variety of 
Viewsy and PaJ/ions, Epicurus who has written ^ore 
than any othtr Phikfophtr^ hath varicn/fy treated the 
fame SubjtSy according as he has differently vieiifd it, 
or been afftited- with it. He is therefore of 
Opinion that we ought to confider him diffe- 
rently , when in Health and the vigour 
of Youth, from what he was in Sicknefs and 
old Age. In the firft State he enjoyed with 
Economy the mod lively and moil rapturous 
Pieafures ; and when he became Infirm and 
Languid, he had no relifh but for the Indolence 
and Tranquility of Mind, in which the Happi- 
nefi of old Age conlifts. Monf- de St- Evre^ 
mond had addrefs'd this Piece to Monf. Bernier i 
but Madam VEnchs having fbntie time after de- 
fired to know of him, whether he was the Au* 
thor of fomc R e p t e c t i o n $(>» rA^ DoSfrine ofE* 
picurus^that were printed at Paris with his Name, 
he fent her that DiiTertation ; and Monf. Bernier 
being lately Dead, he addrefs'd it to that Lady, 
andet the Name of the Modem Leontium. She 
defir'd to know of him likewife, what difpofitioh 

I Jms 

The L I F E of 

his Mind was in, at that time^ whereupon he fent 
her the following Sonnet : 

Tht fweetefi Momtnls I enjoy ^ 
An when good Books wjf7$oughts employ: 
When I iffpiy/fy felf to write ^ 
'Tis not my Bufmefs, hat Delight, 

My Tajle of Satyr is no tncrty 
And 1 malicious Vraift give ore : 
But when vnth Truth I can commend^ 
^Tis fUafmt thtn to pleafe a Friend. 

Far from France ^y Life I Uad^ 
Far fnm Pltnty^ fiffffrcm Need j 
JVitb my vulgar tattX^onttnt^ 
And the little H:avn his Lent, 

Virtue^ if net fov/r^ T choofe j 
TleafurCy if n ot u*ild and loofe. 
Life I love y hut do not fly 
At Death* f Afproacby nor fear to die. 

Monfieur de St. F.vrcmond's Friends in England^ 
had a mind to procure him an Employment 
at the Court of King James II ; and thereupon 
the Earl of SundtrLnd^ Prefident of the Council 
and Secretary of State, proposed to that Prince to 
create in his favour a Place of Secretary in 
Extraordinary to His Majefty, whofe Province 
ihould be to write Letters in French to the other 
Princes and States oi Europe. The King approved 
nay Lord Sunderland! s Motion ; But Monf. de St. 
* Evremond, who thought it did not become him 
to accept fuch an Office^ did handfomely declinei 
ic^ telling that Prime Minifter^ he was oblig'd 
to him for his Kindnefs ; and defked him withal^ 
to return His Majefty his humbU Thanks for 

Monfeur de St. BvreitioticL cxv 

fibe Honour He intended him : adding, lie would 
account him&lf very Happy to be able to ferve 
Him<( but that a Man of his Age ought to think 
of nothing, hut to Husband well the fmall Re- 
inainder of his Days^ and fpend it in Eafe aqd 

The Difcourfe be composed at that Time, On 
Retirement^ contains feveral RefieBiom on the ordi^ 
nary Deftiis of old Aden, and on the Reafont that 
ought to induce them to leave the World. Monf. de St. 
E'unmmd obferves, that of all Retiretments,none 
Were preferable to a Monaftery^if th^re were allow d 

the ntcejfary Conveniences for the BoJy^ and a reafonahle 
SatisfaSion for the Mind. He wiflics there were 
eftablifhd Societies, whither Gentlemen might 
retreat *, after they have done the Publick all the 
Service thejfc^re able; and where they might Rc- 
Ii(h both the Joy of a Pious Solitude, and the In- 
taoccnt Pleafure of a polite and agreeable Con* 
Verfation. He afterwards relates what the Ma« 
refchal de Cleremhault ihoug;ht about Retirement ; 
adding, that ds for himlelf, * altho' he be per- 

* fuaded, that there arc Times, wherein 'tis the 
^ higheft Pitch of Wifdom for a Man to re- 

* treat ^ neverthelefs he trufts more to Nature 

* than to Reafon for his Retirement. *Tis hy her 
Imfulfe^ continues he, that amid^the World I now r«- 
tirefrom the World it filf. lam 01 in it^ as to what 
fleafes me in it; but am outofir^as to ii;hat Incommodes 
me. I daily fieal away from troublefome Acquaint 
tanctj and tirefome Company : I daily feek a jTi^eet In^ 
tercourfe with my Friends, and place my greateft De- 
light in their Nite Converfation. After the Rate I 
Li've^ 'tis neither a full Society, nor yet an ahfolute Re^ 
treat ; hut an hmocenKConfinememt to what fuits hejf 
Vfith me. Difgitfied wiib. Vice ae taogrofs, and Offend- 
ed with the FraBiee of Vertue as tw auftere, I take up 
vitb barmlefs Diverfions, agreeable to the Repofe of Old 

I z ^g^^ 


^pf, ami aff'M'tHg mt only in ProJUirtifn to iht a'^fi 
of the fkp^nrM' SirfibUlty I am capM (/ Hc Taj 

muclitlie fatnc Ttiing in che' St^z,i'i he ma( 

on itic Happy Begimiidgcf King yumn the ifl 

Reign _ J 

1 he Dutchefs of Bi^uiilon htw.^ come o«r infl 

Ett^lm J in lite 'Yfiar 1687. cogiveaVifit to iff 

Dutchcfsof A/.t7f«oJier Sifter,the celebrated N| 

Jc L riiMi'if wroic to her a very genteel ai 

winy Lcttei ; which, at her Dciire, Mr. «/<£ 

^V''*»tm'Uaf<f/er<i for her: And this was Acknol 

fdg'd by a I.ctter of Thanks front Mr. | 

Fun:.iint . no lets valuable than the 

'hat Autfiot ( I mean Mr. Jt U Fwt-tii^ 

id gaiii'd fb great a Kcp itaiion 

^fiuntry, dui: M) LaJy H.iv.j', and fonis otH 

frtrfons of extraordinary Merit , ^aviiifi, (om 

years after, been iiirc.irm'd , th;it his Circug 

[ances were but indifferent at Pmit ; (Key 1 

Iblv'd to Inwitc him hirhcr, where he fhould ha" 

wanted m iLingjand (is ve^ likely he would ha. 

[come ever, had he not been hin^red h\ the !,■. 

Brmitiei of old Age. The i.e\r 

'■..Je St.hvrt»ic.riJ WiOir. loDr 

^hyfician, hi* intimate Friend, 

J concerning die Ac-oums of i(.; 

f'Uer A CA.m«o»/, Father T.ulur.l, and ihc ^b^ 

l*ti>"/. By this Pice-; it ai'pesri, thai ha 1 

treat Idea, ciihr: 

be fpcaks niori.: , 

\ "the Letter hc ur 


Monfieur de St. Evremond. cxvii 

lin ^. That Officer's Friends caus'd ic to be dif- 
own'd in the Journal Jes Sa^vaKs; and the Houfe 
of Turenne was fo difatisfied with 5r, that they 
rcfolv'd to pitch upon fome good Pen, to write 
the Life of that Great Captain. The Cardinal ^U 
Bouilloft, who was not ignorant that Mr. JaSt. Ev^ 
remend was Skilled in the Military Art, and doubt- 
ed not but he had Studied the Genius of the mod 
celebrated Commanders of his Timp, defired him 
to fend him the Marefchal deTunnm's Charader, 
that it might be made ufe of towards his Hiflory* St. Evremond wrote thereupon a little Piece, 
where in the firft Place he mentioned by what 
fteps the Marefchal deTurtnne rais'd himfelf to the 
Command of an Army! He (hews what particu- 
lar Efieem the Prince of Ccnd^ had for him, and 
with what Application he endeavour d to improve 
himfelfi not only by his Adions, but alfo by his 
Converfation and Reflexions. ^ I remember^/j^i 
^ be^ he ask'd him one Day, borv be would manage. 

* the li^ar in Flanders ? Make but few Sieges, 

* anfwcr'd the Marefchil de Tnrcmey and givo 

* frequent Battles. When you have once rendered 
^ your Army Superior to che Enemy's, both by 

* the Number and Goodncfs of the Troops ^ 
^ (which you have almoll done by the I5attle of 

* Rocroy; ) when you are once Maiter of the open 

^ Country ,Villages will ferve you inltead of forti- " 
' fied Towns; But Men rather Place theirHonour 

* in Reducing a Fortrefs, than in the means of 

1 3 , making 

* See Mr. Bayle^s Reponte aux Qucftions d\in Provincial. 

Tom. i,p. 2*4. . , . T . 

t Tix frUfor certain, thM the Abb: Kaguenet u about; it ; 
anias be will, mdonhtedly, be furnijb'd with Good Memoirs^ 
that Life, will in all ptohah\lir.y , he quue difererJ ftrvu 
that he has giwen ut of Oliver Ctomv7Q\\y in. which thm u^r 
feorcc fewer Faljlties tbnn Periods. 


The L PF E"^- 

' tnakine an caftc Conqucft of a wliole Prevlni 

* If the King of .■:;)rf/« had laiJ out in Maim 
,'ing Troops, what he has ExpenJed, both 

* M: I and M 'H:), to make Sieges, and Foi 
' h'.,^; Pla«s, he would by this time, be 

:l ''ici.i Kirp oil Earth. Mr. tie St. 
1 , .1.111-: of ihe Marefcha! 

'inij fh-ws what importi 
. -MHt I. .e Coi.rt doling the Ci 
..:. n . /^ iftcr*ards('jme R' fJeAirns 
' aiiii Attcctionfonhe Publick Good, 
Rihe Honour of his Counny ; on his improi 
bent of the Military Dii'ciplinc ; on his O 
ifuA in relation to Cardinal Attx-arhi j and. 

laft Place, on the Marks of Eftecm and 
praiitudc with which (he Kinf; Honoard him, 
Wen after his Death ; HisMajefly having order* 
Jlim to bclnteir'd at St. D.'nMi(, in the Vault 
Kings of Framf. Mr. Jc St. E-vrrmovJ 
[naints us in that Piece, with a Particular whi 
lerhaps you will be ^lad to find in this Place 
fehtch is, ihat the Matefchal Je Tmtnw allow 'd 
(rftinc no Share in Events of War, but was of 
ppinion that the l.ofs of a Battle was ever to be 
':tibd to the ill Conduft of the Generals. W^n 
Af4ti hapi, faid he: , ib^t he hat committti wa 
tu!n in W^r, h« frr{'jf.:de! wc tiat he hat nM htm 
» 41 SnUirr. He faid likcwifc, that he toft the 
_ titfis of M.iritnJal and Rh: ul only for not flrift- 
qr obfcrvirg the Maxims of War. Are not you. 
Sir, cxtreamly pleas'd with fo Noble and fo Ele- 
vated a Sentiment I 

Mr. Je Sr. Evr(mciiJ revifcd at that time, the 
ParaHfl between the Prince of ConJi and the 
Marefchal Jt Tumnti which he Iiad rough drawn 
daring his Qiy in HdUnd. A Fragment of it ha<i 
bceninfertcd in the Mtmein avai Jt the Life of the 
frma (f Condi, which were printed la Rirw ~ 


Monpenr de ^t. Evremond. czif 

Years ago^ in a ColleAion of Mifcellanies publiHi'd 
under the Name of Mr. da St. Evremond j Buc 
you will find chat Piece entire in the Genuine 
Edition of his Works we have publifli'd. 

The moft Chrii^ian King intending to declare 
War againft England in the Year 1689, faid to 1689. 

Count de Crammonts that Mr, de St. Evremond might 
return to France , and be would be wdccme. Thofe 

who had powerfully opposed his Return were 
dead and ggne : And the King beihg at liberty 
to follow his Natural Inclination , did^ at la(t 
Mr. de St. Evremond the Juftice hedcferv'd. Be- 
(ides 3 His Majeily was apprehenfive ^ that it 
might be dangerous for him to ilay in England ; 
and thought Frtmce was the only State he could 
retire to^ all the reft of En}ope being in Confe- 
deracy againft him « Count dt: Grammont SLcquainttd 
him with this good News ; his other Friends Con« 
gratulated with him upon it, and prefs'd him to 
come over into France: But they were very much 
furpriz'd^when they faw he excus'd himfelf. He 
anfwer'd Count de Orammont^ that he had a deep 
Senfe of Gratitude for the Favour his Majefty in- 
tended him, and would have readily accepted it^ 
were he in a condition to enjoy it ; but that 
the Infirmities infeparable from old Age, did 
not permit him to undertake fuch a Journey, and 
to leave a Country, where, after all, he lived very 
agreeably and comfortably. He had Reafon tc. 
fay fo : For King William ever honour'd him 
with his Prote&ion and Kindnefs ; made him 
often a Sharer of his Pleafurable Entertain 
ments ^ and gave him, more than once, ( 
Marks of his Favour. That Prince had alto a 
great Regard for the Dutchefs of Maz^rin, who, 
9t that titqe, found her felf in very hard Circurn- 
ftances. S^e Parliament-Men would fain have 
bid her feAouc pf England : But the. King took 

1 4 her 

cxx 7he L I F E of 

' her under his Prote(aion , and allow'd her a 
Penfion of two Thoufand Potinds a Year. 'Tis 
true the Duke of ALz^rin powerfully follicucd 
her to return to France, which fhe would readily 
have acquiefcd in ; But flie could not leave 
England, without either payine; the Debts (he had 
Contraded here, or, at leaft giving Security. 
In the mean time, the Duke of Maz^rin enter'd 
an Adion againft her ; ard upon a Suppofition 
that (he was free to leave England, if (he pleas'd, 
fhe was caft by a Decree .of the Great Council. 
She might, perhaps, have fecretly retir'd out of 
this Country ; but (he was too generous to leave 
her Creditors in the Lurch. The PLEAD- 
ING which Monfieur Erard, the Duke of A4i- 
z^irin^ Council at Law, made againd her, was 
printed at Taris fome time after the Tryal of 
that Caufe was over ,• and bore three or four 
Editions ; but did not come to the Dutchefs's 
Hands till the Year 1696. She was fo enrag d at 
the virulent Manner in which fhe was expos'd in 
that Writing, that fhe caused an Anfwer to be 
written to it ; but having communicated the fame 
to iVir. di St. Evremond, he found it too long and 
too paffionate, and took upon him to new mo- 
del it. lie defign'd to have retrenched all vio- 
lent Expreffions againft the Duke of Max>arin ; 
but the Dutchefs oppos'd it, faying, ^le knew very 

-well, a Wife ought not to go from her Husband ; and 
therefore nothing but a lively Reprefentation of his Exor- 
bitancies could jufiifie her to the World. Nor would (he 

fufFer the Duke's Council to be fpared, for ba-u^ 
ingj added (he, tranfgrefsdthe Laws of Truth, Judji^^ 
mtnt, and Decency, in relation to her. Moreover, fhe 

complain'd of him to the Dutchefs of Bouillon, 
who having caus'd Mr. Erard to be tax'd with it, 
he cndeavour'd to excufe himfelf in a Letter to 
the Duke of Cadcrcujfe, which was tranfmitted t6 


Monfieur de St. ^vremond, cxxi 

Madam de Max/irin. Mr. de St. Etmmond^s An- 
fwer to Mr. Erar^% Pleading, was publi/h'd in 
London in the Year 1696 j with a Preface writ- 
ten by the Reverend John * DukurJuu, contain- 
ing a genteel Encomium on the Dutchefs of 
AJazarh ; tho' fomewhat abiidg'd and amended 
by Mr. de St. Evremond. 

The latter wrote about that time a Copy of 
Verfes on the War then Raging in Europe. After 
having mentioned the fevcral Potentates who had 
entred into a Confederacy againft France^ and 
taken notice of the different Motives that united 
them ; he prefages that whatever Efforts that 
^reat Kingdom was able to make, it would not 
be poflible for it to refift fo powerful Enemies : 
And the Reafon he gives for it, is becaufe France 
had not, as before. Generals confummate in the 
Art of War, to oppcfe them : 

Jn France, indeed y tho thre^tnedtbt4Sy ycul fni 
Vigour and Condutl in her Councilsjoind, 
She'll early arm : for Peril (he'll provide : ' 
And mighty Fleets jihill in her Hurboun ride j 
While nuniroM Armies flje at L^nd prepares^ 
And fires their Courage by her e^ual Cares. 
Her Heroes had flje not Intom'd beheld ; 
Tbofe Chiefs^ v/ho over- ml* d the bloudy Field j 
Were they fit II living, flicd contrcul the War ; 
And van^uifyd Nations might attend her Carr : 
But to her Giief^'Great Turenne is no more j 
And ne'er fljall Conde hear the Canon roar. 
Crequi'/ expired j nought but his Name Survives ; 
And Schomberg for another Monarch lives. 


* The fame who Im fublijb'i a Le^rn^i Diflertation on the 
Thehim Legion. 

rxxii The LJ F E of 

To tbofe Great Menflie owd her florid State j 
Jh-ir Prudence neer gave Way to 'turns of Fate I 
While tl- '■ were running their Triumphant Race^ 
Secure fhe lived from Danger and Difgrace. 
But doubtful y hy their Lofs, wiU he her Doom^ 
For Fortune now wiS her own R^ght refume. 

Monfieur de St, Evremond did not live 
to fee the Accomplifhment of his Prophecy ; 
for France found means to maintain her Ground 
during the lait War. The time of her Humilia- 
tion was not yet come : And Heaven^ it feems^ 
had decreed that the Repofe and Liberty of Eu- 
rope (hould be owing to the Piety, Wifdom, and 
Greatnefs of our Auguft QUEEN: Under 
whofe Glorious Aufpices the E U G £ N E S and 
theMAHLBOROUGHS are to the Allies^ 
whattheCONDES and th? TURENNJ&S 
were formerly to France. 

:692. The Dif|Mite which arofe in Fr^wc^ about the 
Ancitnts and the Modems, was often the SubjeA 
Matter of Converfation at the Dutchefs of Afo- 
x^rins : And becaufe Mr. de St- Evremond gene- 
jrally commended our beft French Authors ; this 
gave that Lady occafion to engage him to write 
his Judgment on Mr. Perraulis PARALLEL, 
and on Malherbey Voiture, Sarrafin^ Benferadcy Cor'- 
neille, Rachie, Defpreaux, and la Fontaine. He alfo 

wrote about that time a Copy of Verfes, wherein 
he maintains, that as to Philofophy, Wit, and 
Galantry, the Moderns excel the Ancients. 

^■^9X* The Dutchefs of Af^j^^^rii* being fallen Sick ia 
169} , Mr. de St. Evremond wrote a D I A* 
LOGUE in Verfe, between theOldMan^ 
that is,himfelf,and Death : Which,as was very well 


Monfieur dc St. Evrcmond. cxxiii 

Obfervcd by Learned * Men , «f an Imitatlm of the 
Prologue if the Alceftes of Euripides ; tho it fuv'^ 

pajfes its Original by the Delicaty of the Turn, and the 
nice Satyr that runs through it. The ^efiion is, 
whether any Body will die for the Dutchefs of Maza* 
rin ? And this gives the Author occafign to nsujler up 
all the Friends, of both S$xes ; of the Illujlrious Sick 
Lady ; that is CO fay, xdmofi the whole Court of Eng- 
land. 7%eir Cbara^er^ are touched with a Aiafitrly 

Mr. de St. Evremond being included in the Tax x^qc, 
the Parliament had laid on Batch^lors, he took 
from thence occafion to write a Copy of Verfes 
full of fire and Humour Nor is there lefs of either 
in the Anf^ver he wrote about that Time to the 
Bpiftle which the Abbe de Chaulieu had addrefs'd 
to the Dutchefs of Mazarin; and which contained 
little elfe befides an Encomiitm upon Mr. de 
St* Evremond. That ingenious Abbe had compa* 
red him to Ovid ; to which he anfwer'd thus t 

* There*s no Comparifon^ but whac*s difobliginj 
^ to you ; there's no advantageous one^ which 
^ may claim with Reafon. That of Ox/iJdoes not 

* fute with me. He was the moft Witty and the 
' raoft unfortunate Man of his Time : And I am 
^ not like him^ either as to Wit or Misfortunes. 
^ He was exiled among Barbarians^ where he made 

* fine Verfes ; but fo Melancholy and Doleful, 
^ that they raife as greatContempt for his Weak* 
^ nefs^ as Compaflion for his Difgrace. Where I 
^ am^ I fee daily the Dutchefs of M^tSarin; I live 
^ among very Sociable Perfons^ who have both 
^ a great deal c f Merit^ and a great deal of Wit j I 

* make very indifferent Verfes : But fo very Gay, 

* that 

* See the MT.MOlVi'ES pour P Hifloire des Sckocci et 
dtt beau& Arts ; ^^nv* 1706. /. "io.f tinted at Tfevoux* ' 

cxxiv Ihe L I F E of 

'that they make my Humour to be cnvy'd, 

* while they expofe my Poetry to Contempt. I 
' have too fmall a Stock of ivloney j but I love to 
^ be in the Country where there's Plenty of it : 
' Befides, it fails us with our Lives ; and the con* 
^ fideration of a greater Evil, is a loft of Remedy 
'againft a leffer. ' Thus you fee I have feveral 
^ Advantages over Ovid. 'Tis true he was more 
' Fortunate at Rome with JULIA, than I have 

* been at LonJon with HORTENSIx\: But 
' the Favours of Julia were the occftfion of his 
^ Misfortune, and the Rigours of Horunfia do 
^ not make a Man of my Age uneafie. 

1656. Count de Crammont h\\ dangeroufly ill in the 
Year 1696 j of which the King being inform'd , 
and knowing befides that he was accounted* 
to be inclined to Libertinifm j he w.^s pleafed to 
fend to him the Marquis of Dange^u to puL him 
in Mind to take care of his Soul. Hereupon 
Count de Grammont^ who was near Expiring, 
turning towards his Wife, who had ever been a 
very devout Lady, told her, Coimtefs^ if you don t 
look to it, Dangeau, will rob you of my Converjion. 

Mademoifelle ^/e /*£»(r/(?x having afterwards writ- 
ten to Mr. de St, Evremondy that Count de Gram- 
mont was recovered, and even feem'd to have 
turn'd Devout j 1 have learn d^ anfwered he to her, 

with a great deal ofPleafure^ that Count de Gram- 
mont h^s receiver d his former Health and gjind neji/ 
Devotion, hitherto I contented my felf Tvith being a 
downright Honefi Man ; but fometbing more muji be 
donCy and I only wait for your Example to turn De- 
vout. Tou live in a Country that affords admirable Ad^ 
vantages for Salvation : Where Vice is almofl as oppo/ite 
to the Modcy as to Verttie j and where Sinning PaJJ'es 
for ill'Breeding ^ and claflns as much with Decency as 
with Religion. It was formerly enough to be Wicked ; 


Monjieur de » Evrcmond. cxxv 

No7i/ one mujl be a Scoundrel withal ^ to be Damnd in 
France. Thofe who Live not Sufficient Confidtration 
for the other Worlds are ltd to SalviHion by the Regards 
and Duths they lie under in thu^ Mr. de St. Evrcmond 
did foon after congratularc with his Friend 
upon the News of his Recovery,- and in 
order to divert hini, feni him his E P IT APH, 
ac the End of which he infeued his one 

* After having read, fays he^ the EPl T AP H 
' of Coviin de Crummonty if thou art CLirious to 
^ know him that made ir, 1 fliall give you his 
^ Charader. He*s a Philcfophcr equally diftanc 

* from Supcrfiition and Impiety : A Voluptuary , 
^ who has no Icfs Averfion for Debauchery , than 

* Inclinarion for Ple^fure : One who never felt the 

* Preffure of Indigmce^ and was never acquainted 

* with VLnty. He lives in a Condition, defpis'd 

* by them that have all at Command j Envied 
' by tbofe who have Nothing j and Reliflied by 

* thofc who place Happinefs in Reafon. When 

* Young, he hated Profufenefs, being perfuaded 

* that Wealth is neceflary for the Convenience? 

* of a long Life : Now he's Old, he can hardly 
' endure Thriftinefs and Occonomy j being of 

* Opinion, that Want is little to be dreaded, when 
' a Man has but little Time to be Indigene in. 
' He bleffes Nature, and does not complain cf 

•* Fortune. He hates Vice j is Indulgent to 
' Faults ; and pities Misfortunes. He does not 
^ pry inco Men's Defeds with deflgn to expofa 
'them , but only culls out what's Ridiculous 
' in them to make himfelf Merry with it : He has 
' a fecret Pleafure in finding ic out ; and would 
* take a greater in Difcovering it to others^ 
' were he not over-ruled by Dilcretion. 

' Life, in his Opinion, is too ihorc to read all 
{ forts of Books^ and burdca 0fK*s Memory with 

* Abun- 

' Abundance of Things at the Expence of oid 

' Judgment : He does not afFetft the mrri ! 

' WriringSj to acquire Knowledps ; b 

* Rational, to fonifie his Reufbn. ."■ 

' lookifurthe moft Delicate, torertu-: 

' rometimesrorthemoftentertaiiiiiiffii ' i 

' Genius. To make up his Chara>:tci' , 

' dcfcribe him as to liis FricndDiip, and Kcii^l< 

In Friendfhip,he is more Conft-Jiiz ih^n a I'dilfl 
' foplier ; and more Sio'jcre than a good naiLrefl 
' unexperienc'd Young .Mao. As to Religonyj 

* Ju^ice aiJ charity fafflj if>t VUct 
X)f rigid Vtnanct, nnJ <* farm/il Fact- 
t-tit tiety, vUbeut infiiilcd Fi^itiSj 
fFiewieafii, nnJ /iu^triiji AifJaifii. 
%0'eJtinly u tht OhjtS of Lis Cart, 
tWiofi GaoJntft Ifav" I* Rovm far black Otff^h: 
m^lhin lilt Hfftnt of hit PrfvUtAcey 
fHe pUeit bit R,'pole, hit Hiifi, and jurt Defati 

He alfo congratulated with Count Onm 

r«aipon the Jeft iie had wuli his Counted duri 

his Sicknefs. H'thrrta, fays he to him, y*i* bm 

httvn^j HEROE, andiyi^ur P H I I. O S f 
.PHER ilVs {kiTfJ iseh th^fi nre jgujlitltt i i 
atiu new have got thimhah j ftr yeu lyive rthhtd m 
M/ Phii/tphj. 1 i^nuUwilb It K- J' -J, /* i 6 W ) 
w»l, ^hat ymf-ti! agtmi2,itit : C O U W T E S 

¥691. The HISTO RICAL and CRI-U 
■ CAL DICTIONARY wasbtoaghti 

to Enghtti the next Yt:ar: AiiJ give me leave,? 
to tell you here, ttiat t)ie Dutchefs ot Ht ' 
W3$ c.'iarai'd with tluc Work ; and th»:iU 

Mmjieur de St. Eipemonde cxxvii 

fons of Wxc and Difcernmenc in London^ enter- 
tained a particular Efteem for ic. Mr. Je 5f . 
Evnnsond perufed it with fo much Pleafure and 
Satisfadion, that the Abke Rmaudots JUD- 
GMENT, or C R ITIC I S M upon it, be- 
ing fallen into his Hsnds, he defign'd co anfwer 
it : But that Abbes Performance being a meer 
Declamation, he thought a bare delicate Irony 
to be fufficient to confute it. The Reader will 
fee more particularly in a Letter Mr. de St. Ev^re- 
mond Honoured, me with, when he fent back 
to me the Second Edition of the CRI T IC A L 
DICTIO ' I A R Y, which I had lent him, how 
much he was affedled with the Beauties of that 
Work, and how much he valued its Author. 

I have already acquainted you, S I R, that in 
the Year 1668, there had been printed in Paris 
fome of Mr. de St. Ewemond's Works , but 
fo full of Faults, that he fcarce could know them 
to be his own. I ihalt add in this Place, that 
neverthelefs thofe Pieces were fo well received 
by the Publick , chat the Bookfelter ufed all 
poffible Means to get others j and in order to 
Iwell up the Volumes , he Inferted in them 
feveral Treatifes and Writings in which Mr. d^s 
St. Evremmd had not the leaft Share. He com- 
plain'd of this Trick ; but more like a Gentle- 
man than an Author .* J have a great Dlfadvantage^ 
fays he to Mademoilelle de /' Encks (who, as I 
obierved before, ask'd him whether he was the 
Author of the REFLECTIONS on the 
DoArine of Epicmus , that were fathered upon 
him ) thrive a great Difadvantage in tbefi littU 
Treatifes that are printed tmder mj Name. There 
. are fome good Verfcrmances winch I do not awn^ becaufc 
tbey dmt belong to me j and amongfi my Writings tbtj 
iaive inferted abundance of Imfntinent things v^bicb 1 
iont fake tic TmtbU to difown. At fity Age, mt 


cxxviii Tl0 LI F B of 

Hyur of Life well managtdy is of more Confideration 
Tifitb mcj thtn the Conctrn of an inJtffdrent Refutation. 
With what Difficulty a ALn farts with Self- Lt've J t 
^uit it ai an Authur ^ I refume it as a Philofopbtr ^ 
finding a fecret Plenfure in NeglvSling^ what ot bits Jo 
eamtftly Vurfue. 

By this, SI Ry yoQ find chat Mr. de St. Evre- 
tnond was not very fond of the Merit of being an 
Author^ and chat he look*d on the Applaufe of 
the Publick with indiffeience. How Jame and 
mangled foever his Works were publifhed , 
he never took the Pains publickly to difown 
them. He contented himfelf with telling his 
Friends in Converfation : He wi\ljd that none of his 
Writings had ever bt:en fublijhed. The World would 
not fee in thdnty added hc,ftveral Faults of which I am 
fctjfibU my fclf and which I might h.ive avoidi*d: 
But writing only for my felf or to fleaje my Friends y 
I did not aff.'it Nicety* Hvwtvery continued he, 
ibey ought to h.ive printed thofe Vieces^ as I had writ 
thtmyandhavt left no other hut my own Faults in them : 
hm tbiy buve made Jucb Alterations in them, that 
I am an ahjolute Strjnger to my ojim Works. Thcfc 
Faults are fo Numerous, and fo Ccnfid.erable, 
that y«u would fcarce believe ir, if I did not 
give yuu an Inftance. In the Piece entituled 

Frivndjliip without Fri^ndfiup ^ Mr. dc St. Evrcmond 

had writ what follows : 

* And this is the common Fate of Lc^-e and 

' /^'7c•»J^;'^D,gfoandedoa the Hoart. As for thofo 

, ^jnftand reafonable Ties, over-ruled by Judg- 

* ment, there's no Rupture to apprehend .- For 

* either they laft for Life, or infenfibly wear off, 
^ with Difcretion and Decency. It is certain 

* that Nature has placed in our Hearts a Loving 
^ Faculty y (if I may fo fpeak) fome fecret Princi- 
* pie of Affedion, fome hidden ftock of Tender- 

V * nefs, which opens and communicates it felf in 

^ Ximc: "Rnr i^r "Mnw 

Monjieur de St. fivremond. cxxix 

No^v, fee what he is made to fay, in the Eng. 
lifli Tranflation of his Works, Printed in the 
Year 1700, for Mr.ChurcbHl *, altho' it was done 
from a printed Copy in which Mr. de St. Ev- 
remond had made fome CorreAions, as will be 
faid hereafter : 

And this is the common ^ate of Love and Friend^ 

Jhip. But if the Heart grounds its AffaSlion upon 

jufi and [olid Reafons, there is no Rupture to be ap^ 

prthendcd : For either it lafis fo long as a Man lives^ 

or it infendhly breaks off with Difcrction and Speeds 

It is certain that Nature has placed in our Hearts 

fimething Gay and Laughing^ fome fecret l^rinc:ple of 

AffeSion^ -which conceals its own Ttndernefs from 

ethers j but opens and communicates it Jelf -to 

Friends, Buty &C. 

Was there ever more egregious Nonfenfe ? 
And indeed when 1 rcfled: on the prodigious 
Number of Faults that had crept inthofe Works 
of Mr. de St. Evremond , I cannot but wonder 
how they came to be receiv'd with fo much Ap- 
plaufe. This muft be owing to the prevailing 
Number of (hining Beauties : However, as it 
was well known that he had no fhare in the 
Publifliing of his Works, and that the Bookfellers 
had foifted in amongll them feveral fuppofi* 
citious Pieces, he ought not to have been made 
accountable for what he had no hand in j 
as was done in a Book entituled , D I S- 
SERTATION fur ks Oeuvres M.Jlies de M. "98- 
de St. Evremont ; avec V Examen du Factum qu'il 
a fait four M. la Ducheffe de M^zarin, contre Air At 
Due de Ma2arin fin Miry i That is, a Difertation 
en tbi MifceUaneous Works of Mn de St. Evremond 

K &c 

^ VtL \. Pag. ^> 


cxxx Thi Lift j/ 

\*3'T^f* ' *• *") '^-w'-f* • 1^" " * r ' * " .' 'tii ' • ~ •< rr* » 

^ • • 

* .»• X * . :: -^ 1. rfi X. i- aL a;;^ •-. ^ •.-:.•• .i l'« la 

• 1 \ » ^w ' t * • • • , 

fh:e*i Jei^.5 M: /< ?;. £."•>;':. . ti tmiVu urea 
hi.T; in :r.s Arfwer :o his P'.csii \^, ergag^si 
tke SieUi- C.-'.-f-n.:; co -vrite th.K C-i:ic:i?::, mi 
that he hai hirrfiif a gre?.t fnarc in i:. 

Mr. d: Biuzjl, v;ho had thac Piece crar>rmicceJ 
to him, v/rore co Dr. .SyJ-.r/'-.-j dsiiring hini to 
acquijiriC Mr. a: St- EzrrrKinJy tha: he hai re- 
ceived from Prris a Crincidn on his Works ; buc 
that he thcuehc i: his Duty not co takeX-Tcice of 
it in his Journn! ot Licteracure, before he had 
ccnlUlted with him : And let him know, ac the 
fame Time, that Ibmc Body at P«,-»4f was wri- 

ty. f f/'4Ve not j'it p'ru'e/lj a'VJs he, ri. Cr':U::'m c*' 
what reoi-lc CiU M Y W O R K S. S.-Viral cj 
thulc littltt Piece's are^ indeed ^ cf ni) cv'?i Jl'rlting^ cut 
ii Lir yrciitir Number are not ; and in theft .:re 
yeu/yjj , it is hi.rd t-j believe ^ hew TKr.?:'/ Things ^ 
h.vuv. tillicr ban nddtd^ or I ft : :tt. 1 :un net ^'/J- 
prcbcnfiueof tlht ( ritiufM : iir it ;s cito.r r.ijr^ ^:nd if 
foy I fhif/l vicud 'y or it is iU-grcundtd ^ »,;;./ /;; th^it Cafe, 
I Jhiill be Jiitisfiad with the, Author's biin^ in the on'ov^. 
I1/hat lam ifmidcf, is the APOLOG Y jou menti- 
on : Mr. dc Bauval having Fritnds .-rJ Correfpcndcuts 
everf where ^ and his Merit having gai7;ed him a great 
Interefl w/h all thd Learned, he v^iU infinitely oblige 
me in p'cvc7iting the Pri?jtivr of that Zealous Af elegy. 

. Some 

I T A^f i^"^ Advcrtifcment frefix'd to the THEATRE 
APOLOGY, r^i^Q l.ijl tut one of the Preface. 

Monjieur de St, Evrembnd. ciXxi 

Some tjme after, Dr. ^^/x'fy^r*/ fenc that pre- 
tended Cricicifin to Mr. d^ St. Evremond , wh6 
made the followhit; Judgment upon it. ' I (erid 
' yoL back^ ^i./ he, the C R I T I C I S M oh 

* my Woiks: I have perufed it with ' Acantion 
^ and yet am at a lufs whcchjsr I ought to 
^complain of, or ihank its /\uthor. Togo 

* about, as he fays^ to undeceive People, who 

* for fifty Yeais have been deceived by my Wii- 
^ tiogs^is to fhcw a Zeal for the Publick which is 
^ not ^ery obliging to me : But,ac'the fame time, 
^ 'tis making me a fort of Conjurer j and, 
^ perhaps there may be more Merit in thus de- 
^ ceiving the Publick for fo many Years, than in 

* undeceiving them. The ftrefs of his Cjiticifm 

* chiefly conhfts in taking Notice of my intricate 
^ Expreffions : And I might take his Cenfure for 
*a good Piece of Advice j fmce it concerns tiie . 
^ to have my Thoughts underftood. I'll give him 
^ Counfelfor Counfel: Let his Thoughts be lefs 
' clear ^ffor they are tooeafily feen through. Com- 

^ mon things make us regret the time webeftovy 
' on perufing them : Whereas delicate Thoughts, 
^ give a nice Reader a Satisfadion, both in his 

* own Judgment and Tafte. 

* I own, I contradid my felf fomerimes. I 
^ commend Conftancy in a Lady whom J believe 
^ to have an AfFedion for me : And ladvife her 
' to be fickle, who has a kindnefs for another 

* Lover. I am neither of the fame Humour, nor, 
^ the fame Opinion at fixty Years of Age, as I 
^ was at Thirty j or at Fourfcore, as 1 was ac 
^ Sixty. Another Contradidion this I 

^ After all, I find in that Criticifm fevbral 

* Things juftly cenfured j mahy Digreffions, on 

* Occafion of what he fays, to what he makes 

* the Bifliop of Meaux^ the Bilhop of Nlfmes^ Mr. 

* Defprcanx. Father Bouhoursy and other Moderns, 

K 3t fay- 

cxxxii Ihe L I F E of 

* fay. I cannot deny he . writes well : But his 

* Zeal for Religion and good Morals exceeds 
' all } and 1 (hould gain Icls by exchanging my 
^ Stile, than my Confcience with his. 

' I have a great value for his ExaAnefs in Cri- 

* ticks. He makes it his Bufinef^ to cenfure 

* even Treatifes, that are of mine j and 

* Faults in fuch as are, that I never committed. 
' 'Tis true, he fomerimes gives me too much 

* Praife : So that all things confider'd, Favour ex- 

* ceeds the Severity of Cenfure^And 1 may fmcerely 
^ averr, that 1 entertain more Gratitude for his 
^ Mildnefs, than Refentment for his Rigour. He 
^ may already have the Satisfaction to fee how 
^ 1 improve by his Ledures on Chrittianity. Au- 
^ thors never forgive j no, not the Philofbphcrs, 

* nor even the Saints. Yet as Ignorant, as Pro- 
^ phane as I am, I not only forgive Mr. Dumont, 
^ but take kindly his Criticifm. I fhould not 
^ think my felf to far oblig'd to one that fliou'd 
^ write my A P O L O G Y : For I hate indi- 

* fcreet Zeal , and am more ready to difown 
^ what might be faid to my Pi aife, than to my 

* Difcredit. 

That APOLOGY was, however, pub- 
lifh'd at Paris not long after, with this Title , 
APOLOGIE iles Oetivres Je M. de St. Evre- 
monr, &c. That is, APOLOGY for the IVorks 
of Mr. de St. Evremond, with bis Elogy and Cba- 
raster y and a Dijfcrtatim on the Critirifms, &C. Mr. 

Boyer de Ruvifre, a Lawyer, was the Author 
of this Piece, which Mr. de St. Evremond having 
perufed, he gave his Judgment upon it in thefc 
Words. / like , fays he, very well the DIS- 
The Author writes Well : But I am a Stranger 
to my felf in the Piifure bt makes of me. Had 

Monfieur de St. Bvremond. czxxiii 

be flatter d me Icfi, be would have reprefentedme better. 
J am^ bowever^ very much obligd to bim, for bis Zealy 
and Care. Tbo I could free my felf from any En* 
gagement of Gratitude^ h faying y that he wrote in 
bebalf of another Per/on. Mr. Cotolendi did not 

anfwer that APOLOGY: But in fome 
Meafure to rc;venge himfelf on Mr. de St. Evre* 
mondy ft>r the Judgment the latter had pafs'd on 
his Criticifm, hc^ publifli'd in the Year 1701, a 
wretched Rhapfody, with the Title of S AIN T-r 
EVREMONIANA, pretending it to 

be a ColleSlion of ftvtral Things which fome Per'- 
fons remembredto have beenfpoken by Mr. de St. Ev» 
r^mond. This puts me in mind of the Abb^ 
Cotin, who wrote a paltry Satyr, and afterwards 
fpread it about, under the Name of Mr. Boileau 
Deffreaux. Now fince you defire to know the 
Authors of (bme of the Works fathered upon 
Mr. de St. Evremond; I (hall conllmunicate to you 
what I hear from Paris^ vi?L. That the ME- 
MOIRES de la Vie du Comte de **, publifhy 
in 1696 j are written by the Abbe de Villiers'^, 
fo well known by his Jrt de Precher, and feveral 
other Compofures. That the Volume printed in 
1700 i with the Title ofNOUVELES Oeu^ 
vres Mejlees de Mr. de St. Evremont t, was publifll'd 
by the Abbe Raguenet : and that the Abb^ Pic is the 
Author** of theBookentituled, RECUEIL 
dOuvrages de Mr. de St. Evremont qui nont point 
encore efiepubliez, j Printed by Anifjon in I'joi. 

K 5 Mr; 

^ &« the Recueil de Pieces Fugitives, Sea* Prinied ai Parii 
in 1704. Part I. Ptge 114. 

t There teas in this Volume feveral Pieeeg of Mr. 4t St. 
Evremond*! Vriting. 

^ See the? S Fugitives, ubi fupn. Part IL f . 
314, & fcgq, u 

cxxxiv The L I F E of 

if^^/j. Mr. An Sr. E'vremovd^ fuftain'd a great Lofs, by 
the Dc;iti^* -Jt ^>f the Durchefs of Maz^^riny whole 
C>o»vj:f?.tic«n was, ever iigre:able to him, tho' 
lie v/H^ hjinC'jfiics oblig'd to bci«r wirh her ill 
liiinunii : I**o'- tiie Circuirftances to which 
flie vv^s rcdiicd , had fomewhac fowr'd her 
Temper; juid flic waSjbefides^niKurally Fickle and 
C^;;piicioiis. But flie i^.adfv) many excelle^ic Qua- 
lities iliar thcle Dcfcd-s were hardly to be per- 
cciv'd. I (hall nor, in this Plac€, either draw her 
l^itluro, or write :ui Encomiiim upon her : Mr. 
//..• .V;. E-vYi'mcnd \vAv\n% drme both in many Places 
ihrou;;hout his \X'(>iks ^'f. She certainly deferv'd a 
better 1 ue. Diirinj^ the firfl. four Years of her 
jMarriago, flic c;u ricd her fclf wiih fuch Modefty 
and Stridncfsj th:u flie whs propelled as a Pat- 
tern for a good Wife j and there's Reafon to 
fuppofc (hat licr Condud: would nill have been 
the (imic, liad nqf the Duke of M(:z.arins Behavi- 
our forced her to go from him. Yon dcfire, SIR, 
to Know whaiThcJiightsfhe entertnin'd of Religion 
nt the point of Death ; and J am forty to tell 
you, ili.u file prcfcrv'd to the luft, the fame Sen- 
tiir.;.rj:s which Mr. de Sr, Kvntnond afcribes to her 
in (?nc ot" hi> Letters f. lie wns r.> touched at her 
r.Moi, (hat for a longtime, lie could not (peak 
i>i '.icr^ uiihouf cxpuihng his Sorrow. 

Uts Friends \\-\ Fw.rc renewM at that time, 
th.eir .l.nllea^oul^ to dr.nv him Ov'cr to them ,• 
upon a Belief", ti,:it having loO one of the 
lhi»ngell Ties he in Ea^ivul ; he might eafi- 


1 1 $-.f did the 22, o.-^June, i^c9. 

* \ >\: r,:;:^ the LETTER rJ the Eni of tU ME. 

•M (^ I R K S cf the Dutchefs of IMazarin. 

T Oct ;:f ■•;:•/, \\ cv. 

Mimfieur de St. Evremond. cxxxv 

ly be perfuaded to return Home. But he dcfir'd 
them to confider^ that a Man of his Years could - 
h'ardly change Climate without imparing his C6n- 
ftitution ; that therefore he had no Thoughts of 
Leaving a Country, where he was pretty well in 
Health, and had ilill miny Friends^ to tranfplanc 
himfelf^ as it were, into a new World : And af- 
ter all, that his Circumftances were fuch, as did 
not permit him to leave England, You could not , 
faid he to the Marquis of Canaples^ now Duke, of 
Lesdiguieres, who had writ to him to comfort him 
upon the Death of the Dutchefs of Maz^riny and 
follicit him to go over into France ; Tuu could 
not gh'C rnz better Proofs of your Friendflsip, than upon 
this occafivn^ when I ivant the Ttndernefs of my Friends^ 
and the Strength of my own Reafon tofupport me under 
my Affli5Hc7;, If 1 were but Thirty Tears of ylge, it 
would be difficult for me to retrieve fuch a Charming 
Cmverfation : And now. Old as I am, it is altogether 
impojjible to make it up. Tours, My Lord, and that 
of fome Perfons who are fiill concern d for met would 
indeed be a great I{elief to me at Paris ; and f jhould 
not delay to go and fee k it, if the Infirmities ofextream 
old Age were not a great Obftacle to it. Befdes, what 
(hould I do at P^ris^ but either hide my felf, or appear 
' with various Horrors about me j often Sick, ever In- 
firm, and Crazy vfith old Age ? Theft are goTd Rea^ 
fonsfor memot to /^/jvc England. Thefirongefijs, that 
theJmallEfiate Ih^ve, could notcrofs the Sea with me; 
for it would be impofp,ble for me to draw it from hence. 
Tis true that*s next to Nothing j but then its upon that 
Nothing I Live. The Dutchefs of Mazarin Owd me 
once eight Hundred Guineas, of which Jhe died four 
Hundred in my Debt^ Indeed, jhe difposd of what I 
had more than my felf : For the Extremities to which 
fie was nduo^d^ sire not to be conceivd. However, Td 
freely give sMl have left, provided fie werealivi. 
Tm lofi in beroneof your bcfi Friends j and yon cant 

K 4 itnft- 

xxxvi The L I F E of 

itftagine bow much flje &ti$ been regretted^ hotb by frivatt 
Ferjlns^ and the Vubttck. ^he hadfuch an indifference 
for Lifts that there s Reafon to bilieve flte was not loath 
to fart with $t. The EngUftl who excdl all otbtr Na* 
tions in the Point of Dyings ought to look upon her with 

Envy. * 

I came to Englmd -Ahout chat cime^and having the 
Honour to convcrfe pretty often with Mr.^c St. 
Evremondy I follicited him feveral times to give 
the Publick a con eft Edition of his Works : 
But he ftill declined it ; and I was afterwards In- 
formed, that his beft Friends could not prevail 
with him in that Particular. He told me himfelf^ 
that the Marquis de Saijfac had offer'd him three 
Hundred Guineas , if he would revife his Writ- 
ings J and give them to him with a (horc Preface, 
in which he fhould own them to be genuine. Monf* 
de Barillon would have given him a Hundred 
Poundsforthe fingle COMEDY OF THE 
O 1^ E R A : Which he defign'd to get aded at 
Parity provided he had made fome fmall Altera- 
tions in it. The Sieur^^r^iw, a Paris Bookfeller, 
dcfir'd him alfo to fend him his Pidure, with 
liis Works, or at lead, to let him know what 
Pieces were not of his Writing,in the Volumes he 
hi4d publifli'd under his Name : But he contented 
himfelf with taking Notice to him of fome of 
thofe Spurious Pieces, and excufed himfelf as to 
the reft. Several other Attempts were made 
upon him, on the fame fcore ,• but all in vain. 
i7oo. However, as nice and difficult as Mr. de St. Ei/* 
remind was in the Publilhing his Works, yet when 
his Friends defir'd him to mark in the Books that 
had been fathered upon him, fuch Pieces as were 
none of his, he feldom refus'd them that Favcur. 
Nay, he fometimes made fmall Corredions in 
thole he own'd j and 'twas upon a Copy thus 
ccrreded, that in the Year 1700, Mr. Churchill 


Monfieur de St. Bvremond^ cxzxvii 

publifli'd the Etiilifh Tranflation of the 
Works chat had ' been fathered upon him. 
I deflr'd Mr. Je St. Etntmond to do' me the 
fame Favour; and he not* only mark'd in my 
Copy fuch Pieces as were Genuine^ but made 
conliderable Amendments in the other : And he 
likewife gave me the Explanation of (everal 
Places^ relating to fome Paflages to vliich I was 
a Stranger. 

The next Year, Mr. Je la Motte wrote to me j^oi. 
from ylmfierdam, that a Bookfeller of that City^ 
who had already printed what was call'd the 
ff^oris of Mr. de St. Evremond, was about Printing 
a New EditionjOf the f^me^ from a Copy in which 
Mr. Je St, EvrmonJ had mark'd the Pieces he diC- 
own*d. I anfwer'd Mr. Je la Motte, I thought I 
could procure a more exad Copy than what his 
Bookfeller was made to exped ; whereupon the 
latter defired me to communicate it to him^ 
which I did fome time after* I had put to- 1702. 
gether^ and in fome Order^ all the Pieces that 
had been publifh'd under the Name of Mr. Je St. 
EvremonJ J and which were really his. I had 
correded them by my Copy ; added to them 
(bme Pieces not yet publifh'd; and lUuftrated 
fome> Paflages with necefTary Notes. 

This, 5ir, fince you defire to know it, was the 
Nature of the Copy I tranfmitted to HolUnJ : I 
muft add, tfiat in this I had two Things in View j 
One, to let the Publick know, which were the 
genuine Works of Mr* Je St. Evrem$nJ, and how 
much they had been abufed; and the other 
thereby to engage Mr. Je St. EvremmJ to publifii 
himfelf a compleat Edition of them from his own 
Manufcripts. In of der to that, I acquainted him 
fome time after^ with what I had made bold 
to do without his Privity j and the Copy I had 
fent to Holland not being yet put to the Prefs, I 

cjcxxnii Th9 L I F a of 

reprefented to him^ that it were much better to 
publifli at once all his Works^fuch as he had them 
in Manufcripts^ and as CorreA as poffible^ than 
to print rhcm at feveral Times, and Piece-meal. 
He, at Firft, fcem'd averfc to it ; But fome- 
1703. time after, he alcer'd his Mind, fmd was pleas'd 
to pitch upon me , to rcvife with him his Manu- 
fcripts and put them in Order. He told me I ike- 
wife be would mark what was fit to he printed, and 
what net - For he was not for Printing every 
thing he had wiitten. Hereupon I wrote to the 
Amsterdam Bookfeller to forbea r Printing the Copy 
] had fcm him ; bccaufe altho' it was infinitely bet- 
ter than what had tillthen,becn publifh*d, yet it 
came far (hort of the Original, which I was in 
hopes to be able fpeedily to give the Publick. 
That Bookfellcrjlike Men of his Trade,who have 
nothing but their private and prefent Intereft in 
view, did not wholly acquiefce in my Reafons j 
and fo publifli d a good Number of the Pieces I 
had fcnt liini. But give me leave, 51 R, to break 
off that Detail, and refer you to what has 
been faid about it in one of our Fre»ci6 Journals *. 

Affoon as Mr. de St, E^vrcmond was pleas'd to 
cxprcls himfelf inthe Manner above-mentioned,! 
began to tranfciibc his Manufcripts, and commu- 
nicrued to him the Copies I made of them. I alio 
dcfircd iiim to put the rtnifiiing hand to the Cor- 
rcAions of t!ie Pieces that hud bSen print- 
ed, and of whicli he luul loll the Originals. 
When we read tliem together , I took care 
to get fuch proper Names reftored^ as were either 
fupprclled, or mark'dby one lingle Letter. • And 
I Informed my fclf of the time and occafion 


It 5;ff N O U V E L L E S dela Republivjus dcs Lettres, 
Jois, 1704. pag, 163. 

Monjieur de Evremona* cxxxhc 

on which each Piece had been written ; and of 
the AllufionstoPaffap.esnot generally known^and 
other particular Circumftances. His advanced Age 
and Infirmities giving me Reafon to apprehend 
that he had not much time to Live, I made all 
poffible hafte : and we had gone through the Revi- 
fing of his Works, a few fmall Pieces excepted, 
when I was obliged to go and pafs two or three 
Months in the Country. 

In the mean while, Mr. de St, Evretnond^ who 
for fome time had beer\ troubled with a Strangu- 
ry, found himfelf, on the fudden , very much 
weakned, through frequent want of Reft, oc- 
cafioned by his Diftemper^ and what was yet 
worfe, his Stomachy which ever was very good, 
now began to fail hira. Hereupon, he often 
exprefsd adefireto fee me ^ and even charged 
Dr. le Fivre to write to me to come to him 
aflbon as poffible : But his Letter having been long 
on the Road, I foon after received a Second, with 
the melancholy News, that Mr. de St. Evrewond died 
the 9th of Stptewhtry 1703 ; having made a Will 
whereby he oifpos'd of his fmall Eftate to his Ser- 
vants, the Poor "f, and fome of his Friends, a- 


t The Pfeamlle to that Will and Teilviment, which va$ 
dated the lu^th o/AngnA jqo^,. runs thus : * I iinder-figned 

• Charles de St, Denis IcGuaft, Lord of St, Evremond, of the 
« Parifli of St. Jnwes'i Wefiminjler. being in found Mind, 
' Mennorr, ar.dUi.derftanclip^:. and being willing to difpofe 
« of fuch Goods as I (hall be poff-fs'd of at my JJcath : In the 

•firftPlace, 1 implore GOD ALMIGHTY'S Mercy, 
' and Surrender nry S O U L into his HanJs. I leave to the 

• Executor of ihis my hft Will the Care of Burying my Body, 
^ without Pomp, in fuch manner as he fliall think moft fit- 

• ting. I bequeath to the Poor Fraich Refugees the Sum of 
' Twenty Pounds Sterling : I alfo bequeath to the poor Xo^ 

• man Catholicks, or of any other Rcligien, the like Sum of 
f Twenty Pounds A^/inj, &c% 

clx The L I F E of 

mongft whom he did me Honour to place me. 
Sometime befoiv^he had given to my Lord GodoU 
fhifty High Treafurer of England^ as a particular 
Mark of his Efteem and Gratitude^ a Manufcript 
Volume of his Works^ containing a great Number 
of Writings, which he had communicated to none 
but his Intimate Friends. He had alfo given to 
Dr. 5y/wy?re another Manufcript, in which were 
feveral Pieces of his own Writing, He menti- 
on'd neither his Books, nor his other Manufcripts 
in his Will j but, after his Death, they were by 
Order of the Earl of Galway^ whom he had ap- 
pointed his Executor, put into the Hands of Dr. 
Sylvefirey to whom he had promifed them. 

Mr. de St. Ewemond died Ninty Years, Five 
Month's, and Twenty days Old ; and was accord- 
ing to his Defire, buried without Pomp, in the 
Abbey or Collegiate Church of Wefiminfier j Fa- 
mous for the Tombs of the Kings of England, znd 
of great Numbers of Perfons that have diilin-r 
guifli'd themfelves by their Learning, Ingenuity, 
or Military Valomr- He is interred in the Nave 
of the Church, near the Cloyfter, in the fame 
Quarter where Chaucer , Spencer, Cowley, Cambden, 
Cafaubon, Dryden , and other celebrated Men are 
buried. His Buj^o, (or Carved-Head) was after* 
wards placed over his EPITAPH, which is 
engraven in a white Marble Stone, affix'd to the 
Wall over-agRinft the Place where his Body lies ; 
and of which I fend you herewith a Draugtht f- 

How great and acute foevor were the Pains 
he felt during his Sicknefs, he bore them with a 
Tranquility of Soul, and Refolute Firmnefs as 
may be envied by Fhilofophers of the firft Rate j 


V^ iStt th End of thU LIFE. 

Monfieut de St. Evrcmond. cxli 

and he prefcrv'd to the very laft a lively Imagi- 
nation, a folid Judgment , and a faithful Me- 

You have, S I R^ already perufed the Pidure 
Mr. Je St. Evftmond made of himfelf, fome Years 
before his Death : Which 'twere altogether fu- 
perfluous to repeat here j and therefore 1 Ihall 
content my felf with adding to it fome Strokes 
which will compleat his CharaAer. 

AfR. D E S T- E V R E M O N D had blue, 
lively, and fparkling tyes j a large Fore head j 
thick Eye-Brows ,• a handfom Mouth j but a 
malicious Sneer. Ilis Lips and Phifidgno- 
my were agreeable and denoting a Sharp- 
Wit I his Stature Tall ; his Shape well pro- 
portioned ; and his Gate noble and firm *. 
Twenty Years before his Death, a Wen grew 
between his Eye- Brows, whici* in time, encrea- 
fing to a confiderable Bignefs,he once dcfign'd to 
have It cut off j but as it was no wavs trr ubicfop.ic 
to him, and he little regarded thiuoLt ward Dcfc^r- 
mity,Dr. Le Fivre advifed him to let it alone, lelt 
fuch an Operation fliould be attended with dange- 
rous Symptoms in a Man of his Age. Ife would 
often make merry with himfelf on account of his 
Wen, his Leather-C:ap, and Grey Hair, which 
he chofe to wear rather than a Perwig. His 
Manners were civil and polite j his Con- 
verfation lively and pleafant ; his Repartees quick 
and happy : No Man ever read, or told a Story 
better than he. His Raillery had all the Finefs 
imaginable ; and he made ufe of Irony in fo in- 
genious a manner, that Marefchal dt Ckrembaut^ 
as was hinted before, thought none but Count 

* Thyi WAS Mr. de St. Evrcmond ieferiici to tm ij M fu&^ 
«r \n$w bim in Hi Prime, 

cxlii The L I F E of 

d^ Olonnty could Jl and in Competition with him for th^ 
Mafiery of that Rhetorical Figure- 
Mi^ had naturally a ftrong inclination to Satyr j 
but ufed it with Caution and Referve, particu- 
larly towards the latter End of his Life j rather 
chufing, as he intimates himfelf, to tell obliging 
Truths y than to give malicious Fralfe, It were a great 
miftake to take in earned and litterally all the 
Encomiums he has beftowed on the Dutchefs of 
Maz^arin : For they are generally mixd with nice 
Raillery ; or feafoned with a quick and fmarc Saty- 
rical Stroke. That Dutchefs was fo perfuaded 
that . this was Mr. de St. Evremonds true Cha- 
rader, that (he ufed to call him by way of Ban- 
ter, the old Satyr. 

He always ipoke of his Difgrace with fuch 
Firmnefs and Refolution, as became a Gentle- 
man } and whatever ftrong Defire he had to fee 
again his own Country^ he never begg d leave 
to return Home ^ in a mean and cringing 

His Humour was ever Gay and Merry ; and 
his Spiightlincfs was fo far from declining to- 
wards the latter End of his Life, that it fecm'd 
rather to gather frefli Strength ; Of which you 
will find Jnftanccs in the Works he wrote a- 
bout that time. He was extream fond of the 
Company of Young People ^ and delighted to 
.iear the Stories of their Advcricures : His Mind 
being agreeably entertained with the IJcaof fuch 
Diverfions, as he was not able to enjoy. 

Altho* he did not pretend to over-rigid Morals, 
yet he had all the Qualities that make up the 
Charafter of a Man of Hpno :r. He was 
generous and grateful ; and no Man was ever 
more concerned than he at the Affliftion of the 
Unfortunate^or had a greater Stock of Humanity, 
and Good-Nature J which appears from his very 

Monfimr de St. Evremond^ cxliii 

Writings. He did not (lightly contrad Friend- 
fhip : But when he had once throughly relifh'd 
any Body's Converfation, he knitted with him 
the flrongcft and fincerefl Amity that could be 

As for his Rdlffkn^ concerning which you de- 
fire to be inform'd, I muft acquaint you^ that 
he ever profcfs'd che Rvmifl)^ in which he was 
Born. Neverthelefs you affure me, that he was 
reprefcnted to you as a Libertine or Free- 
Tbinktr , chiefly bccaufe during his laft 
Sicknefs, he conftantly refufed t9 admit any 
Prieits tocome to him : But as to this Particular,as 
you defire me, at the fame time, not to write any 
thing about a Matter of fo great Importance, 
but what I am an Lye-Witnefs of, I may tell 
you, that I have already anfwered you, by ac- 
quainting yotJ,that I was,at that time,in the Coun- 
try. As for his ordinary Converfation, I can fafely 
affirm to you, that while 1 had the Happinefs 
to be in his Company, which was more than, 
once, he never let fall any Lihertine or in- 
decent Expreffion againft Religion j and that he 
could hardly bear that any Body (hould droll upon 
ie. Nay, he was fo far from that ill Turn of Wit, 
Liberfinifntj that he could have wifli'd there were 
fevere Punilhmcnts infliiled on all who either 
pretend to dogmatize agai:ift Religion, or endea- 
vour to turn it into Ridicule. He ufed to fay, 
that bare Decency, and the Regard due to one's 
Superiors and Fellow Citizens, will ever keep a 
Man of Judgment and good Breeding, from that 
foolifii and extravagant Humour. Which Senti- 
mcMis very commendable; and you will, un- 
doubtedly agree with me, SIR, ^that it befpeaks 
ajcery. £avourable Opiivou of Mr. iU St, Evh*. 


ckvr The hi F E of 

What I told yoa in the Beginning of thefe Me- 
moirs Ihews, that he had a great deal of Learning 
and Erudition : But his Erudition was politej 
and fuicable to a Perfon of his Profeffion^ and 

He did not read indifferently all that is extam 
of the Ancients, and never charg'd his Memory 
with their Words and Phrafes : But applied himfelf 
moft to thofe Authors^ that are mod judicious^ 
and nice ; Studying to find out their true Genius, 
and the Beauties of their Works. He alfo loved 
to difcourfe* about our beft Modern Authors^ 
and to be acquainted with the Particulars of their 
Lives and Circumftances.Being one day talkingat 
his Lodgings of the famous ROMANCE OF 
THE ROSE, and one in Company faying, 
that Abelard was the Author of it^ I told him that 
it had ever been fathered on William of Lorris^ 
and John Clopinel, Sirnamed Je Meun^ and that 
'twas the eafieft thing in the World to prove it. 
Some days after Mr. de St. Evnmond defired me 
to communicate to him the Particulars I knew 
concerning that Matter, whereupon I fent him 
the Teftimony of our beft French Writers, digefted 
into the Form of a Letter, which I have made 
bold to infert among his Works, to undeceive 
them who father that celebrated Romance upon 
Abelard :Tho' I muft frankly own to you, 5/R, that 
I had particularly in my Eye the Abbe Belmont^ 
who to have the Honour of breaking a Launce 
with yQu, bethought himfelf of Criticizing upon 
you, in relation to that Affair \ 


«&eESSATS d« Literature i^ii MoisicMzj 1703: 

9. 2A1. Hnll. PJiiiMfi^ - 

Monpeur de St. Evremond. cxl?^ 

Never was any Man more modeff^ and 
tefs puffed up with his own Productions 
than Mr, de 5r- Evretnond. He was, indeed, the 
Reverfe of thofe Self- conceited Authors, who 
fondly believing their Work^ro be altogether free 
from Faults, either. never c. jiuilc any iii-dy, or 
impatiently bear the Criricifms cf their Friends, 
when through Decency, they are obliged to ask 
their AdvicQ. He. heard with Pleafurc the Ob- 
je&ions rais'd againft his Compofures j defined 
his Criticks to fugged him fomediinj?; better than 
what they difapproved ; and never fail'd mend- 
ing his Faults, when he thought another Man 
had bit hotter than himfelf. 

He was a padTionate Lover of Mufick ; and 
having forae skill in the Compofition^ he fet the 
Pieces, of which he had made the Words, and 
which were fung at the Dutchefs of Mazarins z 
The' as to Symphonies, he left that Part to be per- 
form'd by Mr. Paijihle, or fonie other able Mu- 

Let this fuflice, as to Mr. de St. E'oreMcmh Per- 
fon : *Tis now time, S //?, to take notice of his 
WORKS. Not that 1 delign to wrice here a 
Criticifm upon 'em: Such an Undeitakinj< would 
be ralh in me j and befi^cs you never dufircd any 
fuch thing from me. Neither (hall 1 fpcak of his 
Stile, which has undergone various Judgments. 
It IS certain, that Mr. de St. Evremond was ever 
looked upon as one of our poiiteit and molt judi* 
cious Writers j and this Juftice which the Publick 
does him, fets him, without Contradidiion, above 
the Ccnfure of fome private Perfons. Nor is 
it a mean Praife for him that England, who is To 
Jealous of the Honour of her own Authors, has 
placed him on the fame Level with Montaigne^ U 
Smftru FmeneOe^DefpreauXy and fome other French 


The L I F E ef 

Writera whom flic doc* noc think inferior to th6 
bcft Gciiiub'f ftje hai produc'd. 

Goodjudgcsireot QpinioB that his Pwrc/ does 
not come up to ihe Beauty ttf his Profe; and thit 
his Veti'ci wane both Turn and ihrmmj • bot 
they own, at the (kme time, that his Thougfao 
are fo happy and dettC3ie,that one can c read them 
'withnuc a great deal of Pleafiirc. He would, 
it fiiems, have fucceded better, had he writ 
nnly tipoR Sabje^i of Gaiety, and Humour j 
Fof he has compii'd feme Pieces that way, 
which are not much infcriour to the bell 
Perfcimances of oar moH celebrated Poets. 
I mull add in Mr. Jt Si. Evrtmmd'i bAalf,thac h« 
had no fond Prepoffcflion in favour of his Poems, 
as you have undoubteJIy obfervd : But neverthf* 
XeVs he thought he mij^ht fometjmes indulge his 
Fancy in Setting hil Thoughts to Rhyme. Be- 
fides, he pretended that the fevcrity of Rules for 
our Frfnci&Verrtficarion,had been ftrain'd too high; 
and that Poetry was enervated, by over-polifhing 
it. Nor could he endure that tbe Thought ftiould 
be Sacriiiced to Rhymr; and tbe Energy of Ex- 
preffion, to a fine Cadence of Words. In fiiort, 
he thought hinifclf the lefs oblig'd to fubmit to the 
tis;oioijs Laws of our Poetryj in that he wrote 
only either to amufe himfelf, or divert fome pri- 
Tate Friends. lewri, fays a Learn'd Critick *,i&4s 
there are in Mr. de St. Evremond'j Vcrjcs, fatnt Eic- 
prffflvm tb.;t art Itte Profe ; iui I fie rti Rtajon^ wh^ 
iite ^tiuld not be allow' d toufe thtm^in French, in that 
kmi of Irregular Verfet j when Horace took tbe fain/t 
Lthmy in Latin , m his Satyrs ; which be callifj 
SER MONES, or Difcourfcs, mimating that bt 
Jiftgn'd to -writ! in tin Stile amrxtnly uftd in Conner- 
fatisn J 

**.UCfcrc, BlBLip JHIQWE Clnifit, Ibm. 
BfA 131. ?ii. ■ ^— J^jt 

Moti/teuf de St. EvttfAond. cxlvil 

fttim J Mdeven in his E P IS T tES. Js for in^ 
Jifiiy mean anifalft Thoughts^ or a frigid Stile, tbefe, 
indeed, deferve n§ Favour. One will find in Mr. 
di St. Evnmond^s Vcrfes the fame Nicety of 
ThobghtSj and Force of ExprcflSon, which are 
obfemble in his Profe, If all his Poems are not 
equally Entertaining, 'tis , 1 fuppofe , becaiifo 
Moft of them relate to certain Circumftances^ of 
which few Readers are informed. They, fof 
tnftance fake, who are not acquainted ^ich the 
Humour and CharaAer of that famous FrencB 
G^mcfttty^Morin, and never faw him keep A 
Sefffet'Bank at the Dutcheft of M^izarins, can- 
ftot be afFe^led with what Mr. deSt. Evnwond hzs 
faid about him. What's mbft fine and delicate, 
cither efcapes the notice of fuch Men, or appears 
fulfom and infipid to them ,• bat they who were 
acquainted with the Perfon Mr. de St. JEvnmcnd 
has in View, are charm'd with the lively Pi^ure 
he gives of hini, and his Ingenious way of . 
turning him into Ridicule. This, is f have 
hinted more than ence, is the Fate of all Lch 
Performances is are calculated only for a frball 
Nutliber of Friends and Acquaintance '''. 
; Mr. de Si. Ewemond's Manufcrit)ts, having, as waJ 
before related, been delivered into the Hands of 
Dn Sylvffire, he thought himfelf thereby engag'd 
CO publifh them, and at the fame time, to give the 
World a compleat Edition of all his Works : But 
My Lord Galwaj being.inform'd of what I had 
Already done towards it, with Mr. de St. Evrentond; 
and that the beft pare of the Materials was ready 
prepared,, his Lordihip inciihated to me, that b^ 
vtotiid cafce it very kindly of me, if I would 
go on with that Work, jointly with Dn SjJvefire^ 

i**A*^i>*i— »w*-BM»iii ^i^mmmtm^mhm^mmm^a^m 

. ^ mf of i^i d» St. EviMMMd'* F»$mt (o'ns •/ *\?1 
iini^it was tbn/Ktfy lut tt nhft tlic« ^w tW* WW* 
rrt»0Mun »f bit Wttkt^ 

cxlviii The L I F E of 


;'and in concert with him publifh that Ediciorf^ 
;Dr. Syhefin made the fame Requefl to me ; and 
as you are, SIR, no Stranger to his Merit, fa 
you may eafily judge , how glad I was of having 
fuch a Partner. 

Mr. Je St. Evrimtndy as I hinted before, had 
loft feveral of his Compofures. He told me, thai 
before he came out of France, he left with the 
Marefchal dc Turcnne two pretty large Volumes 
of Manufcripts of his own Writing ; which he 
could never recover. When he went from £»f- 
land to Holland, he left his Papers in the Cuftody 
of his good Friend Mr. Mealier : But upon his 
Return, he found that mod of them were loft^ 
during the Plague that raged in London ; and a- 
mong the reft, above (even Chapters of the 

REFLECTIONS on the different Genius of tHo 

Roman People, which could never be recovcr'd ^ 
and Mr. de St. Ewemond would not take the 
trouble to write them anew •. He thought he 
had loft likewife feveral Pieces , which were 
found fmce his Death, in the Hands of fome o- 
thcr of his Friends ; and which we have col- 
ledcd with all poflible Care. The Duke of St. 
j^lbans was pleas'd to communicate to us two 
Manufcript Volumes he had from the Dutchefs 


* Some tivie after the Ptintin^ of the firjl §r kind Edition of 
Mr. de St. Evr«iPond'i Vorksjdefirei Mr. WaJler'i 5(?7J to look 
amon^Jl his Papers for fome of^fr.deSl. EYnmond'sComPo fares. 
Jniy hefides fome Pieces that had already heeti frinteij he found 
Part o/iAtfRE FLECTIO.NS on the different Gemufoftho 
Roman People ^containing mojl part of the Chapter immediateljr 
preceding thofe that are lofi , and in which are feveral ihingg 
not infivtedin /^^ French Edition^ hut which will he found 
in this Englifh Tranflation. Thofe Pafert which Mr. Wall«f 
foundj are all written with Mr. de Su £vreno&d'i omn 

ae at. tvremond 

( Mdxarin. My Lord GcJufftin did us alfb rha 
ivour to lend us his Manulcript. Dr. f^ Pevn 
gave us fcveral Pieces tfnt were Fnun i among 
that Ducchefi's Paper*: And we got three writien 
VolLmes from die Widow of M#. -'t St. ." 
■motWi Antatmtnfit. Thus we had Ic 
Piccei which hs wanted himfclf ; and for 
times found in oar Hands four Copi;i of the lam 
Kece, We carefully collated them togcthcrlj 
and when [here ha^Tpen'd to be any Diffcrerce M 
rween them, we ever preferr'd the Copies I 
had revifed to the other; and his Ull, iufo< 
mer Cprrcdions. However, we di-i not thir 
it proper to pLblifh all the Works -ve had' i 
him : for fomc of them related to fuch privaH 
P^fTages, that long Commentj had ^cn roqu^ 
fite to make them underftood ; nor would evci^ 
that, perhaps, have been jufficienc (O makeifii 
Readers fenfible of all their Beauties. 

We have, as far as poflibly we could, plac 

each Piece accotding lo the Order of Time 

bUh it was written : Which Method has 

J Advantages, that *iis matter of Wondei 

iias not been foUow'd by all EJiters. For, tl ' 

brks that have been written about the fa 

|iie , being thus Contiguous, and generally 

png to the fame Ciicuinftances, they mui 

■ lUuftrate one another. Bclides, as for 

jes may relate to things that are no more 

iog, the Readers would be ac a lofi, did ihi 

._;exa^ly know the Period of time in whii 

'they wcie wriiten In fliortj fuch a Owonolo*- 

gical Older of an Author's Compofurcs gives ut^ 

'■Lkind of Hiftory of his Life, Humour, Sentk,. 

gn[S,and way of Writing. 1 own 'tis pretty diflK* 

Dt to obferve fudi a Method , cfpecially wheif 

(evcial Pieces bear no Daie i foi; u\ CtttV\ 

'^I Tb£ i^f F B 4 

Cafe one may cjfily roiHak^ ; tni whik I ^w 
writjiiR thcfe Memoirs, Itcpk notice my (^ 
offcvciai Fauiw of ihai kind*. Jc is howcrer, 
to be obfcrv'd, that Mr- de Si. Evrtvmd fom«- 
timcs concdi^d his Conipofures a long lims aftflt 
he had wiit ihem ; and made AddUions to them 
that had no Refeiencc to the Ticne in wtifch 
jibcy were firft wiiiten. Jn fuch ■ Cafe, we 
thought our fetves at Liberty ro place them indifr 
feremly in citlicr of chcfe Periods, as we Judg'd 
moll proper ; or we have taken Notice ^ 
fuch DiiTetcncef in a Marginal Note. 

I have likewife e^fplaincd by NOTES f 
yaft nucnbcrof PaH^gci, which could not oth^ 
wife have been well undcrftood. No Body, 5/Jt 
is more feiifiblcihan your iclf of the Neceffity of 
- jPomroeming thus upon our Authors , Cjo^ 
I 'cfpccislly as have in^de Ingenious Compofurfsef. 
Tor iliey wjit a thoufand Things relating to cer- 
nin Palt^lgei and Cltcuoi (lancet, that are known 
to very tew People ; which AUufions they u^ 
dcrlUnd pcrfe(ftly well for whom fuch Piece* 
are originally intended , but arc meer RitWJei 
tt> others. Nay^it may from hence cqme to paft, 
that Tlioughfs which an Author never dreanv 
of, may be fother'd upon him, to his DifacU 
vantage r Of which 1 beg leave to give you 
an hidancc. Mr. </; ^r. ^xt^himW begins one of 
bis Letters to MadcraoifeUe de rEncUi jo this man- 
ner : Tour Life, my Deartfi, has btat too lilu^riout 
ntt to catn'mMt the ftme to ibe laji.. Lef wt^ M*- 

J4IU, tbe DuJke de la Rochefoucault's F^U slight 

* Tl'U btu eili^ii lu So pUit in tbtfrtfint Ii^ft T'tn- 
pthn/trttat PiM$ in a difirni Otiir fromtlm tB whiti 
i^wvtfnHiJViintbiVna^ MdiHtm,, J 

Monfew de St. Byremond* cli 

yw I This was an imaginary Hell^ contriT/ed only for a 
Moral ^RefieSitm, Speak therefore boUly the fford. 
Love; and let not that of old Woman ^ver coma 
put of your Mouth. 'Tis no eafie matter to apprehend^ 
at fivvt^ the meaning of the Dukt de la Rochefou- 
cault / HELL; which having obh'g^d me to 
ask it of Mr. de St. Evrewond, he informed me, 
that the Duke dir la Rocbefoucault^ talking one 
day with Mademi "MIe deFEnclos, told her by 
way of Jeft, that 4gc k the Hell of mmen, 

This Explaoacion clears the PaiTage be^ 

fore quoted : And ) ; what Turn has been 
put upon it in a ve rious Book^ printed at 
Paris two Years ago. - .le Author having men- 
tion d the Death of Mr. 5f, E^remondy and made 
an Encomium upon his Worki^ fpeaks of his Re- 
ligion in this manner. ^The Cenfure he has 
f undergone as to his Sentiments about Reli* 
^ gion^ appears not to be altogether ill grounded : 
' If one unhappily falls on fome Places in hii 
^ Works, or fome of his Letters, he will find that 
^ his Belief fometimes varies, as to Funda- 
^ mental Points.: But after all, thofe are Let- 
^ ters of Humour. What has been publifli'd of 

* him, wherein he feems to doubt the Immortali- 

* ty of the Soul, had efcaped him in the Courfb 

* of h\% Pafltons, and in the Enjoyment of 
^ Pleafures : A man fpeaks then of things^ as he 

* wiihes them to be in reality : Tis with that 

* Spirit we ought to explain the Letter he wrote 

* to Mademoifelle de T Encksj and which begins 
^ with thefe Words, that have made fo much 
f Noife : Let not Madam, the Duke de la 
^ RjDcbifoucault's HELL offtightyou. ThU was an 
' Imaginary Bell. When he wrote this Letter, he 

* was ftill of an Age, and in fucli a Courfb of 
'Pleafures 3 that his Expreflion'i ougnt to be 
^^OQfideircd, as the Refult of th« Yi^y^^'^^Y ^^^ 

* Gaiety of ;i Genleman too mucb addtfted 
' Worldly tnjoyuitnis, rarhcr than as ih^ Seni 
' menK oi a toaupc Hearr. 'What's certain, 

* that for one Paflagc in his Works, (hat n 
1*^ bring Uie Puiity cl his 5en(inienc5 into Quefti- 

, there are a Thoufan:} i.thcrs, which con- 
cc iii,th:it UU Hcait was very founc^j^nd moil 
Ifubmiflive (O the Precepts of Cfaiiflianity *. ~ 

tolt I 


^ By tbi( you fat whac odious Conclufions wi 
feawn iij F/ance Irom that Paflage ill-under- 
flftod. A« for the other Places mcntion'd by ihac 
lufhor, whichfccm to ftrikcac the Immortality 
bf tijc Soul, Uicy only relate to the former Editi- 
ifM of Mr. ^ie St. Evremm/s Worksiwhich,as4 hav n 
(pore than once obCcrv'd, were lo faulty and f. 
Vpg'd with foreign Additions, that lie was often 
Made to lay thir.pi, which he never fo much ;i4 
[bought ofy IJut J believe no fuch thing wi!l 
! found in the Edition we have publifti"d. 

. There are feveral other Paflages in his Works 

^liich would appear obfcurc to mod Readers,bi:; 

the Marginal Explanations that have been 

|llic to them. I took great care, as I faid before 

a get [hpfe Hxplanaiions from Mr. Jt St. E-vr,^ 

■nii, finA 1 fliouU liave gathered a grciter Nuii]- 

ier,hnd we gone together through the Reviling (i 

Jib Works To fupply this De(e*ft, XjT.Lthiv", 

who for the fpace of furty If ears was acquaint'. ■ ' 

i'ich Mr- Jt Si- EvremetiJ, liSs furniflid u> wiii; 

'the Elucidations of fcveral Pailagcs, ibar coi-l ' 

lOt ocherwife be undcrftood ; and Dr. Syhftji < ■. 

•Sn tbfV^pktaH'i, l>k««Fii|itimd' FUfldlii «w 

M(mjiei& de St. Evremond, cliii 

has alfo <;leared not a few. I fhall not enter 
into the Detail of the N O T E S I have in- 
ferted in this Edition : But content my felf with 
obferving^ in general, that they are of various 
kinds. Some of them immediately relate to Mr. 
Ji Sp. E'^remonis Works, and ferve only to ex^ 
plain them *. Others are more general, and con- 
tain fome Particulars that might be cali'd AnecdiH 
ftf^orfetretMemoirs,fince, to my knowledge^ they 
were never made publick. Some the^e are, that 
relate to FaAs pretty well known, tho' not equally 
occurring to one's Memory : and thrffe are com- 
iponly very fliort. You'll meet with fome that 
contain the mod material Paflages of the 
lives of fome eminent Perfons, either notfuffict- 
ently known, or imperfeftly related by fome of 
opr Authors. To avoid Repetitions, and for the 
better Inftrudion of the Readers, I have often 
refcrr^ to Che CRITICAL DICTIONA- 
R Y, and ochef Works, which all the Curious are 
fuppofed tq have* I was very exaft in fetting 
dow(i the P AT E S t i both to redify fome of 
our Authors, whom I did not care to name , 
and becaufe thefe Dates having been a help to 
me in putting the feveral Pieces in a Chronologi- 
cal Oraer, 1 thought the Readers would be glad 
thereby tp know the time in which they were 
compos'd. In the writing of thefe Notes, I had 


* Jhho*lhavefet down in thefe Memoirs the time in whith 
Mu dt St. Evremond wrote his priiKipnl Works^ what 00- 
€Mfionei the writing of them^ &c. it wm thouj^ht fit to 
repeat thofe ParticuiarSf in each Piece^ hy way of Marginal 
Ifotetf for the Convenience of the Readers. 
. f S^chastbe Death of fome eminent Perfon^ the Epocha 
of lapeat Event. Some of which firfi fort of Date* m§ moC U 
me found any where el fe% 

<\lv The L I F E of 

ftill in my Eye the judicious Cricicifm of CervMfh 
tes t ; and 'twere to be wifh'd , that aU who 
write Comments^ fliouM read ic with Atten- 

Thus having given you an Account of whae 
we have perfornVd in the Edition of Mr. ^ St. 
KvremoniC% WORKS, nothing remains fdr me 
CO do but briefly to anfwer fuCh ts might be 
furprizd to find in them a good Number of PieceSj^ 
whcfe Subjed- Matter docs not affed them, be- 
caufe it runs upon particular Fads and Pai&ges. 
Why,will fome People fay, were thofe Pieces. print, 
ed in which the Publick are not concerned, and 
wliich do Mr. di Su Evnmond no great Credit * J 
Why was this Edition fwelVd with tbenx i 
Had it not been better to have culled the nioft 
excellent of his Writings, fuch as are moi^ 
worthy of Immortality ? 

I confcfs, that if we had made a Arid Choice 
of Mr. de St. Evrtmond\ Works, we Ihould have 
fupprefs'd a pretty large Number of Pieces, 
which we have publifli'd j particularly as to his 
Poetry : Neverthelefs, I am of Opinion, that we 
have printed none that can hurt Mr. de St. R'ure^ 
ntonSs Reputation. If there happen to be fome 
that are not underftood by every Body, it does 
not follow, as \ obferv'd before, that they have 
no real Intrinfick Value. Mr.//e St. Ewremond did 
not write them for fuch Perfons ; nor have we 
publifhM them for them neither. I might add, 
that this Objedion does not affed Mr. de St, 
Evremmds WORK S, any more than thofe of 


t Skeht Pfologue htfore DOM QUIXOTTE. 

•* /^a^bii and what /tUoiri, Yilatts chUfy 19 the Iftnth 

^Mi^z ^r B# 1^ c^ X?- J»- irr^ • * 

Monfieur de Evremond.' (dv 

moft Authors^ in which there are CompoAircs^ 
wherein the Publick are lictle concern'd : Thaf 
fufiha Faulty if k be one, is lefs excufable '\a 
Authors who have theipfelves publifh'd their own 
Works, than in bare Editors : And in (hort, 
t|iac ews thole Pieces that run upon BafTet^ 
Head-Drefles^ and the like^ are^ at leaft, proper 
to enrich our D I CT I O N A R I E S, and 
to explain certain Manners of cur Age^ which 
may notbeunderftoodfome Hundred Yeani hence. 
I might back thefe Reafons by other Arguments : 
But I (hall only touch upon one, which^ I hope 
willi^ear us out with the Publick ; 'uiz,^ That 
Mr. Je SuEvremonJ^s WORKS being firft printed 
here (in French) by Subfcriptioiij feveral Perfons. 
pf Quality defired^ that fuch little Pieces as re* 
late either to the Dutchefs of Maz^nrin^ or other 
Perfons of their Acquaintance^ Ihoul J be publifh'd. 
Kor did we think proper to deny them that Satis-i 

I (hall think my felf happy^ if this Account of 
Mr. At St. E'uremond's Life and Performances ^ 
which I have lately reviled y affords you any 
farther Satisfadion. I hope^ however^ S I R^yoa 
will look upon it as a Mark of the Refpeft^ and 
Devouoawich which I (hall ever be^ 

Your, &C. 

LonJ§n the 4tb. of 
Kovember, i^m6. 


• A$ that Xgafon eanmt t ski f lace in thit Ej^glifi Eduhn^ 
we hdve taken the Literty te lay 'afide feveral Pieces^ hoth %% 
Vttfe §M tfofe^ which would not ban aft&cd the Reader i. 




O F M R. D £ 


CArolusde 5aint Denis, Dni.^f Saint Eijfemond. 
Nobili gentre in Normanuia crsus^ 
A prima Juven^ute 
Militia nomen dedit^ 
Et per 'VAvia Munera 
Ad Cafirorttm M'nfcrlU gradam cveStttf^ • 
Condao, Turennio, 
AUi/ifue chris Belli Ducihm 
Fidem fnam ^ Fortitudimm 

Non femel proba'vit. 
ReliSd Vatrid Uollandiam, 
Deinde a Carolo 71. accitus^ Anglian? 

Tbilofofbiaff\ tit bumaniores Litttras 
Fcliciter excoluit ; 
Gatticam Linguam 
Cumfohitd^ turn numeris ^firiSldOratiime 
Expoli*vity adornavity locuphtwuitm 
Aftfdpotentijf.An^Wx Rfges knevolentiam &favortm, : 
Afnd Regni Procercpgratiam & familiaritattm - 
Apud omnes laudem dt applaufum 

Nonaginta Annts major Obiit 
Dii IXSepnmbris MPCCIU. 

Plro Clartjjime 
• Inter prajlantiores 
tA^'ui lui ScriptortSy 
Stmfcr memoTAnda 
Amiei mmtntes 

M E M O I R 5i , 

O F T H E 

be/s of 

Written in Ker Name 

B Y 


The Abbot of St. REul L' 

W I T H A 


C O Iv T A I N I N G 

A True Charafter of Her Pcrfon and 


To which are added. 

Some PIECES attributed to Monfieur 
DE ST. SrUEMOND, and bv him 

Printed in the Year, 171 3. 

I a 








O F T H E 

Dut chefs ^/Maxarin^: 


Written in her Name by the Abbot of 


SINCE the Obligations I owe you are of 
that Nature^ that I ought to conceal no- 
thing from you, wherein I can teftifie my 
Acknowledgments of them, I am willing 
to gratifie you with the true Relation of my Life^ 
being you deflre it^ Not that I 'am ignorant^ 
ho^^ hard it is to fpeak difcreetly of one's felf : 

* For the Utter unierjlandmz of iheje MEMOIRS, 
we mujl ohferve that LORE N*Z O MA N G I N I, /i ATo- 
Heman of Komc, bad hy his ITife }EK OH lU A M A- 
Z A R I N, Sifter to Cardinal Mazirin, amoi^ other Children^ 
PHILIP, afterwards Duke of litivtits : OLYMPIAJ 
married in 1657. to Eugene-Maurice 0/ Savoy^ C»unt of Soit^ 
fons. Father to Prince Eugene: MARY, Jf^ifn to Lorenzo 
Colonna, Cwftahle •f the Kingdom of Naples: H O RT E N- 
Z A ; married in it6i. to Armand-Charles de la Porte, Bukg 
of La Meilleraie, on Condition that be and his Heirs JbouU 
take the Name of M A Z AILIH : ^ni^ MARY-ANNE; 
wedded in the Tear i66z* to GeoFroy-Maurice de Ja Tour, 
Duke of Bouillon* 


And you know how aveifc I am in my I 
from explaining to the World, Maiccrs wherdj 
I am fo nearly concerned : Yet it it very >Ja 

CO defend one's felf from Calumny, and to r 

appear to thofe, of whom wc have received Con- 
fidcrable Services, that we are not (<> unworthy 
of their Favours, as the traducinn Wpitd wouW 
make us appear to be : Nor can I fpcnd the time 
of my Retreat with more Innocenc:;. But i! 
what I am going to acquaint you with, feem to 
fivour much of the Roni,ivct, impure it rather to 
my Dcftiny, than to niy Inclination. 

I know the chief Gloir of a Woman oujiht to 
confift, in not making fier felf to be pit' 
talked of; and thofe that know mc, kn" 
wife rhac I never took much Pleafure n. 
that make too much Noift; : But it is not aiw.i . , 
in our Choice ro live our own way : And theic 
is a kind of Facali[y, even in thofe things th;ti 
fcem to depend upon die wifeft Condud. 

I would not trouble you wih the Account i r 
my Binh, if thofe that envied my "Uncle's Gl.i- 
ry had n^t endeavoured to tarnifli the Luilic 
inereof; Jiut (ince their Fury fpared nothing th:ir 
was his, it is lawful for me, to let you know 
that I am dcfcended from one of the mod illiifti i ■ 
oui Families of Riwe ; and that my Anceftors fo: 
ihefc Three Hundred Years have held a Rank Id 
eminent and confidcraHe, that I might have pafs ^ 
my Days happily, though 1 had never been Hcii ■ 
eft to a tirft Miniller of fraticc. 

The Acaitmj of the Vmmft of Ualy^ whi^;!. 
fcegan at the Nuptials of one of our FamiU , 
made it :>ppear what Efloem (hac Houfc w:^^ 
in at that time: And as a farther Addition cl 

l>utcbefs 0/ M A Z A R I N. 


Happinefs^ I had the advantage to be defcended 
from a Father^ chat was one of the moft accom- 
pliflied and beft qualified of our Family. I was 
but (ix Years old when I was brought into * France* 
and a few Years after^ the Duke of Max,ann re- 
jeifted the Marriage of my t Sifter^ and concei- 
ved fuch a violent Paffion for me^ that upon a 
time he told Madam d'EguHlm^ That ;/ be could 

but have the Happimfs to he married to me^ it would 
not griive him to die three Months afttir. The Succefs 

furpalTed his Deflre ; he has married me^ and yet, 
God be thanked, he is alive ftill. Upon the firfl 
Report of his refuflng my Sifter, the Cardinal was 
much offended ; and would often fay, fl&f hud rather 
marry me to a Footman. But he was not the only 
Man I had the ill Fortune to pleafe. An ItaVum 
Eunuch, MuHcian to the Cardinal, was accufed for 
having a Kindnefs for me. But the Truth is, that 
it was as much for my Sifter as for me. He was 
alfo jeered for being in Love with the beautiful 
Statues that were in the Palace Maz,arin. Thh 
Man's Love certainly was unlucky, fince thofe. 
poor Statues were fo cruelly punifhed for it as 
well as I, though they were as little in Fault. It 
was no Fault of my Sifter's, that 1 was not in 
Love with fomething, as well as 1 was beloved. 
As Hie had a (incere Inclination for the King, flie 
would have been glad to fee me ingaged with 
fome fuch Folly. But being extream young and 
childifli, I could fix to nothing. All that fhe 
could obtain from me, to oblige her, was to fhew 
fome Complaifance to thofe of my Age, that di- 
verted me moft in our little Play- games, which 
then took up all my Time and Thoughts^ tho* 

^ In the Year X6'^. 

t Married aftcrwarii to the Conjtalle Colenna, 

B -^I 

« \ 


ihcy were often interrupted by tlie King's Pre* 
fence, who fekioni llirred from our Houle, tho^ 
he converfed among us with wonderful Good*| 
nefs. He had (o much of Seiioui. and Solid (n« 
to fay of Majefly) in all his ways, that he couW 
not keep him(eU from ftriking through us a mod 
aweful Refpcd, even beyond his Intentions. 
My Sifter was no way difturbed at his Prcfcnce, 
whoever elfe was ; And you may eafily conceive 
that his AfKdiiicy had Charms for chofe who weie 
the caiife of if, when ic had none for others. A* 
ihe things which Partioa makes us do, feem ridi- 
culous to thole that have never known what thu 
PafEon is ; my Sirter's cxpofed her very often to 
our Raillery. One time among the reft we jeer- 
ed Jier, becaufe fhe feeing at a diftance a Gea< 
tleman of the Houfhold, who was about tha 
King's Stature, with his Back to her, ran to him 
with open Arms, crying, ^b my poer Sire ! AtlO- 
ther thing that made us Sport about that time, 
was a Joke of the Cardinal's, with Madam Jt 
BouHlun, which was then about fix Years old. 
The Court was then at la Fere *. One day as he 
made- Sporr with her about fome Gallant that (hi 
faid (lie had ; at laft he began to chide her, for 
being with Child. The Refentment which flie 
fhewed, diverted all fo, that it was agreed ftie 
ftould be rtill told of it. They ftreightened her 
Cloaths from time to time j and they made her 
believe that fhe was growing very big. 

This continued as long as it was thought ne- 
celTary, to perfwade her to the likelihood of her 
being with Child, Yet flie would never believe 
any thing of it, and denied it with a great deal 
of Heat, uncil the time of her Lying-in came. 

* in the Tear 1(^6. 


Dutehefsof MAZARINi 

fhe found iKCwixt her Sheets^ in the Morning^ 
a Child new-born. You cannot ingftgine the A* 
ftonifhment and ^Grief fhe was in at this Sight* 

Such a tbingy faid flie^ nti/er happened t& any hnt f9 
the Virgin Mary and my Self; for I nemr felt any 

kind of fain. The Queen came to condole with 
her^ and offered to be God-mother ; many came 
CO Goffip with her, as newly brought to Bed : 
And that which at firft was but a Pa ft- time with<^ 
in Doors^ came to be the publick Divertilement 
of all the Court. They prelTcd her hard to tell 
who was the Father j but all they could get from 

her. Was only. That it could be none hut the King, or 
the Count of Guiche, hecaufe no other Man but tbife 
two ever kijfed her. For my part, being three 
Years elder than her, I was infinitely prQud that 
I knew the Truth of the Matter j and I could 
never be weary of Laughing, to make People 
take notice I knew it. 

You will hardly believe, that at thofe Years, 
when there is nothing lefs thought of than of 
reafoning upon Things, I fhould make as fcrious 
RefleAions, as I ever did of any thing of this 
Life. It is true, notwithftanding, that my grsat- 
eft Delight was at that time, to ihut my fe!f up 
alone, to write what- ever came into my Head« 
It is not long iince fome of thofe Papers fell in- 
to my Hands j and I affure you, I was ftrangely 
furprized to find Things fo tar furpaffing the Ca- 
pacity of a Girl. They w?re Doubts and Que- 
iiions which I propoied to my felf upon all 
Things, which 1 could not well underftand. I 
could never fufficicntly fatisfy my Fancy in de-r 
ciding them ; and yet 1 fought with Obftinacy, 
what I was not able to dive into^ nor iin&. And 
if in my Condu<a fince, 1 have not fhewed much 
Judgment, 1 have at lead this Coofolation^ that 
I had a very great Defve to attain to a g(y>d on^. 

A 4 ^"^^ 

MEMOIRS ofthe^ . 

I remember aoouc ihuc time, writings to a young 

l.y 'y, tor whom I l.aci a ^reat Kindncfs, 1 began 

u> [;i<'W vvcaiy <>t writing lo often, llu^ut you^ in 

nc Jriid the iiiiiic Ixrtcr j and gave her to undec- 

tanv], tluK h.ercafter 1 woulJ only make a Crofs 

o li^i-.ity tlufc three Words. According to this 

prccry liivciuion, it happened fumetimes that I 

writ to chi^ I iuly, Letters wherein there was no.- 

jhing clfc t.» be I'ecn but whole Lines of CroiTes^ 

one after another. One of thcfe Letters fell af- 

terwtnds into rhe Hands of fome, whom it con- 

cern'jd co fine! o:.;f the Myftery^ buc could nevej 

iind any l.uilt v^iih lb godly a Cypher. 

My jnlarx) being paffed among thefe innor 
cent Anuifcment',, or Pall- times, ihey began tp 
talk of a ?\iarch for me. Fortune, that intended 
to ninkc nie the muii unfortunate Perfon of my 
Sex, began to ilatrer me with the fbew of making 
me a Queen ; and did all fhe could to make me 
hart: riic M:ucli fhe ddi;!;n'd for me, by the com- 
p.iriioji kA ihole wherewith (he firft did cajole my 
im.igiintiiri;. Yet 1 can truly fay for my felf, 
(I:ar (hole illuftiious j\iatv.he3 never dyzled my 
r^ncy . And the Duke of /ll.z^irhi dares not fay, 
U\:u he ever found nic guilty of any Vain-glory 
:-b()Vc inv Convlidon. All the Wurld knows how 
:n.»nv rcpi.\i:c.i Ovcrtnrv;^ were made to marry me 
Willi tiu- kinr, <A ^ i\i]\il.7i:l. As for the Duke of 
>\iv.)\ \i .1 kr.'.)w wiuiL was laid about it in the 
Joiuncy fo '\ ly,n^ and chat the Bufmefs broke 
t't^, upv;n ilio CardiriaTs obllinate Refufd to 
al\indon G\;;(i\.\ in con/idcration of that Mar- 
riat^c. We lodged at || Ikik^Ccurty and our Cham- 

* Charles II. See The LIFE cf Jlovjicur dc St. Evre- 


Dutcbefs 0/ M A Z A R I N. 

ber-Windows, which open'd cowards the Markets 
Placty were low enough for one to get in with* 
eafe. Madam de VeneUty our Governefs^ was fo 
ufed to her Trade of watching us, that flie rofq 
even in her Sleep, to fee what we were doing. 
One Night, as my Sifter lay afleep with her 
Mouth open. Madam de Vemlley after her accu- 
domed manner, coming afleep as /he was, to 
grope in the Dark, happen d to thruit her Finger 
into her Mouth, fo far, that my Siller ftarcing 
out of her Sleep, made her Teeth almoft meet in 
her Finger. Judge you the Amazement they 
both were in to find themfelves in this Pofture, 
when they were thoroughly awake. My Sifter 
was in a grievous fret. The Story was told the 
King the next Day ; and the Court had the 
Divertifement of laughing at it. 

The Cardinal, whether it were thro* Modefty 
or Diffimulation, fliewed himfelf as averfe, as the 
Queen to the King s Purfuit of my Sifter. 

As foon as the Marriage with the Infanta of 
Spain was concluded % nothing was fo much in his 
Thoughts, as how handfomly to fend her farther 
off, fearing left fhe might be a hindrance to it. 
A little after our return from Lyons^ he fent us to 
ftay for him at Fontaimbkuui from thence he car- 
ried us to Voitiersy where he left it to her Choice 
to retire to what Place ftie pleafed. She choie la 
RocheUe : And the Cardinal willing to wean her a 
little more, defired the Bifhop of Frejus^ at Brou- 
agcy to propofe to her the Marriage of the Con- 
fiable Colonna. But (he rejeded it ,* her Inclina- 
*tions being not yet drawn into Italjy by what 
drew her thither fmce. He had refolved to carry 
Madam de Bomhn and me to the King's Mar* 

■>! m 

* In th Tear 1659. 

TMOIRS of the 

nipt; but my Sifler obiKnarely refufifiE to let 
Ijo, when ht tent for us, unlcfs (he mtghc go tooj 
he cholc rather to (Icfrnvc bimfclf of the Pleafun 
of tctinR ui there, thin (O let her cnme with us. 
Ar ihcir Majcdv's return from the " Fmmitrr, W( 
wercIcntfortofwMw'Wf**, where the Court thq, 
WB*. The King looked hut cold upon my SiflOTj 
anJ hi? Change bepan to nwtte hsr rcfoWe W* 
marry into i>.:/j. She would i ften pray me nij 
tell her as many ill Things of the King a< I ctsuUfr 
But, be ikIcs, thut it W3S harti to (peat: ill of fudi 
n Prince a« he, who lived mmong us with that ~ 
miliiiriiy ■UvJ charminp Sweetntfs ; I being 
Ten Ywri oM then, I could not well compitf 
hend what it wrs oie would have. All I cotUd 
do lor her, lo»inp her tenderly, and leclng be 
all ill Tear*. w«s w v'fcep for her Misforct)o« 
with Iter, until flic mighty se my turn, beariM 
Cooipaiiy to we<:p mine. The Averfion the CaH 
dinal hail for Ivrr Fondnefs to (he'j, nnde hin^ 
conccire a great Unkindncr^ for her ; and as thi) 
liicrigiie began with her firU coming into thfl 
World, it mav be faid, that he hardly ever lovQil 
Iter, My Brother's Huraour was nothing mors 
pleating to him, and his- Conduit much lefsj 
cl(>cci3lly fmce he was accufed to have been ar 1 
the Debauch of t /(*!//?■ One of the things which , 

t TieCotaf of RifTi Rahirin ; th; Jf-ht fe Cjnms. afitr, 
wt'.}i Bii-ip itf Gtetritit, .ndCwrinUi ,)f»»'««r M.noinj, 
Ji^flMv nCi'J'ini hl'i-uiii, 3n! fimiolbtriy iiiviiij^uist is 
t-yt- ji R'lffi, .t CsaB.''7-,'vr.B ic'-xifin; (j Count Vivoiioe,* 
im arirt ft fffiiS tht Kittfi HfHitft; on Gni-Ftidiy ibty 
eommtt*-! fcfit Sietiti^hui Imfatitt ,iat fiffac.ifJtfiw, 
fafi>mm ; b t^n it tw tjaHmth iiffttJ tbtt iii Chrifbm'i m 
Kfg, JbiJ jUj.'V otftr it, St:-) ftr mhkb Enirnhki ibtf woe 
AjBTjt'dibeCnti; Cmmt ButB, txiT J ta iu Swi i« Bur- 
prodfi t.> J.^w, ;. Mauxj MtHfimj » Bfifi: j Oi**; 
Vivoane, f* KoUK, c^<< 

Dutchefs 0/ M A Z A R I N. 11 

moft difpleafed him in us^ was the want of Devo* 
tion : You cannot imagine how much he was dif- 
contented at it. He left no Arguments untried^ 
to induce us to have more. Ajncng the reft, 
complaining once to us^ becaufe we did not hear 
Mafs every Day, he told us we had neither Piety 
nor Honour : j^t leajfy faid he, if )ch dmt hear it 
for G*0 D's Jifkcy bear it for the World's. 

Tho' I was as much concerned in his Remon- 
flrances as the refl ; yet cither becaufe I was the 
youngeft, and fo the lefs faulty, or that he faw 
loineching in my Humour that pleafed him bet- 
ter, he had for a long time as much Tendernefs 
for me, as he had Averfion for them. This made 
him to chufe me, to leave his EAate and Name 
to the Man he (hould wed me toj which likewife 
made him more CircumfpeiJl in the care of my 
Education, than of the reft, and at laft alio more 
difpleafed when he believed I had given him 
caufe. He was very apprehenfive of my engaging 
my Affe<aions to any one : Madam 4c l^cntUe^ who 
had Diredions to pry into all my Adions, viould 
be continually fpeaking to me of every one that 
came to vifit me, or were likely to engage my 
Love, in order to difcover by my Di(courfe my 
Thoughts of every Body ; but 1 having no Tie 
more to one than to another, (lie could never 
make any Difcovery j and flie had been in Igno-^ 
ranee to this Hour, had not the Indifcretion of 
my Sifter made her believe what was not. 

I told you that ihe would always prefs me to 
love fomething. She importuned me for fome 
Years to tell her if none of the Court pleafed me 
more than another ; at laft being overcome with 
her Intreaties, I told her^ I faw a Youth in the 
Houfe that I liked above the reft j but that I 
fhould be very forry he (hould be half fo plea- 
» ^ng in my Eye, as the King was in hen. Over- 

OIRS of the - ' 

joyed to liavc drawn this CofifefBon from 
fhc asked nic his N;in)c, but [ knew it noc. Al 
iliou^h flic louk all the Pains imaj^inHbte to ciul 
mc dcfciibc liiyj, flie was above two Months 1 
ing of me before (lie cuuM tind him ouc. She 
dorllood gc Vdd that it an ltJi..n Gcnctenn 
newly come from being P»ge of thcKing'sChfli 
ber, who was then but one of the Sub-Licm 
nHn» in the Guardii, but has been lince killed 
» much higher Employmcnc in fLndcrs. Slie t<i 
ton his Kumc, and likewife made her felf men 
with the King about my pretended Inclination 
from whom fhe could ccmccal nothing. Th 
Cardinal knuw it fotm after, and believing 
quite another thing than it really was, ("poke -^ 
me of it in vci-y haifii Tcrnu. it w^s tlie ligh 
way to make foniething i>f nochinf{ ; und i? . 
had been capable of engaging my Tclf tor Spighl 
b» Rcpro.iclics might incline me to dcferve then 
As this Gentleman wa familiar in the rioiife, (he 
Noile the Cardinal made about it, reached lug 
E^r, and railed in him Thoughts which he pct^ 
hajTS ncvct had before ; at length he found nieani 
to make them known to me, and by mv Sifterl 
good Will 1 lliould have anfweted his Paflion, in* 
iLad of delpifmg and rejeffting it. 

In the mean trme the Cardinal's Didempec 
g ew every Day worfe and worfe, the Defire ho 
had [o Eternize his Name, carried him above the 
Indignation he had conceived againft me. He 
broke his Mind to the BiOiop of Frtjus, and de- 
fired to know his Opinion of fevi:ral Perfons, and 
which of them he thought properelt for me. 
This Bifliop, won before by the Duke, upon Pro- 
mife of Fifty Thoufand Crowns^ forgot nothing 
tliac might deferre them. But he never hati 
them ; for he returned the, Bond, intimating, Hs» 
hsd t. greater Mind to the fijfiepriek of EvKUX if I'tj 
V» CBuU J 

, butehefs 0/ M A Z A R I N. 13 

cculd he gotten for him'y but the King did difpofe 
of it CO another, notwithftanding Monfieur Ma- 
z^iirins foliciting his Majefty for the fpace of two 
Months. The Biihop re-deiBanded the Fifty 
Thoufand Crowns, bfit Monfieur Maz^rjn was no 
longer in a Condition to Pay them. 

As foon as the Marriage was concluded, he 
fent me a great Cabinet, wherein^ among other 
rich Tilings, there was Ten Thouiand Piftoles in 
Gold. 1 gave great part of this Gold to my Bro- 
ther and Sifters, to leffen their Hatred of my O- 
pulencies, which they could not fee without En- 
vy, whatever Mien they made. I never put them 
to the trouble of asking me ; for the Key was al- 
ways in the Cabinet, and who would might take 
for me. One Day, wanting other Divertilcment, 
we threw above Three Hundred Piftoles out at 
the Windows of the Palace Mazsarim, to have the 
Pleafure of feeing the Servants that were in the 
Court to (cramble and fight for them. This Pro- 
digality being told the Cardinal, it caufed To 
much Difpleafure in him, that it is believed ic 
haftned his End j but whether it was fo or no, he 
died within Eight Days after, and left me the 
richeft Heirefs, but the unhappieft Woman, in all 
Chriftendom. Upon the firft Tidings of his 
* Death, my Brother and my Sifter, inftead of be- 
ing forry, cried to one another, Ood ke thanked be 
is gone. And to tell you the Truth, I was not 
much more afflided : And it is a remarkable 
thing, that a Man of that Merit, that all his Life 
had laboured to raife and enrich his Family, 
fliould never receive other Thanks from them, 
than apparent Signs of Hatred and Averfion even 
after his Death. 

« Cardinal MauriQ Hid tU Ninth 9/ March, i66u 

14 MEMOIRS of the 

Bi:t if you knew with what Severity be t^el^ 

Cvi iif, you wou! ! be lefs furprized at this* Nc- 
\\;r Nliii had fo (Weec a Behaviour abroad and in 
p.:blick, and lb harfh and fevere at home : Ajud 
hH our Humours and Inclinations were poim 
blank ovpofue to his. Add tathis the tyrannical 
Si.'bjsclion we were kept in j the tenderne^ of 
our Years j and the infenfibility and carelefiicfs 
we hai for all Things, to which too much Plen- 
ty ar.d Profperiiy reduces commonly Perfonrof 
iliis k%c, in fpire of all their good Nature. For 
my own rarci :u1ar, Fortune has taken care to pu* 
nifh my lnjir:<ritjJe by thcfe Misfortunes, which 
hJive continually U»llowed me, one on the Neck 
iii another, ever his Death. I know not 
what fore knowledji^e my Siller had of them; 
but upon the tirlt Difcontents which I fell into 
after my Marriage, (lie told me by way of Con- 
Iblation ; 6f,, q^o^ jf.u iviU yet he r/j'.re unhjtpy tbanL 
The i^uke ol fj.rr.iiny who Rr :i long time was 
p'iiiir.niirtlv in Love wich her^ made ufe of all his 
Kr-jcorick to rerlwade her to marrv him: and 
v..j:irifii:jd h\^ Piirfuic even after the Cardinar$ 
Death. The Queen- Mother, who woulJ by no 
liicins have her (tay iri France^ charged Madam di 
i\f!'i!c ro break off tl«is Intrigue at any rate. But 
ail their KnJeavoiirb had been fruitlels, had they 
not been (econded by certain Reafons unknown 
ro all tlie W'oilJ. And though the King had the 
Cienerolity ro give her her Choice of any Man 
c!(e in Ihdr.a'y if fiie could not fancy the Duke of 
l.or,\,'iri^ and that he fecmed to be fenlibly dif- 
plcafcd at her Relblution to go out o{ France \ her 
evil Stars drew her into Italy againft all Reafon, 

The (.onttable, who at firlt believed that the 
Amours of Kings could not be innocent, was fo 
nuicli tranfportcd with Joy to find the contrary 
i" the Pcrfbn of my Sitter, that he made little 


Dutcbefs 0/ M A Z A R I N. 15 

account of not being the firft that had gain'd her 
Heart* He left his bad Opinion that he had^ 
and all Italians have^ of the Liberty which Ladies 
enjoy in France, and made her live with the lame 
Freedom in Rdme, fmce he found (he ufed it fo dis- 
creetly. In the mean time the Eunuch, her Con^ 
fident^ who now by his Abfence^ and the Cardn 
nal's Deaths lived without Credit^ undertook to 
make himfelf neceiTary about me; but, befidcs 
that my own Genius made me a Stranger to all 
forts of Intrigues j Monfieur Mazarin kept too . 
ttnSt an Eye over all my Adions. He enraged 
at this Obftacle, took a Refolution to be reveng- 
ed of Monfieur Maz^rm himfelf. 

This Man had kept his Accefs to the King 
with the fame Freedom he had enjoy'd when he 
was my Sifter's Confident. He makes a great 
Complaint to his Majdfty of the Severity Mon- 
fieur Ma%arin ufed towards me j That ht was 
obliged to take my fart, as ha'ving been the Cardinal's 
Creitnre, and mj f articular Servant j That Mtmfienr 
Mazarin was jealous of all the IVorld, and above all of 
bis Majefty I AndJje caufed me to be watched very 
narrowly in all Places whtre the King (who had no 
Thoughts of me) might fee me j And that be/ides, he 
took upon him, as if he were a great Minijler, atidtba: 
be threatned to banifl) all the Italians otit ^/ Paris. 

To all this, the King only anfwered. That if 
what he faid was true, the Duke of Mazarin was 
tnad I and that though he had inherited Cardinal Ma- 
zarin'j Wealth, he bad not his Power. AH that was 
true of this Report, was only that Monfieur Ma-- 
xarin, being informed of this Eunuch's Intrigues, 
threatned to put him out of the Palace Alaz^arin, 
where he had Lodgings. Not content with what 
he had done, he was fo unwife as to boall of it 
before a JLady of Quality of Provence, called Ma- 
dam de fius^, who was^ I know not how, ac- 

16 MEMOIRS of the 

t.|ir.iintciJ with Monfieiir iUrtt, iris. She tells Mta 
oi the ill Office that had been done him. He had 
a mini! to plnce about me fome Lady, who witb- 
out the Name of Grtivtru imf might perform the 
l'tiiu^i>)n ; and Ending this Madani 4e kitz, very 
inofcr til aft the Part, he made Choice of hctj 
Hi an Acknowledgment lor the Intelligence flie 
gave him. He delii'd her to find out fome means 
(o get her Icif prcfcnted to nt*: without letting 
1110 know th:it he was acquainted with her. 
The Billiop ot" Fr,jiii fp'ke to me of her, is 
frcni himfclf, fometimc af^terwards; and brought 
her to me up a Pair of b:Kk Stairs, one iSij' 
when Mnnlici:r Al.rtMiihi was a Hunting. I was 
much taken with her ; and as I thou(>ht, that if 
it were perceived that I liked her, 1 fhould n« 
he perniiEted to have her; I was not willing any 
of the lloufc fhould fee her, before fhc were ra- 
ccived into my Family. 

One D;iy. as I w:\$ alone with her. Madam Jt 
I'nuUc c.\mi fuddainly inro the Room, iind broke 
:i IJi-sk \vc had fee to b;)r the Door, and fliut our 
telves in. Of a fud<)ain. Madam ,U Khz., with a 
wondcihi! Prefence of MiTul, began to roul her 
Lyes in her Head, to Weep arJ Cry with the 
Tone ut" a l^ggar, jliv ims .< p:or (i('it!<.ijf:-mm 
<•; Loriaiii, .^w./ p'/iy'i! m.' m t.-.L- Ctmp.-.jji.n of her 
Mi/try. As file liath tlie Air of her Facj extrean; 
brisk and lively, as motl of the Vn-zienfe^i.-ix have, 
her Grimace Jacccedcd (b well, and fo difguifed 
her, that I my felf could hardly know her again. 
Madam i!e I'mclie was lo terribly afFrighted ac 
her, that flie ran as far off from her as (lie could, 
and told all aboiit ilnce. That ^e found tU Dtii'il in 
My Chamhtr. 

Monfleur Mazarm's cunning Artjiice in the 
Choice of this Woman, in a Time wherein he 
could not yet have any Subjed to complain of 

Dutcbefs (/ M A Z A R I N. 17 

any of my Adions, may fuflfice to inftru<5J: you 
with his Natural Diffidence^ and in what Diipo- 
lition of Mind he married me. As he was jealous 
of my Abode in P//r/x, he continually carried me 
about tu his Lordfliips and Governments. During 
the firft tliree or four Years of our Marriage, I 
made three Journies into Alfatia^ and as many in- 
to Rritany j befides feveral others to N^t/ers, k 
Mainej Bourbon^ Seduft^ and other Places. Having 
no greater Delight in Viinsy but the Pleafure of 
feeing him, it was not fo irkfome to me, as it 
might be to a Per(on of my Age, ro be deprived 
of the Divertifementc of the Court. And per- 
haps I Ihould never have been tired with this 
wandering kind of Life, if he had not too much 
abufcd my Complacency. He has often made me 
travel Two Hundred Leagues when I was big 
wich Child, and very near my Time* My Rela- 
tions and Friends were arprehenfive of the Dan- 
gers to wliich he expofed n\y Health, and endea- 
voured to make me fenllble of them,, but it was a 
long time in vain. Whut would they fay, if they 
had known that I could not once fpeak to any of 
my Domefticks, but they were turned away the 
next Day ? That 1 could not receive two Vifics 
fucceffively from any one Man, but he was prc- 
iently forbid the Houfe } And if 1 fliewcd mofe 
Kindnefs for any of my Maids than for\ the 
reft, fhe was immediately taken away from. me? 
If I called for my Coach, and he thought it not 
convenient to let me go Abroad, he would laugh- 
ingly forbid the Coach to be made ready, and 
then would droll upon it till the Hour was paft to 
go where I defigned. He would be content that 
I Ihould fee none in the World but himfelf. A- 
bove all, he could not endure that I fhould fee his 
Kindred^ nor mine own : Mine^ becaufe they 
begun to take my part : Ms own^ becfliufe they 



R S o/ the 


did no more approve of his Condud than i 

I was a long time lodged at the Arftnal \ 
Madam d' Oradoui his Coufin, without ever bd 
permitted to fee her. The Innocence of my I 
Creations, which were capable to put any I' 
elfe of his Humour out of doubt, who had \ 
fervcd any Regard for my Age, gave him'^l 
much difquict as if they had been very Crimti 
Sometimes he faid^ U wm t fin to ^laj with my j 

I'vanis at Bl'md-man'i Buff. At Other times he flfl 
It wat a heinous Cr'tms to go to Bed late. Once wq 
Monlieur Colhen dcfired to know all his Griev) 
ces, and Cau(es of Complaint agair.d me, 1 
could never alledge any other than thcfc i 
He often fsid. One cmiU not in Canfc'unce go 
*Cours, and tnuch Icfs ta Plays. Sometimes] 
Devotions were too Ihort : In fine, his Peevinin 

Upon my account was fuch, that I verily belie* 
if any one would ferioufly ask him how, and j 
let what fon h« woald have me live, he coi| 
not agree with himfelf about the manner, 
no doubt, hath laid lince, That knowing of i 
Valut 1 vol, ht Cfuld not be too folicitoui tf » 
the Cf-nverjmien of the PVorld kesng fo CcntAgiA 
whawvtr Sport er RaiSeriei were made t>f blm^ € 
would endeavour to hinder my being ffoiltd, ^rtl 
ht lovid me more than ha own Refutation. Bb 
was his Love for me, that made him T; 
after this fantaflical FaHiion, it were to h 
ed for, for the eafe of both of us, that > 
honoured me a little more wirh hi* Indift 
No fooner did he perceive that 1 took 
in any Place, but 1 was immediately hur[i ' 

* jt foiliei Flue di ViDi, vlttrt PnfU^ j^Ltfi 
in»Tdetia taUlit Aa in Oitit Sateitu, 

Dmhefs 0/ M A Z A R I N: 'ic 

thence^ though there were never fo great a rea- 
fon for my flay there. We were at the Maim 
I when the News was brought of the King's Jour- 
- ney to * Marfal He had Orders to follow his 
Majefty thither ,* and he fent me into Britany to 
I keep Company with his Father^ who was at the 
meeting of the States there. While he was pre- 
paring himfelf at Paris for his Journey^ he had 
Intelligence from fome of his Spies (by whom t 
was continually befet and watched) that I pafTed 
my Time there very pleafantly ; he fell fick upoii 
it, and fent for me away with all fpeed. His Fa- 
ther underftanding that his Phyficians advifed him 
to go to the Waters of Bourbon^ would not let xnt 
go, alledging. That a Man whih he drank fucb Wa* 
ters mufi abjlain from Women. Upon this News he 
fell into a Swoon for Vexation ; and after feve- 
ral Couriers fent for me, his Father at lad let me 
go. I went with him to Bourbony where I re- 
mained a Month, fhut up with him in a Cham- 
ber, to fee his Waters pafs j without fo much as 
vifiting the t Priiicefs, who was there, and to 
whom he had the Honour to be related. He 
could not prefently be induced to believe that i( 
was his Father that kept me from departing out 
of Britany I and notwithflanding A\\ the AiTurance 
he received of it fince, he maintained always, that 
I had been better pleafed to pafs my time there^ 
than come and folace him in his Sicknefs. It had 
not been hard for me to juftifie myfelf, if he 
would but hear me. But that he avoided ftill the 
moft he could^ becaufe all the JBtame would be 
found of his fide in the clearing of the matter; 
and he would neter acknowl^ge himfelf in aii 

^ In tbi Tear^ i6tf3» 
t Tie rrmefi ofCanii. 

B i \x\^\^ 

• »t^f ^PRmOIRS ofth^ 

Enor. Nothing afflided mc more than his A«ert 
4aa 'to be informed or convinced of a Miftak^ 
Ucaute he cook upon him the jurifdiaion < 
||i ueuin^ me continually as guilty. 

. ^mc time afterwards bcinp obliged for t\ 
Kine'i Service to go into Briton)', he took fuch I 
ofaftinaie Rcfolulion to have me with him, ai 
^ yrrit fuch ftrangc things upon this o:ca(ion to t! 

Abhpt .r E^'J, his near Kinfman, that I wflt 
ferapc! to go from Para three Weeks after I wa^ 
fcraaght to Bed. Few Women of my Qualiqr 
■WWld have done the like ; but what would not 
Dta do for ihc enjoying of (b great a good K 
Pmcc? And to mend the matter, he made me 
Jo^ge in one of the wretchedeft Villages in all 
■thtt. Country, and in fo miferable a Cottage, 
Ami'wc wcfcconftrained to be out of Doors all 
i ^•i* ^^'^ always made choice of fbth Places be- 

■■ -^wiie 1 fliould fee no Company : And far from 

feeing any of the People of (hofe Villages, thofe 
-wbofe CiTility or Bulinels brought thither to fee 
-• him, were forced to lie in the Fields for want of 

f ■ Inns ; and if they difpleafed him never fo little, 

he fent them of Errands, about fcveral Buiineifas 
which depended upon him in this Province. I 
However, wc fpent Ci-a Months in this pleafant 
1 Place, in the Year 1666. Ancther time, being i 

alone at Btiurbony and having lent me into Britanj^yA 
he underilood by his Spies, that I diverted my 
lolf very pleafaotly with Madam J\ Cea^uitt, and 
that few Days paffed but we took the Air either 
at Land or by Sea : His wonted Qhqiiiet feizing 
him, he fends for me to mpec him . it Ntvers, 
ipbtret as be faid, there were very gpod Ctmedianif 
" «MO«g other D'rvertiftmentSt 

I began to grow weary of making fo many ! 
idle Journies. I writ to Monfieur Colbtrt to com- | 
plain I but being advlfed by him to go^ I was ( 

^ 1 

Dutebefs 0/MAZARIN. 2i 

much furprifed to find Monfieur Mazarin upon 
the Road^ Ten Leagues from Nevers, coming to 
Tarir with my Brother, who was returning out of 
Italy. He would never give me any reafon why 
he dealt fo flrangely with me ; we went without 
any farther clearing of this Doubt, to confine our 
felves at our Count ry-Houfe^ cali'd thcCaffirjey near 
SeJan, whither my Brother, out of CorTiplailance, 
feeing me very melancholy, accompanied us. It 
was there firll that Monfieur Ai^^zarin made ftiew 
as if he were jealous of him, not knowing other- 
wife how to be rid of him ; and being unwilling 
to have fuch a Witnefs of his Domeftick Proceed- 
ings. You may judge of my Refentment for fo 
baU and wicked a Sufpicionj but if all thefe Out- 
rages^ by hearing them related, feem hard to be 
enduired, the manner with which he did them, 
was yet fomething more cruel and barbarous. 1 
•will give you one inftance, by which you will 
judge of the reft. Being one Night with the 
Queen, 1 faw him coming towards me very plea- 
• fant, and with a conflrained and affeded Smile, 
publickly made me this Complement i Madam^ I 
ba'oe good News to tell you, the King has juft now 
commanded me to go into Alfatia. The Duke qf, 
Ro^uelaure, who was then prefent, moved, as well 
as the reft of the Company with this filly Affe^ 
Nation, but more frank than the reft, could not 
refrain telling him. That this was fine News indeed 
to he told with fo much Joy to a Woman of my Condi^ 
tion. But Monfieur M&zarin difdaining to reply, 
went quietly out of the Room, very ^ :oud of his 
Gallantry. The King hearing of it, was moved 
to Pity; He took the Pains to tell me himfelf. 
That my flay there fijculd be only for three Months ^ 

and kept bis word with me, as he always did. 

. ■ 5 3 .: i ■> If 

;|f I did not apprehend to tire your Patience, I 
cqitfd tell you a Thoufand fuch little malicioni 
Tricb which he play'd me, without any maoaer 
eif oeceffit>, out of the meer Pleafure he took to 
Tqi^ent me. Fancy then to your felf, continual 
Oppofitions to my moft innocent Defircs, and 
an implacable Ha;red againft all thofe I loved, or 
^ved me ; an undefatigable Care to bring into 
toy Prefcnce all thofe I hated mortally, and to 
cormpc thofe of my Servants whom I m:oft truft- 
ed, to betray my Secrets if I had any ; a ftudious 
Application to cry me down every where, aad 
inake my Aiftions odious to all People j in fine, 
all the Malignity of the bigotted Cabal could in- 
dent or pradife, in a Houfe where it had abfo* 
|nte Tyranny, againft a fimple young Woman, 
carelefs, and whofe want of Circumfpetftion in 
iier Actions, gave every Day new Matter to bet 
Bocmies to infult over her. I boldly make ufe of 
this Espreffion, Bigmted Cabd^ becaufe I cannot 
think ihac I err againft the moft ftriA Rules of 
Chriftianity, when I prefume that thofe Devotees 
by ^vhofc direiftions Monfieur'm doth regu- 
late his Aaions, are not truly fo, having pro- 
jfrioted the DiHipation of (b many Millions. 

And this is the fatal Article that has made me 

• Ipfe all Patience, and that has been the true be- 

' ginning of all my Misfortunes. If Monfieur At^ 

, Karin had only taken delight in overwhelming 

ihe 'with Sadnefs and Grief, and in expofing my 

. Health and my Life to bis tnoft unreafonabte Ca- 

pf^ce, and in making me pals the heft of my 

I^ays in an unparalled Slavery, fmce Heaven had 

been pleafed to make him my Mailer, I Ihould 

I^Te endeavoured to allay and qualifie my \fif- 

fortunes by? my Sighs and Tears, and my Com- 

*^1aints to my particular Friends. But when I 

''s that- by lus itfbtedible I>ilapidations, and 

Dutcbefs of MAZARIUJi 23 

Profufenefs^ my Son^ who might have been the 
richeft Gentleman in France, was in danger of be- 
ing the poorefl ; there was no refifting the Force 
of Nature^ and motherly Love carried it over all 
other Confiderations of Duty, or the Moderation 
' 1 propofed to my felf. I faw every Day vaft Sums 
go away ^ Movables of ineftimable Price, Offi- 
ces, Governments; and all the rich Remains of 
my Uncle's Fortune, the Fruits of his Labours, 
and the Rewards of his Services ; I faw as much 
fold as came co Three Millions before I cook any 
publick Notice of it. And I had hardly any 
thing left mc of Value, but my Jewels, when 
Monfieur Adaz^rin cook occafion co feize upon 
them. He took his opporcunicy to lay hold of 
them one Night as I came lace Home from the 
Cicy i defiring to know the reafon of this Pro- 
ceeding, before 1 went to Bed, he told me, Tb^t 

1 being of a free and liberal Nature^ be was afraid I 
fliould give away fome of tbem j and tbat be had not 
takin them fern me^ but with Intention to return them 
again with the Addition of others I anfwered him. 
That it were to be wijhed his Liberality bad been as re- 
gular as mine} that I was fatisfied with them I had al^ 
ready, and that 1 would not go to Bed until I had them 
again. And feeing that, to whatever I cpuld fay^ 
he only replied wich unpleafant Railleries, titr 
preflfed wich a malicious Laugh, or a feeming ^ 
Calmnefs of Voice, but in reallity mod tart and 
bitter ; I went out of the Room all in Defpairj, 
9nd palTed to my brother's Palace, excreamly 
perplexed, not knowing what courfe to take. 

Madam de Bouillon^ whom we prefently fenc 
for, having heard of this my new occafion of 
Complaint, told me I was well enough ferved^, 
fince I had fuffered fo much already Without fay-* 
ing a word. I refolved to have gone away with 
|ier in that very infiant, if Madam de BelUnzani^ 

J3 4 whom 

24 MEMOIRS of the ' 

whom we likewife fenc for, had not hindred tpe, 
increncing me to flay until (he had fpoken cq 
Moni]tnr Adaz^ariu : But he had given Order that 
none fbould be admitted. Yet Madam Je Belliih 
%^vly through mucli obftinate preflSng, was fuffep 
ed to ccirae unto him j buc he would not give her 
leave to fpeak, nor could (he get any other An- 

Ivver, But th.n her Bufinefs could not be fo urgent with 
him, as to oblige her to come at fo unreajonabk an 
Hour J but that if (he had any thing to fay to bimy ht 
was going next Morning to St. Germains, and k 
oifould gi'ue hir a meeting at the Crofs of Nanterre. 
Madam de Bellinz»ani being returned, as ill latifi- 
cd as we^ at fo unreafonable a Raillery, it was 
concluded that I (hould go to lie at Madam dt 
Bouillons. The next Day all my Relations being 
come thicher about my Concern, the Countefs of 
SorJJons was defired to acquaint the King with it. 
He received her very gracioufly, and the Princcfs 
of Carignan was commanded to come and carry 
me with her to the Hotel of SoiJJons. After flaying 
there about two Months, I was obliged to return 
with Monfieur Maz,nri?j^ even without having my 
Jewels rcftored to me, or with any other Satisfa- 
dion, but to be allowed to difcharge fome Wo- 
men which he placed about me, whom I did not 
like ; that was the only Favour I could obtain. 
When 1 prefTcd to have my Jewels reftored, the 
Countefs was the firll that told me I did very ill. 
The Court whs always aj^ainft me ever (ince that 
time. It is well known of what Confequence 
that is in all manner of Bufinefs j and I told the 
King en that occafion. That I (liould fee 'with Pa^ 
ijfrtct Monfieur Mazarin fo much fa'vourd againfi me^ 
7f be U'(re fo in all other things j and if the little help 
he foHvd in his other jijfairs did not make it appear^ 
that he bad no other Friends but my Enemies^ 


Dutcbefs of M A Z A R I N. 25 

As this was rather a Triumph for him than a 
.real Accommodation^ it made him too haughty j, 
CO let it be of any long continuance. An Hour 
before my going to the Palace Mazarin, 1 fenc 
chither with fome of my Things a Groom of the 
Chamber^ whom the Countefs had preferred to 
me fince my coming thither. Monfieur Maz,a* 
riny that knew him as well as I did, having ask- 
ed him what he would have, or who he belong- 
ed to ; bad him be gone about his Bufinefs, wirh« 
out letting him flay until I came. This poor 
Fellow met me about Two Hundred Paces from 
ray Houfe, and told me what happnedj and tho' 
the Countefs, who came to condu^ me, per- 
ceived that this was a juft Caufe of a new Breach j 
fhe perfwaded me to pafs forward, and when flie 
had brought me to the Stair-foot, (he took her 
leave of me, being unwilling to fee Monfieur - 
Maz,arin^ becaufe he had ufcd all his Endeavours 
to have me removed to the Palace oi Conty^ as if 
the Hotil of Soi£ofjSy where (he lived, had not been 
as convenient, and as (afe a Place for me. I be- 
gun immediately to beg^ that this Servant might 
be received again into my Retinue ; and the Ne- 
ceflity I faw my fcif reduced to, by the Autho- 
rity of the great Ones, made me (how Submit^ 
fions beyond my natural Inclination : But all in 
vain, I had a Man to deal with, that knew how 
to make ufe of the Conjundure; and feeing then 
that he paid me with bald Excufes, and as bad 
Jefts, I refblved to leave him the fecond time, 
and to withdraw my felf to my Brother s Houfe. 
But Monfieur Maz,ari?j, who (as you (hall perceive 
by the fequel) had taken a Courfe that I (hould 
not go out when I pleafed, and intended to keep 
me a Prifoner in my own Houfe j feeing me offer 
to go^ he threw himfelf in my way, and pufiied 
tM very ruddy to ftpp my Psmfage. But my: Grie£ 


in-^ '^ xxoBdim :unni«^txiK ne vxa ziofC tfaon ordii 
las*'' :\Ttsmm. I mcut iv JinL ia fsig^ of al 

3^ ^nua ii: . inir nini^ ize aljsd out tq the 
1:2 — arr r /iw *ii -Jr 3* rr,. iiii/ riie Camrt^GA 
it"n€:S.. ner -ott^iTic ne iil In Tian, none dmfl 
:»r»r' . w^^ mn r: £^ ."it; r.c. zy cbe Street 
v'liiTiin ncTT VIS i r^^jc T.rrcc£ cf People] 
TT -ni: iiLL ^jjridnujT, ia:ii&. a r:cr, and ac 
?v'i'r- :;:«. z: r^ z: ir? ic;Z2ii::nr»i.i S^^nduvy. 

•nui:»i lan ^'t.. ir :re Zorr. *<>' mZ'Cz :here wa$ 
t d:>TnrCLr:::fcci:xi nsr^m r:« Z::cti«i;:"i Palace 
hh: r xT* : 131 zrri i?'::cn: I :raci rry Efcape 

.cc ri L-. Mir. ¥!>: czarw oc i:. :: -igi chat h; 
7'i't: i-rtrtiti re scrr retisr U."?iJ ^:r cbe fa- 
i--i '.: I rsrijr: i «:££:: rj rJc :^.=a I bad bfr 

:rtc £: r.:i Haoci; cstirg LZ£fn care to 
rtCw't n-.'t f :: rr.; ni>s to cc-sre, 

A? ^i'-.r. ki I ciTt :o irv E:c:r.*:"f. I writ to 

:-.t y.'.'-:: :o r^vt :.:- an accc-r.: :: r^y Proceed- 

f^i h'^lczt cf T::.":^.'. B.: sfct: cr ilx Days^ 
Vr.r.if.r ct L:u- j came to ::ie frcri the King, 

?> .! x':.t Crur.:tl3 '^O-!! r.:>t confent ro chai^ and 
>'^.t rrcugh: ir abour. tha: Moriils-: Alizarin 
fhoMli Ke r.r.iged to come and carry me Home 
^i:r. hini, uron Condition that ihc would be re- 
C-rr:cil i v/irh him. 

Prefently af:er this, my Brother went away for 
It^*l/ ; partly to make it appear, that he did not 
contribute any thing to a mifunderftanding be- 
tween Monfieur Maz^rm and me ; and that it 
^ould not be his Fault, if we did not live peace? 
^bly together. But I enjoyed but an out-fide 
appearance of that Quietnefs which I hoped to 
have : For. notwithftandii^ ali my Relblutions 

Dutcbefs of M A Z A R I N. 27 

of Patience, there palTed not one Day for three 
Months, that we continued together, without 
fome jarring, and caufes of difguft. 

At the end of this Time, he tool^ a Fancy to 
go into Mfatia ; and inllead of gratifying me, 
and obliging me with his Kindnefs, to go (as I 
had refolved co do) along with him, he was To ill 
advifed, as to force me to keep a Woman that I 
could no way approve of. This his Quarrel 
about a Trifle, made me open my Eyes, and to 
think better of what Courfe I was to take. My 
Friends had th^ goodnefs to reprefent to me, the 
little Security I muft hope for, from a Man of 
that Caprice, in a Place fo remote, and where 
his Power was fo abfolute. That after what had 
fajftd btfwixt 9ts^ I was a Fool to imagine i jhould e'ver 
hefufftred to return from thence : That be had fent my 
yewels beforey for no other reafcn^ hut to confine himfelf 
for ever to that his Government ^ where be fhould not be 
obliged to give any account of his Conduit, as at Paris: 
And if ever IJhould have need of my Friends , IJhould 
be fo far from them, that they could do me no other good 
buty tmfrofitably, to wijh my Condition was better, 

Thefe Confiderations^ that were but too appa^ 
rent, and too well grounded, made me take &an- 
Auary once more at the Countefs's, the Night 
before Moniieur Maz^irin was to begin his Jour- 
ney, fearing left he would have ufed Violence to 
force me along with him. I was fo full of Per* 
plexity and Diftradion, to fee my felf a-new re* 
duced to this Neceffity, that I forgot to bring 
away my fmall Jewels which were left me for my 
daily ufe, and might be worth about Fifty Thou- 
fand Crowns. As they were the only Treafurc 
I had left, the Countels was fo provident as to 
ask me for them as foon as (he faw me : By that 
means I had time enough to fend for them away. 
He came the next Day to know vrh^t 1 nv^^uvw 

28 MEMOIRS of the 

Anfwer was made hiTi that I meant two things { 
the one. Not co eo thro Aljatia ^ the other. That 
fit flioi-lJ rtrtore me my great Jewels which he 
lonr bjfurc i.nco Jl/liria, and which were the firft 
cwilc of «. u: Br..ic.i. A.5 \ot Alfatlty he would haw 
bieri conuncc' co excufe me, fince he faw no 
eiejc likclih.oJ of being able to perfvvade me to 
i: ; but for my Jewels, h^ would make no pe- 
remprory Anfwer ^ and as they were ftill upon 
the Road to Allati.i^ as loon as MonHcur AIjz»arin 
Itft 1:5, the Pi inccls of J.idcn carried me co Mon- 
fieur ColbcKSj to beftv-ch him to feize them into 
his own Hands, ii;: believed I ought not to be 
rcfufed that Favour: They were forced to be 
brought back, and they have rem:nned ever fince 
in his Hands. Now the Queftion was, Whar 
Ihould become of me ? Monfieur MiZjarin left me 
my Choice of going to live at the Hotel de Contj^ 
or at the jihbej of Cbellesy the only two Places in 
the World he knew I hated mortally, and that for 
very jiiit Pvcafons. The OpprefTion of Spirit un- 
der which I lay, would not give me leave to de^ 
te! mine wliich I fhould chufe of thefe two Places, 
emialiy odious to me j I was fain to let others 
chufe for me : And the Reafons 1 had againft the 
the Pdhce of Conty being more prevalent, the 
->/:'''a7 of ChcUa was preferred before the Palace of 

In this my Solitude, making Relledion upon 
tlie Duty which my Friends told me was incum- 
bent upon me, to defire a Separation of Goods, 
in favour of my poor Children, before Monfieur 
^^liZj'irin had fpent all ; I was at lall refolved to 
<lo it *. But though I vvas convinced in my own 
^enfe, I ought to folicite it ; yet as I had fomc 


h • .?* /a the Tear i6<id. 

• 4 

butchefs of MAZARliJ, 29 

*7)ardcular Reafbns to refer all this to Monfieur 
O/Jcrr's Judgment, 1 caufed him to be founded 
upon this Matter, and finding him averfe to it^ 
put a ftop to all. 

Some fix Months afterwards, Monfieur Maza-- 
rin coming out of Alfatiay made me a Vifit as he 
paflfed that way, to oblige me to diCcharge two 
young Women, which the Countefs had given 
me fince his departure for Mfitia. I did not be- 
lieve my felf bound to fatisfie his Defires in this 
Particular, being I knew it was for no other rea- 
fon he defired it, but out of his Animofity againft 
her. His Refentment of this t)enial put him up- 
on petitioning the King to have me removed 
from thence, to fome other Monaflery, upon I 
know not what Pretexts. But the real Truth 
was, becaufe the Abbefs of ChcUcs, who was his 
Aunt, treated me civilly ; and that I was well 
enough fatisfied with my Abode there. He pre- 
vailed ; and though t!»at Abbefs was, as flie had 
caufe, much offended, and gave as favourable an 
account of my Behaviour there as could be defir-- 
ed, yet the Matter of the Horfe came to tell me, 

th.7t 1 (houU okli^e the King in going to the Gunnery cf 

St. Mary'i of the Baflille ; and Madam de Touffi 
came with fix Life- Guards to condud me. 

Some time after Monfieur Mazarin going into 
Britany^ came thither to fee me j but was prefent- 
ly out of all Patience, becaufe I wore Patches^ 
(for I had fome on by chance that Day) and told 

me, be would not [peak to we until I bad taken them offm 

No Man ever made his Demands with fuch Haugh- 
tinefs as inclined rather to refufe than grant them^ 
and chiefly, when he believed that Confcience 
was therein concerned ; and that alfo was the 
reafon I would not put off my Patches^ to (hew 
him it was neither of my Belief nor Intention to 
offend God with this Idnd of Drefs. After con- 

Gutcbefs afUAZARll^. j i 

febolour of keeping us Compatty^ they iK^ould ne-^ 

'wer fufFer us to go out of their Sights. The eld- 

«ft among the Nuns were chofch fof this purpofcy 

su being the hardeft to be bribed ; but we having 

nothing elfe to do but run about^ We foon tired 

, them out one after another^ and one or two of 

. them fprained their Legs, Arising to run after us, 

i I Yhould not tell you thefe little odd Follies^ if 

Monfieur Max^rins Partifahs had not publifhed 

them before ; and fmce they reprefented them as 

fo many Crimes^ I am glad you know all the 

Enormities of them. 

After we had been three Months in this Con* 
vent^ we had leave to go to Cbelles, where I knew 
we ftiould be more civilly treated, though we 
could not have fo many Vifits ; and Monfieur 
Atazarin arrived the fame Day from Uritany^ that 
we were removed thither. Some few Days after 
Monfieur Maz,arin comes with a Guard of Three- 
re Horfe, with leave from the Arch-Bifliop of 
#fij to enter the Monaftery, and carry me away 
by force. But the Abbefs not only refufed him 
entrance, but put all the Keys of the Houfe into 
my Hands^ to free me from the Sufpicion of the 
Evil ihe might have done me ; with this Condi« 
tion only, that I would fpeak to Monfieur Maza- 
tin. I asked him. What he would have ? But he 
ftill replied, I was not the Abbeft. I anfwered him, 

/ 9P4!f tht Abbefs for him that Dajy fince all the Keys 
rf the Houfe were in my Tower ^ and there was no get- 
ting in for him but by my Fa'vour. He turned llis 
Ibkck^ and went his way. A Gentleman that 
Ae Gountefs fent^ to know how I did, carried 
thfe News to Taris^ and faid, that it was report- 
ed at CbeUtSy that Monfieur Maz^tnrin went off, oa- 
ly with del%n to return again in the Night. You 
mve heard, without doubt, how Madam ie Boh-- 
Uhtf, tb« Count de Soifons, the Duke Je But^Umst 

MEMO I.R Sofm'^- 

and the bed and greateft Perfom abouc the .< 
got on Horfeback uport this Report, to coin 
my Refcue. 

Ac the Noife they made. Madam Jt < 
and I, Cook ilietn for ray Hnbmies; bet our I 
was not fo great, but that we thought u 
Expedient to hide our felvcs. Tiiere was a i 
in the Grate of our Patlor bi^ enous^ii for a grt 
Difh to pais; and we never till then thotigh[<i 
could creep thfoujJih it : Yet we bi'th got ia cl. 
hole, but it was with fn muth difficulty, thai 
Monficur A/.7csr.r/7i himfcil' h:id been in that T 
lor, he would never fufpctt that Place, and \ 
havt looked for us any where elTe than there, 
when we found our Error, the ihame and C 
fiiTion we were in, made us relblve to fhoot t 
Gulph once more without calling any Body 1 
Ouf Aid. Madam ile Ciurccihs got eafiiy thiou 
but I was abuJe a quarter of an Hour bet<* . 
two Bars of Iron, and ahnoft fqueefeU to Deaijj 
without being able to get inor out. But tiiou,. 
I was (b horribly pinched^ I would not. conltnt 
anv fliould he called to \\t\^ us; and M:idam « 
Viiirc'tla never left tuggittg until (li: liad me < 
I went to thank theni all ; and suer they f 
joked a while upon Monlieuc .Ij'-z,??;"'* AtteniJ^ 
to carch nothing, they all ccmtiied back. 

In the tneari time ( had fuch a Decree as 1 (i 
fired, in ilie thiid Court of InquelU: This 
confided moil ot voiing Men of i^scii Wit : 
Eloquence, and (hey all ftioye who fjiould 
mott forward to ferve me. The fcope of the T 
cretal Order was. Thai I Jhon^ provijionaHj/ be . 
tcwei Twiniy Theufnni Livrei j Tbsl I fhculd li-L 
the Pahee of Mazarin, and Minfieur Mazarin at 
Arfcnal. And what was more imporunc^T^iM j^il 
JUmr Mazarin ^tuld be (tbligrd t9 proiiuct tbt GoeJ/f^ 
f^ryaht, 7i/bkh 1 dicUttd b( d'SifJitd, XilC Pri 


hutcbifs'ofU'ATLARll^: , J J 


s of Carignan came to put me in PofTeffion of 
ssvny Hou£b. There I found all ^ the Servants that 
X had need of, already chofen by Monfieur Aiaj^ 
wn ic^rin } Ifut I thanked them all for their good 
i Will. Thq Cbuhtcfi, who always urifcalona-. 
ixr bly put me in min4 of my Generoiicy, would. 
- fain perfwade me, thai U was hhm mt to exa& tit 
jtUowance the Parliament badajjignedme: But Mon-, 
iieur Maz^rin was not a Maii that would give m$ 
. any thing without being compeird,* and I muit 
2 have whercfby to fubfift. It is triie, ihe asked 
T me if i had need of Money ; but ihe could noc. 
" |)e ignorant of that : And were it not for my 
F fmall Jewels, and the Helps that I had from my 
brother, my Affairs had been in ah indifferent 
Pofture. He returh'd out of Italy Ten Days af- 
ter my Decree j and although he was very angry 
at my taw-Suit^ for thofe very Reafons thac 
inade Monifieur C^/^^r^ to difapprove of it^ and 
)that he always foretold liie the Countefs would 
forfake me as foon as fhe had engaged nie in thi^ 
^ufmefsj yet I found every Morning more Mo- 
ney upon my Toilet than I needed^ without ever 
being able truly to difcover ifrom whence ic 

In the mean time Monfieur Mazarih remov a 
the Suit unto the Great Chamber, for a new 
•JTryal ; but it was fo order'd, that the King in- 
tcrpos'd in our Affair to make a final Accommo- 
Nation betwixt us. We both figned a Writing to 
ihe King to this cftcA, TJ^r Adonfitur Mazarin 
^$uli lodge at tie Palace Mazarin, kut -that I jhould 
have the liberty h choofe aU my own Servants y excepi'^ 
ing my Gentleman of the tiorfe^ who was to be recom^ 
mended t9 me by Monjitur iColbert j That we Jhculd 
live each in their own jifartments j That I Jhculd net 
ie obliged to follow bim in any of his Joumies : And 
ff fir the fefaratim <f Goods ^ I deftfed that the Mini^ 

MEMOIRS of the 

fitts cf State (lioUU be Arbitrators ibernf; 'Ani tl 
ivi pteuU inviolably obfetve and obey tMr Avm- ^ 
Upon the fame Day that I figned this WritiBS i 
1 met UaAam de Brifac at the Fair, who «i 
me laughing. Madam, ycu are fOtcbtd u^ agai»h 
the third time. Nor were we truly Friends j fc 
Monfieur Martin made it his Bufincfe to thwail 
me in all things, of which 1 eouW inftance nunyl 
Particularities ; but one fliall ferre, that maisl 
Noife enough, 1 had ordered a Stage to be et^l 
ifted in my own Appartmcnt, to have a Comeljl 
aded for fome Perfons of the Court. MonfieMl 
Maz^riti, without my Notice, caufcd ic to be pul-l 
led down two Hours before it was to be ntadel 
life of, hicaufe it ■^■as a Holy Day, and a Comtiy vjtl 
nfro^hane Diverliftment. But all this did ftot hifl-l 
der oitr feeing one another very civilly CTcry Af-1 
ternoon j for w« neither cat, nor Jay togetlieril 
Monfieur Mai^rin would have it otherwife nn-l 
detftood J but befides that, ouf Award mention- 1 
ed notliing of it, I could fee no likelihood that I 
our Affairs fiiould remain long in this Pofturejl 
and if it had happen'd that our Affairs muft be I 
referred again to the Parliament, I was loath to I 
expofe my felf to ihe Drudgery of Solliciting, 1 
being wich ChilJ. I 

Nor was my Apprehenfions vain; for Monfieur I 
Mjz^arin Was foon weaty of what he had done ; I 
and thereupon begged of his Majefly to tear the 1 
Writings, and to releafe us of our Engagements. ' 
1 conft;iitcd_ to it,- but upon Condition, that his 
Majefty would never more interpofe in ourBu- 
finefs, neither one way nor other. His Majefty 
was gracioufiy pleafed to pafs his Word, that he 
Would not, and has ever fihce kept his Promife, 
'This brought us again into Parliament ; and our 
Sijit was followed with morfrBiuecnefs on both 
f]d«s than eT«r. 

butcheffcfi/LAkAVtl^: Ji 

'^ Monfleiir Maz^rin and his Adherents forgot no^ 
^ thing fmce that time^ that might fully my Repu* 
' tat ion to the World ; and above alL make m& 
^ hateful to his "Majeily. The Extravagancy of 
P Monfieiir Courcillis, ambng other things^ furni(H<« 
^ ed them with an admirable Pretence. I had for^ 
- j^ten to tell you^ that wheii I left CbtBesy t pre^ 
vailed fo fiir, that I got leave for hi^ Wife tb Com^ 
and Jive with me. Sh6 was no fooner tHere^ but 
thofe that formerly Had been inflrumenral to 
draw her away flrom her Husbanct. bein^ glad tp 
put her again into his PoiTeffidn^ fouhd means^ I 
Icnow not how^ to let him into the Palace Maza^ ' 
rln^ whilft t wis Abrbad \ and man^^ed her fo; 
that her Husband and (he went aw^y libnie tb^ 
gcther as good Friends aiv e^er. Ohc Day as I • 
C:ame to give her a Viflt, (he was fo foolifh as t^ 
deny her felf, though Mr. Caw/s Coach Rood at 
the Door. In the nrft iTrantpor ts of my Paj^on; 
for this her Rudenefs^ Her Husband Cattib un- 
luckily in the way^ to whom I CQuld not iForbeari 
faying fomething of it, . This foolUH Man o| 
late hankered after an Qccafion tb fight Cak/oy ^ 
and was loath it ifliQuld be thought that He Wa^ 
jealous of the bell of bis Friends^ bat that it wa^ 
upon fome other account. IThe moil plaufible he 
could flnd^ was to pretend himfelf evei*y where in . 
Love with me ; givinje out. That bis Wift baJTin 
her keeping fome Letters of mine tbat wtre of Confe^ 
'^nence^ op J ivbfcb I bad written to a Gentleman of tbt 
Court J Tbat fie fit them into Cavoy*^ Hands j and 
that Cavoy,. tih a Rafcaly fiewed them about ; but 
tbat be ii;ouM force him with bis Sword to hfiore them, 
4is ie bad frmifed me fo to do. Although this Story 
wis HdicUloUs enough,, and is ill Contrived as 
hiight \^'y yet it found Belief ; and fome Were fci 

i^J^ ^ !? !^P^f!! ^^ ^^^^ Troth, 

MEMOIRS ofthe 

He did worfe than all this ; he had the IlWpl 
dence to tell mc to my Face of it, in the Coiu 
Yard of the Palace M.izArln. J told him, that inovi 
iHg hitsr than any other , that all b( bad [aid was t. 
true J I could not imagine be could have any other Df 
Ji^n in it, but to make bimfelf merry j and thaty if 1 
hitw that he had the leafi Intention of fighting ufun tbu 
ridicidmi Vretenct, I voutd immediately acquaint lit 
Gcunt of Soiffons with iti -who was jujl hy, and beard 
fime part cf our Difanrfe. CourceUn perceiving, by 
t-he manner and tone of tay Voice, that I would 
not underfland ilaillery, made llgn with a Nod 
of hii Head, that it was only in jeft j not daring 
to fpeafc it out, becauie of the Count, who join- 
ed us flc the fame time. It is ealie to "uefs how 
' great my Am.i?ement was, when I underfloocl 
ihe next Day that they had not only fought, bue 
that likcwife in the Accord they made among 
themfelvcs in the Field, he had the Impudence 
Co maintain this FitAion to the end ; and to ex- 
cept a Woman from the Secret they had mutually 
proniifed to keep* He was fo (jrell pleafed with 
himfclf, t^iac he cculd not contain himfelf, but 
brasg'd of this Exception to fome of his ordj- 
r.ary Acquaintance, which made the matter pulv 
lick, and was the occafion that they were both 
feni to the Condtrgery, to do Penance for one 
Man's Folly. They were not wanting at Court 
jn their Cenfures of me, i-pon this occafion, 
treating me with the Attiibutes of Incendiary, 
Make-bate, and Hair-brain'd j Th^-t I jhould be th: 
ccc'ji"}t of euuir.g msny nlhtr Tbroais if I cuLl. And 
one of my Glooms of the Chamber being dan- 
geroufly wounded about that time by fome of his 
t'runken Comrades, they had the ^ood Nature t 
iiifoim the King, That this frilow v-^^ f^':V} tejUn 
Sccrtrtj und thff IjvitJg fcmd thut li; tKirafcA i 
Trajff I took ccurfc to hayt liim .•i''jj*ii,yca. 


Dutehefs 0/ M A Z A R I NJ )^- 

The infolent liberty People took to charge me. 
ivith thefe Calumnies^ obliged me to fpeak to the 
King about it. The Countefs, in whofe Com* 
pany I went to him, told his Majefty as fce en- 
tered the Room, That fhe brought him ikn Criminal, 
that wicked Woman y of whom. Jo' many euil Things had 

teen told him. The Ktng \fas pleafed to tell me. 

That be never gave Credit to any of thofe Reports : But 

his manner of delivering this was fo fuccin(%, and 
fb far from the accuftomed Civility wi^h which 
he ufed to hear me, * that all others but my felf 
would have doubted of the Truth of what he 
faid. You know the Court is a Land of much 
Contraditftion. ,The Compaffion which perliaps 
People took of me, when they faw me ihut up ia 
a Convent, was changed into Envy, to fee ma 
appear in the QneenV Drawing- Room, and to 
make a much better Appearance there than I had 
a mind to. Yet I had no other Pretenfion, but 
to endeavour to make fome tolerable Agreement 
with Monfieur Maz^rin^ but thofe, by whofe 
Councels I regulated my Adions and Affairs, 
Laving other ends, ruined my Bufinefs', by en-, 
deavouring to make their own facceed : And fa 
abafing my Simplicity, and. the blind Obedience 
I gave to all their Advices, caufed me to make 
feveral Steps, without underftapding the Reafoa 
or Confequence of it. 

Amidft all thefe Troubles and Vexations, our 
Suit went forward, and Monfieur Maz^arin found 
the fame Favour among the old Men^ which t 
had obtained of the Young. After three Months 
time, I had Intelligence, That be had gained the 

Hearts of the Great Chamber ; That hU Cabal carried 
ai before them there j That he was like to have fu€h Ot 
jp,ecree as he defired j That akhfi they did grant me the. 
Separation of Goods ^ they y;otild not leav^ W ik^^ ^f^J 
fitd^ which I then enjoyed, and therefore was no p^rt of 

MEMOIRS cfthi 

many important Concerns: That it wnt t 
time rojlay all [be Day in my Chamhtr undrejjid^ f 
ing upon my Gmttar^ and thai this kind of C 
madi her aimfji believe -what was repuritd, that I 
tended ts fly into Italy. Thefe iinprofiiable 
monftranccs ended in 3n Exhortation to mc, to 
go with her to St. drmains to make my Court at 
leart : But as I had other Bufinefs that concerr 
me nearer, I defired her to excufe me. It \ 
abfolutely ncceffary, for my Defign, that I 
ftould be at St. Germa'mt when I fet out j for t 
Ihe been at Paris, in the uneafinefs fhe was fi 
my Proceedings, it had been almod impo{GbU 
bi:t ftie would have fufpeded fometliing of i" 

In fine, IVtdnePay^ the Thirteenth of June, 
the Year, One Thonfand, Six Hundred, 
Sixty Eight, being the Day appointed for i 
^Departure, whilft I was putting my little / "" 
in Older againft Night, (he feni for me to go a 
Dine with her at St. Germains. I was about i 
fend her word I could not go, but the Meflengi 
was ordered to take no Denial, but that I r 
go ; which made me fear my Plot was difcovai 
ed : But as we muft always in fuch kind of Mfl 
Tcrs prefume we are not difcovered, though \ 
iec never fo great Appearances to the contrs 
thought it expedient to promife, I would tneij 
her there, left fiie fliould come her fclf to fetj 
me. When Dinner-time was over, and I did r 
appear, f}ie fent to conjure me not to fail to com 
thither before Night. I excufcd my fclf as \ 
as I could for breaking my Wotd, and bid tl 
afTure her that I would not fail to be there i 
Night: But Tea of the Clock being paffcd, : 
no News of me, Ihe took her Coach and ( 
ftreight towards Varis. She was come above h 
yi^y when Cic met my Brother, who le([ I 

^Dutcbefs o/MA2ARIN; 

'Tame time I did, to impart my Defign to 
Htonficur Je Lcuvoy. She asked him abruptly. 
Where 1 -was ? But he asked her, If (lie had not mtt 
■mef She faid, Ko. He replied coldly, That fure 
then I bad laken the other Road j far, that he faiv ma 
come away befort he loek Coach. 

MQnfieur Miiz,^rin came to awake the King at 
Three of the Clock in the Morning, to befeech 
him that he would give Order that I fliould be ' 
purfued. But his Majefty had the Genercllty to ' 
anfwer him. That he would net hrtak hh Promife be 
had made -when he tore eur yiward, ntver to meddle 
with anjf of our Cmcerm, one way nor ^nether j and 
that it wai not likely they could ovet'Take me now^ be- 
ing fo long gone, and havivg taken my Meafares at ln~ 
•fure at 1 bad done. But this Anfwer was otherwife 
reported in the World ; and you have furely 
heard of the Verfes which were made of this Sub* 
jeft, which begins thus ; 

Sad Mazatin, Pale, and fuU of Griffs 

iand ended with this Joke upon the Revelations 
he had, during the Quefen's great Sickn^fs, touch- 
the King and Madam U fJiere : 

tUfs ! what it become of my ponr Tfift? 
nawjott not ? (quoth the King) fnfe yctt cannot 
7 Angel, that teSs jou all, hay told ye'it lh^. 
[onfieur Mazarin feeing he could obt&in no« 
tWrtg to his Purpofc of the King, went to Mon- ( 
iieur Colbert, who advifed him to fend fomc Per- J 
fon of Credit after me, to offer me my own ^" 
Terms, fo I would come back. Ic was one Mon- 
fieur la Louviere^ one of the Lieutenants of the 

^^lunce who was fenc ^ and '^om t^vj V>,%.^ 


MEMOIRS oftbi 

from the Place where he over-took me, thafi 
Xing had reafon to fay, it was then too late 
follow me. 

Whilft things paffed thus at Court, I 
(Irange Carreer i and I do affure you, that il 
had fore-feen all the Inconveniencies that attendi 
fuch a Journey, I fiiould rather have chofen to 
cod my Days betwixt four Walls, and to hallen i: 
with Steel or Poifon, than to cxpofe my Reputa- 
tion to thofe Calumnies that are inevitable to 
2II Women of my Age and Quality, that are fe- 
parated from their Husbands. Though I had not 
Experience enough to forefee the Confcqnencei 
of it, nor thcfe that were of my Counfel, F< 
caft enough ; yet I was not without many 
fli<as with my lelf before I could abfolutely c( 
to a fettled Determination : And my Irrefc 
lions were fo troublefome to me, that if yj 
could but fee them, you would more eafily 1 
convinced, that nothing but the Neceffity I fa 
my felf reduced to, could hurry me to fo fatal 
Entcrprize. I can with great Truth affure yi 
that all my Diverllons were but feigned, line 
had formed this Deilgn ; and that the Couni 
was much in the wrong in reproaching me 
my Tranquility of Mind. I fcarce took 
Reft, nor Eat, nor Drank much for above Ei^ 
Days before j and I was much troubled whei 
fet out, that I was fain to fend back from 
Gate of St. An-.kony, CO fetch the Box in whil 
was my Money and ray Jewels, which I 
forgotten. It is a great Ti 
dreamed that I fhould ever w| 
periexice hath taught me it 
thing that Is wanting, cff 
have always lived in great 
knowing the Nei " 
erectly niana: ' 

r/V «/ M A Z A R I N. 41 

Keys of my Apartmenr with my Hti>tti?r. thSf ha 
might feicc upon my IMate, Vwn- ■ ' . ,1 . 

Thin^ of Vaiuc. fiiit he w.ii li' ■ 

Monlieur Max^nn prevent him, 

Token chat fomctime after he l-'i'i I'tur i.| nty 
Thing! to Madam la yalitn fot a Hiinilri:il Thou* 
iand ^vres. 

My Train confiftcd nf a M^i' ' ' ' ' 
Months before, c»tled Ntnnon, ■' 
Apparel, u I was ; a M»n c/t id , 
ledNnvJ^W, with whom I had t>' 
9md a G«iit«man belon^tn^ (o N^ ' 
called Cfmrl»viS(, whom I ha-J tr ■ 
My Brodier dcfired Monhcui /it a " », „.,. t^ 
kne Be until he had (ecn me vut 'A T'/wri, I 
pmed viifa faim without che CiM of >. Amift^ff 
aad Acrre on in a Cotdi wkh fix H'>»k>^ p/ • 
: faeloD^iis to Ite Pftec^ <)< OtHm-ni, hH 
, Tea LeaeuM fma F«^/' > 'Vfy t)t(>>t4 

MEMOIRS ofthi 

foon as we were at liberty we untied, becaufe 
they were very troublefom lo us under our Pern- 

NtfjJwoB was extream low of Stature, and fo un- 
fit to be cloathed in Man's Apparel, that I could 
neter look upon her without laughing. The 
Night that I lay at H;»cy, where we re-aflumed 
fur Woriiens Apparel, I was fo over-joy'd to fea 
fee ray felf out of danger, that 1 gave my felf the 
liberty of (5iveriii)g me a little at my ordinary 
Sports J and as I ran after her to laugh at her, I 
fell on my Knee and hurt it. I did not feel it 
then ; but fome Days after ha7!ng eaufed a Bed 
to be made in a forry Village of Franche Comie, in 
order lo reft my felf while Dinner was a prepa- 
ring, fuch a grievous Pain took me of a fuddain 
in tliat Knee, that I was not able to rife. But on 
} mull go, therefore having been let Blood by a 
Woman, for want of another Chirurgion, I fol- 
lowed my Journey in a Litter, till I came to 
Neiifchgte!, where ihe People perfwadcd them- 
lelves that I was Madam tie LongueviUc. You can- 
not imagine the Joy the People exprefled to fee 
me, being not ufcd to fee Women of Quality of 
France pais through their Country ; nor could 
they comprehend that any other but the Dutchefs 
of ietJfBwitfe could have Buftnefs that way. I 
know fome would have laid hold of this Occa- 
fjon, and made ufe of their Kindnefs, to tafte of 
the fweetnefs of Soveraignty. After all, the .Mi- 
fiake was advantagious to me j and what I want- 
ed in Age, I gained in Quality. But Power and 
Authority feemed to me too great and too good 
for a Fugitive. 1 was fo unskilfully handled there, 
tjiat my Pain grew worfe, infomuch (hat I had 
once Thoughts of returning to Path ; and were 
« not that M'iLh was nearer, and that 1 hoped to 
be fooner and fafcr there, I had puifued my firft 

Butcbefs of M A Z A R I K ifj 

I Some few Days aftdr, I paffed through a Itt- 
't Town of SwijferUndy that had a <?arrifon, 
{/here we were all like to be, knocked on the 
lead^ by btir Ignorance of their Language ; and 
o compleat our Happinefs^ we underftood when 
ire came to' Altorfy that we muft make our Qua- 
antine there, before we fhould be fufTered to en- 
cr the Territories of Milan. There it was my. 
»tock of Patience was quite fpent • for I faw mf 
elf in a barbarous Country^ mod defperacely 
ick^ full of grievous Pain ; and for Help^ you 
liall judge by what hapned to Narcijjusj whether 
:here was much to be hoped for in that Place. 
For he ailing fomething, fent for a Chirurgion 
:o let him Blood j they broi^ght him a Furrier^ 
who going to let him Blood wi:h his Fleam^ 
milTed the Vein^ and Narciffus threatning to kill 
him^ the Fellow dill anfwered coldly^ That he had 

not angried the Art$ry* 

But what eonfummated and throughly carried 
my Condition^ , even beyond Defpair, was the 
Diviflon in my Family^ and their continual Jar- 
ring. Narciffus took it ill that Courbevilky who 
had been in my Family but Seven or Eight Days^ 
ihould take upon him to meddle with any thing 
v^ithout his leave; and the fame reafon made 
Nofmon quarrel with them both : But while Nar-' 
tiffiis and Ihe jarred in this manner^ they were 
ufelefs to me^ and did [almoft nothing but out of 
fpite to thwart one another. On the other fide 
CcurbemBe wgs very diligent to help me ; and t 
am ftill perfwaded^ had it hot been for him^ I 
had been forced to have had my Leg cut off. 
^nd as my diftrefled Condition made me very 

nkfol^ and acknowledging for every little Ser- 

^ j my commending his, particular Care of me^ 
them ^te. out of Humour^ and thereupon 

idQxttd me wholly to his Car«« 

v" — "'""^ "^ "'■ "V 


It was at the time of this Quarantine i 
LouvUn over-took IBC; but I remiited the 
bstacion of what he propofed to me, to our 
val at Milan, whither I came fome few Da 
ter, by the favour and means of the Dui 
Sejio, Brother- ia- Law to the Conflable, ami 
vcrnor of that Country. He underftood b 
was detained at Mtorf, and he remitted Eigj 
Days of my Quarantine. My Sifter and the 
liable came to meet me at a Houfe of t 
Four Days Journey from Milan, where we 
"fome Days, and thence went to MiUn, wIm 
Six Weeks that we ftaid there, we received 
Couriers from Parit. 

I was inform'd that prefcnily after my B 
"the Judges had declared themfclves in ray fi 
againft Monfieur MaxArin j that Marlhal 73 
"himfelf hkd fpoken to tha King in my be 
and that the Refolution I had taken, gave 
Admiration find Pity to all reafonable Pe 
But that things had quickly changed bj 
Friends joyning with Monfieur Mix^in, 1 
AtSion againft my Brother and McnfieUr d 
i.rji, wherein 'twas pretended that they had* 
me away. ^ 

I know that Monfieur Mjz^rm lent one ( 
me with Power to lake Information from I 
lo Place, all the Road that I palTed, of all 
Anions and Demeanour, And this perhaps I 
preaccft and only Obligation^^we him, 
this Mans Depo(i<ions, wli^^^&xeci 
Parliament, are undenial 
Innocence of h\y Cariiai 
out this Journey, as;iinl 
. Afpeifions of r 
ben Story in : 
Brother, and i 
J^'ajfi:6atti i to, 

Tiutchefs «/ M A Z A R 1 N. 5 

where, and how I was ; and to MonHcur o'e Ro- 
han, to thank him for the Service he did me at 
my coming away, in facilttating my Departure. 
I had commanded NarciJJiit to fend away thefe 
Letters by the Poft i but whether it was that his 
Hatred to CourbeviUe reached as far as his Matter 
that gave him to me, or that it was meer !Negii- 
gence ; he oonfeffed at AiiUny that he forgot 
Monlieur de Robin's Letter upon the Mantle- Tree 
in the Poft- Matter's Houfe at Ntufcbattl, to whom 
he had given it in charge. La Louviere finding ic 
as he came that way, carried it with him, and 
gave it to Monfieur Mazarin^ who made ufe of 
it, and with fuch fuccefs, that it fet all the World 
againft me. And it was upon this Letter that he 
prefum'd to Petition the Parliament fometime 
after, that I ought to forfeit all my Rights; 
which is never pradifed but againft Women coii- 
Vided of the highcft Infamy and Lewdnefs. 

I told you that Monfieur tie Rohan had obtained 

tny Brother's Confent to come to us to Bri'J/vlfy 

When we fiiould be arrived therfi. The need we 

Iftd of him, having made us conclude the matter 

it was, natural enough to mention thiii to 

ii, in a Letter that was defigned principally to 

BW him my Acknowledgments and Gratitude. 

This was Evidence enough for Monfieur Ma^arin 

k|to prove a Confederacy betwixt us, and that the 

^Tievalier was in Love with me. But befides, 

at his AiFe^ions were known to the whole 

burt to be engaged elfe-where then, and to a 

Tfon of that eminent Quality, that he was 

d for it: His manaer of Proceeding did 

r (hew any fuch thing. It was truly the 

,-j ■'--nd to furnifh me with Means 

- off, and to put me into the 

's ; but it was no, way that 

MEMOIRS of the 

bein'g favoured with a Confidence of this Nal 
.Would be perfwaded to lofe fight of cheir Mi' 
in lo extraordinary an Occafion. 
. , Notwithftandins all this, the World gave Cn 
ditto what Monfieur Afd&dr/n would have pil 
for a Truth . As for my Brother , he had, i 
you have feen by the Story, pretended lo tab 
up a Jealoufie of him, in order to render him Ci- 
fpetftcd in all my Concerns j that by this mcini 
he might deprive me of fp confiderable a Sup- 
port. There was nothing fo innocent, but wai 
mifreprefented, in order to maintain and carry 
pn fo deteftable a Calumny ; they produced Let 
ters in Verfci for want of other Evidences, P* 
ileiity (if anything of our Bufinefs doth reach 
jt) will hardly believe that a Man of my Bro> 
dier's Gravity fhould be examined upon lnterri> 
gatorics about fuch Trifles; and that they fhould 
be ferioijflv difcuffed before fo grave a Bench j 
that they fliould m'^ke I'nch a deteftable ufe of fo 
innocent a Commerce of Wit and Sentiments be- 
twixt Performs fo nearly related ; to conclude, 
Ijiat the Efleem and Friendihip 1 had for a Bro 
ihcj-; of a Defcrt and Merit fo well known, and 
fo juftly d«e CO him, and who loved me entirely 
well, fhould be made ufe of as an unjult Prerenca 
and Colour for fo black and fo cruel a Defama- 

It will be hard to find ftrangcr Examples of 
the Misfortunes of a Perfon of my Quality, Sex, 
and Age. The mofl; facred Ties of Nature and 
Reafon, become the moft horrible Crimes, wh?n 
Jealoulie and Envy come to defcanc upon them ( 
but there is nothing impoffible to a Man that 
makes Profeffion of being devout and godly, ana 
laiher than to own himfelf in the wrong, ha 
WiU eaafe the moll innocent aod uprighteft Per- 

Dutdfefs 0/ M A Z A R lt$] JJ 

dons in the Worlds to be thought the mod inf^^ 
linou$3 and the moft abominable. I may perhaps 
Be thought to be in a Paffion j. but the Remem* 
brance of fo barbarous an Injuftice^ and fo cruel 
Uiage^ has run me into a fuperfluous Digreflion i 
and it is vety difficult to keep an even Temper ia 
plating fuch fad and lamentable Things^. Nor is 
it eaHe to leave wondering. that People fhould hd 
fo malicious as to tax me with a Bufmefs (b 
known to the World^ as|he Friendfhip and UnU 
Oh that was betwixt my Brotlier^ liiy^ Sifter th^ 
Gonftable^ and mj^felf, ^ Thp whole Court of 
Ranee have feen a Letter^ ^ whii:h he writ from * 
Rome fome time after our Marriages^, wherein he 
reprefent$ to one of .his Friends the Happinefs in 
having two Sifters whom hj loved fo well, living, 
ifi two of the greateft and moft famous Cities of 
the Worlds Reme and Paris. He ended his Lcih; 
tet with thefe two Verfes 2 

*■ * . .' ■ i . 

\Ani thus I fafs my Days in great Delight^ 
With wife Maryi or Hortenfia kighu 

. It i$ npt tinlikelVs but that Monfieur Mai^rm 
would have made ulCe of thefe Verfes^ in his Suiti 
if my Sifter (whongi he endeavoured to gain, ana 
fee againft me)., had. not been concerned in chent 
&s well as I : For they .ate^ at leaft^ as crimiinal 
Mid fkulty as the other Letter^ of which \\t madel 
ufe. My Brother had writ to me that other Let* 
(er to %u Gertnains, where I wa$ fome Days^ ^fr 
Mr Moniieur Maz^in had caufed the Stage t9 M^ 
thrown down^ which I told you I had ordered tc^ 
h9 fet up in my Apartment. It began thus: ^ 


t ahout, \ 
It. J 

4EM0IRS ofthr 

Ty.ii wht art is tbr htni wllheul Compare^ 

M*rt sb*f< tig» Lucrece^ or than Venus f»frM 

He continues it with returning me Thanks fofi 
Writing to him, and giving me an accounc of his 
llcjith i and after he goes on thus : 

Kmeiv ihat jtm Hud D»h mates a damttahU-, 

Hifnttf snJ bt fwmts, and tt wsnJers i 
jM ti tf rt^iiirr kii Jear Mazarin out. 
Hi cswK tb'tibtr Night in * Lunatick Kage't 
jtni tcU me tht TrMical Fate ef yettr Stags. 
Jbi Dfikt fl^Navaiffcj tb*t Tviliertdfad Dritnl, 

l*H* lo?h ^i^ ■^*' ^""^'^ ^V f"&^' '** 

Tfi affifi jowr good Man cams thmiJ'ritig PtS-meSf 
And ii/ilb Noift, end with Nertfinfe upon me he 


Tbty both joiti'd i' th' Chorus, and cfening ibtir 

'jis loud as they ctuld, with their damnd Scrucih 

On-l Notes, 
Ti^iji try'd /rst, and u'ls^d for a whole Heur longf 
jini his dear Mazarin -ufus the Burden e'tb' S*tigl 
Tour btchring Spiufe, Jikt a Sarazen, _0arei. 
Locks hig, and all tbat, ■' ■ and kyt Mater i$ 

He'li feizAyou by Forct, whtre-ever he mttts-j 

And -when you in bis Clutches but once mire it 

Fcr all your brtst Champions be'S care net a Refe } 
HeU keep you in ffilbt of King, Emperor, br Pop^ 
His Servant, Polallron, has offer'd bis Aid^ 
To join in the P/o/, to have you betray J, 

i)«f<s^ji/M ASSAIL in: |^# 


ISss/wom iss Alh^ianc$ the bitter to ufarrant 
iHmfilf a true 'Sjuirc f9 jour tk^^madt Knighti 

In this extream Danger , till the Temptfi is ogr^ 
Tho froteSich of Lewis, / advifi you imploro. 
In all this Dijhifs^ df bis PrienJfhip mah tryal j ' * 
iou need fear no ill l jdull ho fafely focurd 
Agahfi MttngratefrlmdbalAatoiusLord^ 


. The reft is nothing; As I ^as fiiewirtg thit 
Letter to feme of my Friends at Court, th^ 
Count of Grammont came and fnatched it oat of 
nay Hahds^ and carried it to the King : It was 
read puhlickly fiefote hiiti^ alid there was none 
of all the Court that was any w4y fcandalized M 
It, but one of the Kind's Chirurgions^ named 
Eliam* This Man, who in appearance was t^ 
loi^s for his Patients^ hearing tiiefe words^ 

Tie Duke 0/Nivaille^ that i^hberdfad Driifit, 

cbuld not contain himfelf from interrupting theiitj 
and fayinjg, Tkal{ ivas nothing, for he was Jhortlj ti 
^ flirted. And yet it was upon fuch convincing 
jprobts a$ thefe. that Monfieur Aiax^arin obtainn 
an Order of Parliament^ to Arreft me in tiny 
Place where he (hould find me. All my Friends^' 
ttt the faoie time, (igned a Paper to hifti^ joindy 
raying the Cbniiable not to receive roe into hit 
is Houie i but he laughed ic i^eir Folly. Ho«-> 
iever^ they f^ad fent^ with the P^iper^ thefe othet 
licandaloas Letters, thfitt came to me at thd 
lame time an Exprefs from the Countefs, to ei- 
lExfc her (elf to me about thU^ but by word ol 
' JMouth ofdy. 

I confis^ niyCoiiSancy was^ not of £btiigth 
4g|gigh 10 deeifb fo great a ^^k ot ^o xsw^tc) 



S meiipB 

Affi^ons together. I fell into a deep Mcli 
I)-; and thcfe fcind of Proceedings leaving mc qK 
Hopes of ao Accommodarion, 1 lefc off the' 
Thong%:s of going to RTuxeliei. Hereupon my 
Brotber arrives j and inftead of comforting me, 
hs began another Perfccuiion againft me, fo 
much the more cruel, becaufc it had a very fpe- 
cious Foundation. It was agreed, that Caur^rviHt 
ftould be fent back as foon as I came to MiUit. 
But he having underftood the criminal Procefi 
that was begun at Parity in which he was made a 
Party, he threw himfelf at my Feet, and repre< 
fented to me, Thit be cmU net fttant to bis Mjfirr^ 
witb^:ut CuTTyin^ bss Hen J tt a StaffoU; and that 
iifvhg net wherehj tt fthfi^ tny wben tlje, be jhffKU 
ke uitirlj nuneJ if I Jlfcbirged bim my Service. This 
Gendeman had been fo fetviceablc to me in my 
greatest NecefEties, that I believed I could not 
abandon him without extrea,T! Ingratitade; there- 
fore I paiTed my Word co hitn, chat 1 would not 
put him away, as long as he was pleafed to ftay 
with me. And the cruel Difpleafuccs which I 
lince received for having kept him, have not yet 
perfwaded me chst I ought nor to have given him 
my Word to continue him in my Service. 

t^jnnin and N-Trc-JT-' enraged becaufe I kept 
Iiim, told my Brother that he talked infolently of 
him. they alledged he had faid, was Hke 
enough J my Brother believed it, and would have 
me turn him away : But as I knew who it was 
that had done him this ill Ofiice, I could neither 
believe it, nor difcharge him. But my Refolu- 
tion to keep him drove Nj»»o» and Narcijfus into 
Dcfpairj and at laft thebeft Expedientthey could 
find to force me to fatistie their Deftre, was to 
give out that CourbeviUe was in Love with me. 
My Brother, who would feem ignorant of thefe 
SuTices, and of the Piomife I gave him. and the 


Dutehefs flf M A Z A R I Ni 5 j 

ObUgsitioni 1 owed to this Man^ becaufe he be^l 
lievfid htrnfelf affronted by him, and being acp! 
xufioined to receive no Denial from me^ was 
^^rajkl there was fomething extraordinary in my 
.Obftinacy not to diTmifs him ; and was confirm- 
cd bft^$ Opinion^ when after highly reprefent^- 
Mgftp me the Hepqrt that was fpread abroad^ hQ' 
Bwt would not yield to^part with him. This ri« 
dicuious Calumny^ inftead of convincing^ did 
(uaTperate tne ; And I was fo nearly toucned to 
fuid he gave Credit tait^ that I could no longer 
(sndure mm. Tb^ Confiable and my Sifter were 
lirftof my fide, againfl: him ; but they too turn* 
ed to his fide at jlait Then there was nothing but 
fending and proving betwixt us four : The Fault 
was always laid upon me; and they juftified 
(hemfelves at my Cpft. This kind of Life, full 
of Vexations and Refentments, againfl a Brother 
and a Sifier whom I ipved fo dearly, and whofq 
Society alone I thought fuiiicient to make mei 
happy, made me at laft^ though late, to appre<^ 
hend that we muft let our Hearcs upon nothing • 
in this World. 

In the midft of thefe Difquiets we came to Fe-> 
nlce^ where the Conftable was not well at his 
cafe, be.caufe perhaps he faw my Sifter was too 
well pleafed to be there. He prpmifed ipe great 
Matters to induce me to go to Rome^ That hd 

Tf^oulJ ingage his flolinefi JhoulJ prote^ me^ and that 
^e wcfild omit nothing to divert me from the deep Me^ 
lancholy he faw me inclined to. Seeing my Iclf (o 
cruelly perfecuted by my Bfothcr, I thought it 
convenient, by my Complalfance^ to manage the 
Conftable's Kindnefs. We went all to Sienna, to 
Cardinal Cbigisi from whence, after three Weeks 
iQay there, my Brother having fallen out with us, 
returned to Venice, wiihout uking leave of us^, 
an^ we fteered our Courfe towards Kome : where 

MEMOIRS ofth0. 

the Heats were fo Exceflive, that we were forcti 
to retire for fix Weeks to Marine, z Country Sea 
belonging to my Brother-in-Law, the ConftaMe 

About the rime we returned to Rome, m) 
Brother came thither with i Gentleman belong- 
ing to Motifitar it Rohan, to caufe (as I have been 
told) CourbeviUe to be Affaffinated. I was infor- 
med that Courbe-vilU fining hJmfelf cxcrearo ill 
at Vcnicf, believed himfeif Poyfoned ; and in Hi 
Anger he had written terrible Letters to Pdwa-' 
g^inft my Brother and Monfieor De Robam, 
whom he believed of Intelligence with my Bro- 
ther, to have him turned out of ray Service j 
that thtfe Letters falling into Monlleur De Robas'i 
hands, he ftnt them back to my Brother, defiring 
him to Chaftife CowrtfT/i/Zf according to hisDe- 
ferts. The indifcretion of this CmtrbevUle, and 
the unplealing Noife this Buftnefs made iti rhe 
World, together with the defire I had to be at 
quiet, made me refolve at laft to difcharge Coarhs- \ 
•villt ; not doubting but he would willingly ac- 
quit me of my Promifc which 1 had given him. 

My Requeft to Prefidcnt ChatnplaJlreiK: his Son^ 
who did negotiate betwixt my Brother and me, 
was, That ht jhouid not preji me with fo much Imperii 
eufnifs to ibis Deference ; ami that I tnigbt be'vllowtd 
to go and fojourn wish my Aunt Martinozzi, Atl 
Hour before CcurhtvilU was to leave my Houfe, 
my Aunt being already come to carry me with 
her, my Sifter was in fucli a raga becaufe I would, 
no longer ftay at her noi;ie, that flie began to 
jeer before me, and to ask him, If he -ufouhl not oncf 
mart move mr, and perfwade me to let him ftay yet this 
time ? The Man being in defpair for his going a- 
way,anfwered her fiercely,7'A«i ;/ / did not command 
him to go, he ivcald not^ and that he cared for none 
there in; me. She bad him to get bim gone, and that 
be fiKuld meet with vbat he defrva ;'» fbe Tmd. 


I fie Went oiof in greet Fury; ^and u I had reefim 

1 CO bdiere that there was fome mifchicf intendeil 

dgainft him ; I though my felf bound to fattt 

.m$ Life^ ain carried him along wi^ me to mV 

" Uncle's Houfe : Frtmi thence 1 went to my Aunrs 

. .Houfe, where I flAid fpma time fliuc ciofe VLp as 


* As Mefauachply as I was , I could not hold 

-I^wgMng at ^ Ofier (he made me^ to dance dte. 

JtAnaffin Danfij tb the Sound of my G&nar^ to (£- 

jren mo frcMa Sadtte& I know not whether k 

wai this my Refafe diat did exifperate her againft 

-tile ; but one day as I wss at the Window^ iSie 

'Coibrtanded me very r6ughly to geMttefrbia 

thenee, TUt if wms n$t the t^^mjtt Rome to JMtf 

itddng $m 0f ffindows. Atioch^r time as I noM 

at it, iBiefent me her GhofUy Father to tdl 

ipe TiM$ fke Ttfofdd cMuft me t9 h bakd from it kjfot^. 

. This Mofik was fo infolent in the delivery oi Ms 
Meflage, that the Tears guihed out of myEyes* 
Cardinal Cbigt^ Gentleman of the Hor(e, who 
was managing of Nbrfes before the Houfe, heaV^ 
ing me complain^ fsame up to offer me his Sef«p 
?ice; but when! faw him, I had no power of fay.* 
ing more. For all that, he went and told his Lord^ ■ 

That I had mitber out mr drank in two Jays. Cardi* 

nal Cblgi was troubled at it, and pittied my con- 
dition ; and Cardinal Mancmi telling him, ikat 
Mmptm Mazarin difirtd 1 would Retiro for fifum 
. Days into a Monafiery, wiorem tbore was a Sifiirof^ 
Cardinal Mazarin's ; I took him at his Word. ^ 

My Brother and Sifter feeiiig the I>eploratilo 
State in which I was, began tarefle<% upon their 
paft Ufage to me, and could not be quiet iifitil £ 
had pardoned them. But I would not cohfent 
that my Brother (hould fee me, Yet at laft they 
overcame me in this too j and though I faid tha^ 
fl^^ir Ri^penpui^e could not redrejsttif {njurks 

^ \Wl. 

iJ<J UEUOlViS of tbi 

they had done my Reputation, the eafmefs of ray] 
Nature carried me to yield even this time, now 
withflanding the juft caufe of Indignation which 
I had againft them. I confefs my Heart ak« 
at the Relation, I know nothing fo Cruel in on«l 
Life, as to fee thofc People come boldly to ml 
that have done us unpardonable Injuries, it is & 
nough to be mortally affronted by them, without] 
being pcrfccuted with their Repentance too. 
This Rcfieaion with many others, which I had 
occalion to make in my Recefs, made me refolve 
CO return into France, and to throw my felf at 
Monfiear Maz^rin's Feet, and rather truft to hii 
Mercy without Capitulating, than remain ftill o 
pofed to as many more irkfome, and heart-break- 
Adventures, as I had already run through. I de- 
fired my Aunt Martinox^i to write to the Prin- 
cefs of Cdwf/, her Daughter, about it, and I pre- 
pared to be gone as foon as rhe Anfwer was come. 
Some few Days after Courheville found means to 
let me underfland. That after be had betn fomt Dajt 
iept cUft at Cardinal Mancini's, he was cenvtyed to 
Civita Vechia, where he had been a Prifontr for fix 
JVeeks, andwhert he was like to rer^in (m be fent me 
worj) muchiongerjUnlffs I would flfafetn b^ve tbegood- 
nefs tofiilidtefor iiw.Though 1 had reafon never more 
to concern n?y felf with him; yet becaufe I would 
not leave my Work imperfsft, I begged his Li- 
berty of Fra-yincenzoRoff>igliofi,thc Pope's Nephew; 
who thereupon commanded his Intargemenc. 

In the mean while, the time which I was to 
to flay ia the Convent being elapfed. Cardinal 
Mdncirti made anfwer to the inftances, my Silter, 
unknown to me, had ufed, in order to get me out 
of the Monaftery, Tbct h« advifed tnt to fiay there 
a litth ktigtr, hicaiife it wmild be odvantngseus fir rut, 
that thi j4njwfr which was expeBed out of France 
ficuldfnd me there j And this Anfwsr was, Ih^t 


bntchefs o/MA2^nrN. 

^Htr J bad rtmaimd two yean in that Mona^/ry^ 
^KhnfieHT Mazarin tvoHld cvnjidcr what he jtiouU da 
•Ji/ith me. 

Cardinal Mancinl by all means would have me 
fubrnit to this Condition ; and truly in the great 
Hffliftion of mind into which Monfieur Mazarin'i 
Harthnefs had caft me, I might have been per- 
fwaded to any thing : But my Sifter would not 
let me ftay there by no means ; (lie caufed the 
Queen of Sweden to be follicitcd to receive me 
into her houfe ; all the Difficulty was, how I 
fhould make my Efcape. My Sifter came to fee 
me that Afternoon 1 intended it; 'and as we were 
packing; up to be gone,and thztNannon was grown 
as broad as flie was long, with the Fardles, that 
fHe had put round about her, every where under 
her cloaths ; we had Intelligence that the Queen 
of Stvedcn, by the Advice of her Counfel, had 
retraifted the Promife fhe had given me. How 
unwelcome foeverthis News was, it was refoIveJ 
I fhould make my Efcape. My Sifter began to 
take her leave to be gone ; and 1 making as if I 
would Wait upon her down Stairs, nty Aunt 
Mazarin ufed all the Arguments flie had to oblige 
roetoftayin my Chamber, becaufe I had been 
lit a long time ; but 1 was nor co commit fuch an 
Errour. My Sifter's Children, not having the Li- 
berty of coming within the Cloyfter, as ftie 
had, and were brought that day on purpofe 
to amufe my Aunt in the Parlour, that we might 
not be peftred with her ; flayed for her at ihc 
Door, which as foon as the Abbefs came to open, 
Nannen threw herfelf out tA it, as it were with 
Joy, to make much of them, and I after her. As 
ihey had no fufpicion of oar Defign, the I-ady 
* Abbefs durft not flay me by force , nor had ftie 
much time to confider of it ; for I waslmmedtately 
eoc into my Sifter's Coach, and fo drove aw^y. 

M E y O I R 5 0/ /W 

My Silver h?d the ptiviledge^of carrying a certata 
numbet of Women with her into the Cloyfter, 
as often as fhe came thither ; my Auu 
ihroijghTexation.and anger, (topped two of tbcro, 
thac came in with her that day, though ihcy ■ 
were no way privy to our Plot. My poor old 
Aunt took the niatter fo much to head, that fhc 
died within few Dayi after, of the Difpleafurc 
file had taken for my Efcapc. We caufed ih 
Coach to drive ftreight to Cardinal Cblgi'i, to in- 
plorc his Proteftion ; but we found him not. H^ 
^ame a little after to my Sifter's, and feenu 1 very 
cold in the matter, fearing the Pope's Difplcafiirc ._ 
but his Holinefs matJb ;his Anfwer to Cardinal . 
Mtincinst Complaint, 7 hat if he had known tkM I j 
was kept ugain^ my fVill in tht Convent, be woM ' 
iavt come bimftlf to fetch me euti 

Not being able yet to live in my Sifter's houfc;' 
I wept to lodge in the ftreet JtlCcrfo, in our pa- 
ternal Houfe, where tha Reman Academy was 
pvcr kept. Cardinal Mancini was fo angry at it, 
that he turned one of his Sifter's out of the HoHrs, 
who would have incommoded me it (he had Itaid: 
t put he fopn after took the Opportunity of my 
► AWence, being gone to Marine, (to my Brother 
in-law's) to feiie, and take poffetfion of the 
Houfe : So that, I was forced at niy return to 
take another. 

I was foon reduced to pawn my Jewels for my 
Subfiftance. I had borrowed but three thoufaotl 
Crowns upon them, when I was informed the 
Man that lent it me, was in danger of breaking. 
But when I went to Redeem them , I found that 
Madam MmtiimztA had prevented mc, and paid 
the money, but would not return the Jewels. 
Whereupon the Ccnflable of Celvnna, taking 
notice of herhavingthem, prevailed fo by ImAu- 
iltority aoil Threats to this Man, that he v" 


^uuhefs of M A Z A R I N.' S% 

cot to let any Body have them, but thofe that 
put them into his hands, Monfieur Mazarin was 
writ tOj to redeem them j but he made anfwer. 
That tbtj mujl he Uft where they we're, that I might he 
deprived of all ivayt to fuhfiji, iheheiur to rtJuce me ta 
my Duty. I was neceflicated to let one Grillsn, a 
gceat Friend to my Brother, and the ConQable, 
Uy down the mony they lay in for, which I re- 
pay'd in feme fmall time after. And the troublo 
of feeing my felf reduced to the neceiCty of re- 
ceiving Obligations from people that might pcr- 
hspsmake an iJl ufe of it, made me a little after 
lefolve to take a Journey into France, to try to gee 
a Penfion of Monlieur Maz^rin. 

I went with my Brother, who was going to 
be married to Mademoifelle Dt Tiange : And it is 
to this Alliance that I owe the good Succefs of my 
Voyage. We were near fix Months upon the 
Road. When we were come to the frmn'm, we 
concluded that he fhould go before, and that I 
ftould ftay behind, until he had taken the cara 
that was neceffary for my Security in France, But 
our Friends having given us an acoount of the 
Difafier of the poor Statues that were in the 
Palace Max^ia , aud that the Conjundurc fccm- 
ed favourable, we went together as far as Nev<ri^ 
where he left me, and went ontowards tlie Courc 
in company with Crtllon who had overtaken us ac 

As foon as Monfieur Mux^trin underflood that 
we were upon the Road coming into France, he 
fent PoUpon, Captain of his Guards, to iaforni 
lumfelf exadly of the Courfe of Life we lead, 
who raifed all the Sheriffs and Provofts abaut 
Neveri, to be aiding and aflifling to the Commif- 
lary,wiio came to put the Order of Parliament in 
Execution ; whereby they were Authorized to Seiz« 
and Arreft me. My Brother having com^Uuned 


MEMOIRS of the 

to the King of this Proceeding, his Maic^y 
in rhe niiijd to have fcnt for me by his Authi 
ty; but Monfieuj: Colbn-t judging it more for 
Advanrage to humour Monfieur Maz,arin as m 
as ptfTible, The King fent him Command to 
a Decree of Agreement j which he did wi 
Tears in his Eyes ^ perceiving that if he did not 
itj the King would proceed further in my beh 
This Older came luckily to Neven the fa 
day that Monfieur Fall"*'*) Counfellor of 
Great Cbarribtr, canie thither to Arreft me. I ^ 
ceived likewife at the fame time Command 
come to tlic Abbey of the Ljs : and my Brotl 
was married the lame day that I arrived. Whj 
I was there, Monfieur A^ar^riw fent to make 
veral Overtures of an Agreement with me ,• 
it was by the mediation of fome wrctchi 
Monks, and fuch fort of People, in whi 
I could place no Confidence j or wi ' 
giving me any Afliirance, that he fhould 
to any thing that (liould be agreed upon. He 
the King, Thai my Bmbcr kepi mn off from cct 
so any Acccrely and thai he govemeA me with a T^i 
nicai Auibor'ity j end that if I did mt fiand fa mtich\ 
j^weufbim, IJhouU h much more TraclaHt. 1 
King to clear this Doubt, fcnt for me thi 
months after, by Madam BelUns^nl, with an 
ficcfj and fome of hii Guards, in Madam 
htrt'i Ctjach ; at whofe Houfe, my Brother 
begg'd of the Kinj; that I fhould lodge, as a pli 
where nonp fhould be pcrmhied to force mc 
diilcmble my Thoughts. Two or three days afcj 
he comrhanded I fnould wait upon him at K 
Jam Di AfoKiefpan'i Houfc. I (hall never forget 
Goodnefi towards me. He defired me to confii 
7hi3t if be bed nt-t dine htltcr for mt bithtrto, i 
my «wn CtmduE! tbjt hUdtr'd bimy and took the 
from iim-^Tbai Ijlmld itil frt'lj him vbat IjvjH 

Buuhefs 0/ ^ A 2 A R I N; 

vants left me, he preferred to mc fine of my 
iroiher's Guards , who had been ctirned out for 
snie flight Faulc. This Man was very diligent 
a. hb place, (o induce nic to beg his pardon, in 
bope of which, I Ice him follow mc ro the £//. 
^ Raskalof a Cook of mine, to plcafe Grillm^ 
vho had bribed him, goes and tells him, 7bt» 
•hit H'rtub was very O^iouSi anJ cnJeaVoured to 
tndtr liimftlf ntct^itry about vk ; KSf/ tbAt la didfome^ 
jmes corns int« tht Cotyuent. GriUtiMj without fur- 
^er Uxamination, reports this Story all about, to 
:hat height, that when I cameto Prirn, Madam 
Zelbnt would not let this Man ftiy in my Service 
tilhin her I>oors. 

Judge you in what Amazement I was in, when 
t underflood thii Story, and with what Prompt- 
3)eG I difchaj^ed my new Officer, and what my 
Xjefentmenr, and jud Indignation againft thu 
Vickcd GnV/jcff'j Villainy was,- and vvhciherl was 
not ftirprized, as 1 paffed through Lyom tofee him 
tiavc die impudence to offer to come again into 
my fight, under pretence of bringing a Letter from 
iDyBfother,to be^ I would forget all. The indiffe- 
rence and neglet^ I fhowed him then, enraged 
him more than ever. When he came to Romt, ho 
underftood that Monfieur ^e Morjun tame fome- 
times to fee me ; and after, a thotifand ridi- 
culous Extravagancies that pafTed betwixt them, 
they had at lafttli;u idle Quarrel which you hav« 
beard of, wherein without much hurt to one an- 
other, they liad the pleature once more to mako 
me the fubje^of peoples Talk. 

Sometimeafter this,my Siilerdetermlned to re- 
tire into Franttt prctcndingfeveralCaufesof Com- 
plaint againft the Conf):tble. It would be too 
tedious to relate the Arguments wiili whtdi I 
ufed to dlffwade her from this Jonrney : the Dif- 
plMTures th« MH lefolutioa had drawn me into^ 

■■ Jtlfe M o I ft S ■oftie ^ 

he did not know, that my Wants had taught ^| 
how to husband tny Mony, Not but that t p^| 
ceived it was a thing almoili impoHible^ lo^| 
to fubfifl: handfomely upon this inconfiderable JH 
lowance. But befides that, I could get ,^| 
more ; and that Mohfieur MaiUr'm would not^| 
melivisat Vara without his being with nte^H 
b thought I might, with this help, gala ti(ni^| 
■lake other meafures. ^| 

r . Monlleur Mazurin wanting other matter to^H 
rpaiter my Carriage, told the ¥Jin%,Tbat I wai ^H 
king me a Cajfjck so g» away JreJ/iJ in Man's -^fP^^^ 
llut his Majetty was plcafed to tell him, T&dl^l 
tlurjt pafi bis Werdy that 1 inttnded no fucb tbitig, ^ 
Madam Sf/in^dv^ hadOrder wichanHxemptoT I 
ilic Guards to condu^ me to Rome^ and to have I 
two Life-Ouards to attend us to the FrondflC I 
i tcceivcJ fo many Civilities from the Duke ot I 
Savoy in niy PalTage through Ttfrn/, that even then ' 
I took aRefolution, if ever I canie to leave Romt, 
' to come and take up my Recefi in his Tc^ritorIc-:, 
I arrived at Rome three months after, find fome 
time afterwards Crillon came thither to plm 
me, in fpighc of all I could do, into newi'rQl 
bles. \ 

I had made 3 Refolucion to receive no ViH 
from any, during my abode in Frana: Grii 
firetending he ou^lit to be excepted, becaufei 
tite Service he had done me at Rotni, in th« F 
tlecming my Jewels ; prcfemly after my hxn 
there, came once to the Lys, m tiie Countd 
Company, to villi me : But I never would 1 
him after. His Rerentment for this Refufal i_ 
nfperated him beyond Belief. While 1 (layl 
for the Commiir.i!y at Never i , my BrothQj 
Steward, for my bt.-er Security, got mcl 
iogs in one of th. Towers of a Coaveoc til 
wasjoyaiog to cbc CiQ\« \ %nl ^.^ui^ bis M 

Dutchefs (?/ M A Z A R I N; 6^ 

jwas forced to put off her Journey i^hch flic fivi^ 
Shcrfelf.lcftin the Lurch by hinu 
^- Aftc^ his Departure for |Fr.7;9cf^ (he broke her 
fJldnd tb another. Perfon of Eminent Quality, 
y^Aixmfht belicvicd her Friend, bccaufc fliehad 
^InrlieF'Kindnefs andFaVours obliged him to be fo. 
iSiit^hc only told htx,That the Cbevali& of Lormnc 

im^tu have helped her bpon this ocqafim^ He asked 
^Hm What I intended to do with my felf, and whe- 
fBiBtt'9. had pcrfwaded my Sifter to this Voyage B 
IBk oin yet juftifie^ that imade him this Anfwer^ 

Wm i iii Hot j that I kneTv I cbuld not fiay in 
MlflCd^ neither i^at ikj intention at all to come there, 
P^lMft^ the Trote&ion tf a Fajfport which the King of 
^BpkSiS^'haifint mj Sijttrfor her felf ahd bet Retinue ; 
Wfit^t my dijign limits to retire intQ SdYoy, ^at foon as 
vlM Alt' in a Pha of Safety. In Aaq^ having taken 
in the Ptecaution that humane Prudence couM 
liiibk:i>fj againft any Hd^ard that might befal us 
In 'J^iikei, we orderd a Barque td attend us at 
Citi^ihyecichia : And upon arery fine Day in May^ 
cM Ckxdftable having cold ui at Dinner^ that he 
iiki'fi'j^ tifeht Mlei from Ronfe, to fee one of hit 
^Mi^wSi that if he did not comi before, it. was late 
^ ficnU not look . for him^ that Night : Mv 

***ef v#ouId needs lay hold upon this bccafi^ 

ithoQgfi' we had nothing in readinefs to be 

i&;» Wftkft Word that we were going to Fref-* 

I ihd fo took in my Coaoh only one of 

rj^finid^ and Namton dreifed in Man's Appa« 

a» .we weie^ under bur own Cloaths. We got 

'Chf&hFieehia about two of the Clock in tho 

when all the Gates were ihut ; Co thar^ 

forced to drive into the middle of a 

feod^' there to waitiwitil our Bark was 

iroom of the Chamber^ who took upon 
EQiile 15> biTitig ran up and doWn a gre«ic 

MEMOIRS of the 

Itiade me more eloquent, but to no purpofe j I 
the fame Stars, or their influences, that drove i 
into Italy, drew her into France. As flie had 3 
entire Confidence in me, (he made no difficu] 
to draw me in to fct out with her ; and bee 
1 had no tie ac Rome when file was nOt there, 
that I beheved I fliould IcfTen the dangers (he n 
to run through, by partaking and fharing t" 
with her, I did not ftick to follow her. I 0(j 
reprefented to her, tbat IpouU heforceJto Uavth 
(11 foon ive wert Arr't-vtd in iTancC. Nothing W 
fo grievous to her, as this unaroidstble neceffit]|| 
and nothing perfwaded me mere to yield to C~ 
force of her Reafons , than to fee that tfM 
brought her to confenc to our feparation. 

The Chevalier of Larrain owed her greal 
Obligations than to fitil to ferve her in this ocd 
fion ; for fhequarreli'd with all Rome, Mpon hisad 
Ills Brother's account j they were welcome in t 
Houfe in Rome but at hers ; and file had declan 
her felf for them in! very nice points againft Cai 
dinal Cblgi and the Conftable himfelf. Yec 
all this fte received no other Service from thei 
hut great and rriighty Promifcs of what thi 
would do for her by their Credit in France ; 
have iSey performed that neither : As for her! 
(ign, the Chevalier thought it fufficient to tell h 
That If (he ha 4 no bodj's Advke to guide her '<but t 
own, fie jSieuid be mucb concerned for her ; but l' 
fnce Madam Metar'm wai of her Ceunfel, (fee m 
refl upon her Conduit, Jince^t b»d nfore /-fit and n 
Courage than was needful for a much rfttre Baz.ardi 
Emerj>rizs. He Uttle thought then that he (hot 
be called back into FrarKt (o foon as he ' 
If he had donewhnt he ought, we lliould . 
been there long before him ; and people w 
not have hatl iA"c:ifion to fay, that we follow 
liiin : bu: my Siil-c who wVUd iiboU^ a^a him^ \ 

DuUhefs of UAZARI Nj 

ivas forced to put off her Journey ivhcft flic favi^ 
Jlcr felf left in the Lurch by him. 
- Aftef his Departure for |Frr»cr^ fhe broke her 
mind t6 another Perfon of Eminent Quality, 
«^hoin (he believicd her Friend, becaufc flie had 
by her-Kindnefs and Favours obliged him fobe (b* 
But he only told htr^that the Cbe'valitr (/Lorraine 

Jm^/ U ha'ue helped her i/pon this ocqafiotK He asked 

tae what I mtended to do with my felf, and whe- 
,thcr 1 had perfwadcd my Sifter to this Voyage B 
He can yet juftifici ^^at I made him this Anfwer, 

That 1 did not } that I kneov 1 cbuld not fiay in 
Francb, neither ji^at iky Intention at all to come thtre^ 
hit under the Prbte&ion uf a Tajfport which the King of 
Vt^ncthadfint fny Sifter for her felf and her Retinue i 
ami that my defign was to retire into Savpy^ a^ foon as 
I left iet in a Place of Safety. In fiixQ^ having taken 
an the Precaution that humane JPrudence could 
think of/ againft any Hazard that might befal us 
in FraHct, we order'd a Barque td attend us at 
Cittit^-Vecchia : And upon a very fine Day in Aday^ 
the Conftable having told us at Dinner^ that he 
71/0S U igo twehe Mihi from Rome, to fee one of hit 

iStitdh ^^ ^^^^ if ^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ hefore^ it . was late 
7i{e fhould not look for him that Night: My 
Sifter would needs lay hold upon this bccaflW 
on> ^though we had nothing in readinefs to be 
gone. We left word that we were going to Fref-^ 
cati ; sind fo took in ray Coaoh only one of 
her Maids^ and Nannon dreffed in Mail's Appa- 
rel, as we were, under our own Cloaths. We got 
tt>' Civita^yecchia about two of the Clock in the 
Morning, when all the Gates were fhut ,• fo that, 
wc were forced to drive into the middle of a 
thick .Wood, there to wait until our Bark was 
found.: , 

My ISroom of the Chamber, who took upon 
\iim td guidie us^ having run up and doWn a gre^c 

■ - ■ *» . - 

MEMOIRS oftht 

while withoutfinding it, was fain to hire another^ 
which he found there, for a Thoufand Crowm. 
While he was thus imployed, my Poftilion im- 
patient of having no Tidings one way or other, 
took one of the Coach-HorfeSj and had the Luck 
to meet with our own Barli j but it was late 
Krwhen he came back. We were fain to walk 
Ifftve miie a foot to come to it ; and fo go 
Ktin board about three a Clock, without haviog 
*-*8ten or drunk fince we left Romt. 
f Otir chiefelt Happinefs was, that wc fell into 
the hands of a very honeft and undcrftanding 
Mailer : Any ether but him, would have thrown 
Hi over-board, after taking what we had, from 
us ; for, he perceived as foon as he faw us» that 
we were no Beggars j and told us as much. His 
Crue asked us, I/v/e had net kUUd the Pope ? To 
fliew you how skih'ul he was, he managed his 
Way fo well, that we came in eigtit days to 
■Cloutat in VroviTtcs, where we landed at Eleveti a 
Clock at Night. From thencewc arrived at M»t- 
ff///w about five in the Morning, a Horfe-back ; 
where wc foimd the King'sOrders, and the Pafs: 
ports at ihe Intendant's Houfe- 

The Conftafcle moft luckily ftay'd three Days 
nway froniRewf; and therefore it was lue be- 
fore he fiifpcifled the Truth. There was not a 
Fahle fo horrible to be infented by the Wicked- 
ncfs of Man, but was reported of us j to thatDc- 
gree tliat they gave it out, that wc were fled into 
Turkey, jnfomuchthat theConftablewas fain to beg 
of the Vcff to Excommunicate all thofe that fliould 
intermeddle wiih, or talk of us. He difpatched 
fourteen Couriers fo many feveral ways after mj 
and one of them made fuch hafts, that he got to 
MarfdlUt before us. There came likewife thither 
a little after, one belonging to him , of thofe 
padqfldCDt whom they caW BT*-go»'miittt). M*( 

P^room ol 

Duuhefs (/ M A Z A R I N: 

Droom of the Chamber was gone, I knew hot 
whiiher, to get NecelTarics for his Journey to 
Paris, whither my Sifter was to fend hira ; and 
we four Women were by our felves without othec 
Company, in that very Inn to which this Man 
came to lodge. Nannm faw him firft, and knew 
him prefently ; ilic quickly gave us the Alarm ( 
we fent immediately to the Ijtcendanc, to pray 
him to fend usfome Guards which hedid prefent- 
ly. My Groom of the Chamber coming back 
from the Town, was defired by this Man, to let 
him fpeak, to us , which he did, very civilly. 
Exhorting us to return back to Romt j whither he 
return'd immediately with a fine Letter from my 
Sifter to his Matter. 

This Adventure made us go to Lodge at the 
htendam's Houfe, and from thence, fbme few 
tys after, to Aix^ where we ftay'da Month, and 
►hither Madam de Grigmn was lb Charitable, as 
jo fend us fome Shifts, adding, TVwtiyjTVrfWWWi 
True Romance Heroines, vfUh abundance of Jewels, 
iKt m dean Limen. From thence, we went to 
Wrabeau; thence to Mantfdlier ; whither my 
bifter went to vilit Monfieur de Kirdes ; and from 
mtpellier to Monfrtln, where I heard that Tola* 
« was hard by coming from T^rU under pre- 
» of being fenc by Monfieur Mai^mn ro Com- 
bment my Sifter : Bur in truth, to caufe me to 
J Arrefted by Vertue of his damnable Decree. 
jrhen 1 heard of his coming , I walked alone, 
wy in the Garden, among the Fifli- Ponds, 
I let him pafs by ; and when he found I was 
K with my Sifter, he would not Itay, but went 
Dj dunking I was gone back, and fo to over- 
ikc me : but he was miftakcn i for inftead of fol- 
pwing mc, he went further from me. 
\ I foon after fet out for Arlcs^ by Water upon 
I Rbent J from thence I went by LiftA ^-a 
E Z Mox-. 

MEMOIRS oftht 

Martigues-^ and afterwards by Sea to Mi:f,andfroiii 
Nieeto 7«ri»jandfo to Mavtmtillan.'iAy Sifter hi' 
ving taken the Ncceflary Orders for my Securirt 
Xtorathc'DukzdeL' EfdiguUrts, fent for me frol 
Montmeillan to Grenoble ; to which Place my BrT 
ther came to us, and ftaid there with us feven c 
eight Days. Some eight Days after we dircad 
our Journey to Lyons .- And my Sifter t 
king the Road to Parit, I took that of Ch<n 
hery * ; where at laft I found that Quid 
which I fo long in vain had fought for , ai 
where I have remained ever fince, with mm 
more Calmnefs and Tranquility of Mind, thi 
a Woman as unhappy as my felf, Ihould hopcl 






O F T H E 

Dut chefs ^/Maiarin, 

In a LETTER to *** 

' Return you again by 3 Meffenger iho 

MEMOIRS you were pleafed to fend 

' J*, tne, fearing, left if I fliould fend them by 

* the Poft, they might run the fame Hazard, and 
' fall into the like Inconveniencies, which at firft 
' brought them to your Hands. If things (b cu- 
' rious and well worth the Intercepting, were to 

* be found every time the Minifttrs of btate think 

* ^c to open the VaMutu, 1 Ibould not much 

* pitty the Clerk's trouble, in execuiint* ihcir Or- 

* ders. You had Reifon to believe, that aftcrthc 

* manner I had fpoken to you of Madam Aduz^rln^ 
\ • I ihould be extreamly glad to fee her Hillory. 

I 'leaks of her own (.-enius, and is like iicr 
rer, I have particularly Obfcrvcd. 
* I this Relation, v\vax ivo^^t '«>^i.t 

7k Piaurc 4»(J Charafler 0/ 1 

' her felf could think, or,exprers in the 1 

* they are Penn'd. 

' Since, you fay, you never faw her, I will If 

* tisfie your Curoficy by endeaveurJDg to gi*| 
•you a rough Draught of her Face, and Shan 
.' of Body. 

* She is one of thofe lofty Ktman Beauties, 
' way like our Bafay-vifaged, and Puppet-lite 

* Fac« of France-^ in whofe Compofition Nature 
'•alone triumphs over all the Axtificcs of the Co- 

* quettts. 

' * The Colour of her Eyes has no Name ; it ii 

* reirhcr Blue, nor Gray, nor altogether Black ; 

* but a mixture of all three, which participates of 

* al! the Excellence that is found in them. They 
' have the Sweetncfs of the Blue, the Brisknefsof 

* the Gray, and above all, the Fire of the Black. 
' But what is more wonderful, you never ifaw 
■anyone more Lovely, and ^cnefally more 

* PIcafant, and more apt to enflame ; and yel 

* more ferious, nwre (evere and fteddy, whei 

* her Thoughts are taken up with any Gran 

* Subje^. They are fo Lively, and fo QuicH 
' that when fbe looks ftedfaflly upon any onflu 

* which fhs rarely does ; (hey think (he piercej 

* their very Souls, and fees into the very boftoid 
•of their Hearts. They are large, and well (lit, an| 

* even with ihe Face ; full of fprightly Life anr 

* Fire ; and yet with alUhefe Beauties, they ha»i 

* nothing of Languifhing nor Paffionaie ; as i 

* Nature malicicuHv had contrived them only t<S 

* give Love and V^^^^t'O'^j ^"*^ ^* fufceptiblq 

* of none. 3 

* Her Metith is neither wide, nor very littlel 

* but the motion of her Lips are very GracefoQ 

* and Charming ; and the ftrangeft Mouthi and 

* GrimaccaWonderfftllyhccomes her when llicimi- 

* fMCi ihcii that make ihcm. llerSmiiesv 

ituhefsof UAZARIN. 

Uoften the hardeft Hearts, and eafe die heavieft 

•adne6 of Mind : They do altnofl quite change 

tee Air of her Face, which naturally is Sublime 

■■nd Grave ;and fpreadsoverit a certain Tin^u re 

lofSweetnefs, andMildnefs, thacchearsup thofe 

iHearts, which her Charms had Alarmed, and In- 

Ifpires them with that kind of unquiet Gladnefs, 

Aichichis next of Kin to a tender Inclination^ 

I * So much for her Mouth and Eyes, which arc 

[the two chief Parts of her Face, raoft expref- 

W£vet and principally important, to kindle a 

If lameand create Love ; But the re(tare nothing 

llefs to be admired and adored. 

' Her Nefe, which without doubt, is Incompa- 

■ rably well turned, and of a juft Bignefs, gives 

* the reft of her Countenance a Curious, Noble, 
'and Lofty Air, which is infinitely taking. The 

* Tone of iier yoke isfo Harmonious and Agree- 

* able, that none can hear her Speak, without 

* being fenfibly moved. Her Complexion is Na- 

* turally moft lively, and fo delicately clear, that 

* I cannot believe, any Man chat Views it, can 

* find Fault with its not being (omewhat Whiter. 

' The Colour of her Hair is fiiining Black, but 

* kas nothing of Harfh. To fee how Naturally 

* they Curl, and into what fine Buckles they 

* twine themfelves, as foon as they are let loofe, 
' would make us think , without much help of 

* Poetry, that they fwcU with Pride ; and, :is it 

* were, take a Glory in the Honour they have 
*to ftiade fo lovely a Head. She has ihe iineft 

* tum'd Face that ever i/»»ner fancied, or drew 

* with Pencil. 

' Her carelefs Carriage is the Caufe that the Pro- 
' portion of her Body, though ftreight and well 

* framed, is nothing in coniparifon to what it has 
' been indelicacy of Shape. I (ay. inCom^rifm ; 
' ins many wo-U fancy themfelv-cs flpnder enough. 

£ ^ * Uia* 




The piflure ^nd Charafl:er 0/ t^^f 

f that were no bigger llian fiie is. This mal 
■f her appear lower than ihe is, though in Tnil 
f file is of :is becoming a Height, as any Woi 
^ can well bewichoui being Ridiculous. 

* You ihall fee her for fifteen Days togethi 
f in as many feveral Head-drefles, without being 

* able to tiiitinguini which of them fuits her Face 
^ the bert J and thofc Dreffes, which would make 
' other Wojncn look like iVitchts^ wonderfully bc- 

* come her; fo that no kind of Head-gear, ii 
■ unbeconiinfj,w!ienfhe wears it .The fame thing:' 
'"remarkable in htrCi'aths, and Attire. Tou nil 
' fee her lapped iu s Nighi-Gown to judge wi 
f more exadncfs of it. And ic is in this Pei 

* fon alone that one truly may fay, that Att, 

* though never fo CJnningly iifed, and skilfully 
,f laid, cAa never equal Namrt;. 

Though fhcloycs Perfumes, Eifences, and Aro* 
' maiick Scents, flie never carries any sbouther; 

* which fiicws undeniably, that that Swceinefs h 

* natural to her, which cofts other I.adiesfo much 

* Pains and Charges. 

* I had almoft forgot to fpcak of her Nuk, htr 

* Arms and H""''; but let it fuffice, rhat they ap- 

* pear to have been made and fitted for the i-acc. 
' And if we may judge by what we fee, of what 

* we do not fee, wc may certainly conclude diat 

* her Huiband after having been the happiefl 

* Man, is now tlie unhappieft in the World. Thi 

* die is mad* as to her Bpdy ; and of her Mil 

* you may Judge, by what lam going to fay. 

* Being (ooii; time fmce at Rcme, it was 

* chance to be fpeakingof her after the maom 

* heard her talked cf at Parif, that fhe 1 
' fine young Lady , extream Handfome 

* citiavaganily Giddy and InconCideratc 
: Caood-natur'tj even to Foliy, An 

* JiRcw iicr, hearJjig mf 


^■Bi^er, Laughed at me after fuch a manner that 
^^X was much furprized at it ; but would never let 

* me know why, though 1 had very eaineftly 

* urged him to tell me his Reafon, As thefe Peo- 

* pic dive further into Mens Natures to find their 

* true and proper CharaAer, than we doin/Viinee, 

* fo this Adventure gave me a great Curiofity to 

* fee her as I pafled in ray return from Rot/je by 

* Cifamkrjf j though I had never much fpoken to 
' her in Pari', but by Accident, yet flie knew me 
f by fight, and by name. 

' I was at firft furpriz'dj not to perceive in her 

* at my coming, that Eagernefs and exceffive De- 
' fire to hear News, which is ordinary to thofc 
' that live at a diftance from Court, when they 
' fee any that comes from thence. She received 
' me as unconcerned, as thcmoft indifFerenc Wo- 

* man of the Country could do i and inflead of 

* breaking my Head with Queftions about the 

* People and Affairs, which concerned her felf, 

* file entertained me only upon the Account of 

* my Journey, and other like things, wherein 

* none bm my felf was concerned. I thonght my 

* felf bound in Civility, to put her upon the Dli- 

* courfe of her Friends and Relations, in Rcmr and 

* Paris, fince flie her felf would not flart the Qu&. 

* flion. I found that Subjeft was not unpleafing 
' by the Attention flie gave to what I faid upon 

* it ; flie fpoke civilly of all People, and with a 

* great deal of Refped of her Husband ; but this 
' JDifcourfe held no longer than I continued it. 

* She rarely asksd any Queflions, and thoje only 

* which Civility feemed to oblige her to. 

* Neither could I mark iohereithcr Curiofity or 

* Inqtiifitivenefs. Wondering at her cold Indiffe- 

* rcnce, I had a mind to put her upon the Dif- 
' courfe of things I thought moft fcntibic to her, 
f but wi:h the Rcfpc^ that was Convenient, 

74 3"^« Pi6lure and Chara£ler of i 

'touching her Famty and h&r Fortune t But I 

* could never hear from her the lead Complaint,^ 

* Methoujjht I read fomething of Sadnefs in her 
'Countenance, when her Reputation was in De- 

* bate : but for all other Matters, fhe fecmed 

* to think that blind Goddcfs Ftrtunt, a fitter 

* Objeft of her Contempt, than Anger. Several 
' Peribns of Qualicy^ , of both Sexes came 
'in while I was there ; and others , two or 

* three Gentlemen who fiiew'd a great deal of 

* The Ladies began to talk of the News of 
' the Town ; though the Dutchefs took neither 
' fide's parr, fhe difcourfed with the fame Heal as j 
' others did j the Subjeft of their Converfatian 

* was a Difpute that was betwixt two eminent 1 

* Men, which had divided the Country in two 

* Parties. She entred upon the Particularities, 
^ which were told her of the Caufes of their Divifi- 
f on, ai]d weighed every little Circumftance with 
^ fuch nicety and infight, as if Ihe had not had 

* twenty Millions for her Portion.The Gentlemen, 
f whom I before mentioned turned the Difcourfe 

* upon anotherSiibjeft, whether fhewouldorno, 

* and talk'd of State- Affairs, as moft worthy of her 

* Attention and Contemplation, Afterevery body 

* had pafTed their Verdid, {he was obliged in 
' Complaifance to fpeak hers. Tbofe that differed 

* in Opinion from her, Vigoroufly urged their 

* Reafons; the Difpute grew hot. She never de- 
' fended her Opinion, but with Reafons, of which 

* fhe made thofe that had not declared them- 

* felves againft her, her Judges. And I alTure 

* you, I never heard any fpeak fo well, and with 
' fo much SHbmifEon. Tnis is what I remarked 

* in this my firft Vifit j and what I have obfer- 
l Ted fince is as followcih. 

< "^^ adorn 

tu mult 




:h do 


*Ii ot 

7 5 The PiiSurc and Charafler of the 

' any. I^er Domefticks, who fee none come? 
' that are noc as mccli Devoted to her as thcm- 
*felves, have iufenfibly ufed themfelves to let all 
' come in, and go out, with this kind of Franknels 
' and Libeyrcy. 

' 'It \f, to be fuppofed fhe would have it fo, (u 
■* they peimit icj for fhe is the Life and Soul ^ 
'her Family J and her Underftanding, herCivili- 

* ty, and her obliging Ways are infufed, unto 

* ihofe that Compofe it, proportionably as cacti 

* Ones Capacity is fitted to Imitate them. There 
' is no Convent where they lead a more Regular 

* Life, than in her Womens Apartment, whither 

* a Page dare noc approach, upon' Pain of my La- 
*dy's Difpleafures J which is fomething more 
' Terrible than the Rod : And for th* Men, ihcj 
' live together witii that Peace and Union, 

* much themorp Commendable, asjt is moft Ri 

* and feldom to be found in great Mens Houfc*. 

' She alone of all Womepj can Play with h 

* Servants, wiihouc LeiTening ber felf : Her Pre- 

* fence doth Banifli their Prefumption, without 
' taking away their Freedom ; and it is not to be 

* comprehended, how fhe can give themfu much 

* Awe, ufing ihem with fo much Familiarity ; un- 
*Iefsitbe, becaufe fhe has fo much Grandeur in 

* her Carriage, and all her Ways. Some wonder 

* fhe fhauld Delight in fuch fort of paflimesi but 

* whoever will take the Pains to look a Ittile 
' nearer, will find, that they are not the Delight 

* cf her Heart, and that thofe ftie ufes, are but fo 
'.many feveral ways of DifpcUingtho.'e AiRiifting 

* Thoughts, which the pielcnt State of Her Fot- 
' lune crouds upon her. 

' Tiierc is no private Gentleman's Houfe more 
'Orderly, and Regular, than Herj; and as her 
'Penhon \% vcryinconliderable to make her fubfiflt 

* vifith ;har Honour (he does, llie muft needs be 






Dutcbefs (?/ M A Z A 5 j[ N, 77 

Jmirably skill'd in Oeconotny ;ihd Rer Ads of ' 
abeTuWtyy and Magnificence, fiiew that her 
3d Managemanc proceeds .from excraordi-* 
■y flrength of Rcafon. She neither much 
Imires, nor defpifes any thhu;. She never 
iewed the lead Difguft againn the CouA- 
y, nor any thing that is in it j flie lovfts 
le Recreations , and Ceremonies that are 
1 ufe, as much as if ihe h»d been Born and 
Ired there. Others would adift at them, wifh 
tarks »f Complaifance, Conftraint, and Di- 
tradion, which would eallly diftinguifti therti ^ 
:om the reft of the Company j but fhe comes 
E) them with that Familiarity, with that PrefenCe 
Bd Freedom of Mind, lb nnconftrained^ fo 
fonftant, and (o agreeable, that a Stranger who 
liould chance to fee her there, without knovf- 
tag who (he was, would cfteem Savoy molt 
happy in the Produd of fo charming a Perfon. 
* She avoids fpeaking of her own Greatnefs 
snd Riches, with the fame Care and Induflry, 
[as others feek out occafions to make People 
fenfible of theirs. It depends not of her way of 
living amongft them, but that the People of 
that Country, that fee her, may think them- 
felvcs as great as flie.j and may think Chambery 
as Noble and as Pleafant to live in as Romt or P«- 
'»■«; and her Converfation there, as agreeabte, 
5 ever ftie enjoyed elfe-where. Never did greie 
^ady take lefs care to make her Inferiours fie 
ilhe Difference that is betwixt her and them j > 

iand if thev do not forget it,flie is the more behold- 
ing to iheir Difcretion, and Refpeift : for file ' 
takes little pains to put them in mind of it. One 
goeth always beyond the Idea, or Opinion, file 
has of her (elf, even in the moft ferious AppHca- ^ 
ons that are made to her j and ftie as often 
cs jult and due Commendations, for grt^s 

78 The Picture and Charafler of the 

* Flatteries, as other Women take Apparenci 
' Hypocricical Adulations, for true and defen 

* Praifes. I 

' It is a great Sign, that her Moderation is (I 

* cere, becaufe it is never over-ftcained : and be- 

* ing urged, will acknowledge truly whatfoevet 

* is good, or fair in her. She is in nothing more ■ 

* unjuft, than in not allowing what ftie has of 

* Admirable and Excellent, to be more than 

* Pallkble and Ordinary. Though by fad Expc- 

' rience fhe found, that there is very little Truth, I 

* or Honefty, in the World, and that fhe has 1 

* (ull caufe to think ill of all Mankind j yet fuch 1 

* is her Natural Goodnefs, that (he never applies 

* this her bad Opinion to any one in particular ; fhe 
' firft excepts from the General Rule, all thofcin 

* whom (hs perceives any Appearance of Venue; 

* and isftill much ' (urprizcd when ftie has reafon 
'to believe, they did not deferve that Exception. 

'When Iheisobligedto (ay fomeihing fhe thinks 
' may difpleafe, in order to fweeten and takeu- 

* way the fharpnefs of the Senfe, (he fpeaks it f o. I 

* as if (lie had let it fall by chance ; but no 1 

* will think he wrongs her, to believe that (hi 
'nothing, but what flie^would fay. It is 
'natural to her to be fecret than to 

. * Women not to be fo : (he is equally skill'd h 
' in well fpeaking, and holding her Tongi 
:;* Though it be a great Truth , that thofe 1 

* know how to fpeak well, know net hoH 
■ hold their Tongues ; and thofe that can be (ilci 
' can feldom fpeak very well. 

* A Gentleman of very good Parts and Und( 
' {landing, that hath feen her, and known her 

* great while, allured me that (he is very mul 
'altered from. what (he has been fomietljl 
' infomuch that you would hardly know 

/ again j but ic is vtry hwd to coaceiTC, 1" 

Dutcbefs tf/ M A Z A R I N. 7*9 

mid be fo changed^ without allowlog that fhe 
^uft always have bad a prodigious flock of tha 
boiceft, Richeft. and mod lafling Kattiral 
auty that ever Wcman had : and if bet Mis- 
tunes have cDotribatsd any thing to hcrj 
Eerit, never bad Caufe prodoccd fo good 

lam, &C5 

R E- 




W I T H A 

fragment of PETRONIUS, 

concerning the fame ; and 
the HISTORYofthc 
Ephefiaii Matron. 

By Monfieur de UV ALTER li 

ToAfr. *lf. 

S 1 Ri -- 

IT was no Iktie SamfiiAton to me, t'otl^ 
Day, to obferve witli what Impatience c 
zealous Admirer of Mr. ***'s fine Difcourf 
heard our Friends rally at the Tinfel Eloquci 
of (his Age. I carinoE tell whether he was fq 
/Iblf, that fome Parts of cheir Cenfcre were ^ 
jlCfily levell'd againft his Heros, (for you kno" 
•flsir, tdere ure Heroet of all forti ani i.icei) but I foul 

i'hewii moft of all enraged, wheu he fxw thi 

n>ifh n^FfAiment of. PetroiiJUs^ 

M'djnoc prefer, him to Ckno tfiid Demefthtmi, 
jatcyer tbey cou'd fay to Undeceive him, he 
WAsjjQt jn the Humour to b^ Convinced. Fot 
my part, 1 know lam out pf his Favour, andihac 
he'll never forgive me fo long as he Jives, for che 
little Complaiiknce 1 fiicw'd him upon thac ocea- 
ilop. 1 aui already informed, .that |je Exclaim* 
againft us wherever hs goes, for, a parcel of 
morofe Saiyricali' Gentlemen, thai are driving on 
a Delign, to Iiuroduce a fort of «n Inquifitioa in- 
tojpoijtc Leariiing. You know well- enough chat 
our Friends Ive under no Nece/fity to 'Ruin the 
Reputation of other Men, in order to raife their 
own ; and that the Rcpujcaiion of Mr. *** it 
built upon fuch weak Foundations, that 'tis reafo* 
nablo to believe, that the unjuit Applaufss which 
have been given him for Ionic Yeats, will not 
always prepoflcfs (}ic World in his Favour, But, 
a God's Name, let us leave him to. Enjoy this 
falfe Glory, with which hi» AiU.rtrs have Puffed 
hitn up, and content our felves' to jultifie ouf 
Friends. 'Tis with tliis Intenfion thac I havs 
now fet Pen to Paper ; but as I don't in the lealt 
pretend to Confine niy feif to the narrow Bounds 
of a Letter, much lefs to fet up for a Judge ; fo I 
^all fet down all ihat comes into my Head, whe- 
^wicbe of my own growth or another's, to fee 
^B can remove thofe wrong Impr^ons, which 
^Be People wou'd give you of our Criticifmi. 41 
^H need . not inform you. Sir j thac this is 
^ftthe hrft time thac Perfons have been lound in 
^Km World, who have taken the Freedom to com- 
■phin of the depraved Tafte of their Age, and 
of the Degeneracy of Eloquence. J believe liich 
Complaints have been made ever fince the jpeathf _^^^^ 
pi Cicnt. The Author of. ihe DlALOGt^,^^H 
commonly afcribed to ^untHian, condemns '^%H^^^^| 
jtoie ConupttoD j and to go higher, Ttmmm hail^^^H 


^efleHimt upon Eiotpmcti 

compofed an ingenious Satyr againtl the Dectt 
mers of his own lime, whom he Accufes wii 
having debauched the Stile of yoiiog Peophb 
The Judgment he paffes of them ii very Juft, vA 
fae Ridicules the very fame Faults againft which 
we now appear; but in a manner fo Pleafant and 
Entertaining, that Icou'd not forbear to fend you 
in our Language, what he has fo agreeably writ- 
ten in his own, againft that Tumour and Affe^a- 
tion of Stile, which we call Fujiain and Bomhjl, 
But to deal plainly with you, I am in my own 
Tempet' naturally fo fond of Liberty, thai 
it is not in my power to confine my felf to 
the Rules of a literal Tranilatten. For thi| 
Reafon I have made bold to fill up J'ttrtmim't SenI 
wherever it is unhappily broken, with ibm 
thingof my own. If you think this EmploymerA 
unworthy of a Magiflrate, condder, Sir,I befeech 
you, that this is the Seafoa wherein Juftice it letf 
gives us leave to Divert our felves. After this, I 
don't pretend that you have any Obligation to me 
for this Performance : only I beg of you, that 
what I now write for your Entertainment, yc 
will be pleafed to read with your ufual Candoi 
and Indulgence. 

* I was walking, fays Eumelfiu, with youi 

* jfcihtH, near the Publick Schools, when we t 

* held running from all Parts a great Number 

* Perfons of all Quality, but efpecially a croi 

* of young Scholars, prcffing who fhould firft g( 
'into the School. Curiolity, which naturaif 

* leads Men, that have no Bufmcfs upon the! 

* Hands, into Publick Places, made me follow tl 

* reft : So I thruft my felf among thofc that we 

* going in, and enquir'd of one that flood nei 

* me, what it was that had brought fo mu. 
' Company together. He informed me, that 
'Declaimer, whofe Name was Jigatmmwm^ w 

/« dclirec a Speech. XJjpctVL ^tt\ ttw^nA.'wVvw 

TfHh a B'agmeftt of Pefroniujr jjj] 

■SubjeA he had cbofen, and the other anfwer'd 
fc'ftie, that he promifeii in his Bill, a Declamarion' 
^f two Hours long, under the magnificent Title 
Vtf Cruel Tieiy j the Bafinefs of which was to £x- 
rhort King Agamemnm to delirer up his Daughter 
^Jfblgtmiay who, according to the Oracle, was to 
^be sacrificed to Ditmt, in order lofaciliate the 
' Expedition againft Tny. I was of Opinion 

* that it was the Vanity of io Pompous a Title, 

* or rather an Iich to (how his Refped to his 

* Name- fake jigamemnen of Gritct, which had 

* engaged our Declaimer to pitch upon this Sub- 
'je^; and I did not queflion but that in his 

* Oration he would Hiow himfelf worthy of fo 

* promiling a Title. Neither was I miftaken [ 
'for after we had waited near an Hour, we faw 
' appear upona fort of a Theatre foroewhat rats'd 

* above the Auditors, a Man pretty weti advanced 

* in Years, who had taken care to put on his bed 
■ Looks that Day. At firft he caft his Eyes upon 
' the Company, to fortify himfelf with necelTa* 

* ry Aflfurtnce j and after he had Methodically 

* Coughed, Hem'd, and Bow'd to them, he kept 

* himlelf Silent for fome time, with afolemn de- 

* mure Countenance j turnitig his Eyes fome-' 
'times on one (ide of him, and foraetimes on the 

* other ; then all on the fudden, the Flood-gate* 
*open'd, and he began his Difcourfe in a Ihrill 
' fcreaming Trebble. His Exordium was pom- 

* pous and full of Antiihefes j his Periods folong- 

* winded, that his Breath would fcarce carry him 

* to the End of them ^ yet among all the rumbling 
' Words, of which his Declamation was compof'ed, 

* there was not one that was proper to draw iha 
' Favour and Attention of the Auditors, or to 
' give a general Idea of his Defign. However, 

* it wai obferved , that he had heaped togc- 
' ther alt that we find in our Books teUtin^ ta ctw 
!iioUacfsmdlnhll\bi\\tyo\ Otaeav tWs'^w 

ReJleBiOKt upon Fh/pimie] 


* commendable in him, that he Cited nptfo^l^uL 

* aS one (iuRle Verfe out cf Hefwd or Hsmtr. In 
-*ihe remainder of his Speech, he enlarged plen- 
.*tifully upon (he Duiies that-_bin<I us to ojt; Na- 
tive Couiiiry : He fee forth in its full Extent^ 
ff{Che indifpenfibte Obligation, which engages 
t Princes to Devote themfclves entirely (o tho 
( Glory and Welfiire of their Kingdoms. , H< 
r maJs a long Dtfcription of ^11 the Confliiftsb! 
♦tween Nature and Religion in the Heart ,of 

* Father, who was obliged to, deftroy; his Dauf;h^ 
« ter. He brought abundance of Reafons to prove 
«,that Nuture bughc to ftoop to Religion ,* ai^d 
fr that the Reverence we owe to the Commands pf 
jt<Heaven, ought.lii ^op the iMrf.Cetrent of enr BM^ 
Tf.MnJ to fupprtfs-thn Ermlivn .^of f^t(mal. RcyKiA 

f' This was one of pur Declaimer'»-fine Expreffi- 
fon%, and indeed alt his Difcourfc was fill'd with 

* great fwelling Words whicli fignified jiill no* 
' thing, and leem'd either made or pick'd on puM 
' pofe to 61t up his enormous extravagant Pefl 
'^riods. His Figures came on as thick as Haifjl 
' buc particularly thofe liiat confifl; in the nuig* 

* ing of the VVords : The Order in wliicb ae 
' placed them wiis fo Thread-bare and Commwi^ 

* ihat the youngelt SchoUir in tl;ie Room koewr 

* When each of theie Figures came to its turn, 

* and cou'd call them by their Name. I remem- 
^ bcr 2 Man Hood near mc, whom I cou'd hear 
' ever now and then, pleafed it feems, wiin forae 
f'Paffages of the D(:clamacion, which had almoft 

* rocked me aflsep, to cry out, Oh ibst Dtv'mt 

* Prolcptf^a ! ■wkat ftnt Altuthefeiivtrttbert ! I fuf- 

* fcr'd him to admire the other patiently, becaofe 

* he was, it may be. Hired by him to do what ho 
'did, as it hiis been frequently praAifed. .fio 

* foonas Agamctnnon had concluded, the Compa- 
^ay weatoutot the bctuwi j aivl £« my .paa, i-. 


mth a ^a^ment of Petronlus. ej 

'JB not one of rhe !aft to buftle liiy way i ut oj / 

Place, where I had mcr enu^^^li to CGnteiit J 

ly Curiofity for a long while. "Ne-crci-elcfs, I ^| 

lad an Itching; upon nn; to knew what thePeb- ^| 

lie faid of his Hat-Ttgue : So I frcw n"3r tq ^| 

^ittain Pcrfons who ftopt under a .fornv<,whoinl ^| 

idld hear as I walked along, rifcourllng about ^| 

lis' Matter. Every one paR'd' hb JuJpnient ^ 

upohwhat he had heard J by the-fanic Toltcnthat 
the greateft part (etmTd to be vctj well (ntiified 
with the Performance. Sonie wer^ pleafed wi:b 
the choice of his Subjeii; others admired tr« 
great Variety of the Fig'.'res, ac'd the Bohlnifj 
of the Expreffipn : N^ay, there were Ibinp i.| 
the Company, who above AX things, rxiollc'j 
the Length of the Difcourfe. wondring howhe 
was able to fpin out his Matter, (b as to be 
able to talk two Hours, upon fo btrren a Sub- 
jeft. Some of my Acquaintance who iiaeperv-' 
ed to be mingled among them, aikud me my 
Opinion of the Speech; and being pleaftd to 
Cprnplemenc m«, that I was a Judge of thtfc 
Matters, would needs Engage me tn tell tlicin 
what my Sentiments were of ^gMfimTLtiWiii- 
couifc; I thoughL that my Age, and the Crow(! 
of perfons that were by to hear me, obliged me 
to be fomewhat referved ; for which lealbn, in- 
ftead of Explaining my felf with Freedom, ^i 
my Manner is, I replied coldly, that it wou d 
very ill become me (o cenfure that which all 
the World fcem'd to approve. For my ;^|, ' 
criesa Pert young Fellow who was got among 
us. Til nevtr JipmbU my Thcughts ef the muttir j. / 
duUre^ hefvn alhhii Ctm^any, tb^t f m-yir did fueb 
Tenace in my LifebifoTi. This Freedom fome- 
what pleafed me, conlideiing 1 had refolved to 
* hold my Tongue, and I was glad cofindihiit 
I another had th? boldnefs to paU ^ttAtTiw. ^-^ - 

^efeBions upon Uloq^eneii' 

* However, to engage this Critick into fwUi 
' Converfation, 1 dcfired him to tcli us morep 
' ticularly wliacic wat that moft dilpleafed bin 
' in the Performance. Every fi»iig,replicd theotbei 
' very bluntly : UtjtuUy blame the Choice of tht Sd 

* jsii, the Maasgement of the Sfttcb^ and tht Turn l| 

* the Expnjfian. Befidet, I can't indurt that sm Or« 

* jhould rather indulge hit Itch of talking at T*wi 

* ri-JB confidif what thingi he ought to Treat of, 
' what to let ahme. And yet the greattfi f»rt ef our i 
' claimeri erefuch unthinking (Jexcomhi, *t to laMgtw 

* that 'tk the Life end Soul of a fine Difceurfe to Ufl 
' tbovt an Hour, and that People are obliged to lifiae 
' thtm all the whilty without being tir<d. At frr % 

* continues the Gentleman^ Irothtr admirttbtl 
. ' tienci of the Auditors upon theft Oceafumif tbmo fi 

* fruitful Invention of the Orator. But fray teitt 

* what necffjity did lur Deciaimrr lye under to repeat to 

* m a thoiifirna friveUut Thingi^ with which our Ktrt 

* are daily did ftntd in the Schods. At for the ' 

* of lit Difcourfe, the Contrivance of it was fo U 

* uhly grofi, that if you had put the ^efiiontt 

* mtanejl Boy in his School, he weu'd have immeMt 
'told ym hew it Wat to he Divided : he wotsld haVO 
' fplit it into Four common Heads ^ the Fitjl of wkitt 

* wcu'd havi bten. The SanAity of Oracles; tht Sf 
' cend, The Love of one's Country ; the Third, 
' The Obligation that Princes have to their Solv 
•jeds; and the Fiurth and Lofi, The ReTCrcncC 

'which is cuing to th6 Gods. At for what ait. 

* etms the Diet un, 'tie fo abeminaHy aftBed, that htt 
J bare hunting afttr Words, 1 dare tugagty c^ him 

* more trouble than the whole Compoftion } and afttr 

* he bad rachdbis Brain to ckeofe them., he mufi nttdi 
' mate his poor Tongue stndergo tht Ptrfecmion of pro- 

* neuncing them. But this si not all 'y for the SuhjeS 
' appears more RidicuUiti li me, than aS the Xtfi. 7l«- 
iAr ^'/k" ^f l>tfi»tiietmt wnftt txtrtife tht ' 



. San ,, 

• */ yeumg Pteple in fucb Matters £t might bafpm 

'f» thtm in ibr common Cturji of the IforU, and to 

frofoft them fume Exjmpiit which might ferve to Im* 

flruit thtm in tbofe thivgr, that they might birw Ot^ 

' cafion ftmetimet to Talk of. Now I vtouUfain innif 

* what Cmttrn, what Interefi any 'f m bert tan 
' beve t« an Adventurt fu dirtcH/ o^^jite to our Man- 
tmrtt i What Proiabiiity it tbere, that me Man in 

hit Company will bave any Oteafion, fo lon^at be 
Ivtt, to liHf fir bemmanf important Reafons Diana 
i^bt to bt apptafeJ, and Iphigenia to be SacrifteJi 

* l^at fignifits it a Farthing to in, to be perfa/adtd 
' that tbt Greeks did vtry wifely in Humouring this 

* rtvengefulGoddtfs, who if fhe bad not been brib'd by 
' tbii Saaifce, wou'd mcfi Infallibly have ruin'd all 
' tb* De/igni of their Army, and had taken hontfi 

* Priam into Prottifion, But fumfe a Man might feri' 

* ou/ly entertain bimftlf with thtfe Fablei, wou'd itbi- 
' oMK blm to ufe tbtfe bombafi Exprtfimi, and extra- 

* vagan$ Fignreiy contrary to the true DiSatei of Na- 
" ture^ to good Senfe j in ^ort^ to that fimple and tafit 

Air, in which PcUtt Men are ufed to deliver them- 
ifelvet 1 FoTf let *tm Jay what they will, evtry thing 
tvbith if not tonformable to Nature^ it oppofitt to true 

Altho' this Cenfuret carried Matters too far, 
becaufe that in Effed the Four Parts which com- 

ii'd jigamemnon's Speech, treated foHie Points 
of Morality, which may daily fall into our 
.Converfaiion ; yet his Criticirms in the main 
did not difpleafe me, and the Vehemence he 
ifliew'd upon this Occalion, fo powerfully exci- 
ted me to rpcak out my Thoughts, that infpight 
of my late Refolution, not to Talk beforefo 
many People, 1 cou'd not foibear to lay u 
follows 1 

Refusions upon Ehquentf^ ^ 

■ * Iwill nct.faid I.Condemn any ore in pariica 
lar; netthec will 1 take u^onine lo Cenfure ili' 
DiAwnrfe of rff^awsfwsOT*; but only explain my (t!f 
in general upon the common SubjetS* of D«cla- 
mations. For my part, I fancy I lee a Mad-nun 
Rave, when one of thefe Deckimers, as i.hxt 
■ffajtrmtly beard them to my farrow ., RoJa 
ooCf as Load achis Lungs will gi«e him leavij 
Tm fir jm, Jev Crmtr^mai, tbat i havt kfi'lm 
B^i gr9t tm m Gmiiit toi^admt katkj befuutit tbt 
Armt ^ mrf CitidriMj wiam la^atiJa^d to Prefervfym 
fhmtkePmyifjmrSMemitt. ..iPia will Refiorttk 
f> w^ Si^, wM ym injry I Who wiU Refio 
BLUume, w^ei I iavt jbed in yoitr Service* 
fmt-tix B*mj weAtrnJ iy the Fai-gutf oftVur, Ti^ 
imimniHr Him Ji vhiih ym helo'J, bavt favtdyiin 
lHmf\ tyy f, a it 3ifere,*;fo>tffsfiy Menslii'.iJtici 
iemmURitt^ ^ ym, axd tffiify wttai 7 -iuve -^ 
ftrv'd »f rtt fMick ■ However, ' vre' nrigttt 
'perhsrs bear withthele Impercinent'HarangueJ, 
ifdKVwereof any Advantage to arrive , at the 
Perfcdion ol Eloquence : bucfofar is ouf Youth 
bxMU deriring the leart Benefit frpm thefe Pom- 
pons Sabicds and Forc'd Espreffions, that when 
tbey IciYc the Schools, they feem to come into 
•nwlier World. They are not fit to come into 
CofiTcrfation of Gemlemeti ; ahd wheiithe'y 
loft the Sight cff the Theatre, where they 
ufcd to Deliver thefe glittering TriSft, 
have net the Courage to (peak in Publick. 
Rcafoii of it is plain ; bccaufc thefe Places 
are delign'd for the Inftrudion of Youth, 
where they fhould be taught nothing but 
c is proper for rhenij only ferve to amufe 
Mtm, and wholly take up their time in chefe 
iiiic-.:toi;^ Talcs. Ineffeft, you hear them per- 
--- ... "\nf,zh\i^\zVi\K\\ Vimtsp-e^ariTsgof 

' '" t^fmunale Ferfons, whs are kj 

wi«& tt^teOgmem^of Pccrorijus. 

mf:^t Jrlife* t'fm M^rf'CsajTJ. They fti'k 

h6chiirp inn^FfS^iii.; ,>f .'bi Cru^Uf ef T '-oHtf, TUbOy 

firing f^timetc S .twf i: i.-:;/ ^:a»7i,^nd ChiidreH 

pw BHtch^-ft&cA' lu-i^. i.ii..: ; xirlTl^ly, entertain 

ihtir Auditor! Wiili a Sfeti-h abuuc' thofe Hark^- 

|tt*( OriifUt, VibuAdirinttd aUtrtain NifMkr i'f Pir- 

iiw/.M t>t SaerfficiAiin CTilcT ta'fitf f-mt I tjt'Uvcs^^'d 

'^fpeJjt rit InXiin-.tion ef' (ht Godt. Inthenicart 

'lime, tbefe Oiimerical lijcures irfenfibly bj- 

' tfiiy our 'young Fry into a Hahk Lit never lay- 

^ ing any thing wiih Jult Scd' Nan tal ExprcflT- 

* OH! J Nay, it frequently hapTi-iiithiit thty leave 

* a fatal Imprellion upon xho' Iin.i£^i'"ation, by 
' blackeninp'ir with terrible i<leas,which TirnSiue 

* it in fome manner with Lctf>ns of Cruelty. 

* Ncicheris-it only upon' eleviited Suhji-dis, that 

* they accuftoiu rliemfclves to tliefelrregulamicij 

* for when their Mafters change the Matter in the 

* LeflTons they giv* th-em, and they ft- op fonie- 

* times to ipeak of thofe PaiTions, wl^oic Cha- 

* raAer is direi^ly oppollie to ihe fwelling Meta- 
' phorsofahigh Stile, they fall tuoche contra- 
^ ry Exceli. -Nothing thenbut Diminutives will 

* go down with thcni • cilery Word, forfooth, 

* rauft be Sweet 'Sod Lufcicus, a4 if it Rad beeti 
' fteepd in Koney^ and (heir'Tlioughts are Tri- 

* fling- and Piietilc to the laft Degree. They af- 

* feift Quibbles and little Tarns of Wit, when 

* they fpcak of their Amotirs ; and their Expref- 

* (ion is accfitnpained with a languifliing Ait ;bue 

* inftcad of being tender, it is NaureouOy infi- 

* pid. In fhort, they Oinvv themfelvcs rto left ridi- 

* culouB in this fort of Eloquence than in tlie for- 
' mer. So that 'tis in a mannet at impodt ble for % 

* young Fellow to have the Tafte of a good Stile 

* among ihefe wretched Examples, as toattainto 

* the noble and eafy Air of the Court among the 
f Pedantry of the Schools. 

' Not to difplcafe tbefc worthy DeclaJmetijB 

* we may with juflice affirm, that they hawe hw^ 

* the Honour of being the ficd Corrupters of £loV 

* quence. They have ruin'd the Dignity of thirl 

* tdmirable Art, which gave Ptritiii and Demc* i 
*pbtnti fo great an Afcendantoverthcir Auditor*, 

' and have made it a Sport and Amuretnent for 

* Children They have robb'd it of all the 

* Force of Thoughts, while they wholly buiic 

* chcmfeWcs in the placing of their Word*, and 

* in the Pompous Cadence of their Periodi. For 
5 before tha: thefe Noble Inflruftort, educated JA 
f Obfcurity, and who never faw any thing but 

* their Books, had vitiated the Tallc of young 
' Gentlemen, by their wicked Maxims, Eloquence 
' carefully applied it felf to form the Judgment; 

* Truth, Reafon and Perfpicuity were its Eni 

* and Rule in all Difcourfes : It fupported it &K 

* by the Greatnefs of Things, and not by thft 
'.Oilentation of Words : It never was led out of 
*- its way by vain Enthuftafms, which tranfpoR 
'an Auditor, as ic were, by Magicfc, into uti- 
f known Countries, and don t bring btm back a^ 

* gain to the SubjeA, till hit Patience is quite 

* exhaufted. Poelie it felf, which it allowed to 
'take greater Liberties, was Free, without be- 

* ing Impudent : and Adorn'd, without being 
' Affeifted. She fpokethe Language of the Godi, 

* yet did not talk Extravaganciei. SfhocUi aira 
!* EurifUcs fometimes wore Butkim, but they 
^did not walk upon Stilts, like the Scriblets 

* of our Age. Hamtr, who knew how far an 
< Heroick Poem ought to go , did not fuffer 
' himfelf to fall into Faflian, when he deftgnVl 

* tobefublime ; for there is a Simplicity of Ex- 

* prefTion, which is not in the leafl prejudicial to 
' the Grandeur of Thougtut ; and it does by no 

' meam follow, that becaufe a tbiog is Gicac, ^ 

retronius. ; 

nuft therefore be exprefs'd in big rumbli ng 
Woi^i. In truth , this incomparable Poet 
EJTucceeded To happily in this fort of Poetry, that 
J^indar and the Nine Lyrick Poets, not daring 
*to think they could equal him, were obliged to 
i • try how they could perform in another kind. If 
la ' it (hould be objedcd that an Orator is not to 

BKOvem himfelf by the Example of Poets^ let us 
ifce whether PUtt , t^feb'mi , or Dcmefibmet 
»ou'd have taken Leflbns from thefe People, 
i whom they call'd Sophifts, and we call Pe- 

* dams. On the contrary^ they always declared 
*" Rgaind them, as Corrupters of Manners and 
' JLanguage. Plata^ among the reft, has fianiHied 

* them from his Repuhtick, and faid of them, at 
'well as of the Poets; Ltt nsgive ibem Otvnjf 

* ontji to tun them the more boncitrablji outoftur Domi- 

* mioni. True, and if I may fo exprefs my felf, 

* chaft Eloquence has nothing but what is real j 
'^nd if I may be allowed fo to Ipeak, ufcs no 

klwcH/, or Paint, to appear more agreeable: It 

§4eriTes none of its Charms from borrowed Co- 

liours : Alt its Ornaments are proper to it, and 

Ltisbythe Graces of its natural Beauty that it 

wconquers and affet^ ls. Its Majeftick Air fett 

|the fame difference between it and falfe Elo- 

gtience, as weeaflly obfcrve between a Lady of 

Vertue and a Coquette. This Pettifogging » 

great Talker of mighty Nothings ; in » 

Word, this monftrous Eloquence of our De- 

Lclaimers, came not long ago out of j^fis into 

Icnfcf, where its Contagious Air, foon lnfe<Sed 

uhe Minds of young People; even ihofe who 

f Teemed to promife mighty Matters, and had 

Ipreferv'd till then, cheTafte of good Stile, and 

f Purity of Language, were not able co defend 

Ithemrelves from the univcrfal Corruption. Since 

Ithit Alteration, we have not Teen any thing that 

* htK'Zbmi up io the l^crkAion oi T^cyMdrt, ti^ 
"tfrtit fias equaTdfl^per.-^w. Nay, nothing in the , 
•Poetick way'has appeared, that has not been 
■^■tain^etf'tvicKtliU yf^«fiV* Difeafe ; and all th? 
*,-CpWpor,rions ef oiir-Times, iike'Men that haVe | 

* labOBTcd ting'urtder an ill Habit of Body, .have 
'*A:ktp i\htt\\Vi, 'sTi'IDye before they arrive to s 
^'ec^dOldAgc. The Generality too of outPolit^ 
'AyUJiavernfit ■with fhe. fame Fate^ and we hav^ 
''K^o't'aiiitm]^ decline' by degrees, ever fince^ the 
ftz/ptiavs ftave pretended' to teach it W 3 ftorter 
* -and- more cafic Method, than Zeneei and ^tpcUis 
^■fed."' '■■.-■ 

* ^WWle I exprefied my felf in this manner, 

* and the Hcnt of rriy Difcourfe carried me fer- 

* tKeT" than I intendeJ at firft, '-■jgamcmnm came 

* 0'4t of his School;- after he had received of hi? 
'Auditors, thofe Compliments and Applaufes, 
' which'are ufually pajd to thofeof his ProfefEonj 

* When they haVA 'concluded their Harangua : 
*andj as'ris nacyraffori Man to give the Reins to 

* his Vanity when he hears himfelf conimend- 

* ed, 1 don't Ciueflibn'feiit that- he came towards 
*uSop purpofe to be (latter'd ; but finding thai 
' I fppfi'e with a greAt deal of Vehemence, and 
' Teem^fl' not to taki 'any notice of him, hp 
' pTaccd himfelf behind mc to hear what we 
''Were talking abbuc. After he had liften'd a 

* While' to my Difojurfe, the Spirit of Impati- 

* encefeiz'd him. I don't certainly 'know whe- 
' ther he imagiu'd with himfelf that my Cen- 
' ftire ,' which only refpefted Eloquence in 

* gsneral , was level'd againd his in pani- 

* cular;' or whether , our "Reclaimer, fo long ac- 
' cudomed to Haran^e others, cou'd not fufler 
' me to take his own Trade out of his Hands, 

* and fer up for a Judge in his own Tcrrito- 
f Ha: However it wasj ht bviftled thcough th« 

4* Xirowd^ and i.^a upon the 

r-;- ShoQlder^jhe .:Was pleia^d . CO interrupt me wfth 
K . afMsdantiQl^J^Vf iMid'SmiU^ he thus deliyerid 

^^ :hiin(c\{ V^^i^g ^Man^ {?Lys}iQjJincejou mamafn, 
n^^4^^9^h^ Jkeri^vibich ^ npt ]<^i Jb^ Gaj/? of thua 
'-^f9^n4 kofvi. jiillfrtlkry da right Judgt^ent of 
r^th^gf J^^aif-j^lrifre afid uncQf^mon a ^dlitfy^tEat 1 
?rrf«M»^^ i^ Jp^,,<onceal from^joUi,^^ Myflcrj of 
t.^v^^f''!/5t^^.-.yK»«a; iberefot^, thai XntakLfio Scru^^ 
* fUto ^c^nfpli^tt: my felf \io the crying EHois of 
I \th, TiffH^^ 4n^. that aiibiaifgb,, they ^ have riot to- 
^ ^ taify dehauc^4^itfyCx^,udgmtnt,.-no more tbafi yoursj t 
:Am nevertkilfli^J^pi^raind to'.fi^rmy'yeif to .h 
^ ^nrriei w'uk '\ibi' Stream^ and rather 'to foHiw 
5 tikif which, u 'likely to pleafe the generality of 
^ , Auditor s,^ than, a fm*ill^ Number of trie Judges^ 
' For their jlpprobation is not fufficient to ijlamfb the 
*^.R£fmAtion'0f,y^qn.\Orator : iTis tbe Tuhlick f^eice 
f V^bicb goifims theWorld in all Matters, and the greats 
^ ^fi Numbers , I dare \ engage y wiU always carry tbg 
. Day. 'Tikf a plain C^e then, the ProfcJJors are not 
^ to be Charged witi I the Abufe of Declamaticnf. If 
^jbey Jhoud Jo far forget their owu Interefi, as not ta 

* bmnour the^ Fdt^of the Agtyibut [hould Religtoufly 
^.' apply tbemfelvti to the Vurity of the ancient Eloquence, 
^ their Schools would^e foon firfakenj and the Mubi^ 
^ tude of Scholars, which makes the Ctory, as well as 

* the Fortune of the Maflcry wotild immediately lea'vi 
^ him, and rm after another, whoje Mttbod Jutted 
' better with tieir Inclinations. A Man that dcfigns to 
^ talk in Publick, ought to %ave .^littering Thoughts, 
^ bold Expreffions, a great Stock of In^Oention, Flame 
^ and Vigour, and to deliver all this with an Air of 
^ jijfurance. What Jignifics it to be [o fcrupukus^^ about 
^ Rea0^, Order, and good Senfe,fo lon^ as we can ihtpofe 

* upon our Auditors^ and there are only two or three Cri" 
^ ticks in an AjJ'embly, that are able to find oist our Faults ? 
^In this refptJt we may compare beclaimers toParafites 


kejie^hm upon Mfaqitditil 

* v'Bo tefinJ room at a Nokltman iTaik, rnvtrcdrevbt- 
' thtr tbdi- Tonguz and their Heart go ttgethtr. If tkij 

* ^»Qu'd net lay thtft Snares for the Vanity of jour gnat 

* PiTJons, ihaj -^ou'd infalUily run th« rttt of Lejmf 

* many a goad Dinntr. Novf, pray Sir, ttU me, wWtf 
' jou Ad-tift one »/ tbh Frattmitj, father to Starve, 

* than not to Speak at he ihints^ and comply with tht 
' Vamtj of bis Patron ? JVoudyeu have a Fip>rrmt7i 

* Coot his UctU bH the Bank of a River, to no purpof:, 

* ratbtr than Bait bit Hooh ? Thit is the -very Cjft 
fft ffthe Dtclaimers, whom you Condemn '. JVhertas, 'til 

tut thty that mttfi Anfwer for this reigning Sin of lit 
Timis, but your Fathers and Guardians-, who went kt 

* tbt Toung Gentleman run through the Forms of a Jeven 
' Difclpline, but are Impatient to have him AJvamed 
*■ in bit SluJlti, and txptSi be ftould ire able to make fiat 
' Synches in the Cradle. 

* * Hence it comet to pafs, that the Lioming they hrmt 

* with them from the Schools, like Salads raifed upon a 
' bot Bed, has neither the Tafie nor Colour of that whith 
' comes in its proper Seafon. The ovir-great Amhition 

* they have to isring their Soni immediately to the Bar, 
' or To fornt Pcjt in the Gcvemmtnt, is the Rtafim 
' that when they eome there, they feem to have fallen in- 

* to another fVorid, and are gmer/iUy unfit to fufia 
' the lyeight of their Bignity. However, if Pare 

* woud/uffir their Children to pofs leifurely through, 
' the Degrees of a Regular Education i if the Preft^.. 
' Were allowed to Suit their Lemons, to the Natural Ta- 
' Itntof their Scholars, and patiently waited to fee wbjt 
*■ Prrgrefi they made i if while thty PoHJhedtbi fVit ef 
' ibfir Oifciplei, they liiewifeCaltit/ated tbetr Atamtrrs, 

* and their judgment r,thrn we might hope to fie the Kit- 

* ^ncnce of Demollhenes revive in our Age ; Then 

* car Toung Gentlemen wou'4 Ltam at tKchttl, 
' things that would he of Eternal Service to them in the 

* Commerce of the World, and pafs with fuccefs from 
' thtir Stuiiti \<i \\ti OiWiv{t\\<sn o^ the Pclittfi Pom 

.1 -r,'^ 

xfUya fragment of PetroniusJ 

* fomi. Bmt^atth'mgi art Managed at frefcnt, ihey enfy 
' Trifle awajr their time at Sebaol, cr Laugh at their 

* Makers, and come from thence fa Emfty and SbaL>'iv, 

* that tbej make thimftlvei RiMcutoHi at the Bar. 
^matiiibtgreatefijefiofall, your OU Mm cannot 

* ie hougbt to own that they hdVe hm ill Educated i» 

* tbtir Tetmser Dayty and tiertfort will needs have ihtit 
' Children h-ed Uf after thejume Marmer. 

* This Difcourfe of ^mmemnon appeared fo ve- 

* ry Reafonable *, and (o Sincere, that I had not 
' a Word to fay againft it ; and as I was never 

* Fool enough to fcr up for a Reformer of the Age, 

* I did not fet ray felf to oppofe fo Senfible a Dif- 

* courfe. Thus I abruptly took my leave of Aga- 

* rnernnm and the Company, to go and find out 

Is ic not certain, my dear Friend, thatinthJi 
Paffagc of Petroniui we find the Turns of a juft 
and delicate Satire, which feem delign'd on pur- 
pofe to Lafh that falfe Eloquence, againft which, 
our Friends Declaimed with fo much Ji^ftice, ac 
your Houfe ? Had not they Reafon on their fide, 
CO fay, That it was fcarce to be Endured in the 
Schoolsj but that it was utterly iniUpportable in 
»ny other Place ? Don't you Remember, ihac 
they juflly blamed it for having no Regard to 
the Dignity of him chat Speaks, nor the Quality 
of thofe that Hear, neither to the Condiiion of 
the Times, nor to ihe Majefty of the Place ? 
That they defervedly Accufed it of not Obferving 
any Order in the Defign, any Connexion in tho 

*AnJindetd:tmu]l h ow^eJ^that PetTomiiStwboelftwhitt 
frcferva fo wgil tbeCh^nHers of Hi fett'^ns, haimaJc Aga- 
memnon tnlkloo Ktafanaily for a Man, to whom btgivtt the 
CbataSer of a Ptdini: Rut wt in.iy fuppofiitwai bit Humovr 
t othrntoen Reafon iifeirmtD Kidicule, w6m ht b*! tmu^A 

^^Bx/^Afia/etiaiDi/flea/ii tim, oii'jonxb rt«i ^uiliti *- 

ByAf/g /t^me lirngt. 

' RefleBi<i»s upon £il*^«^w^^. 

Di.fcourfe, any Regularity in the Exprcffiopi or 
any Bounds in the Conti_miahf;c ? Did it ijot 
Senfibly Pleafe you to hear one of, the .Com* 
pany, hini I mean., who always, gives hi j AJvjc* 
with mQi;e Warmth and Freedom than the ){,ei^ 
how plcafantly he Rail'd upori the Wprd Contimik 
ance^ and RiJicilI'd the tedjouf, Length of thefe 
jLong-Windcd Difrovtrrcs, out of >yhic;h the He^r- 
er a: laft breaks loofe as from a troublefome Dream, 
3nd carries nothing Home with him, but lofs of 
Time and the Spleen. This Qcni,Umiari,. you 
know, ' was Zcalo, J to have /"ow/w/'j Law, about 
' ibe Aiejfwe <if Ilfur-GbJJti, pals \n France ; by 
'which ail Publick Pleadings fliould be Reevjla- 

* ted for the future, and no one be Exempted fro/n 

* it. But that part of his Dir-oiiife, where J 

* thought he Criticis'd nioft- agreeably, was the 
' lively Pidure he gave us of thoi'e dull, tirefQig 

* Haranguers, wlio, in a Feigned snd Languifliing 

* Voice begin their execrable Speeches v^Uh fuch 

* Stuff as follows ; * 'Tis a common Problem fimoaf 
' ths Aatitnt Philofophers ; or elfe. If the Ligbi^tf 
*^ thtSnt is,ItnfmetrahU to vur^yzi ; if tht Circumgy^ 

* ration of the Start, /;w<i tit Rapidity oftbt Firm*- 
' mml, &;c. * And yet. Continued he. If this Mag- 

* nificicnc Nonfenfe ended with the EMtrJiur», | 
' am Chriftian enough to forgive it ; but the 
' Mifchief is, the reft of ihe Piece is made of the 

* fame Curfed Materials, filled with mighty Rea- 
' fonings, that fignify nothing to the Purpofe, 
' with glittering Pieces purloin'd out of a Hundred 
tAuthors,and Common-Places cited without Ne- 


* -dBiov^tUft not aitt Orator t. went tUckonthal imom^ 
farailt Spetcb-maktr , mtTitiontd in iht hi ai^iitt, mba ttnt 
i^a9 iii D^eoutfa : Confuifcmui Veatw, TelCoBtiievMi ' 


^^^^"with A Fragment of Petronius; 

HEceflity and Difcreiion. Thefe Gentlemen would 
^■* think they committed a Sin beyond that of Sa- 
' crilegc or Murder, fhould they Omit one Cm- 
' gle PaiFage of the Cel-ftid Plato, or the lHufiriaut 
' Trifmegiftus. In Ihort, rhefe Archiceds Build the 
' Houfe with the very fame ludgmentj that they 

* fhow'd in Building the Porch, and their whole 

* Compofition, from beginning to er.d,Refcmblei 

* the ytttitt of an ignorant Statuary, who made 
' his Goddefs Rich, becaufc he could not make 

* her Pretty. However, this Eloquence, fuch as 

* it is, has found Admirers in the World, who 
'have taken Pains, to Imiiate it. It has had its 

* Courfe among us, like Ronfzrd's Verfes, Adal~ 
' hirh was the tirft that gave us a true Relifli of 

* good Poetry, and the S AT I R ES cf BoiUau, 

* will put an End to the Generation of wretched 

* Poets. Wou'd to God, he could do the fame by 

* our wretched Orators! But the Number of them 
' is too great ; this Diftemper has fpread iifelf ac 

* the Bar, like that of the AbJeriies fif whom Luciati 
' makies mention, in his Ingenioiis Banter upon 

* the Hiftorians of his Time. Thefs poor People 

* had fo often heard the Tragedies of| Eurifulesf 
' that they were continually Repeating thctii, 

* as if they had been all poffeffed of a Delirious 

* Fever. And thofe Hiftorians, to whom he 

* compares them, intending to imitate HercJoiut 
' and Thacyd'tdts, began their Hiftory of the Wars 

* of the Panbiani, with Ei^ordiumt, as Foreign to 
' the Bulinets in Hand, as the Exordiurm of ouC 

* Declaimers. 

Out Friend, if you remember, had not Stopt 
here, but had Drawn too near the Lile, the Pi- 
Aures of fome Perfons he had a mind to Onfijre, 
if a certain Gentleman, more Modeft than hira- 
ftlf, had not interrupted him, and Spoke fome 
Cr thing! 


RefleBwns upon Eloquence, 

things which Appeared fo Reafonable to y< ^ 
that even then you Delired to have them in Wri^ 
ting. I haVe endeavoured to content you in this 
P.irucu!ar, and you wJill find, perhaps, that I hav« 
written them very near as they were Spoken *■"■ 

' Since you have mentioned this Paffage in 
*da»f give me leave, faid our Learned Friend," 

* to break in upon you for a Moment, and to tell 

* you, that this Diicoiiife of Luciati, wherein be 

* lays down the Wkj cf Writing HijJery, is thc 

* Mafter-piece of that Perfon, whofe Excellent 

* VVic, made him Juftly Efteemod in his own Age, 

* and Admired in Ours. I am perfuaded, that next 

* to Cfaro and ^intilian, he's the beft Matter of 

* Eloquence j and that moO of the Precepts which 

* he gives to Hiftorians, may not unfitly be Rc- 

* commended co thofe, whofe Bufinefs leads them 
' ro Speak in Publick. Now to apply to our pre- 

* lent Purpofe, what Lucian has faid upon chi( 

* SubjeA, as likewife, what others who Excell'diti 

* this Science, have Written of it, both before and 

* after him, be pleafed to take a fhorc Abridge- 
' njent of it, as follows : 

' To attain to thc Petfei9ion of Eloquence, a 

* Man ought to have a Fund of good Senfe and 

* Wit, a lively Imagination, a faithful Meinmy, 

* a Comely Prerciice,anagrecableToneof Voice, 

* acorreiS Pronunciation, a noble Gefture, a bc- 

* coming Aflurance, and a great Facility of 
' Speaking. The Four laft Qualities may be ac- 

* quired by the Precepts of Art, and long Exetcifc; 

* the other are the Gifts of Nature, which Ast 

* may Polifh, butcannot Beftow. Thefe Talents 

* Ct'mLrchend abundance of things; yet for all that 

* they don'r complsat an Orator; Study and atho- 

* rough Acquaintatice with the World mud do thc 
'Aeli. hiioic i Man undertakes to Speak 


with 4 Fragment of Petronlus^ 

^ Publick, 'tis Requifite he (hou!d cultivate his 
'Judgment, by Reading the mbft Celebrated Au- 
' thors, and particularly thote that have vntten 

* beft in all Sciences ; 'tis Requifite that ths 

* Converfation of Learned Mcn» and the Ad- 

* vice of fomeHoneft Judicious Friend, fhould fie 

* and Accommodate it to the Guft of his own 

* Age. It is Convenient likewife, that he (li. uld 
' Converfe with Wife Couriisr5, pay Serious Vi- 

* fits to Ladies of Wit : in lliort, that he fhould 

* Read the beft Books of his own Time; nay, ai.d 

* make fome fmall Attempts in Poeiry it fctf, ia 
5 Order to PoUfh his Manners and Language. 

* If 'tis True, that a Man may be fo Happy as 

* to Poflefs thefe Advantage?, he ought in this 

* Manner to apply the Precepts , which Luchn 

* and others have Delivered. When the Choice 
' of the Subjeift depends purely i;pon the Orator, 

* heought to pitch Lpon One th:it is Capable of 
'Force and Ornament j he ought to preftrva 

* Order in his Defign, and Connexion in his 
•Thoughts; and if 'tis Poflible, his Difcouife 

* fliould never laft Longer than an Hour. Hi? 
' Di<Siion ought to be pure and proper to the Sub- 

* jeft, rich and adornsd without Flpuriflies, 

* ftrong and clofe without Drynefs, fuitablc to the 

* Perfon that fpeaks, to the Place, to the Time, 

* and to the Auditors, He cannot take too much 

* Care too avoid old Antiquated Words, as like- 

* wife thofe that People ufe to afF^ift in the Com- 

* pany of Ladies, for the fake of their Novelty. 

* Let him endeavour rather to render himfelf In- 
' telligible, than to appear Learned ; let him fo 

* exprefs his Thoughts, that the mcaneft Capaci- 

* ties may Underftand him, and the moil knowing 
'Admire him. However, let him avoid thole 

* Expreflions which M.ilherhcsWs Phk-an ; as like- 

* wife thofc thailmell too rank of Affe<aa*.\ov\,cK. 



ReJleSlions upon Eloquencel 

* are only allowable in the greatcft licences 

* Poetry. ' Let him Studioufly ftiun the A/i»uck Trf 

* »wKr, which i« an Enemy to good Senfe and Truth. 

* Let Ai Orator remember, that 'tis to Truth atont 
' that he ought to Sacrist the firft Produ^ions of tt 

* Warmth of hisWit ;LcthimCourageouny difci 

* gage himfelf from all Interefts, that may obligO 
' him to a fervilc Flattery : Let him put a Rc- 

* ftraint upon his Tongue, whenever it begins tc 

* lead him into Satyr and Inveiftive : In fine. Id 

* him Surmount that fooliDi Pride which hinder) 

* us from following good Advice, and guard him 
'felfagainft the Infinuations of felf-love, whict 
' 'lis natural for us to fhew to our own Compoil 
" tiom. His Narration ought to be exaft, clear 

* and concife ; it ought to run Majeftically, liki 
' a great Kiver, and not with a Rapidity, like \ 

* Torrent : Irs Elevation ought to confift in tb 

* Greatnefs of the Things he treats of, and not ii 

* the Words he ufcs. He can never be too fcni 

* pulous to Rejea whatfocver may ihock ProbabI 

* liry. He may now and then allow himfelf thi 

* Liberty to Digrefs from his Subjed, provide 

* he does not lofe it out of his fight, but return 
' immediately to it with more force and agrM 

* ableneft. His Comparifons ought to be juft am 

* fhort ; his Metaphors all of a Piece, iind Natii 

* ral ; his Citations few and well-chofen, moi 

* rarely taken from a Foreign than his natur 
'Language, unlefs they cannot be tranflated wit 

* the lame Beauty, or carry more Weight aa< 
' Aiithoriry in the Tongue wherein they wer 
' firft written. He ought to avoid cold, frivolous 

* Obfcrvations, Provcrhial or Equivocal Expreffi* 

* onj, Points and (juibblcs, as fo many ill HaU- 

* tudes contra^ed from a frdid Education, and 
' Ornaments unworthy of folid Manly Elo- 

* quence. We can fcatce forgive thera io Gentle- 

lufihh 4 Fra^em of PetroniuC • 

' men, when they are Jefting with one another 
' in a Free Converfation, In ftiort, 'tis Requifite 

■ thatthe Paffionsbe Moved; but then they are to 

■ be Managed with great Difcretion, and Ming- 
m2 led with great Variety. The Figures ought to 

g;be Difpofed with fo much Nicenefs, and the 
TArtifice of them fo well Difguifcd, that the 0» 
I'rator may be never reproached for making his 
f Dlfcourfe refemble the Receipts of thofe 
P;Quacks, who have but one Remedy for all 
Rforts of Diftempers, and who perpetually Ufe 
F;the fame Drugs, and the fame Quantity of 
ithem, in all their Compofitions. 

■ This, my dear Friend, unlefs I am miftaken, is 
nuch the fame with what our judicious Friend 
ud the other Day, upon this Argument. I 
latter my felf that I have done you an accepts- 

tic Service in fending it you j at leaft, I can af- 
ffure you, that I propofed to my felf no other End 
Ibut this, and to defend our Opinion againfl the 
j^dmirerof ***• 

After what I have faid to you about Peironl/a, 
you will think me a very bold Man indeed to 
pretend to tranflate any Remainders of his Satyr 
i)to our Language : However, you ought not to 
K difpleafed with me for endeavouring to give 
you lome faiisfadion even in this Point. At the 
_ [ame time I muft beg of you never to lee this Ef- 
fay go out of your Hands, becaufe 'tis a difficulc 
mattsr to imitate pcrfeiSly the PoHtenefs of this 
Author. Behold then, with a little Variation, in 
^^Vhat Manner he relates the Adventure of the 
~'iP HE S I A N MATRON, which you 
BTC Mprefs'd fo great a Defirc to know. 




A Ftcr Eumolpus had fteurd hit Triendt from tit I 
V> D-ingiTy to which thty fmrndth-mfrlvit txpoftd in I 
Lichas"j*^jft/^«(/*7 tbeDfxttrity oflv Addrtftjbadjlfr | 
prafU tbafe who Ef^nafed tht parrel ef one of the tW9 ' 
'parties ; be omitted nothing that Lty in hit Pover to make 
tb^m give uf their mutual Refentmmtt ^ and in ardtr 
to perffSi this Retondiiation, he tbld th"»t That ih{f 
cu^ht to T.'lk fif nothing hut what was diverting. Uf- 
m tbii Hint, the Converfatien immediately turn J ufon 
figreeairlt Mittirt. At jirfi it fell upon that Fovdneft the 
gtncralUyof Hitmen {kowtcgtve themfehei up to Love^ 
endupon the Defire they have to be beloved. j4t lafi'twat 
' difceurffd how oifilj they were brougbt to engage thent- 
filves in Amoan, and with whjt Alacrity they for^ 
get thiM agjtit. Zumolpus never had any great Ti»~ 
derne/ifhr the Seie : farjrimt that ; be did not manage 
liimfelf with that Dijcntion, which ohligti Men of goad 
Breeding, fimetimti to conceal what they think: But 
ie was Aisjfer tf a great dealof l¥it ; end at the Mat- 
ter affor did Scope enough for_a Man of Tleafantry, ha 
ftid a thoufand Merry ihingt, tt wake it appear, that 
Women are nevtr Tender, but either out of Weakntft cr 
Caprice ; that 'tis only Intenjf or Fear that makes them 
faithful i that all of them are Co^uetli in their Hearttf 
ttnd that their f^enue it nothing tlfe but a Dexterity It 
kidttbeir Jill'vg. At bit manner of Exprejften wat 
fmtJvh^t Poetical, he told them that the Souls of Wo- i 
menvere no left painted than their Faces ; and that thert { 
ivasdewn right Artifce in nil their Words, andmofi of I 
tbtjr Anions, but efptcially in their Tears. He m-nntasnilf 
that thiir ^eatefi Cunning conftfltd in emf hying tht latter 
deeelvt tht Men ,■ that after what he hadjeen in tht 
^otU, he flieuld. ^crpeiuaUy difrufi thtfe JVemtn who 
iild the Lvji of ihtir Levers ^ or tht Death of tbtir 

The Ephefian Matron'* i 

F Triphaena anJ her Cempaniom beard h'tm difcourfe 

'i'hus itfUb * great deal of Impatience, and dijigned to ;«- 

ttrruft Eumolpus ; but he -was in Pajp^on oftht Con- 

'VtrjatiBnto ftyx'hat hepkefed; and deltvird hlmftlf p> 

^gpteahlj in his Poetick Manmrytbat bt had the Laughter 

W&vayt en bit fide. Finding therefore that the Company 

^Hij defiroui to bear what be bad fetn, and that every 

^Wlf, except Triohxna, bad their Eyet fafien'd upun 

him to lifien to bit Storj^ he hegan after this manner > 

There lived a LaJy in the City of Ephefnt, 

thofc Verrue and Beauty were admir'd by all 
rtfce. Heaven had given her a Husband, who 
bs truly worthy of her : They loved one an- 
hermoft tenderly, and this Mutual Love ren- 
'! them the happieft Pair in the Univerfe : But 
T^ippinefs they enjoy'd was not of long Du- 
for the Death of the Husband foon ftopc 
Te of that Felicity, which all the World 
'' Envy. 

fcem'd fofenfible of her Lofs, that 

■vondcr, if ftie flmw'd all the ima- 

' an exceifive Grief. Thus fhs 

' Affilt, according to the Cu- 

''.ites pf her Husband. Yoa 

all diforder'd by Sorrow 

of Tears tearing hsr 

?fore the People that 

■?crcd the liody of 

. was refolv'd to 

:, to be Embalm'd 

ices : and, asit Dcidi 

y. to feparate them, (Irj 

, ; i'l:ice with hitn, bc- 

AV and Nightjand 


litgiilrates thc:u- 
r in her Tomb, 

£ Epheftan Matrmi 

finding that neither their Advice nor Autl^ority 
cou'd make the lead Imprcffion upon a Mjndiff 
abandon'd to Defpair- And ihusourLady became 
inore celebrated for the Exccfs of her AlHiAioq, 
than (he had formerly been for her Venue o 

Shehad now pafs'dtwo Days withouttaking thi 
leaft Nouriflimenc, having no otlier Companiofl 
but an aifetftionate Servant, who mingled hqi 
Tears with thofe of her Miftrefs, and took carg 
to renew the Lamp, which afforded them a Light 
in the Obfcurity of this Sepulchre. Nothinj 
fcut this was Talked of in the City of Ephcfus^ am 
every one mentioned her as an unparallel'd Ex- 
ample of Love and Fidelity. 

At this time it lb happen'd, that (he Governoi 
of the Province had crdei'd certain Robbers to t 
faften'd on Croffes, near the Place where th 
vertuous Lady wafled away her felf in Grief. Tb 
Soldier.who was appointed to watch theft CrofTej 
Jeft the Bodies of the Malefa^ors fhould be ftolei 
away, perceived a Light in the Sepulchre, aqi 
fancied he heard tlie Complaints of a Perfon li 
Diftrcfs. Moved therefore by a Curioilty, fo na 
tural to sU Men, he Advanced a few Seeps tha 
vay ; and perceiving the fame Complaints to ia 
creafc, he at lalt went down into the Sepulchre 
to inform himfelf of the Truth. 

At the Noifc which he made at his coming loj 
our difconfoUti: Lady, who held her Eyes cod 
linuahy fixt ori the Coffin of her Husband 
cou'd not forbear to turn them towards this un 
known Straiif^er. If, in fpite of her Grief, fli 
was fiirprized at his Vifit, the Soldier was no lei 
(b, at fo mournful a Speiiiacle ; but his greatd 
Difficulty was to aJTurc himfcIf, whether ttl 
was not an Illuiion, and whether this Coffin, ai 
ihefe Women that watch'd it, were not Co uiu 

The Bphefan Matron]- 

fo foon as he was recovered from his ficft 
:omOimcni, he well enough perceived, ihae 
thefe Objeds ought rather to ir.fpire him with 
Companion, than Fear. The Complaints which 
be had heard, made him at lafl to comprehend 
theCaiifeof fo extraordinary an Affliftion. He 
likewifc obferved in tlie Countenance of this un- 
fortunate Matron/everal Charms,which Grief and 
Abftinence had but little diminifhedj and as Love 
eafity infinuates it felf into our Hearts by the way 
of Pity, he lamented and loved this Lady almotl 
in the fame Moment :5o that to preferve the Per- 
fon whom he loved , he went to fetch fome 
Kourifiimem, which he immediately carried to 
the Tomb. 

And now he omitted no Arguments to diflbade 
her from fo fatal a Refolution ; he reprefented co 
her, that all Men lay under the fame NecefCty of 
leaving this World ; and fince the End of Life 
was inevitable, all Regrets for the Lofs of it 
were inHgniEicant. In fiiort, he made ufe of all 
thofe Reafcns, which are ufually employed t0 
fweeten AffliAions of this Nature : Bur our La- 
dy, inftead of liftening to his Confolations, re^ 
doubled the Efforts of her Grief, beating her 
Breall with more Violence than before, and tear- 
ing her Hair, which fhe threw upon the Coffin of 
her dear Husband, as new Sacrifices both of her 
Love, and her Defpair. 

The Soldier was not difcouraged from hisDe- 
figns by this Obftinacy ; but imagining that he 
might more eafily prevail upon ihs Miftrefs by 
jetting before her the Example of her Servant, he 
endeavoured to bring over the latter to his Party. 
As her Grief had not taken fuch deep Roor, and 
fhe had not fully refolv'd to Starve her felf, ftie 
Cou'd no longer refift the prefling Neceflitics of 
~ itirgj' and at tho iight of ViiauaU, which temp- 



The Efhe^M Matron. 


ted her more powerfully than all his confolaw 
Difcourfes, fhe fuffer'd her felf at laft to be ovep 
come J and rurmounting the Remainders of her 
Shame, for fhowing lefs Courage than her Mi- 
flrefs, fhe ftretch'd out her Hand to receive the 
Relief, which was (6 gcneroufly offer'd her. 

No fooner had fhe received lome Vigour from 
this little Nourifliment, but (he began to combat 
the Grief of her Miftrels with all the Arguments, 
that her Friendlhip, or her Defire to quit fo dole- 
ful a Place, cou'd infpire her with. And what 
will you be the better, faid Ihe^to Sacrifice a Life 
to Deftiny, which it does not as yet demaod of you } 

U'hj, Madam, (hnudyou fandly Jhti 
Tears far the unreUniing Dead? 
Andvainly Aeafto all Relief, 
Court chat imptr'toui Tyrant, Grief ^ 
Thfepretitui Streams are pour' J in vain, 
Thg cimnet raife the Degd again. 
Nomoreto Grief thit Tribute give ; 
7le Voice of Nature bldi you live. 

If your Husband were in your Place, doo't 
doubt but he wou'd be more reafonable than you 
arc. Who ever faw a Man bury himfelf alive for 
the Lofs of his Wife ? Take my Advice, and 
free your felf from a Weakneis, which the 
World has but too much Juflice to Reproach our 
Sex with, and enjoy the Advantages of Life, at 
long as you are permitted to ufc them. This 
Body, which you water with your Tears, is on- 
ly good to teach you what is the Value andShort- 
nefs of Life, and after what manner you ought to 
manage it. 

Hunger, and the Natural Defire of preferring 
ones felf, are powerful Seducers on thefc Occafi- 
ons. £ren the molt dcfpetacc Perfons find jh 


The Ephefan Matron, 

ficult, noc to liften to thofe that advife them 

to live : Wc ought not therefore to wonder that 
our Matron, who appear'd refcWd to die of her 
Grief, fuffer'd her felf to yield to thefe Perfaafi- 
ons, and follow the Example of her Servsnt. 

The officious Soldier, finding that h. i a ' qriin'd 
fome Giound upon her, which at fi ■' ii li^ok'd 
upon to be impoflible, carried his U-ifho much 
farther; and as Love makes us imnginc i' . :i(ie 
to fucceed in all our Delircs, he fljtrer'd him- 
felf that he fhould find much lefs Refiflance 
from the Vertue of the Fair AfHiifted, than he had 
done from her Defpair. 

To accomplifh this, he faid the moft toucbing 
things to her, which the firft Flames of a Padi n, 
affifted by promiling Hopes, and a favourable Op- 
portunity cou'd fuggeft to him. This Young Gal- 
lant appear'd to our difcreet Matron, neither difa- 
greeable as to his Perfon, nor deltitute of Wit. 
She began to obfcrve that he did every thing with 
an admirable Grace, and that he was not unca- 
jsable of Perfuading. A fecrec Sympathy, which 
for the mofl part does fooner link Hearts together 
than Efteem, had already fo fuccefsfully prcvail'd 
upon otir Matron, that the Advices of her Maid 
(who was not wanting on her fide to recommend 
her Benefat^or) foon finiihed the Conquefi, 

For, Madam, fays (he to herj can you do left 
for the Man that has faved your Life, than to an- 
fwer his Love, fince as Heaven has happily or- 
dered it for you, he is able to make you amends 
for the Lofs you have fuftained? Forget,,! fay, the 
remainders of your Grief,in the Pleafure that you 
are beloved : 

Ni) hngtr GrieVt, no longrr Sigh, 
But ri/e, and meet she proffer d yny : 
Life of it fdf » Thlegmatick and duU j 
M Lovt't fleafufti 07)i) mate the Bleffm^fvii. 

The BphefiM Mdtron, 

The Maid fupporred this Advice with thatCOB^ 
cem and Force, ihar we may believe fhc w<m'4 
have par it in Execution, had it been her own 
Cafe. TheMiflicrs was no longer able to hoU 
om J fo true i( is, that a Confident once gain'd, 
is no inconfiderable Afliftant to a Lover. Norii 
it 8 wnndcr thar our Matron, who was debilitated 
by a long Abftinence, and by the Excefs of h« 
Sorrow, was no longer able to maintain cbe Field 
againft a bold and paffionate Soldier. .... 

They continued together,iiot only the firft Ni^ 
of this (upiizing Adventure, butthe next Morning, 
and the Day after that; the Entrance to the Tomb 
fccing fo carefully (hut up, that whoever had 
Cnme thither, wou'd have unqueftionably conclu- 
licd, that our Matron had expired with Grief,ovcr 
the Body of her dead Husband. 

The Soldier, charm'd with the Beauty of his 
Miftrefs, and the Secret of his good Fortune, in 
the day time bought Provifions to make good 
Cheer with, anJ carried them to the Monument, 
fo foon as the Night approached. In the mean 
time the Relations of one of theThievesthai were 
Hanp,ed, perceiving that no one now watched 
ihe Bodies, carried it off, and paid the laft Offi- 
ces to it : But our Soldier finding next Morning, 
that one of the Bodies was ftolen from the Gibbet, 
came back to his Miftrefs, flrangely diforder'd 
with the Apprehenfions of the Punifhment he had 
deferved, and related to her the Misfortune thae 
had happened to him. 

Nothing lefs than his Life cou'd expiate forthls 
Negligence ; the Governor of the Province 
was fevcrc, the Soldier defpair'd of his Par-; 
don,Bnd was refolved not to Ray till his Condem- 
nation. With thefe Intentions he defign'd to kill 
himfcif, to efcape an infamous Death, and no- 
thing cou'd djfluade him from Executing this 
CfiicJ Purpoic J fg ;hai m alV twWVwivvj > o^c 

7h Ephejttttt Matron: 109- 

Ijeautlful Matron was going to lofe the fccood Ob- 
)i£t of her Love, by a violent Fate. The unfor- 
tunate Soldier had already Intreated her to take 
care of his Burialj and co put him in the famo 
Sepulchre with her Husband. And now he was 
upon the Point of putting fo Tragical a Defign 
in Execution j when our Matron, who duiinghis 
Difcourfe, had wholly employ'd her Thoughts 
how to prevent his dying, hinder'd ilie fad Rs' 
folution of his Defpair. 

Heaven forbid, (he cry'd out, that I (hould be 
forced to lament at the fame time, the Lofs of 
two Perfonsfo dearly beloved by me, while there 
are any Expedients left to hinderit, 'Tis but juft 
that what remains of my Husband fliou'd be em- 
ploy 'd to prefetve my Lover j I will raiher chufe 
Co fef the Deceafcd hang, than to fee che Living 

At thefe Words, the Soldier, wholly tranfport- 
ed with Joy, flung himfelf at his Miftiefs's Peer, 
and furpriz'd at fo ingenious a Device, he con- 
fefs'd that his Love and his Services were too libe- 
rally rewarded. After this, all Three lent their 
Hands to take the Body ouC of the CofTin. Tha 
Soldierthrewhim upon his Shoulderj; and by the 
Affiftance of the other Two, managed the matter 
fo well, that he faften'd him to the Gibbet, from 
whence the other Body had been ftolen. 

The nexi Morning, two Triends of the De-. 
ceafed, being curious to know what was become> 
of our Virtuous Matron, took a Walk very ear- 
ly towards the Tomb. All the way, they enter- 
tained one another in commending faextraordinary 
a Fidelity, and when they came neartheCroffes, 
they caft their Eyes by accident upon that which 
was next them, where they foon dlfcbvcr'd and 
knew the Countenance of their Friend. He had 
I well Enibalm'd, it fcenis, that tus Fea- 

;i 10 The Ephefan Matron. 

tares were eafie enough {till to be known^ Afudil 
den Confternaiion feiz'd thefe Two Men to fach 
a degree, that inftead of going to the Sepulchre 
to inform themfelves better, they ran all afFrighi- 
ed to the Ciiy of Efbtfus, where in feme Diforder, 
they acquainted the People with what they had fo 
lately feen. This News fpread allover the Town 
in a Moment, and Multitudes of all Ages ran oni 
to fee fo uncommon a Speiftacle, every one cry- 
ing out wich Aftonifiiment, Haiv is it poffibU tba 
a dead M-m Jhoiild he aile to find out ha way from lU 
Grave to the Gallows. 

At this Vlace wai Enmolpus confiraind to OK' 
dude hit Storj I hecaufi the whole drnpany fell into ft 
violent a Fit of Laughter, that they cou'd no longer lifliH 
Jo him. Tl^e Seamen, who had throngd clqfe togetbcr 
to hearhiM, returned to (heir fever al Stations, c/fpeitif 
ihtir Hinds atfofkafantan Adventure : Evert Triphl- 
na herfelf, who, during the Ricttal of Eumolpus, W 
ilu(l]rd for yrxation more than once, ceu'd not ftrkexr 
Laughing. Only Li-has, wio was at the bottom of mill 
Humour, c.y.ibl-- of [piling the mofi agreeable Mirth IH 

_ the IVorU, (h .king ^nd tofmg ha Head witha fcomfid 
Air, 1, fayi he, bun in the Governor of the Pre- 
'vince's, 1 wou'd have down the dead Body 
from the Gtbhfif ^md lent it b-ck to the Monument with 
the HiiTiuurs and Solemnity as before : After tba, I 
Wou'd have H..ngd in I'lS Pi ice, this wicked abomina- 
hle IVoman, with all the i^:irks of Infamy. This Judg- 
ment came in jo unfajonably, and was fo ill relifhed by 
the Company, that they not only fecmd as if they did 
not mind him, but tvtry one fell a Laughing, more vf 

■ kemently than before. 


Vi-S. V 

O F T H E 

True Ufe fffL IF E, 

f By Monfieiir dt U V A LT ER I E. 


That a Man ought diligently, to Apply 
himfelfto t hi Search oj Happ'mefs, fince 
it is in his Pover to Augment his Plea- 
, Jures, and Leffea his Miferies: ' 

^VA Fter having long Reflefted on the Condi- 
H^LA don of Men, 1 found there are but Two 
dL JL. Things that can Reafonably Deferve the 
Care of a Wife Man : The Firft is, the St,,J; «/ 
rm««, which makes a Man Honeft ; and the Se- 
cond, The Ufi of L 1 F E, which majtes him 
Content, if 'tis Poflibie for him to be fo ; or at 
leaft, Lefs Unhappy, if he cannot wholly Deliver 
' ifelf from his Troubles. 

BiitlairMi ITtistn in rtt It" l'^'*- 

^ of the Vfe of LIV\ 

I confefs that 'tis bet Fully to think of a 
TCrcJgn Good here Below. All the Idea^i 
the Ancient Philofophers hare given us o{ 
were nothing but confufcd Images of what n 
fill the vad Capacity of our Defues^ and the Vi 
ccnaint)' of their Opinions, that Varied foofti 
on tbii Matter, makes us ealily fee how doubtfii 
Ibis Happinefi was, which t)iey however pranu* 
with fo DiQcii Pride and OOencarion. > 

la efieft, the p^rpemal ViciAcuds of thi J 
Things of this World, the continual RcvolutioB 
of oiir^indi, and the Inconflancy of but PaS 
ons, will not permit us to Eltablifh a hxt Repofe 
and Tranqaillicy of Life. And when I conliilei 
the Inabiiiry of Objeds to SatUhe us, and the 
Weaknefs of oli Senles to Receive their Impreffi- 
ons, then I Renounce all vain Purfuits of chU 
falfe Happinsfs ; and am almoll Inclined to rake 
a general Jndiffetence for every ihing. For what 
Pleafuresare there in the World, which are noc 
mixt wich Inquietudes i Are nor our Seafes ofteo 
Interrupted in their Fundions, by the Diforder 
of our 'Organs? And does not our Mind dniie 
its Unfteadinels from the fame Caufe? AFitot 
Sicknefs, a Cold Seafon, a Bad Day, and fome< 
thing lefs than any of thefe, changes us, and ere- 
ry thing about us : And iho' there were no AltC' 
ration in Vs, or any thing Relating to Us ; tbo' 
our Souls and Bodies, were in the Happieft OV- 
cumftances we can Imagine them to be, yet 'tis 
certain, that we are Incapable of Tailing a Purti 
and Solid Content. 

Neither the Converfauon of polite Meti^ 
which affords me the mod agreeable SatisfaAionj 
nor the Delicacies of Entertainments ; nor die 
Charms of Mufick, which Create in me the moft 
Seniible Plealures ; were ever able to give me as 
, great a Relilh of DcUg,tvt. »4 twj YCTvi^wv-Ktsoti 

^^ the Vfeof LIF^ ~ 

C «q»romis'd me: And I may truly fay, that amongft 
fc^the greateft Liberties of my Senfcs, I have Enjoy- 
^ ed the Pleafures they gave mewiih fo little Con* 
■fr cern, that at the fame time I have Meditated up-. 

Ion my moft Serious Affairs. 
' The Divertifement of the Theatre, whither we 
fee fuch Crowds of People DLiily Rcfort, does it 
■ivc its moft profeft /^dmiiers any fuch Delight ? 
For my part, I could never fee the greateft part 
pf them without being Tired ; and the beft Plays 
which feem'd to Ravifli the reft of the Audience, 
- have had no other EfFedt upon me, than to make 
me grieve for the Misfortunes oi z li:rome, who 
knew nothing of the Pains I fufiered for her Sake; 
or for thofe of fome Imaginary, whofc falfe 
Griefs put me to the Expence of true Tears, and 
made roe heartily Angry at my own Weaknefs. 

Neither the Beauty of the TuUkrifi ", which 
Enchant all Eyes J nor the Ma,^nificence cfths 
CeuTs t, Adorn'd with the Glorious Confufion of 
[ the Richeft Equipages ; nor the moft ftiining 
' AlTemblies of the Faireft Ladies ; nor Shews, noc 
Balls, nor Art, nor Luxury, nor Riches, can give 
full Satisfaflion to any Man in this Woi Id. 

Thofe that appear but feldom at Publick Re- 
prefentations, and Diverfions, are Frighted from 
them, and cannot bear the great Hurry and Tu- 
mult that attends them. Thofe th*t viCit 'em of* 
ten, are Infenfiblc of 'em -y and both together, 
either through Extafic or Stupidity, hawe no true 
Relifti of them. Thofe whohave Wcilth enoigh 
at Command to Regale their Senfcs with all thac 
U is 

* A Soysl GiTitn at Piiiii. 


^AilkA rtm •Urt ftojtc of Q^ftt t*** !.>>* t^* 

5i4 O/ thiVfeofl^lVti 

is exquifite, don't they give us fafBcient Signs of 
tlieir Uneafinefs in the midft of their Pleafiircsj 
iince they Complain chat the Multitude of them 
renders them Ungrateful.? 

If ever any Man dcferved to be Happy, It 
Was that Celebjated Monarch wlio had Wifdoni 1 
beftowcd upon him from above *. Without ftray- ' 
ing after fantaflical Chimera'Sj he carried himfelf 
diredly to the fearch of foHd Good ; His Power 
gain'd him immediare Poffellion. Every thing 
fucceeded according to his Wifhes ; and En- 
joyment always followed his Defires. Notwith- 
iianding all this, he Declared, That he found fo 
much Vanity in Pleafures, that he could fcarce 
Forbear to liaie Life, and abhorr its continuance. 
Therefore we muft concludcj there is no per- 
. , fed Happificfs for aM^n here Below j and fiiOLld 

rather think how to Defend our felves againft 
thofe Ills that opprefs us, than to Sigh after a 
H^jppincfii char is out of our Keach. 

But alrhoupli it be True, that we cannot find 
in this Life the Imaj^inary Happinefs we look 
after, yet we ought not to wifii for Death, nor 
like Perlbns in Defpair, abandon our felves to 
our Mileries j for herein confifts our Folly foe 
tht: moft pait, that we feck after a Happinefs 
which we can n'jver attain, and in the mean 
tinje. nt-glci^i: that which we have in our Power. 
'Tis trLiC, oi;r Pleafures are fliorr, and ;.rc Tin- 
ftiire;! wirli Gull; b-jc as thev :i!e F^ieafures, 
thev ftill civcr-we'gh oj: Sor'^!\.:; iml i'n one 
<f the i;j-<j-rfre(t Ules of VAc. io Man-^ge *em 
with Addicfs. 


W'^0/ the vft „j Life- 

^H As we ought ro have Conftancy enough to 
pKpporc the Ilt^ fo we ought likewife to know 
*- how to Enjoy the Good ,■ we ouglic to have it 
as much in Our Powei- to lull Afl-iep our benfcs 
fot Grief, as to Awaken 'em for PieaJure ; for 
Temperance is equallv a Strangsr to all Exccfs: 
She is no lefs an Enemy of excclliie Fafling, 
than of excclDve Debauchery ^ and he that ITiouId 
fufFer himfclf to Die with Hunger, wouM as 
much violate her Laws, as the chat Ihould 
Deftroy himfelf with too much Eating, 

Mad-men that wc are.' always to complain 
of the Hard{hips of our Birth, the Inquietudes of 
our Lifo, and che Pains of our Death : In the 
mean time w« daily adj a new Weight to chefe 
Miferies ,■ and Teem chiefly to Exercile our inge- 
nuity, in Contriving to m:ikc our le'ves more 

This fort ofConduift is very difTerent from 
that of the Wife Man we mentioned Juft before, 
He made Tryal of all things in this Woid, for 
which we have the moft Ardent Defires, andfoon 
Difcovered the Vanity of them : However, he 
did not Entertain a general Difguft for every 
thing he had formerly Courted; but remaining 
always in the fame Station, enjoyed his Pleafures 

But let us Return to our Subjed, and fee how 
wc ought to manage Good and Evil, to mako 
Life more PalaiabW. 

C H A. P. 



Exiftence of G 0,D ' 

TT THen I make an Exaft Refleaion upt^ 
\l\i my whole Life, I acknowleJge I haH 

▼ T had Sorrows and Satisfaftions accoA 
ing to the different Opinions, I was. minded ifr 
Afibme. My Thoughts have as well created my 
Grief as Joy j and I have always found within 
my icM tlie Source of my Miferies or Happi< 

Not ro Diffemble my Tiioughts, the Perfua- 
lion of a Deity, and the Uncertainty of our 
Condician after Death, have often diflurbcd ray 
Repofe; aiidinthefe tjneafie wavering Moments, 
1 confidered that all our Waichings, our KttOWr. 
ledge, our Employmencs, our Riches, aad oij 
HonouH, muft £ad in Death ; and liuce oooe i 

* Mr. de St. Evrcmond hoi, 
tst, f ,j,(t in "-.■< Cojif. vhet^n 
hit twn,Bi'..l j»bai noly hehu 

V^i^t to kmi$ htn (Iw AwbuK^ 

IOf the Ex'iflence of GO D.- 
h§fe things pretend to be Eternal, we ought to 
bek a Samftuary fomewhere elfe. But I often 
uffer'd my Soul to think Licentioufiy of thefe 
hings i and not Refpeifting enough the firftXruth, 
'. met with nothing but Doubts and Difficulties, 
iibotit the Immo'^Hcy of the Soul. 

As I always retted in this Affair, upon the Ren-' 
tons of other Men, I could never have any 
certain Notions of them; and the different O- 
pinions of our Authors gave me an Uncafinefs, 
which can hardly be Defcribed. Never were 
my Mind and Confcience of one Opinion. I 
was conftrain'd lo bear the Conflict of thefe 
Two Parties which combated inceff'Lmrly wich- 
in me } and nothing equall'd my Difquiet fo 
much, as the Difficulty to Refolve the Queftion, 
which was the Occaffon of it. 

At length finding my felt foiVd'with all my 
Forreign Helps, 1 was Refolv'd to Retire with- 
in my felf, and Confult my own Thorplits ; 
as thofe Sick Men do, who finding theinielvcs 
abus'd by the Ignorance of their Phyficians, at- 
tempt to Cure themfelves. Hefe then 1 cur 
off" all Commerce wich Books, wiier^in I never 
found- any thing but Difficulties and Urcer- 
tainties, 'Twas here i Rcfolved to Confidcr 
with my felf, and Confult my own Thoughts, 
upon the Struifture of the Univerfe, and inat 
Admirable Order and Symmetry which Reit^ns in 
every Part of it. 

When I looked up to Heaven, the Grearnefs 
of this Prodigious Arch filled me wich Aflcnifh- 
ment, and with I know not how Awful a Ref- 
pedl The Beauty of the Starj, the Silence and 
Solitude of the Night, pofieffed me with fucK 
a fecret Horror, as dilpos'd me inienfibly to 
Religion. . 

H \ ^ 

Of ibc Exijleacesf G'cjb.' 
fj 'I f *iI>.V, faid I CO my felf, tli^i *i* Aloiimu 

theSfkxrn,fj Jmfi and RrgufaT^ fbaiid nai h.\ 
Jnuiiigait tuiwUr titir^w.lKr? }f tbtfm w^n 
GUbtif kmv .xaj Gii'Vty* tiimUlvttf Are not th^ \ 
GJos, vta Ctmmjnii tht ffirtJ at ibejr fie aft f ^ 
if th>j mit UHtrctfJij fcmt Suftritur FbUftr^ /fio j 

M*iU ? M'ba c<tK Mwvc ibtft Uutt BaJia^ but an ' 
vimcielt Strttph ? Who can Rtcmuih {htir Vd7iHl\ 
M,tMu, t,.t tn Uftdtt Ififim ? Tha .Cirrlem Sm 
cOLt^r.ud \, wlfciii^iintii^ii^ll/ tfon aU Mm^atU] 
is tKtr g.-vt itt lit Light h) Ci^« ? And that S^' 
gulaitj VI ^bftrvt iu K, CitiU it frocttd frtm 
th:ng e'Jt tut 6» EtmuJ htteSiiaKi ? 

Aticr thcfe ^Ifdiiat'ions 1 con^^et'^ the pei 
tualDifjftrcemcni of the Elements ; andcouW. __ 
verer.ouph^dmtic that Happy War which Ent«- 
rauiithc tt'oiid by fo mar.y wcnd:;rful MoUons. 

Bui jihovc all, I mace iTiyReafcn give plac?» 
and all n;y Falculiics ftoop it? that Prodigy 
the FLx and Rsflux of iheSea. Thevaft Ext 
of Waters aciSz'd me. But when I came to 
fider, tluiih^mofl fmioos Billows broke ags 
ibe In-.alleft Rocks, and that they no foonec ra« 
'em, but in Ipi^ht of all their Impctuoncy, wece 
obtig'd ID return wiili Violence into themfelv«s.; 
'twas hire that 1 cry'd oat , ttar.rponed With 
.Woodcr, anJIciz'U with AftoniHinxnc, 

TJf Sea EtcTiijSjr Joet Rear ; 

aggt} BilUn'i bat the Pe^e Sheer. 
Mh: AUiadi if S^nJiicir M'llt rt^MU^ 
^"4 fbice thim l£ their It'tUrj Rciilntt fi^^ip, 

Neptune vitb InJignatien/tes 

HUiy.^.ti iHgli-hhpiRnrtat : 
Toinfrtm lU Cct^itring Ctiffi btfliei. 

0/ the Sxiflence of GO D. 

^^ At taft, when I had fufficiently conficfet'd en 
KWicfe Objeds, ! took jiit^ai plcalbrc to Utf-erd 
' intotnyfelf, and ihere ro obfcrvc the Struaurcof 
Human Bod)', and to Conremplace the Springs 
that move this admirable Macliine. I ieile«Stti 
upon the Difpolition of jb many differeni Parts, 
yetallnecefTary to theComporuioii and Gonfcr- 
vadon of our Bodiesj as Bones, Nerves, Mufclcs, 
^loodaiid Spirits. I conlider'dche ntarvdlousOe- 
coRomy of all thefc Parts, and cry'd out with Ad- 
miration, Pear Man ! iVho only knuivefi iheje things^ 
ky meant of thj Senfu i Can^ tl'cu imfi thj Jdf to be . 
the Author cf fo RxctUtmt a tffart ? T^nu who umhr- 
fiooiTjl it tiol , till ofier it was MjM, Jtid n'mnow 
miififtt all tlitfc Parti txfos'd to thy Eyes, to gi ve ilia 
the tcaji Infight intotbdm i -thou w^mttJfl iLe F.i^pcri-' 
met «f many Ages to make thte ComfrehtnJ L-w ibe 
Operations cf Life, Digt^im, end Motion an pcr- 
forno'J, Sic. Tet infpite of thy meji txaS Ohf-rv.ttt- 
erti, thm insw'fi them hut aptr a virj imferftit man- 

On (he other fide, carting my Eyes on th? 
reft of the Creation, I examin'd wiih Admi- 
ratiottj the different Figures of Animals, the 
Scales of filh, the Feathers of Birds, the Furrs 
of Beads i and all thofe things, which when 
lok'd upon without Attention, reprcfent nothing 
lirtinAly to the Mind, but did lerfib'y difcover 
'tome the grcateft Wonders of Nature : For, call 
that. Nature, Fate, lauhigenct, or Diiiy, which Cre- 
ates and Governs all below, yer is it not ftili a 
Sovereign Power i Is it no: ftiU an Infinite" 
Wifdom ? 

I Then I remain'd confounded, to think how 
^Ignorant I had been j and I could never enough 
wonder at the Malice of the Libertines, orth; 
Blindnefiof the Unbelieving : For a Man mufl 
aJrogethcr forget himrelf, ani \ti^4 'Cca ^v-ws* 





of the Exlflcnce of G CTtff 

IciJge fif a!l things, before he can lofe that ' 
his Crearor. 

On whatever fide of die Creation we cal^ ocr 
Eyes, we prefetitly perceive the Chara^cr of ili 
Deity imprefs'd iipon it j and he that ftu^' 
Nature ihroushly, will find fcnilble Proofs of 
Power, en wluch Ove depends. 

But we have fome lazy Second-hand Thi 
in the World, fcrvile Imitators of others, 
without E^aminin^ themfelves, or confideringi 
Matter as they ought, Efpoufe the CatJe of ] 
piety, only to be lakenfor l-'avourers of fbmeRp 
mous Libertine. 

There are othen, who in an extravagant Pre- 
foniption of their own Abilities, fcom to depend 
on their Makerj vainly imaj^ining, that the Obe- 
dience that is paid to this Infinite Majefly, take* 
away the Freedom of their Opinions. 

Not but (hat we fee fometitnes the heft and 
molt knowing Men in the Univerfe, fell under 
fome fort of Incredulity or Doubt, Thofe of 
this Clafs are not Content to difcovcr an 
Eternal Intelli(;ence from the Order of the 
Univerfe. Their Curiofity leads them to con- 
fider what this Being is ; snd after they have con- 
founded their Underflanding with thofe Infinite 
Qualities which the Soul of Man cannot com- 
prehend, they oftentimes become Incredulous a- 
gainft their own Will, and cannot Reconcile their 
Reafon to thtir CnnfLience. Now as we ought 
to Laugh at Fools, and abhor the Wicked, I think 
that We ought to pi:y the latter, if it were only 
on the fcore of their being Mifemble. 

Some People are upon the Rack to perfuade 
ihemfelvesto believe that, which they cannot com- 
prebend. Others Attack Heaven it felf, bj ~ 
horrid Malice, and Blalfpheme a God, wh< 
Pow^r is not ui\kj:iOwi\ w iVtta, TWi '^^c^ 

of the Epcllim'e of G ODi lai 

riways in Trouble and Defpair ; and after 
they have been hurriecl by the Fury of their Im- 
piety, they find themfelves torn by the Remorfc 
of their own Confcience j efpecially when the 
Light forfakes 'enij and the Cutnpanv wiiich kept 
them in heart, leaves them to theffTelves. There 
is no Paffion fo tormenting, but then tbcv feel 
the Perfecutton of it. Fear, Trouble, V-:-.icion 
and Madncfs torture 'em by turns. It *;> d be 
better for their Quiet, that they cou'd never ibink, 
than to have the leaft Commerce with their Con- 
fcience ; for nothing certainly can equal the 
Torments of the Lilwrtine. 

7ho daring BUfpbemtei he pourt, 
in refilefs faim hefpends the Confcious Hours, 
Hag^d hy the Ghafily Image of bis Sin, 
Nojafi Retreat witbeut, no Ttace within, 
Hefiits the DajTy hefegrsthi iiigl'l. 
He runs frem Truth's AU-fearching Light, 
His Confcirnce toe would leave behind, , 

But in himfelfhth "Judge and Twturtr dots find. 

The Unbelieving, the' they arc not altogether 
fo Criminal, are not lefs Miferable. They take 
a world of pains to Chace a thing they can never 
6nd, and perpetually accufe Nature for being 
more Cruel to Man, than any mh ;r Creature. 

Thence proceeded the Complaints cf that Great 
Man, wha envy'd the Beatls their Advantage of 
living in a Delightful and Uniform Ignorance, 
without difquieting themfelves with the Search 
after Truth. To this likewife is owing the unea- 
(Inefsof thofe Perfons, who are always envying 
ihofe of other Nations, and who cannot behold 
the vileft Brutes enjoying themfeves at eafe, with- 
out regretting the Tranquillity fiat Nature has 
■ " iuppa thjm. 

^/ the ExifleneeofG O D," 

It is thenccruin. That the Belief of a Goi*^ 
thebcft'Foundation of all Ple^ifures ; and thac 
an intire Dependancc upon hirn, never fuf- 
fcrs a Man to be without Sacisfa^ion in Pro- 
fpsritj', nor Comfort in Adverfity. A well regu- 
larctl Mind does not only Tafi Delights in rhc 
Enjoyment ot any Good it receives, but it alfo 
difcovcts Dainties in it to thank iis Benefai^or 
for ; and every Refieftion it makes upon 'em, af- 
fcrdsnew Matter for Satisfaftion. 

'Tis to God we muft have recourfe in AfHi^i- 
Otis : No Anguifli being fo great, but what may 
be fwcettucd by a rotalRefignation to his Provi- 

Then let every Man judge the great Importand 
cf Religion, and how much it concerns iis ro vi 
f-nowlcdgc a God, and fubmic our felves to 14 
U'ill,^ not only in confideration of our Dutyi 
but iikewife for the Intereftofour Repofc. 


That vee ought to Reflrain the Violence of 
our appetites, by conjidering the True 
worth of thofe Things vee defire. 

Nothing can be of greater Importance i 
any one that has a Mind to Taft Tn_ 
Content in this Life, than rooppofe his moft Tioj 
.lent Delires, and redtjce them to thofe (imple Mff 
lions, which we Call It'ifiii!. 

Neverthttlefi, as tiicre is no Man but hasfonuB 
p3r:icu\ds Inclination and Favourite Pallton, io m 

of the Refiramt of our J])petites. 

i 'Ppt an cafie thing toarrive atanliidiffcrencej 
Howevcrj 'els in our Power to make our Chains' 
lefs uncaile lO us : for there ar6 no Bonds fo 
ftrong, which Reafon and Exj-enence cannot 
Meak in time. 

In'EffeA, as the moft Pleafing Objcds are not 
|pithouc their pifagreements and Pains, fo 'tis 
)Crtain that the violence of ourdefires very much 
ibates, when ones wc come to be difguftcd. 
Vhen this happens, a Man raifes himfelf infenli- 
ily above the World ;and the PleafLres he was 
iront to purfue wiih fo much cagcinefs, fecm In- 
ipidto him. He then fees how much it Imports 
bim to undcrftand the tree Worth ofGIory : What 
yain, or what Satisfaiftion 15 to be found in 
Knowledge : and this efFctftuaily fecures him 
Econi labouring after any thing he may afterwards 
tepenc of j or expeiSing any 'tiling he cannot 
liope to Enjoy. 

This confidered, Is there any Change that we 
nay not expect ? Won't He, that never knew 
any thing but Submitfion and Obedience, be 
Ambitious of Command ? Won't the Needy 

Bhink Riches a Blefling, under tlie prefTure oF all 
^heir Wants ? Won't the fcanda!ous Wretch 
that lies under the Lafii of Confcicnce, for a locfe 
torofligaie life, think him H;tripy who has the 
Efteem of all Honeft Men ? Thtifs that arc al- 
jways in a hurry of Bufinefs, will they not wiib 
:o Enjoy the Quiet of the Retired ? 

The Court and its Pomp tires us j The Woods 
and the Fields become uneafie to us ; But a 
Man that has not had a full Tafte of Vexation, 
cannot eafily imagine what flrange Etfcds ic 


i>4 ^4*^ Ui^Mmifam Jj 

la Ibai% we OBf be dii^cflci 
Condibgc ; Inc *e lammx be To 
never cxpczieoc'd. UDwener, 
vJU fuftceto&ewdieTjBuiyaf 

AUhouKb s Mu has wc all Che Wcakh, 
UejtCfSndAiBipe^i^iues which others pcwet:', 
jvx Icmsr nflla Evts oa thole that ewe xiaa 

e or Vennc , anc Tse cfae Anwcm , 
lihMr itbm uDdcr. Upon a nearer View be will [ 
faMifaaicpfwxflwidi the f2ia= Maladies, and flA-t 
fctfrocbe fune Mitforruaes, wiih which Katotj 
afflidsthcrcaof KlanJdnd. He win fee Le3nn| I 
Men not ab^ to Defend themreives from Capiict- 1 
oofnefi and FtfHly : Heroes f' eUe, hiU c^ Defir&j I 
and as macbVUai, as chofe hatarebciow [hem: I 
and the greacefi Originals of £"^3 fubjcA » I 
private Weakneflcj as tbc-'oierior Copies. I 

Thus at long Run wefb Jl be convinc'dj ds 
*ti5 tmpofCble to renounce Nzrare, and to n£ { 
our felvt5 above that Condition, wherein Go3 
hsi [,laced us. For in Truth, there are no Great 
Men, if *c compare 'em one with another, but 
rhc lame are in themfelves weak, unequal, and 
deficient in fome part or other. 

Pomp and Splendour don't fetisfie all thofc 
whom they furround. The Excefs of Uelights 
palls our Appetites ofcner thsn it plcafes them j 
and ail the Advantages of Nature and Fortune, 
join'd tofjether, are not able to Create t full and 
entire Happinefs. 

This Coiilideration may ferve to moderate the 
Violence of oar Dcfires, and perhaps will deftroy 
thoTe Inclinations we have to the mofl fenfible 
and plealinc Objedi. We Oiall then fcarch after 
Content witlioutDifquiet,en)oy it without Eager- 
ncfs, and lofeit without Regret. 

0/ RepHtation. 

NO fingle PafHon perhaps has tnade fo msN 
ny unhappy P«rfoiis, as that which ilia 
Generality of Mankind Entertain foranl7irii«r/c/ 
Efittm. For if we except fome few Perlbns of 
truly Heroical Minds, who a^ only for the fatii» 
fadionof their Confciencc, and perhaps too for 
the Approbation of Good Men, all the reft do that 
for Noife, which ought to be done for the lat\c 
of Virtue, and fLffer thenifelves to be Inchanted 
|With the Shadow and Appearance of a Thing, 
bvhofe Real Subftance doth not at all Affe<ft them, 
p. They are defirous to have all their AAiocs 
' efleemed Vinuoui, but not to be really fo ; They 
wiQi nothing more than the Applaufe of tho 
People, tho' in the midft of fuch a Crowd and 
Hurry, 'tis almoft impoflSble to difcern theTruth: 
and without feeking the Approbation of the Wife, 
they Flatter themfelves that every thing is co be 
. decided by Numbers ; and that the Opinion of 
arned Men, whom they are pleafed to call 
" rerfenr, cannot oblcure their Reputi^ 

The crafty onei fliew on this occafion a great 
leal of ArtiHce in their Condiid : for, bertig fen- 
•6h\c of their own Merit, and having already got 
the good Opinion of Men of Virme, by fome 
confpicuous Quality, they AccommoJate them- 
^ielves in a grofs manner to the Humour of ihc 

0/ Reputaivnu 

People, and fliive to gain the Vulgar by outw 
Shew and Appearance. 

Tiicy coininit voluntary Follies to pleSft i 
Fools. They appear Dull and Unlearned to cfl 
Stupid J InaeniiJvs Peifonsj, Generotf 
to Men ofHcniDiir :!n a Wftrt^rticy adapt tbeiil 
felves to all forts of Charaders with fo dextroifl 
aConipltanct:, thijtone would fay, their HumburH 
that of all the World. ' "^ J 

But bclidcs that by this way of Managcmeu 
we lay a vtQlent Conftcaini upon our tiumoia 
and oppole the Intentiori of Nature, which inati 
iivmoie fofouf fetvcs than for other Men; IdonI 
oblcrve that thefe Perfons with all their gooff 
Humour and Complaifance, with all their Feints 
and Diilimulations, ever arrive at the point which 
tlisy propofe to themfelves. On the other fid 
I have known ic a Thoufand times by Expej. 
ence, That tliofe who are greedy of Repntatioi 
j-.cnerally lofe it by that very Indifcrejion an 
Cjreedincfs wich which they leek it j and lliat n« 
thing fo much i,iterrupcs their Dcfign, as" thei 
Exceflive Patfion to obrain it. 

liifliort, fliow me the Mania any Country o 
Age of the World, that had Merit and goo 
Fortune enough to acquire an Univerfal Edeem 
Who was ever powerful enough to fupprefs tb 
Calumnlesof all his Enemies, or flop chc MoutI 
of Envy ? 

I can afTirm, that I have known fonie Perfod 
£o very Agreeable, and fo Viituous, that on 
could not Converfe with them without Admtrinfl 
and Loving th.jn. They won the Hearts of thei 
very Enemici j nnd a Man mud have been a Bniti 
fO the Utl Degree, to be able to wi;h^.and ib 
Charms "f th;:ir ConvertJnon, or not to be W0| 
\>y tUc G^'^nrfs iif fhcir Nature. Yet for a] 

y oppofe fo eminent a Virme ; and accord- 
ing as they had either Addrefs or Power, flop 
the contfe of an Efteem fo Juft, and fo well 

NoWj fincfc it is impofllble to caich this Flying 
Meteor, which I fee the whole World runs after ; 
What Follv is it to labour to obtain it with fo 
much Application , and Pains fo ill reward- 
ed ? 

Befides a Fop, tho' hje never fo pafTionaceJy 
dcfires this Efteem, if he does not defervc Ir^ 
cannot long enjoy it. On the other hand, a 
Good Man foon makes RelieSions upon the 
weaknefs and frailty of this Gaudy Trille ; and 
feeling his Miferies even through the Afpliufes 
which are given to his Felicity, he labnuis under 
Difquiets and Uneafinefles, when the World cries 
up his Advantages and his Hippinefs. P'tr/e clcria 
eufidi Kulli ratienfe^uiefctTt pffitnt, cum ncn mviniant 
utidt pejjint aU/jiiatenus gloriari. 

Don't our Hiftories tell us of a V/ffsfian, who 
amidft all his Magnificence and Splendour, tired 
with the tedioufnefs of the Triumph, and fenfi- 
ble of the Vanity of that Glory for which the 
People flattered him, appear'd Melancholly. ami 
Sad, even in thofe very Feflivals, that Were Ce- 
lebrated to Thanlt the Gods for his Fortune and 
Profperity ? 

Did not the Great and Formidable King of 
Suedcn * defpife the Acclamations of the Peo- 
ple, and RejeA the Panegyricks of Orators ? 

The Duke of CandJe, whom we lately loft. 
Regretted by all Gocd Men, had not he as great 
an averllon forthis kind of Efteem, as our ordi- 
nary Courtiers (liew afondnsfs to obtain it i 


Mf Gyfisvtu Jdelghut, 

Of Refmat'm] 

'Tis therefore beyond Difpute, That 'tii ii 
poflSble to acquire it, and that tho' we /hoaWa_ 
quire it, yet the poiTelTion of it would be abf» 
luely unferviceable ; That as it depends lefs up- 
on our felves, than upon our Fortune, it is li» 
bie to all her Ineonllancies j That it is a Noifi 
idiich flrikei nothing but the Ear, and is iocif 
pable of making any deeplmpreflton upon a Nobli 

If we wou'd culcirate our Happinefs in good 
earneft , we fliould endeavour to content tbi 
Wife, who are, 'cistiue, but few in number, bet 
from whom we may receive Real Approbati- 
ons, iiol 

Hatillius would Jiave a Wife Man hazard bii 
Life for the Repofe of Fools. But Unce we owe 
our Services, and our Selves to the Intereft of out 
Country, and to the good of our Friendi, we 
ought always to perform Aftions worthy of Pub- 
lick Applaufe, and to defpife that mme A^ 
plaufe, after we have once performed thetn. 

1 would not at the fame time, advife any Mao 
10 be fo dinnterefTed, as to take no manner d 
Satisfa<ftion in the Efteem he deferves : but fioce 
Approbation is always attended by Cenfure, let 
us effe^ually difarm Malice, by oppofing thole 
falfe Praifes which give it an opportunity to 
wound us ; let us draw all lawful Advauiagefrcm 
a good Reputation, and noc to be lb fottilhly flifl^ 
as to take no delight in Refleding on our Me- 
rit: Andif the Publick has unjuft Thoughts of 
us, let us appeal from their Opinion to the Judg- 
ment of the Wife, and letlre within our feWe* 
to receive Confolationfcom theTeltimony of our 
own ConTcience. 



C H A p. V. 

Of Vexations and DiP-' 
pleafures *. 

Tj $ one of the greatefl Secrets of Life, to 
know how to maice our Vexations ealic to 
tisj and if we cannot get lid of our Pains, at 
leaft to weaken their I^uence. Unlefs we can 
*Jo this, We muft refolveto be often miferable ; 
for being expofed to an infiniie number of Misi 
fortunes, there hardly paiTes a day buc prefents 
U5with fome new Scene of UnbappinelL 

As for me, I know no Remedy fo effeiaual 
for this parpofe as Forefight j and whoever makes 
an exai^efle^ion upon the t)ifappr;intments and 
Croffes of Humane Life, will find liimfelf, Cor^ 
folableatleaft in the faveteft Circumltances. For 
as we always make a more vigorous Defence a- 
gainfl: a premeditated Attack ; the Soul, which 
prepares it felf for Refiftance, by C\M conficler- 
ing the Danger it runs, is much \%ii apt to be 
dsunted by it. 


• Monfitti* dc St. Eviemoiid lath writitt '" '^« /fa'l'ii 
«/'m/ie9k, Ilutgiealpm ti this Chaput iM belong to 

0/ Vexations and DifpUafuris] 

I would have all Men therefore fo to foi 
and expeft all kinds of Misfortunes, that they 
not be furprized at whatever- happens. 

Let a Happy Courtier enjoy the Favour of 
Prince, and poffefs the Advantages of his j 
Fortune, as long as he can : But let the E: 
pie of fo many that have fallen before him, 
[lofe him to miftrullthe firmnefs of the Cam 
he ftands upon. Let him not always ralfe liii 
Eyes, becaufe he is at the top of the Wheel, but 
Humble them fometimes i let him look down (o 
the place from whence he began to RUe, aad 
confidcr the firft flep of his Fortune, as a Pred' 
pice, down which he may every Moment fall >■ 

Let not a General of an Armybe alawysfeoDt 
of Vidory ; nor be puffed up with the Glory bs 
has won, no lefs by the Affiftance of his Troops, ' 
ih^n by his own Valour. One fingle Day mar 
deiermin his Fortune : but then after the loit 
of a Battle, let not him, who was before encom- 
pafTed with fo many Thoufands, conclude himfelf 
tobe Dettroyed wiih ihem. He muft command 
himfelf, he muft return to himfelf, to be tiimfoU 

Let not a Piince depend upon his Grandmr 
wirhout good Reafon, neither let the Obedience 
of fo many People radily flatter his Vanity : In 
Foor and Twenty Hours we have fecn the fame 
Monarchs Sitting in the Throne, and followioga 
Chariot. In the compafs of a few Days, we have 
fehelJ aPrince Triumphant, and led in Triumph. 
The Revolt of the People, or the Lofs of a 
Battle, may diijpoflefs him of his Crown, and put 
his .^cepter into a Foreign Hand. 

Here I cannot forbear openly to eonfefi that 
I Adore the Romans, and believe they were fome> 
thing more than Meu- I cmnnt without a fenfl- 

of Fidathtts and Difpkafures} -7 

ftble Emotion think upon Brutus and Ca^usy who 
knowing the Inconftancy of Human Greatnefs, 
agreed before the Battle began, how to difpofe of 
their Lives; and confidering the uncercainty of 
the Event, embrac'd one another, as if they were 
never to meec again. Methinks J. fee chcm taking 
their laft Farewel with ihefe Noble Demonllrati- 
ons of Affedion and Courage. 

The Vulgar imagine there is fomething timo- 
rous in Foreligbt ; and as ihey cannot conceive 
any fort of Danger without Fear, they perfuade 
themtelves that a Man cannot throw himfelf 
into it without Blindnefs. But as 'tis the fault 
of fuch weak Reafoners, to venture upon many 
things they don't underftand , and to fling 
them upfo foon as they come to know ihcm ; 
fo 'tis only for Men of Senl'e to forefee the Dan- 
gers that threaten them, and lo fuftain with the 
Jame equality of Mind, the Favours and Dif- 
graces of Fortune. 

Bat *ris not fufficient for us to prepare our felvcs 
only againft the Victffitudes of Life j for chere 
are many other occafions for us to fliew our Con- 
ftancy. The Death of our Friends, and even 
our own, much more fenfibly. Afteds us : and 
therefore we ought to expeft it with more pre- 
paration, than the lofsof Riches, Honour, and o- 
ther extrinfick things, which oi^ht to be indiffe- 
rent to Wife Men. 

I am thinking with my felf every day, how 
many things are dear to me j and after i have 
confidered them as Temporary and Perifiiable, I 
prepare my felf that very Minute to bear the.lofs 
of them witliQut weaknefs. 

When iha Sun begins to (Mne, I don't deperd 
upon feeing the Evening. Will not the Day and 
Moment wherein I am to Die, lefemble thii. 
tthich now paflss ov«r my Head ? A Man. Oxj.l.(> 

•''•of Vexations and T>ifp^\ 

equally hear the hurry of ihe World, fliaU be- 
. hold the Light, and live after the fame manoer, 
Kow, iiiice wc mtiil all Die, but are fo uncer- 
tain as to tke time of Death, lee us prepare from 
•hji Day, to leave one another. 

Not an Hour paffes, but fome one or o^ 
lofei a Friend ; may I not then reaforiably e^poft 
every Moment to lofe one of mine ? But wh^en- 
evcr thfit happens, the Circumftancei of his 
DcHih fliall nor increaie my Sorrow, nor ray 
Affliftion, Perhaps he will ftied his Blood upon 
a Scaffold ; perhaps Fire will reduce him to Alhes, 
or he will befwallow'd up in the Sea : Bat ypu 
jnuft not think that the CircumtlSncss of his Deatb 
will redouble my Grief, and that i fhall comf^ato 
cf nothing fo mnch at his Funeial, as tlie m 
Tier of his Lofs; 'Tis healone, whom I find wi 
tingj and ic fignifies nothing , whether he 
■taken from me by Water, Sword, or Fire. 
Not that I Would be here fo wretchedly 
'VnderllooJ, as if I wohld have a Man become a 
Jtarharh-.?!, in order to-eJcercifshis Talent of Cob- 
ilancy J or that Nature or Friendlhip have not a 
Right to demand Tears from us. I am fofar from 
■-iJvancini^ io Bmtal anlnfenlibility,that I maintaia 
on the other fide, ir would be Inhuman to refuTe 
them on certain occafions. 

We Sigh and Weep juflly enough in the firfl 
beginnings of our Grief; but a vigorous Soul 
ought fooii after to retire within it felf, and re- 
turn t > tlvit happy Serenity, which the Diforderj, 
its Pailioiis, occaftoned it to lofe. For can a rea- 
I'oiiabls Man confidcr the unprofiiablenefs of his 
Tears, and the vanity of his Regret, but he tiiuft 
^fjicccflity blufhat'a long and violent Afflii" 




^r of Vexations and DifpUafuresl 1 3 J 

^r Indeed in tjiofe Cafes where 'tis poGible to re- 

pair our ill Succcffes, I am wholly of Opinion, iM 

tliat we ought to employ all for{s of Kcmedies : H 

But in a fatal Accident: which is never co be re* ■ 

trifved, I woiijd defire to know where lies the 
fervice of a ridiculous AffliSion, ajid paying 
Tears, which are atbefttrouWefometo thole who 
ilied theni, and whotlyunfetviceable to thofe foe 
whofe fake they are flied ? 

Why do we Sigtb, er why Comftain ? 
Ml thtft Tears <xr£ ^cd'tn n/ain ; 
Deaf to our Sorrows ^ an^oitr Grief j 
Tie Dead reciivi not this Rclinf, 

Bciides this, we are to confider j that ihe moft 
lenfl6le Perfons, in the World, at length forget 
their tendernefs; and.the-Soul which at firfl: af- 
fliiftcd k fclf to Excefs, foon feels an abatement, 
|)'f this Vi61ence, and in a fliort time cxhauftsihe 

lioleftockof its Sorrow. 

' Our Complaints wear with our Years; and a? 
lie ObjciSs begins to lof& ground in- the 
aie Iff) agination, our Concern for its Lofslnfer*- 
"ibly decays in our Mind. 

Zf we were Wife then^ fiiould we not without 
Relufftance, furrender that' Grief to u»r Rc.ifon, 
Iphich the weakeft are at lail conftrain'd tq vieHi 

) to the power of Time ? 

'a Father whom we loft but Two op Three 
Sours ago, is as effcftually Dead as any of oih' 
l^nceflers ; and that which is no more, 6ught nU 
nnger to affcd us. 

Tiiur Father, jumman'd. by his F^te^ 
Now mixes with hn iirvtlier-lh^dfi khw j 
Net the kaji tittle of your St'Ue, 
Xo'*T Qmfi er Smsv; dois (y. hyfu . 

If of ourl , 

^4 VexAtions and Difpleafuret: 

Tho hut hfl Night ht lolh his Breathy 
Tit jinct he's in tbi batids of Deatb^ 
He's full as dtad as Cjcfar, Tvho wc h$cw_ 
Expir'JJo maxj Tears age *. 

This Reafon alone it capable of Iwcetnin^ot 
^Bitternefs, and checking the Impetuolicy < 
Grief. He whom I loft but an HoUr ago, 
nothing, has no furiher Ihare in the things of tin 
World, and enjoys Life no more than chofeths 
were fwallow'd up in the Dcloge i Why tbei 
fhould I torment my felf in vain about a Shadow, 
that has neither Voice uor Thought ? 

Wifdy your vain Complaints give o er^ 
Tbisfooli^ Trihute pay tie tKcre^ 
For empty ShaJcws luby PiouU Tears &e JbeJ ? 
Let's Bury ivett the Memory ef the Dead t« 

We oughc further to confider. That in this ri- 
'gorous reparation of the Soul and Body, Na- 
ture ufes us no worfe than the does the reft of the 
World. Of all thefe prodigious fwartns of Men 
which fill the Earth, fhew me one fingle Perlbn, 
thac is exempted from the Cruelty of h« 


I very wtll knew thit every one is fenfible of 
his AfHitfiion, and chut thofe whole Example I 
allcdj^e here, endure it and complain as well as 
we : For as wc don't forbear to Taft our own 
Happinel's, for knowing the Felicity of others; 
fo (he knowledge we have of tlie Miferies of 
our Equals, deprives us not of the Senfe of our 
own Misfortunes : And fmce Private Perfons par- 

Vexations attd Difpleafuresi 'i j j 

take in the Publick Rejoyciogs, How can they a- 

II Void their flure in the General Sorrow f 

m There are feme common Pains, which belong 

'to all Men; but every Man bears them entirely 

to himfelf, and fo endures the whole weight of 

bis Affli^on frngly. 

To confefs the Truth, that which AfFcds us 
moft in our Difgraces, is to fee that no body is 
under the fame Circumftances. We cannot with 
■ny Patience behold our felves forced to fuffera 
Misfortune alone, which may happen to all the 
World, as well as us. And to fpeak foberly, no- 
thing fo much Augment&the (harpnefs of our Af- 
flidions, as the Haughtinefs and Pride of thofe who 
feem to Brave and Defpife them. 

Nowitisnot Mankind alone that attends usto 
Death j all Animats, of what Species foever, ar- 
rive at the fame End, and are fubjet^ to the fame 
Law. That Strength, Dexterity and Forelighc 
which Nature has beftowed upon them for the 
Confervation of their Life, is of no Ufe and S»r- 
vice to them when they come to Die. 

The moft infenfibte Things hare their End, 
which is a fort of Death to them. Thofe very 
Ramparts that were proof againft all the Bat- 
teries of the Cannon, and the Violence of Men, 
will fooner or later have their fliare in ihis Uni- 
verfal Ruin The Elements themfelves which 
compofe all things, will be at laft deftioyed. The 
Heavens will be overwhelm'd j The Sun and 
Stars will lofe their Light ^ and all the Mafs of 
the World will be confounded in the general De-' 
ftrudion. Can we then with Juftice Demand 
that our Friends, or our Selves may elcape it ? 
Since 'tis neceflary we fhould Die, Is it not 3 
Comfort for us toknow, that all the Things we have 
feen will perilfa, and fu^er the fame Defliny with 


^ Of Vexations and Dijq»ieti4 

Tht Stars islll kfe tht'tr Gloritm Ligbt, 7! 
The Elftucnti Contend and Fight, JT 

^nJjll be Baritd'tit ■vafiNleh. -^ 

The Great Creator of thli Ball, 
Me^tr and Sov're'tgn Lord of e3. 
Who cm of Nithing did difflay 
i4ir, and Earth, and Fire and Seal 
mil with the fanu Almighty Hani, 
To Primitive Nothing AS Command. 
'And thli Grtat Change, to ear Snrfriz/l 
Ait J hafpen ere to Morrow' t Sm dott fOJi^ 

I proceed no* to a more particulat J 
of which I ?tni To fcdfiWe (hdt do Atgotneitcs, f 
Relief drawn from Phitofophy, can make it 43- 
fie to me; 'Tis that Concern which Pubiiek Ca- 
lamttiej pire me, in which my Senfcs Intecolt mc 
infpite of my felf. 

I am noc not able to hear the Gi'oarw of ihc 
People ; I cannot liften to thfiir Crins, nor hohoU 
their Tears, without finding my fclf Affcded with 
a Real CompafTion. 

I cannot be a Spe{%atof of the Catamittes of 
my Country, nor behold th4 Ambition of its 
OppreflbrF, without taking up an invincible A'* 
veriton for them. 

We are likewifs perfecuted by another fort of 
Vexation, which invades us in the midft ot Plea- 
Ture it fcIf : It is cfcen nothing clfe but a ditj^ft 
of Abundance ; for our Soul having not flrength 
enoDgh to Digeft it, gR>W( DuUand Languifliing, 
and yielJ$ sa lenp dltaKiifce violence of its " 

Now I know I 
Remedy againft tl 
fions, and to manfl 
ilenc aod Wile OcQ 

)/ VexattoM mi DifquietJl 

Tho> EpUi^m revived his Appecite by Abfti- 
hence, 2nd avsided all im&m^ciancc, to fhuti 
the ill EffeAs that attend ie ; and as a daily Con- 
verfation, even with the beft of Merij becomes 
at length th-efome or dull, thofe Perfons that have 
a delicate Taflc of Picafurc, will voluntarily quit 
one another's Company, to avoid the Difquiec 
that threatens them, and to rerifh better the 
Gharms of Converfation, by beflowing a new 
Life uponitheir Thoughts. 

I hate nothing more to fpeak of, but a Vesa-* 
tion, the caufe whereof I am not able to Di- 
vine ; and as 'tii extreamly difficult to know the 
real Subi«<A of it, fo 1 hnd chat it is hard to allay 
or withftand it : It is a Secret Difpleafure which 
bides it felf in the bottom of the Soul, and which, 
we feel much better than we can difcover. 'Tis 
ihat which goes to Bad with us, which awakes 
and rifes with as, which attends us at our Re- 
pafts, whicii follows us in our Walks, which we 
carry along with us, as well in a Crowd, as iti 
Retirement, and which will not forfake thofe 

Iwhoir. it has once feized, till it has cxercifed it& 
Mrhole Power upon the&i. 
y I have had woful experience of this Maladyj 
knd been often un^alie under the weight of it. 
I have gone with it to the PUy-Houft^ and 
l^ve brought it out with me agaiiL I have car- 
tied it into the beft Converfations without any 
Relief," I have, while the Paroxyfm lafted, ufed 
(he moft agreeable Div:rlirns, but was in* 
fenfible to them all the while j and in the 
miJft of the Publick Joy, have been con- 
flrained to fhew my ill Humour, and to appear 
Difgufted with the fweetelt Conientnients of 
"~~ji« ] and at Uft have found no other AAtidote 
f Charm againft it, but the pleafure of good 
1 Drinking. 

■ of Pleafttre't"; 

Good Cheer with our Friends is the Soveri 
Remedy againft this Sort of Vexation j for b 
that Converfaiion, wKich then becomes moreb 
and pleafant, JnlenfiWy foftens it, 'tis 
that Wine revives our Animal Spirits, and pvi 
our Soul Vigour enough to expel. Melancholy. 

I know (ome Morofe Perfons, will at latl 
in outward Shew and Appearance, pretend ill 
aierfionfor this Remedy, whofe Delights ufrf 
wiihftanding, they are far from deff^ng.' Ball 
let us not play the Hypocrites here: For tnyp^l 
lam not at all difturbed at their foolifli Aufteriiyl 
fince the moft Rigid Philofophcr in the Wnldl 
his prefcribed us this very Remedy j flnce tbel 
fevereft of illuftrious Men have made, ( if I may I 
foexprefsmy fe!f, ) their moft Auftere Virtua I 
floop CO the Charms of chis agreeable Pleafun;! 
and (ince the beft fort of Perfons difown DOt| 
the Ufe, but only condemn the Excefs of it- 


Of Pkafiires, 

HAvins Difcourfed of our Vexations, and 
tlie means of qualifying the Bitternefs of 
them, ic will not be amifs to fay fomething of the 
Plc:i("ureiof Lite. 

Although, to fpeak the Truth, Extrinfick things 
contribute much to our Pleafures, and 'tis enough 
that we have Senfes, unlefs we have Obje<as to 
content them ; yet fince we find the multitude of 
them is almoft Infinite, our Happinefs depends ig 

Of PUafuusl 

Tome meafure upon our felves, and our greattft 
Diverfions cannot fail of becoming Unpleafant 
to us, if ouc Senfes arc not in a difpofition to re- 
ceive them. 

As for my Self, I am of Opinion, that we (houlil 
never debar our MiniJs of thofe Inn' cent Plea- 
iures which offer themfelves; and live iio lefs ex- 
empt from thofe Regrets that arife from <^ur rc- 

"■flcf^ing upon the Paft, than from thofo liiyuie- 
tudfts the future may give us. 

The Prefent time only is ours, and if we wers 
Wife, we (hould manage every Moment as it 
were tht laft ; but nothing is more common than 
to make an ill Ufe of that Time, which Nature 
has allowed us. There are few Men but 
would live long enough, if they knew how to 
live Well : but It happens for the moft part, that 
when we are Dying, we complain, that as yet 
we have not Lived. If we arrive to a long Life, 
we difturb it by our Fear of not arriving to it ; 
and when we are come to our limited term of 
Years, we have nothing elfe left us, but a Con- 
cern for having managed them 111. 

This Pleafure vv'nch now prefents it felf, is per- 
haps the laft 1 fliatl Enjoy j an infinite number of 

-.Pains may overwhelm ms the very next Moment, 
IVhat (hall hinder me therefore from enjoying ray 
fcif Innocently, whilft I may? Muft the difFe- 
itnce of Places, or the inequality of Objeds, keep 
jie always uncaly, when 'tis in my Power to 
Rve Contentedly in all parts of the Earth? 

I Grant indeed that Ibnie Perfons are dearer to 
ka, and more agreeable than others ; that as there 
fere different Subjedsroltivert us, fo there araDe- 
ffghts more or lefs AfFeAingi But for ibe fake of 
a Pleafure which I eameftly longed for, am I co 
defpife all the reft i 

Thit Lifs whicli nides av^y in the Count;. 
is no lefs mine cKan that I p^fi at Varii. 1 
Days wherein I am wholly Buried in Giief, ■.. 
be reckoned to mc as wellas my moil joyful Vc: 
vals ; and will contribute as tnuch as they, 
make up the Number which oiuft, confine . 
Years. Wherefore then fhould my Rspofe hp V.t-: 
difturbcd by the remembiance of thofe PleaJ[Iyjil 
IhavcTafttd, or by ihir.S:Uift,on ihpfe wt\t(||j[l 
defire to Enjoy ? | 

Thus 'lis downwiighc Folly towifli our fcU,: 
back again at tl^ofe Places we I^rsly left, o; 
impatiancco be at others, fooner than 'tis poiiir ; 
to get thither. 

If the Pleafures we find In the Country 

ficm thofe of the Court, le; us endeavour ^_ 
concile our felves to them : For who can hmu" 
us fiom Exalting and Humbling opr felves in i' 
manner? 'Tis True, we have npiiher MuiU 
Meetings nor Balls, nor Play-Houle ; but then 
we have no DUgraces, no Servitude to fear, oc 

Convcrfaiion is not fo agreeable hew- Su, - 
pcife it is not, however, a Man may keep an i 
ful Commerce with himfelf, and wiih Perfi.. 
thar at leaft will not be croublefome. 

Ciito entenainM himfelf with Chiidren^t after 
he had a;ip!i«d himfelf iiU day long to the Service 
of the Common-wealth; and our WItticfl M. 
in Fruftce Difdain not to he^r a Tale from on-; 
their Servants, after the moft Solemn Difcouii 

A Man ihoM entieavour to live cafily in wl 
part of the World foever he is, and Taft tli 
PleafLres which the rcfpC'Sive Place of hjs A 
bfide can afford him. 

Jxt us not play the Philofophers Co far, as to 
Condemn by our AuHeriiy, the Magnificence of* 
the Court. I approve that we fti3uld imkate i' 

O/ Phafuresl f^- 

llrtue of the Ancient Romam. I,et us be juft^ 
et us be Generous as they were; but we may 
very well neglcia thore extravagant Maxim*, 
whofe Severity Reforms fewer Men, than ie 

If we cannot afFord to be SpIendJJ, let us not 
•ccufe others of Luxury. A man cannot Con- 
demn fomuch Art and fine Workmanftip he feci 
in the World, all which is the Effed of Human 
Induftry, without being fantallically Scveie. 

A Man may very innocenUy admire the Pomp 
of a Glorious City, he may partake of tlie Plea- 
fure of Perfumes, and the fatisfataion of Mu- 
iick J In fliort, he may behold with Delight, the 
Delicacy of Painting, and yet not violate the 
Laws of Temperance. 

If, by Conflraint, or Inclination, we have fix- 
ed our Refidence in the Country, let iie there ■ 
leave off admiring the Labours of Man, in order 
10 Contemplate the Works of ihe Creator, and 
the Wonders of Nature ; Lft us remove our 
Thoughts from the Pride and Glory of the Court, 
and innocently Taflc ihe Sweets which are to be 
had in folitary places. 

Have not the Heavens, the Sun, the Stars, the 
Elements, Beauties enough to Satisfle the Mind 
that Contemplates them ? 

The large extent of Plains, the winding courfe 
of Rivers, the Meadows, the Flowers, the liitlc 
Murmuring Rills, have not they fLfhcient Charms 
lo enchant the Sight ? 

Is the Mufick of Birds ever wanting io our 
Groves ? And if it be true, that Men learnt 
theirs from the Nightingaies, What an Advantage m 

E': to us to have fo great a number of chefe little 
.fters in our Service, without being in out 



WEU, whattr Shu hy iwms havefwaji^dii 
Ambition never ttaeb'd my Heart. 
Jit Itvd Prettnces net betray 4 mcy 

In pablkk lUs to ii3 a fart. 
Let others Fame ir Wealth furfutng^ 

Dtfftfea mean hut fafe Retreat, 

Til ne tr contrive my own Undoing, 

Nor poop fo low as to be Great. 

The Faithlefs Court , the Tricking Change J \ 

Wbatfolid Pltafures tan they give ? 
Ohy let me in the Country Range I 

'Til there we Breath, lis there we Livei 

The Beauteous Scene of Aged Mountaint^ 
Smiling Galleys, Murmuring Fountains, 
Lambt in Fktt>'ry P/iJiures hkating^ 
ISccho our CempUints repeating. 

I Beet with hajie Sounds Delighting, 
Groves to gentle Sleep inviting. 
TVhisp'ring {Vtnds the Poplars Ceurtittg, 
Swains ia ru^y Circles Sporting. 
Birds in cheerful Notes exprr~ 
J^alure's Bounty, and their i 
Thefe af&rd a lajilng Picture, ' 
iiithout Guilt, andwiihmi Me-'furei 

Tn a word, we may live contented in any ju 
cf che World, and we only change our Pleafui 
when we change the Place o/ our Refidenca,'" 

in one Place phe M' ' " " ' ----—■ 
the ftudy of Nature : i 
witli DeMghcs proper! 
capable t vloderatioJ 
6cene for his Contenq 


Of Pleafufisl 5145 

Keither. the limits of Solitude^ nor the narrow 

mpafs of a Prifon^ can hinder a Wife Man from 

^^'^ding Tranquility. He may Meditate ttierc; 

ibd with Pleafure reileA on the good Adions he 

oasdone, and comfort himfelfby the plcaiing 

Xhoughts of his Innocence. 

*Ti&. not neceflary that a Man fhould always 
have a Field to ramble in^ in order to be HappyJ 
Our Happinefs for the moft part lies within our 
Kites } . and as we fometimes find our (elves un« 
S^jsalie under the fidl enjoyment of our Liberty , 
flb we may fomedmes happen to find fatisfadion^ 
4Bven under Imprifonment. 

The moft cruel Tyrants in the Univerfe could 
aiever yet find a Dungeon for our Souls ; they 
cannot become Mafter$ of At, unlefs we are wil- 
ling toenOave itourfelvesj Their Chains can- 
Jiot bind it ; and let the Body be fhut up in what 
place it will^ it changes neithlsr Plac; nor Habir 

Thus we may find fomewhat to ^ve us Con-- 
cent every where : Let us endeavour only to En- 
joy it with Moderation ; and be aflured that it is 
an Error to Condemn Pleafures as Pleafyres^ and 
not as they are^ Unjufl and Unlawful. 

In Trutn, let them be never fo innocent^ the 
Excefs is always Criminal^ and not only hrings 
Dilgrace^ but DiflacisfaAicAi with it. A Man 
that lofeth his Reputation by Debauchery^ very 
often lofeth hit Healch too^ and hurts his Con^ 
fiitution no le(s than his Credit. 

If we are infenfible to the Charms of Pleafure^ 
let us excite our Tafte and our Appetite, by ma- 
king a jttft RefleAion on diofe Pains^ which are '^ 

Let thofe that abound in the conven!iencie$ of 
Ltfe^ give a new Guft*to their Happinefs, by 
f omparinjg; it with the Sute of the n^c^OSx^siii^ % 

• / 

t44 «2f PH* 

anJ let the Thought of others Miifortuooi 
them more dcIiciouHy enjoy tbe Felicity 

let a Virtuous Mm reflcA upon the Smi 
of his Confcience, and rejoyce that he findi i 
ther Remorfe nor Anguifh in tbe bottom of ii 
lUnurb him. 

Let Health which we generally Tafleaftaj 
fame manner as we do an Infcnfible Good; \ 
this Rich Ptefcnt of Nature, I fay, be fdt n 
lively by comparing it to Difeafes and IiAi 
ties, under which To many Thoufamfs langmGL 

Let a Man of good Health eflecm hitolu 
happy, not only in the Enjoyment of that m 
fing, but let the Thought that he enduBin 
Pain, amongft fo many doleful Objefts that uJ 
compafs him, render him ftill more content: W 
him rejoice, not only for the good FortiUK 
Which he enjoys, but likewife for the UnhapjW 
he has not: Let the Pleafure which he Tafc 
and the Pain which he fiiffcrs not, equally contri 
bute to give him new Sa'isfadtion. 

But above all, let us banifh that difordeil< 
PalTion of Envy, that vile infamous PaffionwUii 
corrupts all our Plcafures from our Breafts. Ii 
notour Eyes or Ears become in the leaft con 
cerncd for PolT^iflions which don't belong to us 
But let us, witliout any covetous Defires, paid 
cipare the Ciiarms of all the fine Places we bsholi 
Every thin;; ihsc is made fer the Pleafure o 
Siijhr, does ic not belong to me, fo long asit j 
expolcd til my Eyes? 

Luxembourjih f, the Louvn *, and the Tuii 

/er(«, are as nmch mine, when I am gazing up 

on theii Btiijty, a^ they are theirs to whotn the 


t JRr<ynl Palau at P«is. 

of Bieafuresl 1 4 J 

gaily belong. For to fpeak property, nothing 
an be ours, but while we adually Enjoy it. 

All I infer from this Difcourfe, is, chat we 
tight to be moderate in our Pleafures. Properly 
peaking, all that is done in the World, is done 
aly for Pteafure ; «ndL cho' we cake diiferent way s 
it, yet .we fee atl Mankind hidines to tne 
inrie End ' . 

He that Courts Reputation in the Field, and 
>rces his way through all the Dangers of Fire 
nd Bullets to obtain Honour, would not expofe 
Imfelf tQ the lead Danger, if he did not hope to 
leet with that facisfadion a Man finds in him« 
elf after a gallaflt A^ion^ or that which pro- 
eeds from Fame. ' 

Another grows Old in hts Clo/st, amongft the 
>ufi and Filch of Mouldy Moth eaten Books, 
^ho would not take the lead Pains to acquire the 
ciences, if he Aid hot fiiQd fome Pleafure in his 
lurfuit of .them, ,/, 

All our Adions hare no real €M)ie<9:, but Plea- 

ire : without that, the moft Induftrious would 
ive a languiihing idle Life. 'Tis tha( alone which 
lakes us adive, and excites Induftry ; 'Tis that 
ifhich gives Motion to all the Oniverfe. 

Let eirery one therefore take that way he fy^^ds 
fioft conformable to his innocent Inctinaci^, 
nd enjoy all Delights that prefent theoifelves to 
lim, when they are not repugnant to the true 
Principles of Honour or Confcience. 

K Of 

Of the True and Falfe Be 

of Ingenious Writing 

, Mr. Je la Valterie" 


Write we 
well of t 


Some Rules to 
and to judge 
Authors and 

IF the Idea whidi all Men naturally ban 
che True Beauty oT 
not efTtced by 
.CritickSj we fiiould. 
Opinions about [hcii 
he a certain Rule foi 
he rcfolved to,cxp( 
Cenfure of Mankini 
whenjiiBy were one 

of Itt£gHioM Writingsl ^ 

I will not here enquire into the Caufes thae 
ave fo univerrally debauch'd our Palates. Some 
of them are General, and have fo ftrangcly ex- 
tinguifh'd the Lighc of the Underltanding, in 
every thing almoft, which is not the Obje^ of 
our Senfes, that there are infinite Etrors icaiter'U 
in all Sciences, even in thofe that pretend to 
de^ne Good and Evil, 

There are likewife particular Caufes which are 
apt of ihemfelves to hinder us frjrn difcerning 

Pe True or Falfe Beauty of Ingenious Wri- 
igs, when our Rea^n would be othervvife Jult, 
[ad and Clear. 
The moil common is Precipitation : For every 
one flatters himfelf that he is capable to Jufige, 
either through Pride not to be thoLglit Ijjno- 
Mnc i or through AfFe»Sion and Hutjcd, acr 
cording as he is engaged in any Party ; ocS 
through Imitation, neitiier judging fur or a^.fl 
gainfl, hut only as he has hear<3 the World talk i^ 
or in ^ne, through Caprice, Chance, PafGon ana V 
Humour, which is too often feen in Perfons c^:l 
Quality, wtio think their Rank eudrles them tj> ■ 
fet up for Judges. 

But whatever thefe Caufes are, either Ge- 
neial or Particular, the Variety of Opinions i> 
too evident for us to doubt, that we don'c J 
judge upon the fame Idea, or by the famp.V 
iJRule, though nothing be more certain than that \ 
l^e ^one. 

^Horormthis in the Mind, Ulietmric and Po* 
^H, and the Art of Writing HiQory, have 
^^Bb' employ 'd their Labour: I3ut the more 
^^Hl^K been laid down, the more tliey Teem 
^^^^HhAed; and tis a Wonder that the befl 
^^^^^^Be World, as AriJiotU^ Cicrra, Horatet 

^^^^^^^ihould have lb few pei fe^t Follow. 

X 1 


M8 Ofl 

ft appears then, that we ought co(_ 

common way of Precepts, and fi»k i, 

for fure and immutabJe Rules^ either i 

well, or to Judge well of the Merf 

' tliors. 

To give onct felf a jaft and cxaA 
ding, 1 think it would be necefiary ii 
place CO examine any Book, and compai 
fome other which has acquired an \3mfi 

Mjlhtrbe in (he late Reign, excell'd 
Beauty of his Odes ; and they prefervte i 
very Day the fame Charms to dieir 
Readers. So then, when you read any <_ __ 
the Praife of our Monarch, compare the S 
it with that of kialhcrbe ; and according i 
find 'cm agree, fo you may venture to p«f 

But then the Piece you compare it to, diAI 
of an eftablifh'd Reputation; and fuch a oneW 
as in all probability is like to continue fe. ' 
have feen feveral Authors come out with pi 
Applaufe, but it only continued a few Y« 
During which, the Prepofleffion of the Resd 
and the Partiality of their Friends, gave'er 
fhnrt liv'd RepLitation. 

We have but very few true Models : Va 
himfelf is none, and much lefs Balz,ac. The 
cetious manner of Voiturt, and the Flight! 
'Balz,ac, have both an AfTedation which i^far 
difpleafes : the one endeavours to be agreei 
and make us laugh, whatever Humour we are 
the other would make himfelf Adniird asd 
fteetn'd for the Pomp of his Expreffion, and 
Extravagance of hisBombaft. The Two Lee 
Addrefs'd to Monlieur Ae fivonne , itniiat 
"Voth their manners of Writing, are an excel 

lyr on their Stile, and fully difcover the 

_ ftee 

1 Ext 

^ Adc 

</ lugOtious Writing f. 74 9 

e of thefe Two Authors^ who weft fo Fa« 
lincbplaft Age^ 

Man may forecel^ without pretending to the 
of Propchcy, what will be the Fate of a 
in Author^ who purloins the Ladies .Cham« 
Falk^ and Converfations of Gallantry^ to 
p his Works with them j who believes that 
ic Beauty of a Book^. tho' the Subjeft (hould 
lb Life of a Saint^ confifts in ufing fome new 
n^ or modi(h Expreffion; and is very well 
ied with himfelf, when the Period which 
inds neither to Depth nor Sglidity^ has an 

sable Cadence t* 

It to make no more of thefe ofienfive Pre« 
ons of the Living, let us examine the Dead. 
a^ as all the World knows^ is full of no« 
^ but Points^ Antithefes and Paradoxes, 
urprized his Age with the Arrogance of his' 
fiont i and fimie Perfons yet alive^ fet him 
>r a Pattern of Eloquence : But they muft 
: very ill that imitate him ; and may takeic 
;ranted^ that they will difguft thofe Readers 
have any Tafte or R elifh. 
bis is not the Language of Nature^ which 
/ays fimple and unaneded. Whatever requires 
ntinual Attention, difpleafes us ; becaufe 
)o great anExpence for the generality of Man- 
to bear. There is both a Force and Weak- 
in all Men whatever ; which fantaflical Mix« 
makes us naturally conclude thofe Works ta 
fagreeable, that require too intenfe Think« 

K } ing 

^hefe Two LetUn were written ly A^r. Roileau, and are 
found in the Englifh Tranjlation of his JTorki. See 
I have ohfefved thereupon in the LIFE of Mr. Boi» 
Jefpreaux, Pa^e bt, Ixi, Ixii. 

fuppofe the Juthor means F«t6er Ih^tKat^ ^^^A^axV 
r /Ar Livetof Ignatius ani XavVstai^ tti% ^t^uui* 

thore iSH 
rrc not theT 

Of the Triiff andPalfe Beauty * 

ing (o comprehend 'em ; as well as 

arc Co much below us, chat they deferre not thTi 

lead Kcf^ard. 

As I have already ohferred, few Authors ha« 
written fo wcl! as to deferve to be fet up for I 
Models. We have Homer and Firiil indeed feU | 
Heroick PoetiT. Hsrau is a perfeft Original in | 
his Satyrs, Epiftles, and Familiar Diicourfcs. I 
btve not the fame Opinion of his Odes, and per- 
haps I might fay foniething difrefpedftil of then: ^ 
if the Excellency of foreie of 'em did not oblige 
me to hold my Peace. If the Author of the lonu; 
Commenrs upon him*, dtQrkes ray Opinion; 
ihac I may not wholly incur his difpIeafDre,f 
own that thofe of Attiicreon arc more Lively, nwT 
Sweet, more infmuacing, and confequcntly moj 
perfect. k 

But to return to our own Authors : C4 
nille and JtricJMf have performed Admirably ' 
in Tragedy j neverthclefs it were to be w: 
that the c'eannefsof Expredionin Cor«tilk equafl 
ihe Vaiisty, and abundant Fertility of h 
Thoughts. Few Authors can arrive to fuch t 
pitch as to reprefent Co many different Charadcii 
lo invent fo many Intripics, and make fo man;, 
Perfons reafon with that Connexion and SoUdit 
We are interefted in the very Aflion, which 1 
only rcpjeftnts. and pafs immediately from 
Figure lo the Reility. We \vi^v Auguflui fp< 
tn his Ciftt ; And we behold the C(<^> in Cl| 
Firft Tragedy of his, whjch Qiade fo grcar i 
In Court ^ndCity, and gave us an early Sped 
men of what tni^ht be expeded from him ta f 

, * -Wf, riiciet. fhiK let Puhfieifftry hug *ai Tf4't 

Inietthus Writingt^ *71 

katurer Years 1-. All the Mifchief is, that the 
i«pioufnef( of hii Subje»a, which he never faiU 
> exhaufl, his vaft Imagination , and his inex- 
lauftible Genius, now and then makes his Ex- 
brelTion dark and confufed : as if it were impolfi- 
tjle to be Profound and Solid, and yet clear e- 
nough at the fame time to be undcrHood. But 
for all thefe Faults, Authors of his Reputation 
may pafj for very good Models. If I were obli- 
ged to give my pofitive Judgment which of 
thefe Two I would chufe to copy after, in cafe I 
were to write for the Thtaire, my Anfwer fiiould 
be, That it it moTt difficult to foikw the Formtr^ and 
mere fun to imitatt the Lalttr. 

So much fliall fuffice upon this Firft Head ; for 
Ida not think it neceflary to dwell longer up- 
on it. 

All I {hall add at prefent, is, Tkat inflead of 
asking your felf, iVould Virgil havt txptrfi'd him' 
f*lf after thii mermer? ^re Malherbe'/ Ex«//{M OJ<s 
written in fucb a Jiram ? Or did CorntWe, or Mo- 
liere, draw to thtir Theatres, both the durl and the 
whole Kingdom, by Writing fe? Ask your felf, 
Ij their any Method more cenfui'd, ihum thei of thii 
Work ? Can any Defgn he laid worfe, or any Ex- 
prefiions he more Lame and Fanliy ? In fine. It 
there any imitation more low and fervUe than that eftkm 
Book ? 

'Tis a common Fault with our Writers, that 
they become very bad Copiers of very good O- 
riginals. We ought to take a great deal of Care 
that we fall not into the whimfical Defign of 
that Painter, who being to Draw the Pii^ure of 
Helena, whom he defign'd to reprcfent perfectly 
K. 4 bcaureous 

fThe Tra^i-Cojnf dy call'd the Cii, 


f* —■ * 


^ -> - - 


fc . . . _ - - - • -.- - -J 

^^^^ ■ ^S Ingenious Writings, i 

dinefs, and come once to think aptly, and 4x- 
prefs our Thoughts juftly, 'tis impoffible that tkc 
Reader fhould not be moved j becaufe all Men 
have a natural Propenfity to Truth: So that what 
is really falfe, can pleafe no longer than we are 
dazled with the Appearance ot Truth, under 
which it ventures abroad. 

So then if the Expreflion be mean, it will 
foon prefent a great Number of the like lo your 
Mind: But if itbcfimple, do what you will, it 
will not be in your power to find out a better, 
unlefs your Wit or your Experience in the Art 
of Writing be fuperioiir to that of the Author^ 
For this Simplicity has different Degrees of Pct- 
fedion, as well as every thing clfe. 

But if we defign to profit by what we have 
already laid down, we ought to itnow the De- 
feds that are to be found in the moft perfcd Au- 
thors: For it is not my Defign here to inftrud:- 
ordinary Perfons, but make fome Remarks for the 
Entertainment of the Curious. 

The Firfl is, That we ought mt to he too la'vifh 
cf Bur Mcsafbers, nor curry them too far. We are very 
much wean'd from them in this Age : And fince 
the World has got a true Tafte. of EloqLence, 
this pompous Heap of glittering Nothings has 
bten hifs'd off the Stage. The Learned Men of 
the lafi Age, who fell into this Vein by reading 
fome of the Ancienrs, thought their Stile was 
adorned and fet off by Metaphors. Thus in fliorfj ■ 
their Eloquence was as fantailical as their other<^-' 
^.Ophiioti s. 

■■^■bthat profound Darknefs wherein the 
^^^^^^ Ages were in a manner luli'd alleep, 
^^^^^HUi^weawaken'd all on the fudden, 
^^^^^^^Hj^BlG were not fufHciently enligh- 
^^^^^^^^^Hldiwas (he beft way lo 

of the True tmd Falfe Beauty 

■fhc ufe of Figurative and Metaphorical 1 
prdffion* grew out of Date, from the »ery h 
njent, that we begun to difcern more dearly hoi 
we ought to exprefs our felves. 

The Fr-.ncb Gcnious which is Lively, Natun 
and Plriin, cannot endure thefe Languifhin 
Artificial and perplexed Difcourfcs. Nevercheld 
we ftill retain fome Metaphors, and are not dt 
pleaftd to fee Fhmts in Anger and Lov« ; bw 
ihefeExprefGonsare become proper and lireral, 
and can deceive no body. 

The Second Remark i: ; Thai 'lii m infufftrMe 
Fault to yof I from a Metaphor vt bavt tfgim whh, 
W* Miwcne, and fc to eonndt hm^tl^whkh b^-vena 
^greimtnt vith eat anetber. When a Man tskc* 

care to write well, he knows how to continue, 
and carry on the fame Idea ; / ^ly him, fays tb 
Acthorof the Charaders, I give him for Ufi^ 
is e<iji aw.'y. tVt ougbt to ffter eur courfe otbfrwiffy 
we intanJ to Mrrive at the diUgbtjim* Pert cf FeA 
city *. 

You fee he mixes nothing that is Foreign wii 
the Firft Image he chofe to cxprefs the Thougd 
oi a Rich Man upon the Condud of a Philofc 
phcr. The latrer is reprcfenced as it were ac Se 
The Rich Man forefeci that tie will be Shli 
wrjck'J. He thinks he is cut pf his Way. 

judges that he ftttrt bis Ccurft 
will mver arnve at the Port 
not one Terni in all 
with the reft. Now 
an unpardonable Fauli 
phors borrowed froiDj 
// h not thus tbit 
mnJ, and HmtU bm 


asnijt, and that i 
<4fs. There i 
is not Ally'4 
isd coinmittedl 
he I 

of Ingenious Writings': 1? 

BuilAog, ioyn'd to thofe uken from the Sea, 
which went before, would have fpoiled all j 
whereas it being all of a Piece^ the Difcourfe is 
clear and eafie^ 

The Third Remark is not much difierem 
from this, and teaches us nevtr to fafs from mt 
Pcrfom to enatbir « the fame Ptriod. The fame 
Obfeivation will hold good as to the Nttmherj, 
and what the Grammarians call Mwdi and Ttnjtt 
of Verbs. 

1 will give an Example of this out of an Aa- 
thor who is exttearaly Regular in this Method and 
StiU. Ml Human Things, fays this accurate Wri- 
ter, an of ne kng Duratim. He fliould have flop! 
here ; but he was rcfolved to make it a Period. 
So he adds, j4nd this ferpetual Motion of Crehiura. 
(You may here take notice that he palTes from a 
Sobjet^ indefinite. Ail Human Tbitigi, to one 
which is determin'd , And this ftrpetual Motion 

ef Crtatureiy *hich are only connefted by the 
Conjun^ion, and not at all by the Senfe.) He 
continues, vbicb fuccitd site another, (This adds 
an Image altogether unneceflary, flnce it was 
fufficiently hinted before by the Defcft of Dura- 
tion, and the perpetual Motion) rtnder, as it utt-i-, 
« continual Homage It the tmmutabiUtjf of GOD, -wbo 
alone is aiwayt the fumi. I fay, that thefe long- 
tail'd Periods are always Intricate, Confufed and 
Superfluous j and that this is the Stile, not of an 
■Orator, but a Declaimer. 

HT All this might have been exprefs'd as follows ; 
^B|J/ Human Things are if no long Duration, and nndtr^ 
^^m it were f a continual Homage to the Immutahility of 
^Hp/>. And yet Tome are fo extreamly nice, that 
^^ky will not allow a Man to joyn an' A^mative 
^^fcpolition fo clofe with a Negative. 
^^B -fay nothing of the Homage that Moticn rcn- 
^^^K^^lmmutahiUtj. 'Tis a Quibble which fi^ni- 
^^^Hbb^ to my purpofe. '^^v 



1 can ao m cncu' ravour^ is, (opropoie oo 
of 'em, 

Atprcfsnt we wholly Bmufs our k\n 
Obfcrvations upon our Tongue^ and the H 
of our Criciciftn is barely to examine 
Term be well ufed, and how long 
been in Vogue : But cell me, I befeecl 
muy we not carry our Enquiries miM 
ther ? Can a Book be faid to be I 
when there is nothing good in ic but th 
suagd? If this is your Opinion, 'tis aj 
matter to content you : But a great man 
are more difficulty becaufe they have s 


Of the Cleaunefs of Expreffumi i y 7 

C H A P. II. 

Of the Cleannefs ofExpreffwii. 

I Was formerly too Indulgent, and now pcr- 
hfaps I am too fevcre. In the Heat of Youth, 
tfnd the Firft Tranfports of Paffion, we are 
Strangers to the difcreet Coldnefs of a more ad- 
vanced Age. We arc pleafed to find thofe Au-. 
thors, who have beicn admired both by the Anci- 
>ents and Moderns, Guiky cf the fame Follies, to 
iivhich our luclinations lead us. 

The licentioufhefs of Petronius's Stile, does 
not then fhock our Nature, nor offend our Mo- 
defty : And as if there was not Obfcenicy enougli 
in his Fragments J we Regret the Lofs of what is 
wanting with as lively a Concern, as if we had 
loft the only Book that could preferve Decency, 
and good Manners in the World. 

Perhaps I make thefe Reflexions fomewhat of 
the lateft ; but it ufually happens, when we have 
arrived at our Journeys end, and come to talk of cur 
Travek, that then, and only then we perceive 
we went out of our way. 

This is one fort of going out of our way, and 
I don't know whether there can be a grofler, 
than to Treat all ones Contemporaries, nay, 
aU thofe that ihall come after us, with bare- 
Aoed Ribbaldry. This can proceed from no- 
vribig btt Ignorance. Such Writers don't know^ 
di^ don't confider that there is a fecrec 
ithebottom of our Souls, which makes 
cpo liprotiotts a Convecfattotv^ t.^ 

Of the Cleatmefs of ExpreJJfdi 

proceed from a want of RefpcA. To thii 
we are obliged, chat thofe fplendJd Nam 
Glory, Decency, and Common Cifility, are 
prefer ved. 

But tho' Pride were filent, and a way 
found out to make it hold its peace, (wr 
confefs wou'd be a difficult matter) yet 
would not hold her Tongue ; She is noc yec. 
utterly abandoned by Mankind, but that 
Aill pay a great Refped and Veneration to 
The Modeity of one whole Sex will be ah 
Armed in her Defence ; and the grcatefl pare 
the Imployments of the Men arc only -for' 

Pleafure it felf, I fpeak of lawful and indilTeifiBt 
Pleafure, difcredits every Man that follow* itio 
Excefs. or procures it for another. And iberefoR, 
I know no Satyr, included in one word, more 
Aabbing, than thatof being called. The Ctmftrtl- 
kr of 'Neto's Pkjfuret: 

Since I Declare To freely againft my felf, by 
retrading what I have formerly faid in favourof 
TetTcn'iHt ; no one can expe^ that I fhould fpars 
the Raillery of C/e^fo in his Oration fot Catlim.Tis 
true, this celebrated Mailer of Eloquence wit 
brought up in Bufinefs, and knew the World ; I 
own that he raifed himfelf by his Merit much 
above his Girth j and chat he was not inferior in 
Dignity to Pompty and C^fir. But certainty 
forgot himfelf, whenhe fo far indulged hitnau 
Propenlity to Raillery, as to Reproach CUMa 
full Senate, that Jlie made her younger Broif 
Lie with Iter, frofur mil urnos ^itif dammit m. TI 
did fee eafily ihrough the Equivocation : bt 
wonder that fo great a Man fhould tax C^i 
ivith (o abominable a Crimeonly by way of Irony^ 
if he believed ic to be true ( or that he mould take 
tlie Liberty to ai-cufs him of it, if he believed it 

Of the Ckannefs of Exprefisn'. 159^ 

Rie were to wiOied, thai what has been always 1 

"thought to be the EfTential Ingredient of Orators, J 

were likewife required in all Aiiihors, not ex- I 

cepting the Poets : f^irum bonum Oretmmrjft t^irttl. I 

We had enormoufly (ianed againft this Precept 1 

in our Language. Moft of our Old Funcb Poets J 

were guilw of Writing obfcenely : Defjuriii pat- J 

cicularly iell into this Vein, with infupportable 1 

Impudenctand Freedom. I 

But Tince yiiure, who had a refined Genius, I 

and converfed with the Politeft Company , 1 

carefully (hunn'd this fordid way of Writing, 1 

the Tbtatre it felf has no longer fuffer'd it. Nay, J 

this Liberty is no longer endured, evet] in the ( 

moft familiar Converutions ; and it our Age it i 

not Chafter than the former ones; at Icall it '1 

knows how to manage a fairer O^nlide, and to J 

make an Appearance of Virtue. I 

Our Micenefs goes further than this; for we 1 

cannot now a days fuffer a Man to defcrihs any I 

Obje& that is apt to leave an ill Idea behind it. I 

All the favour we allow a Sick Petfon, is to tell J 

us his Indifpofitton. We fuppofe it feme eafe to I 

him under his Itlnefi to find us hearken to him I 

with a little Attention : But this Coniplaifance J 

which we fbew to the Infirmity, is no Excufe foi 1 
ihe Man ,■ efpccially if he deicends into too long 
a Relation of Paniculars. 

Except it be upon this occafion, 'tis imtrofii- I 

Ue to defctibe fuch things, for which we luve J 

a natural aveifion, wittiout oifending the Com- I 

pany. However, this has been the Fault of ma- I 
Dy Authors. Bu(ha»an has dcfcribed with all the 
Figuretof Rhetorick, an Old Woman. St. Amant 

has Painted the Chamber of a Debauchee, with ' 

all the Simplicity peculiar to his Stile : but up- J 

on fuch Subjeds, both Eloquence and Simplicity I 

are unfcarooably beftowU I 

of the CUamufs of Expreffton', 

To rerurn to amo ; who can excaf'c thi* G 
ful, for defcribing in fo Hfcly a manner iho oi 
Beaftly Circuroftances of Drankcnncfi, when 
was declaiming agaioft Pifo^ in tfie prcfencc 
the Senate? This Cefcriprion is hi led wj' 
veral Particulars, which niufl needs be ven,- 1 
em and difaE^Teeable. 

CattUut might have beftowed another E; 
on the Annals of Volafiuf, than that of eacars ■ 
ta *. A Poet, who pretended to a purity o: 
above all others, ought to have 2bftained fn 
grof* and fo undeccnt a Metaphor. 

MartUl went out of the way to commen,: 
Cleanlinefs of his Miftrefs's Lap-Dog j yet for i 
chat, has ^U'n into an indecent Exprefiion, 

'* Cutta fafTta ntc fifillit ulU f. ^M 

^^'Ithad been better to have {aid nothing "^jH 
t)f it. ~x 

Without doubt thcfe Authors were con^pn 
in cheir Morals. The Ages ihej' livct! in, JU 
fine foever wc may reprefenr them , were ( 
groQy ignorant of what the Laws of true Dt 
cency require from ns, that they have no( pre 
duced one Author, who has obferved them '.'■'' 

But while you endeavour (o avoid tbh *--- 
take care you'don't faUwit o another,-! " 
monin oardays. V 
bfd to us in fuch l<^ 
j*ic, that we c 
there is in that 
well how to CQj 

of the Ckannefs of Exprejjion. i % i 

bus EfFeAs of Vice, that they Ihew no more of 
ic CO us^ than what fuits wich the weakncfs and 
Irailty of our Hearts. We fliould be too much 
ftartled to behold Impiety bare faced ^ and too 
knuch Humbled, if we were brought to a fevere 
Examination of our own Vice. No one by his 

food Will would drawdown upon himfelf the 
engeance of Heaven ; no one has a mind to 
be ridiculous. &ut to be frail, to be fubjec^ to 
Infirmities, this is no more than being born Men; 
and who is it that thinks he ought to be afiiamed 
of his Birth, or of his Deftiny ? 

I Ihould therefore prefer a Defcription which 
faithfully reprefents things, to thofe flattering 
Pidures which fortifie Men in their fa lie Opini- 
ons, or in their ufual Diforders. 

However, I would not have you follow Juve^ 
nah fteps, or afTume the Liberty as he has done^ 
to make the groffeft Reprefentacions of the mo(t 
beaftly Vices. In vain doth an Author fo Licen- 
tious and Impudent^ perfuade me to hate the 
Brutalities of Meffalina. I hate him more than I 
do her ; and the Lewdnefs of his Wit, which is 
fo notorioufly difplay'd in the Boldnefs of his 
Expreflion, fcandalizes me infinitely more than 
tke Mifcarriages of the moft abandoned Women^ 
ivho arc blindly Tranfported by their Paffi- 

I love his Tranflator t much better than him; 

has taken great care to preferve the Inno- 

of his Stile in fuch ill Company. He has 

'^t nothing in his Author, but what hinders 

being read with Safety. But as for his 

ition at the Vices of Rome^ his 

L Fire, 

tb Publified a vsrj PoKcc TtanJLa^ 

of the Cleannefs vf Exprejjidn. i^i 

cfFeA Lucretius wls\ to tire his Reader with 
ig Defcription of the moft extravagant and 
' Circumftances that attend the Dreams and 
DUs of a young Man. 

le riiore I think of this Paffage, this Icfs rea- 
find why People ire generally fo fond of 
(violent and imperious Author : When he 
tids to aA the Serious Man and the Reafon* 
5*s utterly loft, and knows not what he fays, • 
sfs that Verfe which I have often heard fd 
tinently quoted : 

'itmis in orbe Deos fecit timof *. 

is to fay, Fear induced Men to belie've thai 
me Gods. For if one (hould ask him. What 
ced this Fear j Would not he be oblig'd to 
Jr, The natural Idea which Men conceive of a 
? For, Fear, like all other Paflions, is no 
vife raifed in us, than by the Objeds which 
I it by the Help of the Imagination or 

: if I find in my felf the Idea of a Deity- 
5 1 find that Fear which I ought to have for 
len this Fear is the EfFed, and not the Caufe 
f thinking on it. A Man needs no great 
ration, or Reach of Mind^ to make fo ob- 

le was minded to defcend from this Gran- 
which did not fuit with his Talent, why 
ic thfow away Fine Expreflions, to reprc- 
mpertinent things ? Or, why infift upon 

L 2 them 

r Author mijlakes* This Hnmfluk doth not lelong to 
UJ. It is to h found in Statuis (Theb. I,.ib.Iir. V, 
iifi among the FfJZmsnti of ?cuv)i\\u^^ fvim'wAiQ^v 
fa/i taken //, jT^ 

m64 Of the Cleannefs of Exprefjion) 

them fo long^ and not leave till he had quite » 
haufted ic^ lb ridiculous a SubjeA as that of ds 
Dreams of Youth^ which does nothing, evenii 
the Day-time, that deferves our Attention ? 

If this is Beauty, or Delicacy, or Learniogy I 
heartily congratulate the Groilhefs of our Ag^ 
which certainly would never bear fo great i 
Freedom in any Author whatever. 

1 wi(h with all my Heart I could excufe thtt 
lUuftrious Conful of Gauly I mean Aujonius^i 
But in purfuance of my Defign, I am forced k 
fpitc of my felf, to fpeak of him, nay, and to 
Ipeak ill of him. What can be finer than ins 
congratulatory Oration to the Emperor, uponche 
Occafion of his Confullhip ? Vllny the Young? 
would have envied him this Compofition. What 
can be more ingenious, than the Punifhmeot of 
Citfid in the FAyfian Fields *, and thofe SufFeriogI 
and Reproaches which the Heroines made him 
undergo, who had all of them fome Caufe to 
complain of him ? 

Me muft, to the Lofs of his Reputation, atnufe 
himfcif ill that Employment, which of all things 
in the World, is molt unworthy of a LearnSl 
Man : Judge how much time he muft throw a- 
way in picking up fomccimes a Beginning of a 
Vcrfc in Flu^il^ iomctimes an End j and tacking 
all rhefci dificrcnc Parts together, in order to com- 
pofe a poor wretched Ctnta, 

What fliall I fay of thofe Expreffions of Virgil^ 
which tho' they arc harmlefs and inoffenfive as 
I hey lie fcatter'd in him j yet as jiufonius has 
mHnat;c.l and forced them, they are guilty of 
all the Obfcenity that the moft defiled Imaginati- 

i Scs 111 Jrtklc in Mr, Ez^\c*t Li^'ionnt): 
* /i: hii Pj:m, C7it}tulciCuY;v\oCi\i'::\^\^mv 

of the Cleannefs of Expreffion. 1 55 

n think of. Can any thing be fo fantaftick 
s Man was ? He that was Author of a grave 
blemn Difcourfe which he addrefles to a 
t Emperor : He that was a Matter of Wic 
^earning^ as his Books evidently fhew, not- 
landing all this prollitutes his Mufe^ and 
oies an infamous Poem out of feveral Scraps 
srfes very innocent in thcmfelves. 
Vfan may condemn thefe Indecencies with-^ 
sferving the Title of a Morcfe. Many Per- 
:an fcarce fpare Virgil ifor the Interview of 
ts and Dido in the Cave : 

luneam^ Dido Dux <^ Trojoftus^ tandem 
utniunt \ 

)r are they more favourable to Homer, for 
pafs'd between Juno Sindjufiterupon Mount 

icfe Two Great and llluflrious Authors have 
ed a Thoufand Occafions, where any other 
srs would certainly have ShipwrackM their 
it. If Paris and Helena convcrfe together in 
'iW/tis only to reproach one another. Calypfo, 
and the Syrens in the OdjJ/ea, fay nothing that 
ds Modcfty. Neither does Uljjfes abufe the 
urs of the Princefs Nauficaa. 
I that has a Soul truly Great and Noble^ a 
Genius, an Imagination Clear and C )m- 
snfive^ will never ftoop and defcend to that 
inefs which I here condemn. 

Irgil^ fneid « Lib. IV. 

L 3 CHAP. 

I^, df.Sii' ExttBitefs of Rtafoningl 


'Of m 



TRdfe glides, by which moil Pet 
to dirtinguifti themfelves, are co! 
fuchas they are not Mailers of: To 
Perfaflion, whidi of it felf is valuable, 
fuflicient Title for a Man to ground a Righc^ 
Propriety upon.. , Pride affumes to ic felf ( 
i^ccious Titl^;.i>iit therd wilt be always 
difference between Efteermng what deferves I 
be fo, and adually poiTeffing ir. 

B^aiiiplcs dd not authorize a Fault j and I 
would riot by ihy' good Will fall into one j aMn* 
it be eafie to obferve, that the mofl celebiticd 
Authors in the World, and thofe that are jufllf 
valued for their good Senfe, have not been lU^ 
19 exempt themfelves from Errors, when Aey , 
caitie to Defend and Maintain thofe Opinioa^< 
which they h^.d oricfc Efpoufed. ■ 
' ObAlnacy, tho' it be that t^ifpofidoii of 
Mind, which of all others, is the mofl itpag-* 
nanc. to Reafon, palTed with thefe Genrlonefi- 
for a Mark of Good Senfe; and nothing ooold 
be. more ambiguous br perplexing, than ^'"^ 
Difcourfes. ■ " 

of the ExaSlnefs of RSafoning: 167 

Th^ Carttfian looks upon his Notion of the 
different difpofition of Parts, to be a newDifcove- 
ry, referved for the inquifitive Genius of this 
Age ; and runs down the Ancient Syftem, as a 
confufed Mediy of Non-fenfe and Ignorance. 

Ac the fame time that this modern Virtuofo 
values himfelf upon the Difcovery of Materia fub^ 
iilisy and the Effeds which he afcribes to it; the 
Old Philofopher looks down with Pity upon him 
. and is heartily fatisfied in his Confcience, 
that what he advances is not a jot more Evident 
and Satisfaftory, than the Oscult ^aliticsy of A- 

This has made me think more than once, that a 
Man muft never expe<^ to arrive to any exadnefs 
ofReafoning, till he has fliakenof the Yoke of 
Dependance, and freed himfelf from the Ser- 
vitude of being blindly Governed by any Cha- 
rader , or Party of Men whatever. 

Some years ago we were Univerfally over- 
run in the French Tongue, with certain Vicious 
Modes of Speaking, and we muft not for- 
footh make ufe of the fir ft Perfons : As for in- 
ilance, if a Phyfitian ask'd his Patient about tha 
State of his Body, he received no other Anfwcr 

than that, J bey * have fafs'd the Night very uncif- 
Ij J that They bad felt great Pains ; that They nnre 
exceeding Weak : &c. And as the Phyfitian was 
Obliged in Intereft to pay fome RefpccSl to this 
Gibberifli, he accordingly returned his Anfwer in 
the fame Key, They Ordtr you J They Advifeycu ; 
They Defire you j &c. In a Word, This nonlenli- 
cal Humour, was the crying Sin, not only of pri- 
vate Conver fat ions, but likewife of Books. This 

L 4 they 

* Is Ami, ON, which i$ much the J^me w'nh the Bi» 

"Hiey, On^^r People, 

- • '; 


I! l^iopljs rhojc/hrs, and Mine; and 

•f vj txprfcf^ :./it Difference; If I am 

general D'fVofirion, as for Exan 
Lfleem vvi.i.h all Men have for Vin 
thL': Lxprefs my fclf: ?EO? LEb^ 
I'.- in. :ic^ :c nuim :: :b. CcvJiticm, to^ 
:r )■ d';:^; •;' by :Le Cr.r.tor^ that ex/ery t 
f!lL :!;'c?i :.['C R:^u!y cf Virtue ^ he cann 
i:nA l'vs it. Now this way of exj 
i'Af is proper enougli to defcribe 
I Difpf.fiwior.s of t!u Mind. But w 

tH'.ks only of his own \ Opi 

(inn thac lis a Trefpafs againft go 

I explain Ijimfclf indefinitely ; As i 

I M/i'.cn he lias re(-eived a Kindnefs, in 

injLi;, I Thr.vk )0N ; to come foolifli 
: T II ET cTf^ or O N E is extream 

J ycit. 

f" I can fcarce be brought to forgi 

I j of a certain Modern Author t^ for 

jj he takes of inrcrpf tini; impertinent! 

H SubjeA that comes in his way. I 

of the ExaBnefs of Realoning. 1 69 

general Conference, that we propofe to have 
with Readers of all Sorts and Qiialities. It raifes 
my Spleen to fee him draw his Proofs from an in- 
finite number of little idle Stories, while he con-i 
ceals from us all the Circumftances, nay, and tells 
us in the Preface, that the Names ^re all feigned. 
He overwhelms us with Tales of all forts, Serious, 
and Pleafant, Cafuiftical, and Gallant ,- he 
knows the Court, the City, the Country j but 
above all. Religious Communities and Preachers. 
In a word, he has fupprefs'd his Name j but any 
Reader of a tolerable Infight will foon difcover 
what Profcffion he is of. 

The Liberty that Montaigne takes in his Effays, 
is infinitely more excufable than what this Author 
ufes The former, 'tis true, delivers his Thoughts 
in a Stile, which is fomcwhat too free and familiar; 
but then after his Digreffions are over, he always 
returns to himfelf, who is the principal Subjcd of 
bis Work ; and when that is done, has always 
fomething to entertain his Reader. He is no 
troublefome Hoft ; but when Converfation fails 
him, he has Friends to keep it up, till he has ta- 
ken a little Breath. The Ancients he quotes, nay, 
even his Modern Authors, give us a great deal of 
delightful Inftrucftion 5 and by this happy Mix- 
ture we always find a Variety in him which plea^ 

Some People have taken a world of Pains to 
Criticize upon this Author, by racking his Ex- 
preflions, and putting an unjuft Conftrudion on 
all he fays ; and indeed few Books have come out 
from a certain Corner, wherein he has not been 
ill Treated f. At the fame time thcfe very Au- 

t Mejleufi J# Port-Royal and Father M^\tVnL^<cX!^ \m% 
fcridiitd MoatigBS, much as it hj intbeir ?qvct« r ^n. 

of the ExaBnefs of Reafoning 

thors read him themfelves, and I dare engage bo 
will be read to the end of the World. I will not 
now undertake his Apology, but defire co know 
what Author is exempt from Faults? He that 
talks frankly of himfelf, is perhaps, no more to be 
jblamed, than he that never talks of himfelf, even 
when the Connexion of the Difcourfe naturally 
leads him to it. 

But not to enter into a larger Difcuffion at 
prefent, I content my felf to affirm. That the 
boiirce and Original of the Exadnefs of Rea- 
foning, whether in Thoughts or Exprcffions, 
confifts in the Independence and Liberty of the 
Soul. Nature has not been wanting on her pait 
to give us Ideas enough of Truth j neither do we 
Want Phrafes proper enough to exprefs it, if a 
Man would rather follow his own Conceptions, 
than thofe of other Men* A flavilh Imitation 
is deftrudive both of Reafon and good Senfe. 

As every Man has a peculiar Tone of Voice, 
which it would be Ridiculous for another Auk- 
vvardly to Imitate j fo every one has a peculiar 
Way of Thinking and Speaking. 

He that refolves never to Speak but as he thinks, 
vviil not always fpeak wonderful things j but 
then for his Comfort he will fay nothing that 
may drav/ a juft Cenfure upon him. 

No one is obliged to Think beyond his Capa- 
city, and we nevei* tranfo;rels the Bounds of good 
Sci'tib, but when we aim to go beyond it. 

I done fay this wich an intention to excufb 
Lii/inefs or Sciipidicy ; for v/hen we know how 
JO make a riglit ufe of Nature's Gifts, they will 
crow up with Time J and tliac Diilor *, fo much 
criwd up in the Sch-jois^ of which he is now the 


* Tiic;nv5 A v.■i^.as^ 

of tbe-ExoBnefs of Reafoning: 171 

Head, made but a forry Figure in the firft YSara 
of his Studies. 

It was his Happinefs that he had nothing to do 
bat to follow a beaten Road : That barbarous 
Age wherein he appeared, had no true Tail either 
of Languages, or Polite Learning. 'T was enough 
CO lay down a Train of Propofitions, with their 
leveral Proofs, for the benefit of the Monks and 
Secular Priefts. All that they aimed at then, was 
CO Cure the Grofsnefs of their Ignorance, as well 
as th«y could. 

To excel in this excellent fort of Learning, 
there was more need of Solidity than Wit, or 
quicknefs of Parts. Th^Suhtil DoBor*^ who 
followed foon after, had like to have fpoiled all, 
by fpinning his Cobwebs too fine ; tho' I cannot 
tell what this Genius would not have been capable 
of undertaking, had he not been Ihackled by the 
Forms of the Age he lived in, which oblig d him 
to vary from the Method of Peter Ldmbardy the 
Mafter of the SMafikk ^eftions, who has been 
fince fo little regarded. 

'Tis true, that there are Revolutions in the Re- 
publick of Letters, as weH as in all other States • 
Things, Fafhions and Humours have their cer- 
tain Period of Duration. / 

'Tis Wifdom to comply with the Times we 
live in. All wife Men have done it. This fits us 
for Converfation : However, one would not car- 
ry this Compliance fo far, as to facrifice the Li- 
berty of ones Reafon. 

If a Man proportions the Tone of his Voice to 
the Ear of his Auditors ; and if it would be ri- 
diculous to cry out in the Prefence of a few 
People, as loud as before a numerous Affembly j- 


* Duns Scotus. 


■i iff* , ^/ ^^ P^aBnefs of Reafim!^^^ 

certainly the Meafures of Things, and the wnfl 
of propofing them, fhould be taken from the dln-j 
renc Dirpofition of the Times wherein tHi 
, fpe;ik. 

1 don't fuppofe that a Man is always the fame; 

;. for too many Occallons contribute to make him 

■ vary. Tl>e finie Revolution which makes me 

/ " Age faccecd another, introduces a new SceiMflf 


We muft rubmit to fo powerful an Influence, 
unlcfs our Quality or Employments place tii l- 
bovc it ; Or unlefs we feel in our fclves ftrcngch 
of Genius enough to change the Inclinarionof 
oar Age. 

Tlius we have known fome Kings, who hy rtie 
profound Wifdom they have fiiewji in all ihcir 
Anions, have baniQied EufFoonry, Affeiaatioi^ 
antl all inch ridiculous Follies out of their Coutli 
We have fecn fome Minifters, who by their Vigi- 
lance and Adivicy have rooz.;d the mofl Lazj 
Courtiers, and made them out of Emulation, ap- 
ply therafelves to the moft uteful^ and fertow 
Anairs of State. In like manner we hare Jecn 
the great Orators of our Age, by their folid Kfr*. 
. ly Eloquence, banifh from all Publick HarangiU|L 
thofe wretched Points, Quibbles, and mw 
Thoughts, which were fo much admir'd in lbs 
hft Age. 

But a Man muft be truly Great, to be abfe to 
Change and Reconcile fo many different Palscf, 
This is a Conqueft that carries its own Rented 
' along, with it; and the fmgle Thought of foUov" 
ing ones felf alone, and obliging others to foSbw 
lit, is of Heroick £xtra<£tion. 

Not to fubmit ones Judgment to that of another,' 
comes very near it. He is a bold Man that dares 
walk by himfelf* cfpecially now-a-days, whan 
our Books of Morality are filled with nothias £Ue 


of the ExaSlnefs of Reafaning. . i -7 j 

*>ut the Dcfeas and Errors of Mankind. The 
Avenues to Truth fecm to be fliut up, and we 
find nothing on all fides but Inevitable Mif- 

But what influence can Errors have over Men 
of Refolution, who Laughing at the Difputes of 
the feveral Parties that divide the World, only 
confult themfelves, when they defire to be infor- 
med ? 

What Satisfaftion doth not fuch a Man find in 
-difcovering the Truth, which is comprehended in 
the Idea that Nature gives us of every thing ? 

The Reafon why fo many Difcourfcs, either 
Spoken ot Written, have failed of perfuading, is, 
becaufe few Perfons cftabliflied them upon thofc 
Principles, of whofe Truth all Men are inwardly 

The whole Myflery of Perfwafion confifts in 
our building folely upon thefe Fundamental 
Truths. Nothing can convince a Man but 
himfelf. Convidions by Inftrudion don't laft, 
and produce little or no Effeft. But when you 
iiave once made a Man Believe, that his Opinion 
IS the fame with yours in the Main, and put this 
Compliment upon his Underftanding, you may 
manage, and lead him as far as you fee conve- 

At the fame time I would Advife you carefully 
to avoid theFault of a certain celebrated Author% 
who would oblige all Men to have the fagie Con- 
ceptions of every thing as he himfelf has. Poffi- 
bly upon fome other Occafion I may take him to 
task, but I mightily wonder, that a Powerful So- 
ciety, whom he has not Spared, (hould (liil 
Efteem him. 


* Mr. Ki^ole, Ju!hor of ths >.it ?5lTV\i^wVc.^. 



ferting, chat Men Miflake in the Principles^ ai 
not in the Confequences^ I maintain en the otl 
hand, that we are deceived in the Confcqueno 
particularly, when they don c immediately flo 
from the Principles. 

But it was for the intereft of his Work to d 
credit the Rules of AriftotUs Logick. As for i 
who lie under no manner of Obligation to coi 
mend them, I am however very fenfible thatch 
may be of great Service, to fliow Men of we 
Judgment, when they do not reafon juftly^ ai 
draw their Confequences aright. But wl 
docs not perceive this, as well as my felf ? Is 
not the very fame thing that Horace formerly i 
commended, when he laid it down as the firft ai 
inoft Important Precept of the An of Poet\ 
( from whence we may draw Rules for all oth 
forts of Writings ) that we fliould carefully pr 
fervc Unity ,• Sitfimpltcc quoilvh d^ unm 
This Unity fo admired by tb" ts, what 

it elfe but exadncfs of F 


of the ExActnefs of Reafonkgl i -y j 

*c by me a Book, Intituled, Chrifiian MeJita* 
upon the Truths of our Faith. The Author • 
liere to have been a Pious Man, upon the 
itation he has in the W^rld. But as he wric 
Lathy becaufe he was not Maftcr enough of 
rencb Tongue, one of his Brethren was or- 

to Tranflate it, and he fucceeded in the At- 
»t well enough. 

DW as a Tranflator makes it his particular 
lefs to acquaint himfeif with his Author^ 
; better able to difcover his Impcrfedionj^ 

another Man. Thus our Tranflator pre* 
y found out, that there was not one Argu* 
: in the whole Work di redly inferred from its 
ciple ; but ihat all his. Conclufions were In* 
i. Oblique, and fuch as did not derive their 
h from the Principles, on which they were 
. Had he reftifycd this Default, he had not 
erly Tranflated, but made a new Piece, 
e hear nothing in the Pulpit more common 

our Preachers , than an Apology for the 
gn of their Sermon , and for the Divifion op 
hod which they pretend to obferve. But 
ti this Apology is once over , the Parfon is 
firft Man that forgets it ^ he Rambles , he 
5s Digreffions , and arrives at Life Evtrlafting^ 
out (o much as touching upon that Method , 
romifed to follow. 

his is the Fault of thofe Perfons who affeft to 
k Politely , and negled the exadnefs of Rea^ 

here never was perhaps , unlefs we except 
iugufian Age , a more flourilhing Reign of 
I , than towards the laft Century. But it 
) to be wifhed , that the Authors of that time, 
were only Grammarians^ or at bed but fo rn^i- 
greeable Declaimers , had not taken upon 
I to deliver their Opinions fo Dogn:atically 
attcrs cf Religion. "^K^ 

VJS Gf^the ExaSlnefs of Reafonia^] 

As they wholly applied themfelves «o i 
dy of ihe Leained Languages, 'tii not tai 
peded thar ihcy AiolM Rcafon wUh Ejq 
enough upon eltvaced Matters , of whid 
had but a very fuperficial Knowledge. I 
had been Wifer, they would have"ConfineJ 
Jmifditftion to prophanc Authors , as Ml 
J-e Fcvrt of Saumur has done in our days wiq. 
cefs : and the Author of the Rcm-jrks \ 
Horace , may arrive to a Twelfth Volume , J 
out being Condemn'd for it. The Reada 
run through the Antiquities of Rofinus id 
with lefs unea/inefs , becstufc the Reading] 
Port will perpetually relieve him. 'Tis ^ laa 
cpen Field , that of the Roman and Gr^ci^ 
tiqjicies. We hive free leave to throw au 
tiuic [in Reading ihent , or Writing uponl 
without any danger of beicg call'd to an Act 
for it , by any but our felves. 

But to meddle with Sacred Books , 
liave no other Knowledge but what we havj 
rowed out of Propbane Authors % is to go hi 
our Sphere. Good Senfe requircj that we I 
fuit our felves both to our Subje^ , and fl 
Reader. If thi» be never fo little negli 
We mud exped nothing that is Jufl 

* Mr. IK 
Bciipiuie, In J 

rkti tn txfUia ffit' il fhcu u 



Cj li:.d;: fxd Conrcerfati&ik \ 

•'-:. rr.-i:; \V:\c in?.t extravagant j|p^^Yi 

-.: -, '...-. never Csckz to any «i|^|rc 

..-•..:..:. i.3'"g hinjfslf, and tock^fimn 

.\z i.- .:i::h fo, ai to curfe S 

• # 

.\ .s's .1 nvu* hr.'^ his mind ftrangely 

iiij, :i': i ai-.vrvS co re.min in Obfcii 
iioh'c r;'j:-n: co ccr»rir;; thole, whofe 
::riJ i.c'':.;i iicn: li:ivc bjea confecrated to 
• ji ; () I the contriry, I adnire them. 
I'rificipl'i which his difpos'd chem to 
J.itc it; rep!ii^nant to Nature, obliges usu^fo 
ill- IV. in Vcnsriation. As not'iing is moG{. p 
tiaordinary than the Virtue of a true 
lo noihl.ig is more inimikable, and bens] 
fei vcs niir Comniendation. 

lJi:r zc is certain, that amongft thofe, 
rejil C.allj or a Fincy which we are oftcai 
fTii(f.l.„: y.T rhar-. i:ave given a Diflikcil 
*■ :! . r ..•>:. J hi.: very few th.^c p^rfce^ 
" i. C ji-.'./.iun Co the eivi wich the famel- 

"L- ( r" a (^\\:\v Mi-n. is a State ci". 

.^\ .Curjii ini' which makes him'.-i 
.: •■•.;: '.:i:. t'v: M.i -crniip, and eve:i 

;•. '•■ : i M wr'i .i Rc^;:er for havind?: 

•]';' V» !, :: t- l"'i:t'ji is rnere becw^: 
■; jt!:-. .i:. r ^'.jwcjn Solitude aniu 

4 « « «« v' fc 

» « . I 



• ' \ 


V 1' 

/ . 

t:i nCvTcQjrv to 'M- 
:..onvcri'Kion f]iou\i^ 

..:.;ijro (j: i.iC; but cis a.i 
I; ;■:. .ro;. We ought to e 
. '.-.■'.• nvjderate the Uic of 


,'*** Tiin©*^^ 

of Study and Conversation. \ 7^ 

With Difcretion. There is nothing more advan- 
tageous, and nothing more dangcrrfus : As too 
long a Reciremenc weakens the Mind, fo too 
much Company diffipares it. It is gocd fonie- 
times to recoiled ones felf j nay, 'tis even ne- 
celTary to give an exaA Account of ono's Words, 
one's Thoughts to one'^felf, and of the Progrefs • 
one hath made in Wifdom. A Man that would 
reap the Fruits of Relading and Coaverfation, 
and improve by what he has fecn, muft be no 
Stranger to Silence, Rcpofe and M^-ditation. 

There muft be a time for Study, and a time 
for thofe Affairs that are infeparablc from our 
ProfeflTion. Converfation cannot take up our 
Life : Thefe two other Duties deferve to be pre- 
ferr'd before it. Ignorance (its always fcandalous 
upon a Gentleman J his Quality doth not excufc, 
and the World doth not fufficiently inftrud him. 
When a Man knows how to make an equal Mix- 
ture of thefe thiags, he cannot fail to diftin- 
guifh himfelf exceedingly from thofe that apply 
themfelves but to one of them. 

Study is the moft folid Nourifhment of the 
Mind -, *tis the Source of its moft noble AcqLifi- 
tions: Tis Study that increafes our Natural Ta- 
lent J but 'tis Converfation that fets it on work, 
and refines it. It is the great Book of tlie World 
that teaches us the Ufe of other Books^ and can 
improve a Learned Man, into a compleat Gen- 

In a Word, Study makes a greater Difference 
between a Learned and an Ignorant Man, than , 
there is between an Ignorant Man and a Brute : 
Bat the Air of the World makes a greater Diftin- 
Aioa ftill, between a Polite and a Learned Per- 
IblL Knowledge begins the Gentleman, and the 
^ ttfpondence of the Wbild gives him the li- 
'% Stroke. 


However, it has been obferv'd, that <oi 
traotdinary Genius's have pafs'd on the fodi 
from the Meditations of the Ctoreti tothea 
difficult Employments : But thefe Men on 
pot to be cited for Examples. When t M 
inroxicated with Reading, makes his firft ! 
into the World, 'tis generally a falfc one. 
only advifes hinifelf by his Books, he r r 
Hazard of being always an ungentet:] 
Immoderate Study begets a Groffnets ia 
Mind, aad vitiates his Senciments j the Cot 
fation of his Friends muft aOid and refine hii 

"Tii no common Bleffing to meet with a b 
ful, fcnfible, difcreet friend j Fa-Uhfut, to ( 
ceal nothing trotn us ; SenfMe, to remark 
FauUs J and Difcrtet, to reprehend us for d) 
But to be able to believe and follow hii Adf 
is the Perfciliion of Happinefs. It frequa 
happens, that we take a Pi id e in followfav 
own Conceits ; like thofe Travellers th« ! 
their way for want of taking a GuidCj 
quiring for the Road. 

i ^P 

I mud confefs indeed, that a Man wbO 
fible of his own Abilities, and knows t!_. 
vantages of his Mind ; that Man (I fay) i 
afpires to Glory, and intends to raife | * 
putacion, ought to dread even the Sul^ 
being governed. 

rit, efpecially j 
pretends to exf 
Part ui out SI 
againft Reafb^ 

of Study Md Converfatiottl \%i 

There needs as much Difcrecion to give Ad* 
vice, as Compliance to follow ic : nothing is fo 
dreadful as a Friend^ that cakes the Advantage 
of his own Experience y that propofes all his 
CfOViTikXs as Laws^ and with the Air of a Ma« 
ller^ that takes from us the Privilege of eia« 
mining what he (ay s^ and would force the Mind 
by Authority^ rather than win it by Argument. 
Such a Man never fails to cite himfelf for an 
Example. He applies the Obfervsltions of the 
Old Court upon all Occafions. He brings his 
own Adventures for Proofs , and has feen all 
chat he advances : Every thing that he fays^ is 
over-ftretch'd, and the Fear he is under of not 
faying enough to perfuade^ makes him always 
fay toamuch to be believed. 

Yet to receive Advice implicitly^ and without 
ConHderation^ is no lefs to be blamed^ than^to 
give it in a rude imperious mannerl It is our 
Intereft to overcome the one^ and to foften the 
other. Sometimes we fiiould affift the Liberty 
of him that informs us^ by accepting tiis Ccun- 
fels with readinefs. 

Good Advice loofeth its Force in the Mouth 
of a Friend^ who is too complaifant ; when he 
exprefles himfelf earneftly^ he ftirs up our 
Hearts the more^ he incites our Attention the , 

better : wholefome Remedies feldom have an 
Agreeable Tafte^ and the beft humoured Phyfici- 
ans are not thofe^ that do us always the molt 

We ougfit to look upon our felves as infirm^ fo 

ioog as we have need of Advice. Byt^ alas! who 

■tt^apc need of ic ? If the Adviceris gcod^ why 

*^ ~[e rejeA it ; beqaufe icis'not delivered 

Grace ? We ought to confider, 

K draw fome Advantage from ir^ 

icafide. Nay^ we ought not in 

M 1 W 




i ' 



■'A ■ 

ot what difplcales us in another, J 
nnui^n to ol'-li^^e us to Rive e^r to 
to vivmk thcM for iheii Puins ? 

A bad l!x:iiiple may fcrve to dt 
evil, as a ?;> I i.v.c: to exche u& to wi 
.lot us rc:tp r.l.j A'v.:nr:ige of ir, fro 
I irt it c«juio>, aiiJ after whatever 

J.ivMn Ui. 


xis our 

Riifincfs to xJiftinguifli 
1 .■: [!;; wc fi.'id i: f jUVjm pure, but '( 
I', 'li Gold: 'tis (he lault of the Work) 

We meet foiricrlmcs with Men 
Senfc, tlvAz have not the Gift o| 
tiiemfeU'cs. We cuc;ht to difpenfe ^ 
i\ A of their Expreffion, and take t 
their gtoJ Scule- Ochers have ar 
Speech, and po no farther than th 
things. Let us imitate what is g< 
Language, and penetrate further in 
than they do. 

There are others likewife, who h 

r* • 

of Study ^d Converfation. 183 

Coiivcrfation of a learned Man, when he is mo- 
rofe and fevere. The Authority which heuHirps 
over us, is indeed troublefome ^ but is not this 
a Privilege acquired by Age? If he lets us partake 
of what he knows, is it too great an Acknowledg- 
ment to pay a Teeming SubaiiOlon /to his Scnci- 
ments ? 

Yet I would not have this ^ubmiflion blind. It 
is juft wc (hould referve to our felves the liberty 
of arguing upon what he fays : but wcmuft an- 
fwer him with a great deal of deference We 
ought not to contradift him, but wich a Defign 
to inftrud our felves better ^ we fhould comply 
with Reafon, as foon as it appears, and give our 
AfTent to it^ though it corner out of the Mouth 
of a Pedant, 

However, let us not receive his DoArinc 
without examination; let us not e(lablin%our 
Opinion upon that of another ; for 'tis in maijpprs 
of Faith alone, that a Man ought to follow his 
Mafter implicitly. 

To be able to pafs a true Judgment upon 
things, we ought always to be upoii our gi ard 
againft the Reputation of him that fpeaks them'; 
the Air of the Face, the Manner of ^ipcaking, ^e 
Quality, the Time, the Place, all helpi to inipofe 
upon you You hear the Court applaud every \ 
Word that comes from Bautru, bccaule he fome- 
times fays very good things. Admiration is the 
Mark of a little Genius, and your great AJnnrers 
are for the moft part very (hallow People. They 
want to be informed, when 'tis proper to laugh,- 
the upper Gallery, which has no other Knowledge 
than what Naturfi gave them, judge better of a 
Play, than our fine Sparks that crowd the Stage. 

The greateft Secret then to fuccecd in Con- 
verfation, is, to admire little, to heiar much ; 
always co diftruft our own Reafon, and fome- 


j|84 Of Study and Converjatiatfl 

times chat of our Friends; never to pretend to 
Wic, but CO make that of ochers appear as irah 
as we can ; co hearken to what is faid^ and » 
anfwer co che purpofe. In a word^ to pnffit 
that Precept of Horace^ 

Ut jam nunS dicgt jam nunc Jehentia did f* 

t Horai. dc Arte Poet. ^.43. 



^-—*0f Primdjh'$. 





H E grfi Friendfhip in (he World , is that 

which arofe in the Bofom of Families. The 

continual Habitude of being always together , 
and of conlidering , that we are, as it were, of 
the fame Blood j the fame Opinions in which we 
are brought up; the Conformity we Hnd between 
one another; the CommuDicaiion of Secrets , 
of Affairs, andlntereih; All thefe things coo- 
tribute as much to its Produdion , as Nature it 
felf: They Confecrate it leaft the Name of 
Brother , Sifter , and the re(t » as much as the 
Tye of the fame Blood. For whatever is affir- 
med of certain Natural Inclinations , which a 
Man feels at the meeting of thofe Relations, 
who are as yet unknown to him ; it is certain 
that the Examples ufed to prove it are either Ag- 
)(ravated or IJncommon ; or that we fhould 
Treat one another like mcer Strangers, if we 
were not to conlider them as our fecond felves. 
This therefore is the firft ponjundion of our 

It were to be wi(hed that this firft FricndOiip 
would continue during Life in the fame Condi- 
tion , wherein we find it in our firft Years. But 
it decays infeafibly. In the firft Place , by the 
^ercat number of Pcrfons whereof a Familv U 

1 85 ■'X^^'^'f 

=n ml^ 

ebmpos'd: .For it i) t certaiti Principle^, 

Friend(hip cannot long fubfKl' between 

Perfons. Bcfidcsv t Man 'leaTes his Fami[)riii 

ofder to eftabUni himfdf intheWoiki. Hecn- 

ten by Marriagc'into ne* AlHaoces: or by pra- 

. 1 fefHng a Pail||^Ur Piety , he eo^s out of his F^ 

inily , withont having the Pleature of adoptingi- 

notner. Tbui he contr^^s oaone fide , in fme 

^t , }iiti^XH>{t^dinto ts^tCiii Parenn/aiid 

y .oii.t[)0't|^ei'a€)btj of Lavidg>niw ones. Wine 

Ihall I fay of the Intcreft which fo often divids 

Families? fiutfuppofe there it nothing of that la 

■|«»Gafe,-.yfef'afefcrt!' SepartKiljh, leiTens fome- 

fhlngof the Brft^Afi&^otiL' - (DaHng this Abfence, 

. "d- Man iftl^biy;j.GeR[riAs-^icular Habtti, 

-^Vbettfcr forch4'C(Hidu(% t5f hisXife , or for hti 

♦ , i^^jMli. 0r--Hi-RfcIati6rt't0th« Government d 

'Mjpramily; 'TM 'firft BoH^' of Friandrhtp ii 

/4^ of any farther ufo^fctimards , thap to 

iDMe us exert bur felves fomewhac more than (»■ 

thervvifa we would do, if tHiy were not our Re- 

latioiij^ and to bshave ourHlves with Care ^ 

. jbugnnot to come fliort of odiers in any thioj 

That relates to t^errt. ; 

■jjtioi but that^henthere-Iiafipens any ElTemta 

I .TOcafion of being fervicedbleeo them, we'taki 

♦ 40- 'a Pride in not brtiig wanting \»i our parr. ' Tha: 

this fir^ Friendfhifr,' which ri' tender in thfc firf 

Years, which ihrefffibly flackens a^ we gtawnp 

J appears, notwnhftandimg, always AronK Vhci 

♦ any imfortanc Intereft is «i agitation./ -Foi 

tny part, I bett4v«i that of all forts of EKeAdftI|> 

this ought to be managed w'u^ moft Care: ''"^ ■ 

There is a Iccond kinc^ of Friendfhip, %ti&cl 
has alio its Perfusions and Imperfedion^^^'wel 
» the iirft we have fpoken of;- It is thajT""""^ 
a.tiusband and Wife, when they enttr^< 
Gonftiaint, into the State di Matrimdi 

op frimdfbif. l8y 

Prefcrvc a good Intelligence on both fides. It 
has fomcwhat of that Friendfliip which is between 
a Superior and Inferior ; fince the Laws have 
declared that Women ought to confider their HuC- 
bands as their Mailers ; and the Men^ in good 
jnaViners^ are oblig'd to receive no Homage from 
their Wives^but only in order to give up chacRighc 
to them immediately, and voluntarily to pay them 
that Deference which the Law and Cuftom re- 
quire they fliould pay their Husbands. When 
People live together after this decent manner^ 
they maintain a continual Ccmmerce of Eftcem j 
they tafte all the Delicacic* of Love ^ they have 
the Pkafure of Loving, and of being belov'd, 
and even make a Glory of this Friendlhip, I am 
of opinion, that it is in this mixture of Tender- 
nefs, this return of Efteem , or, if ycu will, 
this mutual Ardor to overcome one another, by 
obliging Tokens, in which the Sweetncfs of this 
Second Friendfliip confifts. 

I fpeak net of ochsr PleaLres, which are not 
fo great in themfelKS, as in the afTuianci they 
give us of the perfeft Poffeffion cf thcfe Pcrfons 
whom we Love. This appears to me fo true, that 
I am not afraid to affirm. that if a Man was other- 
wife affured of the perfect Affcdion cf a Wife, 
he would eafily bear his being deprived of her 
Company ^ and that thefe Pleafures ough: not to 
enter into Friencfhip, but asTckens and Proofs 
that it is without Refcrve. Few Perfons/tis true, 
are capable of tl-e Purity of thefe Thoughts. 
And therefore a perfed Friendfhip. is rarely ob- 
ferved in Marriaees, at IcaH: it feldoms continues 
long. The Objed of GrcfsPaflion isnotableto 
fupport fo Noble a Commerce as Friendfhip. Af- 
tr-r i: hasp^cducti it^and maintained for fome time 
the (haduw and refemblance of it. Indifference, 
Contempt, and other new Paflioos, foon fpring 
op to efface it. Even theConftraint cue l&^.Vw^^*^ 

; Of me 

under, ro keep the fame Society, teiTem m 
whac che value of Perfeverance. We lofebyl 
grecs, the confiJcnce w,e had of being ioveJ-.S 
eiucr iiico Sufpicinns, Jeatoulies, and Difijoo 
and can huidly conceal them, in thenccefijtjl 
havscf living Eternally together. From tMl 
arift; Miflmrts, Complaints and Quarrels. J 
Children arc at time, the only Bonds whidj 
tain Man and Wife in their Duty. Thefe anl 
Plcdgcsand Fruits of their fiift AfFc<aion: 'T< 
liuerelt that binds them at the vety Moib 
when their Hearts incline to a Separatioti. 
when a man fpsaks of Frlendfliip, or bat 
every Day mcntion'd j he is not to utiderlhl 
either of this Firft pr aecondKind. 

It is of a Species altogether particular. 
Wvirld pretends ' that it fl:outd cnly 6e bw 

* 1^0 Pcrfons J that it requires whote YeK 

* form it fetf ; that Virtue alone is the Foundi 
' of it ; tint it continues for ever ; that it is I 
' kit. Connr.unic^tion of all things: In a \ 
' (hat iliere is made ofthefe two PerfonsaCli 
' !o' effct3:Ljal, that they mutually TraiB 

* themrdvcJ into one another". Authors tril 
i:pnn th^s Portmiiture j nay, they give tl 
Colouri thin 1 do. Notwitliftanding I bell 
niiiy wiiUoiir RalTirfcfs alUrt, that thefe inge 
I'aintsrs, who aifurd us fucb illuftrious Cop 
l-ricuJfhip, never yer beheld the Originals 
truth, 'ris n.icuriil for us to take a Pleafure i 
»j;i;eiaciiiK niitters : And [he firft momei 
b^glii a U.iok, or a Dif^ourfe, we forgci 
oar Hijro^s aic but Men, and that we fpi 

Ji;ir a Man mufl avoid likcwife to tak 
Friciii'.iliip, 1 knoAf not how ni:my Corre 
uCnces he n\et,t=) \\\ t\^t C.t>w\ic v>C b.i^ t.ife^ 

d[ trtendjhip] 189 

*to pirtake together in fome Divcrfion, to be 
engng^d fometimes in the fame Converfations^ rb 
meet often at Court, or in Town ; fuch kind of 
Acquaintances cannot afTure a Man of a folid 
Friendihip. All thefe things generally happen by 
pure chance ; and 'tis Fortune that produces thele 
different Occafions. What ihare can the Heart 
enjoy in all this, but the Intereft of fome Plea- 
furer And can this Intereft beget a true and per- 
feA Friendflirp ? *Tis true, we love Perforis that 
are ea(ie, or luch as are pleafant and agreeable ; 
we are delighted to be where they are. and give 
them a favourable Reception, Wdwave alfo 
more particular Regards for thofe that have the 
Reputation of having great Numbers of Friends; 
of being Men of Intrigue, and of being able to 
iervc us upon occaHon. For to fpeak agreeable 
things, and to be capable of doing ufeful ones, 
are two great Steps towards an Introdudion into 
the moft inaoceffible Hearts. 

But 'tis no lefs true, that thofe Perfons whom 
we only know upon this bottom, (hould not put 
that Friendfliip we entertain for them, to too 
ilrong a Proof. A Man will hardly go to the 
Price of purchafing the Pleafure which the Cbn- 
verfation of a Wit aifords : And it is the common 
Pradice of the World, to refer to others the Care 
of ferving a Perfon, who doth nothing but di- 
vert us. 

If we confider it well, we (hall obferve, that 
it is this fore of Friendfliip, which, as imperfcd, 
'•and as common as it is, doth noc ceafe to form a 
CiviKty, by which out Condud is Regulated, and 
which is, as it were, ihe Foundation of the Pub- 
lick Peace. 


'TIS that which inftrofts us how \ 
this manner of Lmng comprehcfub 1 
jNiiimbcrof fmall inferiour Dunes, withoi 
the World wculd be in Confufion. 

A Friend/hip more exaA is a Prodigy ; 
'Examples of it are fo rare, that a Man a 
ly reckon iheoi. 

MAXIM, Sec: 191 

M A X I M, 

That ipe ought never to he wan^ 
ting to our Friends *. 

THIS Maxim has K\\t general Approbation 
of the World. The weakeft aad the fin- 
cereft Friend, the ungraceful and the acknowled- I 

ging Perfon, fpeak the fame Language. Yet 
there are but few People that pradife what they 
fay. Is there a Difpute about the Acknowledge ^ 

ment of a good Office, a thoufand Men refine 
upon the Difcourfes of Sentca ? Is there a Que- 
fiionabout acquitting one's fclf towards a Benefa« 
dor, no body frankly confefles the Debt, nor 
concludes on the Value of the Service ? He that 
hath gWen, magnifies the Objeds ; he that hath 
receiv'd, lelTens them. The World is full of 
* vain Pretenders and Hypocrites of Friendfliip; 
However, 'tis certain thatFriendfhip is a Com- 
merce J that the Traffick thereof ought to be 
honed, but that 'tis ilill a Traffick. He that 
hath venturd mofl in this Soil, ovght to reap 
the moft. Tis not lawful to infringe it, without 
coming to an Account ; but where can you find 


♦ Thit fieee was of finally wrUttm hy Mr. deSt.Evre-. 
mood ; hui it bss bun fo firav^dy imterf^Iatid, thai be louU 
hardly know I' /i.Cji«. He writ this Remark upon if, tn the 
Margin my Booizy'Btttj thing is here altsr'd ; I don*t 
ka^w my felf thmW; lis not tbe (amc ihiog I bavt 



1 lif 


Men chac ad fiocerelv, and doo'c pot 
bncs chs fligh:ett difpleafsre^ tx^ oo 
Che ferrice of the greater wei|^ ? 
Every cne bragg^ of his own 
f' X \ preiominact \'amcy : You bearnodn 

»!k'd of; and chac 'wicfaooc MnftSt^ 
eveiy one makes a Rule of AclcDmirlcd|| 
bioifelf, al^rays eafy for die Maker« b 
to his Friends. Jmcisus has arqnainicd 
the Reafon of it; V// tbjt wr ewm Aebm. 
is fay d at our nm ExHnci^ wbertsi thai 
ttnas to omr Advantage. 

He that doch good^ becauTc he dual 

obligedto do it^ doth it always with A i 

jj >' He looks upon his Duty as a troublefomt 

He feeks all Occafions to free himfelf« a 
off a Yoke^ which he bears with regrec 

Hence it comes to pafs^ that the C 
thefe Perfons have foinething of a La 
them^ which takes away all their Beant 
you ready to die with (hame^ you mui 
to them all your Neceffities; and exp] 
more than once, if you would have the 
ftand you. You muft pufli them on ev( 
Moment by the inccrelt of their own GI 
leave them not the lead rub in the Way. 
Hearts are always in a fort of Lethar 
tlicin up, they keep awake for a little wj 

^1 - /- - c, i_i^ c! _rT:r^ r^.. 

nanting h our Frienasl I93 

loft^ wherein they have done no Service foe 
they lore. 

c Honour which difguifeth it felf under thd 
s of Friend ihipy is nothing elfe but Self- 
thac ferves it felf in the Perfon ic pretehids 
rve. The Friend who ads onl^ by this 
ve, doiss good in proportion only to tht 
afe of his Reputation. He flops fliort^ 
I his Witneffes ate gone : 'bis a Swaggerer 
turns his Eyes .to Tee if the World looks 
him ; 'tis a Hypocrite who gives Alms 
ah unwilling Mind/-ahd pays hk Tribute to 
p only to impofe upon Men, 
lere are others again^ who propofe 00 o-* 
End to their Friend fhip^ but their own Sadt* 
3n ; This internal Law^ which they lay up- . ^ 
hemfelves^ makes them faithful and gene-^ 
: But there is in all their Adions a fliff 
ilarity^ chat chofe whoni they oblige caii- 
:ell whisit to make of. They do every thing 
V^eight and Meafure. Unhappy is the Man 
has any occafion for . their Service, when 
think they have difcharged, their Duties. 
-0 vided they have , nothing to reproadi 
ifclvds with, ^(le Misfortune of atidther doUi 
iffedthem : On the contrary^ they woujd 
onccrned to fee it end tery loon. They 
inue it fomecimes for the Continutoce of 
• own Glory. They rejoice^ they triumph 
tcret for a Difgrace, which gives them an 
afion of (hewing themfelves : Inftead of 
ng out ^he m oft proper means to afuft you^ 
fearch the moft (ignal ontfs to encreafo their 
I Honour : They love to make a Noife whcrc>- 
they go. In a word, tticy look upon cheii: 
nds asVi^ims devoted. to their Reputation. 
fpe;^k the truth, thefe t^ttfous \w^ Ttfs&wc^^^ 
thCmf^hcsi Old if tV\e^ ^"^^^ '^'^'^ ^!^\^ 

OQf rlj 

^^ that 7»e ought never to be 

don'c deferve Reproach, we may on oar i 
juflly (ay, ihac ihey deferve no AcknowK 

You fee others pafs their whole Lives i.; 
mality and Compliment : They won't (r, 
as pardon you a Ceremony. Thefc arc ;I: 
Men to comfort orie upon the Denth of a ! 
"or CO oifcr their Service after the Sword is ': 
.!^''ihc Danger pafs'd, tbcy put themfclvea ir. 
rifpn iviih you, and are as confiant in tl.c> 
tendance, as your Shadow, They are ,' 
Slavei to Circunifpedion, great Admiroti fi 
own Vcrtue, and very importunate buil 
thcmfch'cs and with thofe who are indeb- 

Every one mufl acknowledge that thefc 
firaints are extreamty troublefome to a Ticc 
There is no Kindnef* fo great, ■that is r4( ^ 
chafed too dear at this Price. And no M, 
tunc can be worfe, th^n that of being {em 
(er this minner. To {eve hectmfi jve are ohii^ 
itrai to li'Vt. 

In ihcmeiintime, if thofe Fricndflup?-1_^_ _ 

, kept alive only by Honour or Duty, begin i 

'lahgiiiHi or he troublefwrne, thofe tliai are ocC 

* iTbned by the Refcmblancc of Humours, at 

Comniunicauon of PIcafurei, arc very (ub;eAi 


Since a Man is fonictimcs difgafted with hin 
felF» 'til yet more eafic to be difgiifted with < 
thcrs. The End of Fiiendftip depends left ojpa 
oiir Will, than its Beginning. Thef ■■ ^r- ^—' 
pathy fo perfci*, th:« is not mixe I 
Contrariety i no Agreement that . 
eternal FamiUaritv. The noblcii l'„iuo.. 
come ridiculous when they gtow old, 
ftrongeft Friendfliip:. dciiay With Time; 
Tiiy Day makes a Breach in th^ni, Some I'cvj 


rvofftrng to our Friends. ^95, 

are for going fo faft at their firft fectjng (tut, that 
chey are ouc of Breath in the midft of chcii: 
journey. They weary themfelves as well as o-. 

After all^ fays a fickle Friend^ 'tis a very flavilh 
£niployment, to be always faying to the fani6 
Pcrfbn, / love you. Nothing oomes near the Vex^ 
^lion, that a Paffion of too lon^ a Codtinuanop 
occaHons. 'Tis to no purpose to cake pains to 
conceal ones Difgufi, or put ones felf to an ut^^ 
lieceflar}' Expence to keep up the Gorrefpott* 
dence. Letters become dry and inlipid^ Convem' 
fation languidies^ the Lover yawns^ tlie Ladjr 
counts every Hour ; both of them at lenjt^th have 
nothing elfe to talk of^ bur foul or fair Weathtf^ 
«nd things of chat importance. The Treafure ot 
Love is never fo greats but ic may be exhaaftcd: 
The Warmth of the Heart in Friendfliip, is never 
fo firong but it may cooK The Tafte of the hdBt 
things changes^ before they are changed thein« 

When nothing but the bare Interell of ouc 
Diverfions form the Knot of Friendfhip^ Abfencc^ 
Bufmefs and Vexations of Life, may eafily brcak^ 
or at lead untie ir. New Delights wluch axiQ 
enjoyed with Friends^ efface the Remem-* 
brance of pait Contentments. The firft Plca-- 
fures of every Engagement have fomething of I 
know not what Eagernefs in thein, that excites 
the Delire, and makes it more vehement. As 
foon as they become more folid, they are fa« 

■ ■ ■ • 

Therefore the World has no reafbn to reproach 
Incondancy, rs a gix:at Evil : It is no more iqi 
the power of fomc Per(bns to lovc^ or noc tc^ 
love^ than to be in Healthy or cut of Order, 
AH that one can reafonably demand of Fickle 
Perfons^ is ingenuoufly to ackuowk^^ x^diX^ 


»«« • 



. I 


Example to change. We leek Qtma 
to be angry^ that we may find oni 
« fence to let our felves at ISiercy. 
Ms were a real Anger, peiluips ic 
Fault, and perhapi 'tis our own ; « 
hath a Right to judge of it ? Thi 
call a Crime of the Soul, is very ofh 
of Nature. God was not pleaied to i 
feft enough to be always amiable ; 
Ihould we defure to be always loved ? 

Without doubt we took more car 
ginning to conceal our Imperfedj 
Complaifance fupplied the room of < 
Merit : We had the Charms oi N 
dnd thefe Charms refemble a cer 
which the Dew leaves upon Fruits, 
but few Hands dextrous enough to ga 
out fpoiling it. 

It muft be acknowledged then^ tl 
beft Men find in the flrongeft Unia 
of Heavinefs and Languor, the Cau 

^i J 1^ _i I 

wmting to our Triendi* 

■oks ; that denies the Unfortunate, even Op- 
,fertunicy to complain j and whofc Tyranny b&. 
comes fometimet more infupportable than Inftde- 
lity it fclf. 

II fpeak of true Reafon, that confiders the Im- 
irfeftioni of Humane Nature, that helps thca^ 
e beft it can, that is an Enemy to AfFedacioa, 
scatms ac Good for the fake of Good alone^* 
ithout the leaft InterTcntion of Self-Loircj 
at is always ready to perform a Kindncfs, ana 
inks it has never done enough ; that doth not ~ 
applaud it felfj nor courts the ApplaDfe of the 

It is certain then, that thefe two Qualiciej 
ftand in need of one another j and that if Ho- 
nt>ur without FriendOiip is difagreeable, Frlend- 
Qiip that is not fupporced by Honour, is not like 
i be long- liv'd. 

the Hiftory of Atalanta, 
out oCJElian's Van Hift. 


1 1 S a conftant Tradition in Arcadiei^ that 

_ fo foon as Ataimta the Daugh(er of Ja- 

■- was Born, her Father who cared not to 

Lve Daughters, refolved to rid his Hands of 

^T ; but the Man whom he imrufled to dif- 

itch her, was deterred by a fecret Horror from 

Kcuting his Commiflion j fo he carried the In- 

) the Mountain Pari/jiniur, near a Fountain, 

. there was a Cave ac the foot of a Rock, 

1 exceeding thick Grove of Oaks above. 

N 1 '\>iv'w^ 

Thus AtaUnut w« deCliii'd to Death ;^ 
Forcuiifi was favourable to her: For tl-.v.- ! 
gence of Hca»eii fb ordameil ic, ih-it 
Moments atcer tlii?, a She - Bear, wh'" 
Hjntfineii liad robd of her Whelps, c; 
and h:iving lier Teats full of Mil.- . 
Plearutc 10 look upon the Infant, ti,:_ 
her Suck, aod by that ineann found i from h(?r Pain. So foon as' he; 
hirj anew, ft= came again to the fame . .- 
and having none of her own Sfiecies, to wiam i 
flic might escrcifc die Duty of a Klothec (be I 
tccamc the JMutfc of anocliet's liuie. ] 

The afonefaiil Huntlmen who Iiad forincr'' 
AttacK'd this poor Bead, when they carried . 
her Cuts, wcic flili in, leitrch after her; -r 
having beaten up the Wood one d:;\ , 
(lie was upoii the Hunt for Prey, ihr. , 
jir.iLmij, anJcuiieJ her home with tl. 
was not cali'd fo then, but they gsve lici : 
Name afterwitrth, and brouglit her up amo:: 
them in a ^ftoftlc fort of tdixation. ' 

ZnStatuiE/pie much furpafi'd \hofi»,3cff liei 
Age; flniU^hen fhc (.anje, to 'Years r.f'Macu- 
ricj', p:irticabrly Dtvoted her felf to Ch^lUiyj 
for which realbn (Ik fcUlom appear'^ in' any 
Company, Delij^hcccl \n Solitude, and Ictird » 
fome of the hi^jhclt Places of the jirt^Ju* 
Muuntains. ■ ■ ' '. 

In this liiiie'y Scene,' which fH« pircli'dupon 
to be the Place of her Rcfidcnce, tlwru was » 
Valley w;i't:f*d witii leveral Rivulets ,■ the Aif 
was cofjl, and Eternally Fann'd widi frcHi Brtczes 
of Wjud. On all Hands it was Uncotttpafc'd 
with a gfcat Forrcft. But why fliould wc not 
l-i)ike as nntch PIcafure to fee the Dellription of 
"rwfj's Craft, as (0 fee ih /i>w(r that ofC^- 

Hifiory of Atalanta; 199 

In the fartheft and narroweft part of this 
VaHcy, there was a deep Cavern, the Avenue to 
which, was in a manner Fortified by vaft Preci- 
pices. The Ivy which covered it Round, clung 
about the young Trees, and by their aflrftance, 
made a fliift to climb up at fome Diftance fro^ 
the Ground. Saffron grew naturally in ihe Place, 
accompanied with Hjacimhs^ and feveral other 
Flowers of different Colours, which refrelh'd the 
Sight, and perfumVl the Air. This was not all ; 
for abundance of Laurel-Trees adorned this 
Beautifiil Spot, whofe Leaves always preferVed 
an agreeable Verdure; and the Vines, which 
bending under the unruly Weight of their Bunches^ 
grew at the £ ntrance of the Cave, were living 
Teflimonies of Atalanu^ Care and Diligence. 
In fhort, that nothing might be wanting to fet 
it oiF, a Stream of clear and cold Water ( for 
fo both the Taft and Touch found it to be ) per- 
petually gufh'd from the ad loaning Rock; and 
this conftant Watering was fo advantageous to 
the Trees and Planes, that it feem'd to Combat 
with the Earth, whether of them mofl contribu- 
ted to their Growth and Prefervation. 

Thus this Place was equally to be admired for 
its Charms, and Solitude ; and as the Beauty of 
it fufficiently difcover'd the Judgment, fo its 
Culture fhcw'd the great Induftry, of our Virgin. ' 

The Skins of Wild Beafls which (he toolc in 
Hunting, feiv'd her inftcad of a Bed j their Flelh 
was her Nourifhment, and Water was her conftanc 
Drink. Her Habit was without Coft and Arti- 
fice, very little differing from that of Dianaj 
whom flie faid (he was Defirousto imitate in that 
particular, no lefs than in her Refolution to pre- . 
ferves her Virginity inviolable^ 



20O ^ Fragment of the 

Nature had fo fiueJ her for Running, thuv 
Bead was ftvift enougli to over - run Ki 

r and the Men that lay in wait to furprire h:-. 

r were nor able to come near her, when once li 

betook her ielf to flight. 

Not only ihofe th:ic beheld her, became pail 
onatcty in Love with her, but likewise tb-i.: 
ihac heard what Publick Fame had reported 
her. If it wou'd nor be too tirefome to 
Keader, 1 would defcribe her Beauty ; but 
fhould that be tirefome to hinij, which cbmribut! 
lb much to the EmbelliflmiL-nr of tlie Story ^ 

Ever from her Infancy fhe fiupals'd the red : 
fier Sex in Tallnefs, and among all the yoiii ; 
Virgins then in PfUpmnifui, there was none tl 
cou'd difpute the prize of Beauty with her. \-k 
Countenance was Mafc'j line and Aullcre, as.Wili 
by reafoii of her Savage Edixation, as tl'"*'" 
^ough and boiftcrous KxercU'cs, that pcrpet 
employ 'd her in the Mountains. She hai] 
thing of that foft Effeminate Air we find in t(M^| 
ihst are delicately brought up' by their MotHoSt' 
or Nurfes. bhc was Plump, but not CorAolent, 
Or Fat, and her Hunting and A«3ive cOur^ « 
Life preferv'd her in a pcfftfl Health. Her t)^ 
was of a light YellovVj without any of thoU 
Artifices th^u other Women Piadi(ie, ; to which 
reithcr Painting nor Tint^^'res contributetl miiy 
thing. l^:iture alone had given ir this Colour, 
and the Rays of the Sun had ftatnp'd l 
ftil a Red upnn her Cheeks, that when > ■ 
ed upon her Bueuritfclv, he wuuld hav^' i 
ffic had Blufhed. What Flower in the UmvciJc 
is halffi' Pretty and Agreeable as a Chiirmirg 
yoiifig Maid, when fiie Blufiics ourof - - - 


Hiftory of Atalantsr aoi 

Two Qualities ttiet together in her^which dea- 
te4 Aftonifiunent^ that is, her incomparable 
feeauty^ and the power of making her felf Fear'd. 
No Man of a mean cowardly Spirit^ after he bad 
feen her^ could fall in Love with her; nay) he 
duril not (o much as look ftedfaftly upon her t 
fo much did the Luftre of her Beauty dazle the 
Eyes of thofe that fixed theirs on her. 

Several things contributed to. make her Admi- 
red, efpecially the great Rarity of feeing her : . 
After her way of Living it was no eafie mauer to 
have a Sight of her ; for whenever flie was feen^' 
'(was on the fudden and unawares, either when 
fbe was purfuing Wild Beafts, or elfe defending 
herfelf from them ; and palfing by with incredi- 
ble fwiftnefs, fhe Darted like a Star, or rather ^ 
lii^e aflafh of Lightening,tiU fhe was immediately ^ 
loft among the Oaks and Shrubs^ or fome thick 
^nd dark Coverts in the Mountainsi. 

One Day, Two young Men of the Neighbou- 
ring Country, whqfe Names were HjUut and 
Rhacus^ defcended from the Centaurus^ came to 
beat up her Quarters in the midft of the Night j 
a Pair of bold hardy Lovers, who had Infolence 
enough to undertake any thing in the Rage and ,• 
Transport of their Pafllon. 

To put this Defign in execution they nei- 
ther cmploy'd Muficians, nor ufed any^ of thofe 
foft engaging ways that are pradis'd-by young 
Men in Cities upon the like occafions ; but car- 
ried lighted Torches that were enough at that 
time of Night to frighten a multitude of 
People, but much more a raw unexperienced 
lonely Virgin. 

Having therefore newly broke down, and 
folded about them the Branches of a Pine- 
Tree newly tore of, they covered themfelves 
with thefc Branches, as if ic were with a Gar- 




a » A Fragment of, &c.' "^ 

Ad, and *lh this Noble Equipage fee fertrJ'j 
u'rces on the Mountain on fire ; and making a 
perpetual clafiiing with their Arms, thefe well^ 
bred Wooers, marched direi^ly towacds ^iw- 

jjt But their Defigns were difcover'd by our He- 
roine, who had perceived the Fire from her Cak, 
and by that means knew who they were that in* 
tended her this Vifit. She was not in the Icaft af- 
frighted at the matter, but drew her Bow, utd 
Ihot an Arrow at them, which hit the firft fo <f- 
•fe<ftually, that down he fell to the ground. 

With this the Second, not any more like a Lo- 
rer, bur as a Declared Enemy, advanced to- 
^ wards her, as well to Revenge his BrotheiH 
Death, as to Gratifie his own Defires j but fae 
was prevented in his Intentions by another /w 
*oWi which mortally Wounded him, anddccerr'd 
all others front attempting an Outrage of that 
HJature. ' ■ -~- ■ ■ ■^- 


ChtraSer cf At dcSt. 

Movfieur de St. Evremondf, 
hy Di- N : 

TH E Difcourfes which cotDpofe thit 
Book % being printed already in anothac 
Language, there may be feveril ainongit 
u5 who have only heard in general of Monfieur 
Si-Evrfmeni^, and ihe Repuration he Itas with 
Men of Sence ; and cherefore may be well &• 
ncugh pleas'd to know what it is whttcin he 
Bxccii, and which Jiftinguifhes him frora other 
U'ricers, For it is not with the Wits of cue 
Times, how eminent foevcr, as with ihofc who 
Hved under ^itgaJJur, when the Empire and 
Language were in fome fenfe UniverlaL 

They properly Wrote to the World : The 
Moderns, even the Frtmb Authors thera'feWes, 
write at tnort, but to a Province of the Rxirmn 
Empire : And if they are known beyond tbcic 
own Country, and become a Cooimon Bene- 
fit to Mankind, it is, ia a grcac nieafare, ow- 
ing to their Tranllators. 

Monfieiir Sr.E-y«weKr/hathe(labIi[h'dhis Fame 
whcre-cver the Frtncf' Language is underllood j 
and yctfurely he cannot be dirpleafed with an 
Attempt to c:irry it farther, by making himfpeak 
that of a Country, where he has reriJed fo ma- 
ny Years. 

Whoever reads ttiefe Eflay* will acknowledge. 
That he finds there a FinctKn of Espreffion, 


T!i!i, i!ndl^^cfrJIiw'n£^'eT ef Jf. Je St. Fvtcmond, 
^■^'fre^xi to the En^ilh Tr.wjhusitsfftm^ of fifi «'->>t^, 
*-W*J in tit iioi iCffZ. 


4 I Gtr:!em2n, rhe Exidtttfs of a Sdx)!a 

. ^ I good Scnce cf a Mzn of B-aAitfs : eta 

^* I' * e bor is throrph!y acujtainred wbh the 1 

has conrerffid ^^iih ch: beft fart Men U 

in ir. His Subjects ofia C 

Noble J and then he nerer £ri!s ro 

|! CO then. When he (peaks of cbe Ai 

f mmsj you would believe you were read 

the fame Age and Nation j cbe lame 
lame Koble Freedom^ the fame nnaf^ 
seG a{>pear in !>cth ; if cbe SubjeA he c 
of a lower Nature, be is fure co write t 
is not oonunon upon it ; there is i 
what New and Agreeable, and beyond 
could exped. Howerec yon were sSoi 
you began co read him, be gains i 
I infer. fibly, and before you have done, 

€ pieafure to be of the fame Opic 


i , The Var'iery and Choice of his Subjo 

M you nA lefs^ than what he writes ixf 

' He perperually entertains yoii with J 

jcds, ar-d ca cils not too long upon any 
As for Method, ir is Inconfiftent with hi 
neither rrecends he to write ail that car 
Ke fcrs not up for a Te.icher, but he 
I vcu i:nav.\^res, and vvichouc prctcncin 

Monfieur de Ht.Evremond, 
by Mr. Dryikn. 

I Know how Nice an Undertaking it is to 
write of a living Autlior ; yet the Examplo 
of Father Bouboun, has fomwhat encourag'i 
I in this Attempt. Had not Monfitur St. £vre- 
mmd been very coliderable in his own Country, 
jhat famous Jefuit wou'd not havs veniur'd to 
l,praife a Perfon in difgrace with the Gorcmmcnt 
I of Frtfitcf, and living here in Bdnifhment. Yet 
I In his Ptnfeii Ugfmeufei, he has often cited our 
P Author's Thoughts and hisExp;cffions, as the Sian- 
I tdard of Judicious Thinking, and Graceful Speak- 
T ii>^. An undoubted (ign that his M:rit was 
fuflidently eftablifti'd, when the Disfavour of ihc 
\ Court cou'd not prevail againft it. There is not 
only a juftnefs in his Conceptions, which is tbe 
[ Foundation of good Writing, but alfo a Puritf 
[ _;of Language, and a beautilul turn of Words, fo 
V "little underflood by ModernWriters,and which in- 
" :ed was found at Reme^bm at the Utter end of iha 
ommon-wealthjand ended with /'«rcnj«i,cndec 
« Monarchy. If 1 durft extend ray Judgment 
> pardculars, I wou'd fay chat our Author has 
iirmined very nicely in his Opinion of Efi- 
' that what he faid of his MonUs, is 
> Nature imdReafon. 'Tis true, thac 
iligious Admirer of yirgll, I cou'd 
1 not difcover'd o;ir Father's 
Per all, wc mufl ci>nfcls thnc 
f the greatcft Hero's, and that 
of it liiinCelf. Uvj. 'kW 

ucacn Dy ut Mocner \joaaeu, 
* Wouod in his Defbace. 5o chsi 
as he w-11, [o fallour rhc Foocfi 
who hnd thus defcrifccd him, ccm* 
ably tavc alceral his Chara<2er, a 
in /j^ij ro 3 oiLich greaocr hei^ 
rhm be found him formerly m 
cfaertfcic be couli! tnalie no ma 
Valoot, he rcfoI?c(i noc lo give hfm 
hb Principal^ buc chofc another 
Piety. Tis rrac, chis iKicr, m cbe 
of a Htfro, was noc altogetber I 
(he fcrmcr ; bcc it entituled friixi 
hvour of rhe Gods, and their Pro 
his Uciderukin^ And, whit^ «p 
chcifcft aim, made a nearer Refl 
fwixt cfiutfr and his Patron ^ 
who, above af! things, loved to I 
bein^ Pfoc^, boch co the G<yds m 
oooi. Ant! ttwc rcry Pieiy.orG 
'" «tfi£fa yoa plcafe)'io rbs Memo 
" ."iWW, g"e him the pieferc 
Soldiers to ii£tri ^i*.'i>»''r ; an 

•^Bimfieur de ^, Evremond. 

an the Poet ; and to make his Hero cfcape 
;ain, under che Covert of a Cloud. Only we 
tay add, what I think Befu fays, That the 
flcman Common ■ wealth being now chan^ 
Jnio a Monarchy, yirgil was helping to the 
Delign, by infinuating into the People the Pi- 
fety of their New Con^eror, to make ihcm 
the better brook this Innovation ; which was 
brought on them by a Man, who was favour'd 
by the Gods. Y« we may obferve, that 
l^njt/ forgot not, uf on occaftoD, to fpeak Ho- 
lourably of i^£>udt, in poioc of Courage, and 
hat particularly in the Pedbn of him, by whom 
lie was overcome For Digmtdit comparts him 
With HtfioTi and even with advantage; 

^uicfu'id a^u4 tiura ct^atum t0 nunia Troj^e y 

Httfil^ d^ in Jeatmum vcjtigU reluUt amium : 
jtmto i9)#fMf J, amh infigati fr/ejiakiiim armk j 
Hie fittatt ^ior < ^ 

As for that particular Paidge, cited by Mon- 
(tcur St. Evrfnfon'!, where t^tieat (hows the utmoA 
fear, in the begirming of a Tcmpcft: ExtemfU 
£ntx fehmnt:tr hig*>r< membra^ Szc. Why may 
it not be fuppolcd, that having been lot^ at Sea, 
he might be well acquainted with the Nature of 
md by the rough Beginning, fore-foe 
and Danger of it ? at lead, as 3 Fa- 
Peoplc, his Concernment might be 
than for himfelf. And if Ut, 
;s from the Merit of his Cou- 
:he prime Vcrtuc of his Chs- 
hts Piety. Be this faid, with 
lfpe& and Deference, to the 
St. EvTtmond ; amongft 
that of Penw^isift^ 

tnniofi RcceiTes of their Soufa^ 
with him, (hofe hidden Xreafiiii 
fcap'd the Diligence of others, f 
of the (JrunJ Altxandre ^ in my 
admirable piece of Cricicifhi ; a 
but that his ObferTations on the £o 
been as ab(olLte in their kind, ha 
his own Eyes, tnd not with thofe 
But converfing in a manner wl 
Courc^ which is not always the ti 
has been unavoidably led into 
given to Tome of our Cburfed ] 
cation abroad^ which they never 
Had his Converfation in the 
more general, he had cenainly 
idea s on that Subjeft * ; aiid n 
ciioie Names into his own Cot 
will be forgotten by Pofterity in oi 
Thus I have contraAed my T 
I^argc Subject : For whatever t 
falls (hort of the True Charaiftej 
St A'.vnrfi.n.l and his Wiicings. 

Table of the CONTENTS. 

Si/TEMOIRS of tht Dtttih^f' of MAZARIN, 

^REAL. Page ? 

Tht Piaure an^ Charader of the Dutdift ef MA- 

ZAKlK,ina Utttr n *•*.' 69 

Rcfitxicni up»H EU^uauty with a Frji^fuKt m PE- 
^ "VeiOUW^ cmcfming tie f^mt; and the iW^Qiy 
•/ lie Epficfian Mscron. Hj A-lnaJUur de la 

V ALTERlf. • 83 

Tht EphefiAn Mmt^m- 2o> 

y tht True life ^ Lift ; hy tht famt. lil 

Chap. I. Thai a Man evghT diligenttj to afplf tHm- 
fitf to tht Settrcb tf Hffimji^ finee it it in hit 
fvwtT ts> nugmtni hit i^liafttrttf and it£in hi$ 
Mifrria, ibid^ 

Chap. H. Of ibt Exifienee af GOD, 116 

Chap. III. That wm^ t9 rtfira'm th€ Violence 
ej our Affttitef, bf cmfHtrin^ tht trut IVsrth of 
theft Thingt wf defirt, J2j 

Chap. IV. o/- REPUTATION. 111 

SVRB^. 129 

Chap. IV. O/- PtEASURES. itft 

'tht trutanifulft Btamyof INGENIOUS WRI- 
TINGS ; h) tit f,imi. 146 
Chap. I . Seme Rultt to vnite nitS, aitd to jadre 
nnS tf the Ainhori and tbm Writsait^ ihSu